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DESAIN PROTOTIPE KAPAL PENANGKAP DI PERAIRAN MALUKU Nanlohy, Alberth Ch; Baskoro, Mulyono S.; Iskandar, Budhi H.; Simbolon, Domu
Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan Vol 2 No 2 (2011): NOVEMBER 2011
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1170.738 KB) | DOI: 10.24319/jtpk.2.1-20

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Design prototype teknology which will be developed has better excellence if compared to condition of the existing fishing vessel. Its the excellences can have an effect on to operation of ship and sumberdaya fishery in water territory of Maluku sea. Expansion of design joran fishing by using fiber glass has lighter excess, strong, and durable although the price expensive but can be made balance to with haul obtained by means of catch. Side that also usage of styro foam hardly having an effect on to ship design huhate proposed to be developed and has some excellences of if compared to ship used by the existing fisherman. At ship with inboard engine, fish hold design only yield product for local marketing and has not been modified to yield product skipjack loin which is a form of export product, this latter the product request would very height.
ANALISIS PENGEMBANGAN ARMADA PERIKANAN TANGKAP DI KABUPATEN KUPANG NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR Kaleka, Deselina M.W.; Iskandar, Budhi H.; Monintja, Daniel R.; Baskoro, Mulyono S.
Buletin PSP Vol. 16 No. 2 (2007): Buletin PSP
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

This research discusses on the development analysis of fishing fleet in Kupang Regency, Nusa Tenggara Timur. The objective of the research is to develop a conceptual model in developing fishing fleet based on CCRF.The data from representatives sources have been collected through a survey methods by using questionnaires. In order to achieve the research objective, some methods such as SWOT, LGP, AHP and scoring on CCRF have been used to analyze the data.The result show that based on the analysis and combining with certain scenarios that used in the research, fishing unit that prostective to be developed gradually are hand line (pancing ulur), trap (bubu) and long line (rawai), meanwhile purse seine can be developed within maximum number of fleet
JARINGAN KERJA DAN EFEKTIVITAS PERBAIKAN KAPAL DI GALANGAN KPNDP DKI JAKARTA, MUARA ANGKE (Network and Effectiveness of Ship Repair at KPNDP Shipyard DKI Jakarta, Muara Angke) Apriliani, Izza M.; Wisudo, Sugeng H.; Iskandar, Budhi H.; Novita, Yopi
Marine Fisheries : Journal of Marine Fisheries Technology and Management Vol. 5 No. 1 (2014): Marine Fisheries - Mei 2014
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (503.114 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jmf.5.1.79-89

Abstract

ABSTRACTA shipyard is a supporting element to meet the eligibility requirements through maintenance service for vessels and their engines. Lead time for ship repair may vary, depending on the condition of ship. The length of the ship repair process can lead to shipyard queuing. One attempt to improve the mechanism and ship repairing time is by analyzing the network. This study aims to identify the network diagram, to determine the critical path, and to find out the effectiveness of ship repair process. Activities and duration during ship repairing process were analyzed using critical path method (CPM) and measured the value of its effectiveness. The objects that were observed in this study are minor repairs and major repairs. The results showed that a minor repairs can be implemented in 7 days while based on productivity index it can be completed in 5 days and has a 98% effectiveness than the time alocated by the shipyard. Major repairs can be completed during 10 days; these repairing lead time were affected by damage to the machine which requires a long recovery process.Key words: CPM, effectiveness of ship repair, network analysis-------ABSTRAKGalangan kapal merupakan unsur penunjang untuk memenuhi kebutuhan kelaikan kapal melalui perawatan beserta mesinnya. Proses perbaikan kapal dapat bervariasi tergantung dengan kondisi kapal. Lamanya proses perbaikan kapal dapat mengakibatkan terjadinya antrian galangan. Upaya untuk meminimalisir antrian kapal salah satunya dengan menganalisis jaringan kerjanya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi struktur jaringan kerja, menentukan jalur kritis serta mengetahui efektifitas proses perbaikan kapal. Proses dan waktu perbaikan kapal dianalisis menggunakan metode jalur kritis (Critical Path Method) kemudian dihitung nilai efektivitasnya. Hal yang diamati dalam penelitian ini yaitu perbaikan ringan dan perbaikan berat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penyelesaian perbaikan ringan di galangan KPNDP membutuhkan waktu selama 7 hari sedangkan berdasarkan index produktivitasnya dapat diselesaikan selama 5 hari dan memiliki efektivitas 98% dibandingkan waktu yang dialokasikan oleh galangan. Perbaikan berat dapat diselesaikan selama 10 hari, lamanya perbaikan ini dipengaruhi dengan kerusakan mesin yang membutuhkan proses perbaikan yang lama.Kata kunci: CPM, efektivitas perbaikan kapal, analisis jaringan kerja
KEBUTUHAN FASILITAS POKOK PELABUHAN PERIKANAN PANTAI LAMPULO 15 TAHUN MENDATANG (Main Facility Necessity of Lampulo Coastal Fishing Port for 15 Years for the Future) Syahputra, Fauzi; Pane, Anwar B.; Lubis, Ernani; Iskandar, Budhi H.
Marine Fisheries : Journal of Marine Fisheries Technology and Management Vol. 6 No. 1 (2015): Marine Fisheries - Mei 2015
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (633.691 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jmf.6.1.33-43

Abstract

ABSTRACTLampulo fishing port located in Banda Aceh. This port categorized as type C. The activity in Lampulo very dense, it is suspected due to inadequate of facilities available at the port. The aims of this study is to determine the projected increase in the production volume of the catch; determine the projected increase in the number of fishing boats; determine the needs of the dock, and harbor, for the current and future needs of 15 years. This research was conducted at the Lampulo fishing port in Banda Aceh by using a case study method. Calculation of the dock and harbour needs presently and in the next 15 years by using statistical data, namely the catch production (1), the number and size of vessel (2), direct measurement of results data objects i.e. jetty length (1), pond depth (2), ships length (3), direct observations data of the research object, namely dock facilities condition (1) port (2), the maximum draft of vessels (3) and the distance between the ship while tethered in the harbour. Based on projections of production, the total production volume in Lampulo reached 14,096 tons in 2027 or increased by 114%, but became decreased in 2028-2029 by 3,6% when compared with the production volume in 2027. The projected number of vessel fleet reached 822 units or an increase of 112% in 2029. Projected increase the size of the dock and the depth of the pool is needed for the next 15 years in the amount of 831m for landing docks and 757m for loading docks. It also required the addition of the port into a vast pool of 224.497 m2 and the depth of the pool minus 3,4 m.Keywords: development, main port facilities, vessel-------ABSTRAKPelabuhan Perikanan Pantai (PPP) Lampulo terletak di kota banda Aceh. Pelabuhan ini adalah pelabuhan perikanan tipe C. Aktivitas di Pelabuhan Lampulo sangat padat, hal ini diduga akibat kurang memadainya fasilitas yang tersedia di pelabuhan tersebut. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menentukan proyeksi peningkatan volume produksi hasil tangkapan; menentukan proyeksi peningkatan jumlah kapal perikanan; menentukan kebutuhan dermaga, dan kolam pelabuhan, untuk saat ini dan kebutuhan 15 tahun kedepan. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Pelabuhan Perikanan Pantai Lampulo Banda Aceh. Metode yang digunakan adalah studi kasus. Perhitungan kebutuhan dermaga dan kolam pelabuhan saat ini dan 15 tahun kedepan menggunakan data statistik yaitu produksi hasil tangkapan (1), jumlah dan ukuran kapal (2), data hasil pengukuran langsung objek penelitian yaitu panjang dermaga (1), kedalaman kolam (2), panjang kapal (3); data hasil pengamatan langsung terhadap objek penelitian yaitu keadaan fasilitas dermaga (1), kolam pelabuhan (2), draft maksimum kapal yang paling besar (3) dan jarak antar kapal saat bertambat di pelabuhan. Berdasarkan proyeksi produksi, total volume produksi di PPP Lampulo mencapai 14,096 ton pada tahun 2027 atau meningkat sebesar 114%, namun mengalami penurunan pada tahun 2028-2029 sebesar 3,6% jika dibandingkan dengan volume produksi tahun 2027. Adapun proyeksi jumlah armada kapal penangkapan terjadi peningkatan mencapai 822 unit atau sebesar 112 % pada tahun 2029. Proyeksi penambahan ukuran dermaga dan kedalaman kolam yang dibutuhkan untuk 15 tahun mendatang yaitu sebesar 831 m untuk dermaga pendaratan dan 757 m untuk dermaga muat. Selain itu juga diperlukan penambahan luas kolam pelabuhan menjadi 224,497 m2 dan kedalaman kolam minus 3,4 m.Kata kunci: pengembangan, fasilitas pokok pelabuhan, kapal
ASPEK KESELAMATAN DITINJAU DARI STABILITAS KAPAL DAN REGULASI PADA KAPAL POLE AND LINE DI BITUNG, SULAWESI UTARA (Safety Aspects Pole and liner From Ship Stability and Regulation Point of View in Bitung, North Sulawesi) Purwanto, Yuli; Iskandar, Budhi H.; Imron, Mohammad; Wiryawan, Budy
Marine Fisheries : Journal of Marine Fisheries Technology and Management Vol. 5 No. 2 (2014): Marine Fisheries - November 2014
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (452.747 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jmf.5.2.181-191

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ABSTRACTHas become a common understanding that fishing is a risky job, so the safety aspects on board is an important factor that must be considered. Fishing vessels should also be supported with design and good stability, so that fishing activities can run smoothly and avoid the danger of accidents. Pole and liner in Bitung is quite varied and the ships were built in traditional dockyard and not based on the calculation and construction planning and design. One of the instruments on fishing vessel operational safety assurance is the implementation of the regulation, both nationally and internationally. At the international level, many regulations governing the safety of the ship in respect of fish. While national regulations relating to the safety of fishing vessels has not been consistent and in harmony, hence the assessment regulations relating to fishing vessel safety improvement needs to be done to determine the extent of the responsibility of government and the extent of the application of the existing rules. The general objective of this study was to determine the safety aspects of pole and line vessels, while the specific goal are: (1) review and analyze to get the quality stability of the ship (2) identify and assess safety-related regulatory review pole and line vessels in Bitung. The results showed that the quality of the stability of the vessel pole and line in the four conditions of the charge distribution in a state of good stability. It is represented by the value of all the parameters that are above the standard value IMO. In the simulated load conditions, the maximum GZ value at the time the vessel is in operation, while the GZ smallest value in an empty load case ship condition. There are seven international policy and five national policies relevant to the safety of fishing vessels. International policies clearly have established the safety of the ship and crew of fishing vessels, but implementation at the national level is still lacking and not aligned.Keywords: pole and liner, quality stability, regulation-------ABSTRAKTelah menjadi pemahaman umum bahwa kegiatan penangkapan ikan merupakan suatu pekerjaan beresiko, sehingga aspek keselamatan diatas kapal merupakan faktor terpenting yang harus diperhatikan. Kapal ikan juga harus didukung dengan desain dan stabilitas yang baik, sehingga kegiatan penangkapan ikan dapat berjalan lancar dan terhindar dari bahaya kecelakaan. Armada kapal pole and line di Bitung cukup bervariasi dan kapal-kapal tersebut dibangun digalangan tradisional yang tidak berdasarkan perhitungan dan perencanaan konstruksi dan desain. Salah satu instrumen dalam jaminan keselamatan operasional kapal ikan adalah pelaksanaan peraturan, baik nasional maupun internasional. Pada tingkat internasional, banyak regulasi yang mengatur berkenaan dengan keselamatan kapal ikan. Sementara peraturan nasional yang berkaitan dengan keselamatan kapal ikan belum sejalan dan selaras, karenanya pengkajian regulasi terkait dengan peningkatan keselamatan kapal ikan perlu dilakukan untuk mengetahui sejauh mana tanggung jawab pemerintah dan sejauh mana penerapan aturan yang ada. Tujuan umum dari penelitian ini adalah menentukan aspek keselamatan kapal pole and line, sedangkan tujuan khususnya adalah: (1) mengkaji dan menganalisis untuk mendapatkan kualitas stabilitas kapal (2) mengidentifikasi dan mengkaji tinjauan regulasi terkait keselamatan kapal pole and line di Bitung. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kualitas stabilitas kapal pole and line pada empat kondisi distribusi muatan dalam keadaan stabilitas yang baik. Hal ini diwakili oleh nilai semua parameter yang berada di atas nilai standar IMO. Pada kondisi simulasi muatan, nilai GZ maksimum berada pada saat kapal beroperasi, sementara nilai GZ terkecil pada kondisi kapal muatan kosong. Terdapat tujuh kebijakan internasional dan lima kebijakan nasional yang relevan dengan keselamatan kapal ikan. Kebijakan internasional jelas telah menetapkan keselamatan kapal dan awak kapal penangkap ikan, tetapi implementasi di tingkat nasional masih kurang dan belum selaras.Kata kunci: Kapal pole and line, kualitas stabilitas, regulasi
TATA MUATAN DAN VARIASI MUSIM PENANGKAPAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP STABILITAS PURSESEINER BULUKUMBA, SULAWESI SELATAN (Influence of Cargo Arrangement and Fishing Season Variation toward Bulukumba Purseseiner Stability in South sulawesi) Nurdin, Hery S.; Iskandar, Budhi H.; Imron, Mohammad; Novita, Yopi
Marine Fisheries : Journal of Marine Fisheries Technology and Management Vol. 4 No. 2 (2013): Marine Fisheries - November 2013
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (658.338 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jmf.4.2.183-193

Abstract

of cargo arrangement so can they impact to quality stability of fishing vessel. The aim of this research is design and stability analysis Bulukumba purseseiner with three conditions cargo arrangement and two fishing seasons (peak fishing season and scarcity fisihing season). This research is done at Bulukumba regency, South Sulawesi province in February until April 2013 with measurements, observation and interview related of main dimension and cargo arrangement of Bulukumba purseseiner in field. Hydrostatic paramter analysis uses naval architecture formula and stability analysis uses PGZ software of three cargo arrangement conditions on two fishing seasons and then, these values will be compared with references value. The results of design analysis show that coefficient of finennes bulukumba purseseiner is Cb = 0.80 and Cp = 0.88 which its hull type bulukumba purseseiner is round bottom. Principal dimension ratio Bulukumba purseseiner have agreed with references of fishing vessel in Indonesia but it have not filled references of fishing vessel in Japan. The values of Bulukumba purseseiner stability have filled to IMO criteria of stability values. Stability of Bulukumba purseseiner on scarcity fishing season better than on peak fishing season and the best value of stability is PA-K3 condition (condition of purseseiner back to fishing base on scarcity fishing season).Key words: Bulukumba, cargo arrangement, design, purseseiner, stability-------ABSTRAKKabupaten Bulukumba merupakan salah satu daerah pembuatan kapal kayu dan masih besifat tradisional. Musim penangkapan ikan dapat mempengaruhi distribusi muatan di atas kapal sehingga dapat berakibat pada kualitas stabilitas kapal. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menganalisis desain dan stabilitas kapal purse seine Bulukumba berdasarkan tata muatan dengan tiga kondisi muatan dalam dua variasi musim penangkapan (musim puncak dan musim paceklik). Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kabupaten Bulukumba Provinsi Sulawesi Selatan pada bulan Februari–April 2013 dengan melakukan pengukuran, pengamatan dan wawancara secara langsung di lapangan terkait dimensi utama dan distribusi muatan. Analisis parameter hidrostatis dilakukan menggunakan formula naval architecture sedangkan analisis stabilitas menggunakan software PGZ yang selanjutnya dibandingkan dengan nilai acuan. Hasil analisis desain menunjukkan, kapal purse seine Bulukumba memiliki nilai koefisien bentuk yaitu Cb = 0,80 dan Cp = 0,88 dengan kasko kapal berbentuk round bottom. Rasio dimensi utama kapal purse seine Bulukumba telah berada pada rentang nilai kapal purse seine di Indonesia namun belum berada pada rentang nilai kapal purse seine di jepang. Nilai stabilitas kapal purse seine Bulukumba telah memenuhi nilai kriteria stabilitas IMO. Stabilitas kapal purse seine Bulukumba pada musim paceklik lebih baik dibandingkan pada musim puncak dengan nilai stabilitas terbaik pada kondisi PA-K3 (kondisi kapal kembali ke fishing base pada musim paceklik).Kata kunci: Bulukumba, tata muatan, desain, kapal purse seine, stabilitas
STABILITAS SAMPAN TERBUAT DARI EMBER CAT BEKAS DENGAN BILGE KEEL PADA SUDUT 30 DAN 45 DERAJAT Thahir, Muhammad Agam; Iskandar, Budhi H.; Imron, Mohammad
Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan Vol 4 No 2 (2013): NOVEMBER 2013
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (568.493 KB) | DOI: 10.24319/jtpk.4.185-196

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Used-paint-buckets can be used as an alternative material instead of wood or fibreglass in contructing a canoe. Its light weight and easy to roll, even in relatively calm water, showing of the low stability. In order to increase its stability, bilge keels were applied in this canoe. The purpose of this study is to obtain the impact of bilge keels application at different angles in order to increase stability. The dimension of the canoe was: the length (LOA) 3.15 m; width (B) 0.64 m; and depth (D) 0.30 m. Numerical simulation method to obtain the value of some stability parameter and seakeeping (pitching, heaving, and rolling) was used in this study. For the wave factor, JONSWAP wave spectrum was used as an input in this numerical simulation. The analysis result showed that there were differences in the stability, indicated by the value of righting arm on the bilge keel with 30 and 45 degree as much as 0.001 m. Bilge keel with an angle of 30 degrees give better stability value compare to 45 degrees. From the analysis of the response amplitude operator (RAO) showed that the rolling, pithcing and heaving motion of the canoe was remain in the normal.
PERTIMBANGAN DESAIN DAN ESTIMASI GAYA APUNG DAN GAYA TENGGELAM PADA RUMPON DI PERAIRAN PANDEGLANG, PROVINSI BANTEN Wahyu, Ronny I.; Iskandar, Budhi H.; Wahyudin, Erwan N.
Buletin PSP Vol. 18 No. 2 (2009): Buletin PSP
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

Research on design considerations and estimation of forces of fish aggregating device was carried out in Pandeglang water’s Banten Province.  The main construction of fish aggregating de-vice consists of pontoon, wire, main line, attractor (coconut leaf), and sinker (main, bet-ween,attractant).  Total buoyancy force is estimated 2.743.896,59 gs, and total sinking force is 1.006.888,74 gs thefore the extra buoyancy force is 63.30%.  The buoyancy and sinking forces are smaller than breaking strength main line (6.500.000 gs), the main line still resistance in maximum condition of buoyancy and sinking force.Key word: buoyancy force, fish aggregating device, sinking force
KESESUAIAN UKURAN BEBERAPA BAGIAN KONSTRUKSI KAPAL IKAN DI PPI MUARA ANGKE JAKARTA UTARA DENGAN ATURAN BIRO KLASIFIKASI INDONESIA Febriyansyah, Bramantyas; Imron, Mohammad; Iskandar, Budhi H.
Buletin PSP Vol. 18 No. 3 (2009): Buletin PSP
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

The purpose of this research is to know dimension size of some construction parts of fishing boat in Muara Angke Fishing Landing Port (PPI Muara Angke, North Jakarta) and to know its compliment to the rule of Indonesian Classification Beareau (BKI).  The method of case study and simple statistic are applied in this research.  The result shows that from 17 (seventeen) samples of fishing boat mostly do not comply with the BKI rules.  Boat builder mostly used their own method that has given from previous generation to build a boat compare to using BKI rules as standard.Key words: compliment, dimension size, fishing boat construction
PERSEPSI PEMANGKU KEPENTINGAN DALAM PENGELOLAAN WISATA BAHARI DI KEPULAUAN KAPOPOSAN KABUPATEN PANGKEP Samudra, Khrisna; Baskoro, Mulyono S.; Wisudo, Sugeng Hari; Iskandar, Budhi H.
Jurnal Teknologi Perikanan dan Kelautan Vol 1 No 2 (2010): NOVEMBER 2010
Publisher : Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (266.637 KB) | DOI: 10.24319/jtpk.1.15-23

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Kepulauan Kapoposan di Kabupaten Pangkep terdiri dari enam pulau kecil yaitu Pulau Kapoposan, Gondongbali, Papandangan, Suranti , Tambakulu, dan Pamanggangan. Berdasarkan Keputusan Bupati Pangkajene dan Kepulauan Nomor 180 Tahun 2009 tentang Penetapan Kawasan Konservasi Laut Daerah Kabupaten Pangkep, keenam pulau kecil di kawasan Kepulauan Kapoposan pengembangannya diarahkan bagi kegiatan wisata bahari yang berkelanjutan. Pengambilan data dilakukan melalui survei, wawancara dengan key person, dan wawancara kelompok terfokus, yang dilanjutkan dengan pengolahan data menggunakan Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) dengan bantuan expert choice. Persepsi pemangku kepentingan terhadap pengelolaan wisata bahari di kawasan Kepulauan Kapoposan berdasarkan AHP, sesuai urutan prioritas pemangku kepentingan yang paling memiliki peran adalah Pemerintah Pusat, Pemerintah Daerah, dunia usaha dan institusi non birokrasi.