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ESTIMATION AND STATISTICAL TEST IN BIVARIATE BINARY PROBIT MODEL Ratnasari, Vita; Purhadi, Purhadi; Ismaini, Ismaini; Suhartono, Suhartono
Jurnal ILMU DASAR Vol 12 No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam Universitas Jember

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Abstract

One of the models that can be used to analyze two binary response variables data is bivariate binary probit model. This paper tried to estimate the parameters of bivariate binary probit model using Maximum Likelihood Estimationmethod, whereastoget the statistical test using Maximum Likelihood Ratio Test method.
PENDIDIKAN PROFESI GURU (PPG) SEBAGAI UPAYA MENINGKATKAN PROFESIONALISME GURU Zulfitri, Hanifa; Putri Setiawati, Nadya; Ismaini, Ismaini
Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 19, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra

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Abstrak: Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji bagaimana peran PPG dalam meningkatkan profesionalisme guru. PPG adalah program pendidikan yang diselenggarakan untuk memper- siapkan lulusan S-1 kependidikan dan non kependidikan untuk menguasai kompetensi guru secara utuh sesuai dengan standar pendidikan. Salah satu kompetensi yang harus dimiliki guru pada era pendidikan 4.0 adalah kompetensi profesional. Seorang guru sebagai tenaga profesion- al dibuktikan dengan sertifikat pendidik. Sertifikat pendidik dapat diperoleh melalui program pendidikan profesi atau Pendidikan Profesi Guru (PPG). Melalui PPG, guru dapat meningkat- kan kemampuan dalam memilih dan menguasai bahan ajar, merencanakan, mengembangkan, dan mengaktualisasi proses belajar mengajar yang produktif.Kata-kata kunci: Pengembangan guru profesional, Pendidikan Profesi Guru (PPG)Abstract: The aim of this article is a study literatur about how the role of PPG in improving the professionalism of teachers. PPG is an educational program that organized to prepare S-1 ed- ucational graduate and non-educational to fully master teacher competencies accordance with education standards. One of the competencies that  teachers mush have in the era of education4.0 is professional competence. A teacher as a professional is proven by an educator certificate. Educator certificates can be obtained through professional education programs or Professional Teacher Education (PPG). Through PPG, teachers can improve their ability to choose and mas- ter teaching materials, plan, develop, and actualize productive teaching and learning processes.Keywords : Professional teachers development, Teacher Professional Education