Andes Ismayana
Departemen Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Penilaian Daur Hidup (Life Cycle Assesment) Produk Kina Di PT Sinkona Indonesia Lestari Parameswari, Pinkan Pangestu; Yani, Moh.; Ismayana, Andes
Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan Vol 17, No 2 (2019): Agustus 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Ilmu Lingkungan,Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (335.037 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jil.17.2.351-358

Abstract

PT Sinkona Indonesia Lestari adalah anak perusahaan dari dua Badan Usaha Milik Negara yaitu PT Kimia Farma dan PT Perkebunan Nusantara VIII. PT Sinkona Indonesia Lestari (SIL) memproduksi cinchona atau yang dikenal dengan tanaman kina yang merupakan tanaman obat yang mengandung quinine yang dikenal sebagai obat malaria. Cinchona diekstraksi untuk diambil kandungan quinine. Setiap tanaman cinchona mengandung kadar quinine 3-14%. Penilaian jumlah emisi yang dikeluarkan selama proses produksi dapat dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). Selain itu, LCA juga akan digunakan untuk melakukan perbaikan dalam siklus hidup produksi yang bertujuan untuk mengurangi emisi. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menilai dampak lingkungan berupa gas rumah kaca (GRK), serta upaya untuk mengurangi dampak lingkungan tersebut. Tahapan dari penelitian ini adalah menentukan tujuan dan ruang lingkup, analisis inventori daur hidup, analisia penilaian dampak lingkungan, dan analisis interpretasi hasil. Dari analisis LCA, untuk menghasilkan 1 ton garam kina diketahui menghasilkan dampak lingkungan berupa emisi gas rumah kaca sebesar 47.3815 CO2(eq) pada tahun 2013. Pada tahun 2014 emisi gas rumah kaca mengalami penurunan sebesar 53.4217 CO2(eq). Pada 2015, 1 ton garam kina menghasilkan emisi gas rumah kaca sebesar 53.5435 CO2(eq) dan pada 2016 menghasilkan 45.7901 CO2(eq). Penelitian ini juga menemukan bahwa pemanfaatan ampas kina dan penggantian minyak residu menjadi bahan bakar solar dapat mengurangi emisi. Pembuatan briket dari ampas kina dapat menurunkan emisi gas rumah kaca sebesar 0,14 % pada tahun 2015 dan menghasilkan energi alternatif sebesar 1.612 TJ. Alternatif lain adalah penggantian minyak residu menggunakan bahan bakar solar (IDO) pada bahan bakar boiler, yang dapat mengurangi emisi sebesar 11.9% atau 6.3518 ton CO2 (eq) /ton garam kina.
PENGARUH RASIO C/N AWAL DAN LAJU AERASI PADA PROSES CO-COMPOSTING BLOTONG DAN ABU KETEL Ismayana, Andes; Indrasti, Nastiti Siswi; Erica, Niza
Bumi Lestari Journal of Environment Vol 14 No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Environmental Research Center (PPLH) of Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (59.829 KB)

Abstract

Co-composting was the composting process uses two or more raw materials to improve the optimization process and material benefits. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of the initial C/N value ratio and the active aeration usage of the co-composting process of filter cake and boiler ash of cane sugar industry. Co-composting  was done in the aeration pile reactor with 5 kg of mixed material,and uused two factor; initial C/N ratio and aeration. The treatment of  C/N ratio was begun at 30, 40, and 50 from formulation filtercake and boiler ash.   Active aeration was given at 0.4 and 1.2 l /minutes.kg materials that carried out for 1 hour per day  on the first week. From this observation, known that the aeration distiction at 0.4 and 1.2 l /minutes.kg materials does not effect the C/N ratio of  compost.  In the other hand,  the treatment of initial C/N ratio at 30 and 40 was significantly affected with initial C/N ratio at 50 compared by final  C/N value of the compost. Initial C /N ratio at 50 requested the final  C / N ratio of compost at 19-20 that was higher than the treatment of  intial C/N ratio at 30 and 40 which had final C/N ratio at 13-15 and 12-17, respectively.
ANALISIS EMISI GRK DAN KONVERSI ENERGI PADA PRODUKSI MINYAK JARAK (RICINUS COMMUNIS L.) DENGAN METODE LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT (LCA) Ramdhani, Medy; Yani, Mohammad; Ismayana, Andes
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management) Vol. 9 No. 3 (2019): Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Graduate School Bogor Agricultural University (SPs IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.9.3.680-691

Abstract

Castor oil (Ricinus communis L.) is a renewable, multifunction vegetable oil, used in wide range of chemical industry feedstock. Nowadays, a product derived from castor has able to replace petroleum-based chemical feedstock. In spite of its renewable characteristic, castor oil production has to meet the environmental sustainability. This study was conducted to determine numbers of input and output used, as well as, their impact to the environment in the production processes. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) method was used to determine the input, output and environmental impacts of castor oil production. The result is, that the needs for a ton of castor oil are: 0.97 ha of land, 1.06 kg of seeds for plantation, 0.27 tons of fertilizer, 7.7 liters of petrol, 219.71 liters of diesel, 2.43 tons of seeds for processing purpose, and 1 187.54 liters of water. The production process itself emits 1.03 tons CO2-eq of greenhouse gas (GHG). Reduction to environmental pressure could be accomplished by replacing fossil fuel with castor cake during production to reduce 153.19 liters of diesel usage equals with 0.43 tons CO2-eq emission for a ton castor oil.
PENERAPAN PRODUKSI BERSIH UNTUK MENINGKATKAN EFISIENSI PROSES PELAPISAN LOGAM Sirait, Amelia Theresia; Noor, Erliza; Ismayana, Andes
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management) Vol. 9 No. 3 (2019): Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Graduate School Bogor Agricultural University (SPs IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.9.3.700-709

Abstract

Metal coating wastes generally bring about environmental health problems resulting from liquid wastes that contain heavy metals. The waste processing carried out thus far does not solve the problems because it just move wastes to other media. Cleaner production comes to be an alternative in minimizing liquid wastes, for water consumption, and for raw material. The present research was intended to identify wastewater resulting from the production stage, get cleaner production opportunities that can be applied, and give priority to clean production opportunities. The research stages began with a quick scan to identify the sources of wastes in production process and to determine an alternative of cleaner production chance, and then an economic computation was done, including B/C ratio and payback period. The determination of the priority of cleaner production technique given to a company was conducted by using exponential comparison method. The results showed that liquid wastes were originated from the process of fat removing, metal coating and process of cleaning up the remaining oxides. Liquid waste or loss in the form of contaminated fat solvents, the quite great loss of water due to evaporation and leakage. Cleaner production opportunities that can be applied by modifying/adding tools so as to prevent alkali solutionfrom being contaminated, reducing evaporation and reducing leakages by good housekepping. Three opportunities for cleaner production obtained to have B/C Ratio of more than 1 is can be implemented. Based on the exponential comparison method, the main priority of cleaner production is found, that is pipe changes in the residual oxide cleaning process to avoid leakage, technically and operationally the easiest to implement and followed successively with modifiying/adding tools to process of fat removing and metal coating.
PEMANTAUAN KINERJA SISTEM MANAJEMEN KESEHATAN KESELAMATAN KERJA LINDUNG LINGKUNGAN BERDASARKAN ISO 45001, 14001 DAN 9001 DI KSO CESL Suhardono, Sri; Noorachmat, Bambang Pramudya; Ismayana, Andes
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management) Vol. 9 No. 3 (2019): Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Graduate School Bogor Agricultural University (SPs IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.9.3.840-860

Abstract

Monitoring Performance of Occupational Health Safety and Environmental Protection Management System (OHSEMS) Based on ISO 45001, 14001 and 9001 is a methodological approach to managing interaction for implementation policies, processes, and regulations. Risk identification modeling used to ensure that activities can run properly in accordance with regulations and standards which are part of the performance management system measurement. Risk control modeling as a verification tool for OHSE events in drilling activities as much as 90, producing 325. Stakeholder regulations as many as 27 with total expectations 108 out of a total of 28 revisions with a total expectation of 225 in standard regulatory database modeling. OHSEMS improvement uses data on OHSE events from 2013 to June 2018. Drilling activities have 16 events with a number of standard regulations 14 and the number of suggestions for improvement 23, the number of recommended suggestion as many as 16. Production activities there are 25 occurrences of the number of standard regulations 16 with suggestions improvements 42 and recommendations for improvements was 25. In the OHSEMS improvement in drilling activities based on OHSE events is to socialize drilling work procedures. In production activities to reduce the occurrence of oil spills that can cause environmental impacts, make improvements to facilities as well as emergency response prevention training can be done to control events caused by human factors and production equipment
Life Cycle assessment of vehicle fuels on production proccess in refinery field Brata, Antarif Kusuma; Ismayana, Andes; Yani, Mohammad
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management) Vol 8, No 3 (2018): Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (JPSL)
Publisher : Graduate School Bogor Agricultural University (SPs IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.8.3.406-413

Abstract

Indonesia as one of the developing countries has a high dependence on petroleum fuels derived from petroleum refinery as the main energy source. the use of foil in Indonesia is dominated to meet the needs of transportation vehicles. Fuel oil as a source of energy into the spotlight in the world lately because of the impact of environmental degradation that arise from the utilization. The industrial activity of fuel oil production in refineries is inseparable from the environmental impacts. The oil processing process at the refinery is the second highest emission contributor after the use of fuel oil itself during its product life cycle. In this research LCA analysis is conducted for the production of gasoline (bensin) and gasoil (diesel) vehicle fuels during processing at the refinery to compare the environmental impact of each type of fuel. From the result of LCA analysis, it is known that from two types of vehicle fuel, to produce 1 kilo litter of gasoline (bensin) type more energy and produce higher emission compared to diesel type gas (gasoil) fuel production. The gasoline fuel produced in the platformer unit is the product that has the highest emission contribution in its production process with greenhouse gas emissions of 1 Ton CO-2eq and the acid gas emissions of 0.001 Ton SO-2eq per 1 kilo litter of the resulting product.
Penurunan Kadar Torium dan Radioaktivitas dalam Limbah Cair Proses Pengolahan Monasit PLUTHO Menggunakan Koagulan FeSO4 Marisi, Dany Poltak; Suprihatin, Suprihatin; Ismayana, Andes
EKSPLORIUM Vol 39, No 1 (2018): Mei 2018
Publisher : Pusat Teknologi Bahan Galian Nuklir - BATAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (299.403 KB) | DOI: 10.17146/eksplorium.2018.39.1.4276

Abstract

Pemisahan unsur radioaktif dan logam tanah jarang yang dilakukan di PLUTHO menghasilkan limbah yang masih mengandung torium dan uranium. Limbah yang dihasilkan memerlukan pengolahan lanjutan agar ramah lingkungan. Tujuan penelitian adalah menurunkan kadar torium dan radioaktivitas dalam limbah cair proses pengolahan monasit pilot plant PLUTHO menggunakan koagulan fero sulfat. Pilot Plant PLUTHO merupakan suatu fasilitas yang didirikan untuk untuk memisahkan uranium, torium, dan logam tanah jarang (LTJ) dari mineral monasit dan mineral lainnya dalam skala pilot. Perlakuan variasi yang dilakukan pada penelitian adalah dosis koagulan dan pH. Pengukuran kadar torium dilakukan dengan metode Spektrofotometer UV-Vis, sedangkan pengukuran radioaktivitas dilakukan dengan alat ukur radiasi Ludlum Model 1000 Scaler. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan kondisi optimum koagulasi pada pH 8,0 dengan dosis koagulan FeSO4 225 mg/L yang dapat menurunkan kadar torium sebesar 45,20 % dan menurunkan radioaktivitas sebesar 100 % dari kadar torium dan radioaktivitas awal yaitu 0,73 mg/L dan 1,35 Bq/g. The separation of radioactive and rare earth mineral carried out in PLUTHO produces waste that still contains thorium and uranium. The resulting waste requires further processing to be environmentally friendly. The purpose of study is to reduce thorium content and radioactivity in liquid waste of PLUTHO monazite treatment process using ferro sulphate coagulant. PLUTHO Pilot Plant is one of facility that built to dissociate uranium, thorium and light rare earth from mineral of monazite. Variations of treatments applied in the research are coagulant dosage and pH. Thorium content is measured by Spectrophotometer UV-Vis method, whereas radioactivity is measured by radiation counting meter Ludlum Model 1000 Scaler. The result shows that the optimum condition of coagulation is in pH 8,0 with concentration of ferro sulphate 225 mg/L which may reduce thorium content up to 45,20 % and reduce radioactivity to 100 % out of its initial thorium content and radioactivity as much as 0,73 mg/L and 1,35 Bq/g, respectively.
PENGHILANGAN BAU AMONIAK DARI TEMPAT PENUMPUKAN LEUM PADA INDUSTRI KARET REMAH DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN TEKNIK BIOFILTER Yani, Mohamad; Purwoko, .; Ismayana, Andes; Nurcahyani, Puji Rahmawati; Pahlevi, Derin
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 17 No. 1 (2012): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (295.911 KB)

Abstract

Malodorous gases emitted from natural rubber industries. At crumb rubber plant, leum storage emits high concentration of  ammonia that strength odor and dangerous to healthy workers. This research occurred to remove ammonia from leum storage using biofilter coloum 23L packed with mixed of top-soil, peat-rubber leaves and sludge. The result shows that this biofilters can remove ammonia  from inlet concentration at 4 - 20 ppm to  outlet concentration less than 4,7 ppm (average of 1,1ppm below regulation limit of 2 ppm). The biofilter packed with top soil performs  to ammonia removal efficiency average of 89% and ammonia-removal capacity at 0,36 g-N/kg-dry-material/d. The biofilter packed with mixed of top soil and rubber leaves performs  to ammonia removal efficiency average of 85% and ammonia-removal capacity at 0,60 g-N/kg-dry-material/d. The biofilter packed with mixed of top soil and sludge performs  to ammonia removal efficiency of 99% and ammonia-removal capacity at 0,36 g-N/kg-dry-material/d. The biofilter packed with mixed of top soil and sludge indicated the most stable on ammonia removal capacity and the lowest oulet ammonia at an average of 0.1 ppm.