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PRAKTIK LANSIA HIPERTENSI DALAM MENGENDALIKAN KESEHATAN DIRI DI WILAYAH PUSKESMAS MRANGGEN DEMAK Soesanto, Edy; Istiarti, Tinuk; Pietojo, Harbandinah
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 5, No.2 , Agustus 2010
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (40.139 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.7.3.127-139

Abstract

Hypertension has been defined as the major risk factor of cardiovascular disease in Indonesia. This disease tends to increase along with people?s unhealthy life style, lack of facilities and high service-cost. This study aims to analyze factors influencing hypertension control practice among elderly in Mranggen, Demak. It was a cross sectional study combined quantitative and qualitative method. Total sampling 285 elderly were involved as study objects. Chi-square and logistic regression were employed to analyze the finding. Perceived benefit found to be the strongest predictor of hypertension control practice in this study. Elderly who have better perceived benefit were 3.589 times more likely to have better practice than those who has less perceived benefit. Education, income, daily activities, perceived susceptibility, perceived seriousness, perceived of cost, family support and social support were significantly correlated to hypertension practice in bivariate level.
PRAKTEK BERKUNJUNG PEKERJA SEKS KOMERSIAL (PSK) KE KLINIK IMS PUSKESMAS BATURADEN II KABUPATEN BANYUMAS Suparmi, Suparmi; Istiarti, Tinuk; Pietojo, Harbandinah
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 6, No. 2, Agustus 2011
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (85.845 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.6.2.160-168

Abstract

The high rates of STIs in sex workers residing in Baturraden will also affect the high transmission of STIs to other people or service users PSK. The study aims to analyze the knowledge about IMS and attitudes about IMS factors that influence the practice of visiting prostitutes IMS Health Center Clinic Baturraden II. This research is an explanatory research methods and quantitative research with cross sectional approach. Collecting data used purposive sampling technique. Data analyzed by univariate analysis, frequency distributions, bivariate analysis with chi-square test, and mulivariat analysis with logistic regression. The results showed no relationship between the dependent variable practice of visiting the STD clinic with STI knowledge, attitudes towards STIs, attitudes toward STI and there is no relationship between the dependent variable practices of visiting the STD clinic with independent variable of STIs clinical knowledge. Multivariate analysis states that the attitude towards STIs variable is a variable that has the most dominant influence on the practice of visiting the STD clinic.
HUBUNGAN PENERAPAN KAWASAN TANPA ROKOK (KTR) DENGAN PERILAKU MEROKOK MAHASISWA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT DI KOTA SEMARANG Azmi, Firnanda Zia; Istiarti, Tinuk; Cahyo, Kusyogo
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Data epidemik  tembakau didunia  menurut World Health Organization  (WHO, 2008) menunjukan 1 kematian karena tembakau di seluruh dunia terjadi tiap 6 detik. Hasil laporan Riskesdas tahun 2013, Perilaku merokok penduduk 15 tahun keatas masih belum terjadi penurunan dari 2007 ke 2013, cenderung meningkat dari 34,2 persen menjadi 36,3. Untuk mengendalikan hal tersebut, pemerintah mengeluarkan (UU) No. 36 tahun 2009 tentang kesehatan, Instruksi Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan RI No. 4/U/1997 tentang lingkungan sekolah bebas rokok, dan Keputusan Bersama Menteri Kesehatan dan Menteri Dalam Negeri RI No. 188/MENKES/PB/I/2011 tentang pedoman pelaksanaan KTR . Kurang maksimalnya penerapan Kawasan Tanpa Rokok menyebabkan masih ditemukannya perokok yang merokok dilingkungan Kawasan Tanpa Rokok. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk menganalisis hubungan penerapan kawasan tanpa rokok dengan perilaku merokok mahasiswa kesehatan masyarakat di kota Semarang. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif analitik dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Instrumen yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah kuesioner. Sampel penelitian ini sebanyak 100 responden dengan teknik sampling simple random sampling. Analisis data yang digunakan chi square untuk analisis bivariat dengan taraf signifikasi 95%. Sebesar 44% mahasiswa merokok dan 56% mahasiswa tidak merokok. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tidak ada hubungan antara umur (p=0,082), pengetahuan KTR (p=0,803), implementasi fisik KTR (p=0,070), implementasi non fisik KTR (p=0,813), pembinaan KTR (p=0,993), pengawasan KTR (p=0,520), penghargaan KTR (p=1,00), sanksi KTR (p=246) dengan perilaku merokok mahasiswa kesehatan, serta ada hubungan antara jenis kelamin (p=0,0001) dan sikap KTR (p=0,011) dengan perilaku merokok mahasiswa kesehatan masyarakat.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PRAKTEK SANITASI LINGKUNGAN BERSIH DAN SEHAT MELALUI 'PHBS' PADA SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR DI KECAMATAN BANYUMANIK Istiarti, Tinuk; Dangiran, Hanan Lanang
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 15, No 2 (2016): Oktober 2016
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (231.691 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.15.2.50-55

Abstract

Title : The factors Related to The Sanitation Practice through Clean and Healthy Life Behaviour on Elementary School Students at Banyumanik DistrictBackground: The high rate of diarrhea incident in Semarang, especially on elementary school students, needs a special attention. The incident rate in the area of Banyumanik district shows a high level compared to those of other working areas. The incident rate of 5-14 year ages shows an increase from 2013 to 2015, from 142 to 187 and to 289 cases. Clean and healthy environment sanitation through ?PHBS? seems to be the simple way to a self protection against various diseases. Based on the - background mentioned above, the research was conducted to analyze the factors relating to the sanitation practice of clean and healthy environment through ?PHBS?. Method: This research was conducted by using descriptive analysis with a quantitative approach. The research samples were taken using random sampling of 72 elementary school students from 11 elementary schools at Banyumanik district. Results: The research result showed that 68,1% of the respondents experienced a good practice and 31,9% experienced a not-so-good practice. The statistical analysis showed that there was a correlation between knowledge of clean and healthy sanitation environment (p-value = 0,019) and attitude (p-value = 0,029) toward the practice of clean and healthy sanitation environment.Conclusion: Level of knowledge was able to increase attitude toward practice of clean and healthy sanitation environment. 
ANALISIS FAKTOR - FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PRAKTIK ABORSI DI KECAMATAN PEGANDON KABUPATEN KENDAL Istiarti, Tinuk; Pietojo, Harbandinah; Kunsianah, Kunsianah
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 1, No. 1, Januari 2006
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (37.456 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.1.1.53-59

Abstract

Background : Women are faced unique reproductive health threats, one of which is the unsafe abortion. Abortion remains a controversial having been in existence since the history of mankind was written. At the Central Java PKBI (Indonesian Family Planning Association) clinic, There are average of 50 to 70 abortion cases every month. The objective of this research is to find out the factors that influence abortion practices among women in Pegandon sub-district, Kendal regency.Method : The recearch itself is of the explanatory type using crossseectional approach. The population of the research are 6,344 women of the reproductive age in Pegandon sub-district, Kendal District. 32 women have taken as samples. Simple random sampling is done to obtain the quantitative data. The recearch is conducted through questionaires. To obtain the qualitative data, interviews with 5 respondents are thoroughly carried out. For data validation, interviews with 5 village midwives ? who provide services for the respondents ? are also thoroughly conducted. The data is then analyzed using SPSS software for Windows, version 10.0 as well as univariate, and multivariate methods.Result : The results of the analysis show that there is no correlation between the age, the level of education, the occupation, the marital status, the term of the pregnancy, the knowledge and attitude on the one side, and the abortion practice on the other. (p > 0,05). A significant correlation between the number of children and the abortion practice isfound in this research (p < 0,05). A multivariate analysis with logistic regression shows that the number of children variable is the main variable influencing the abortion practice in Pegandon sub-district in Kendal regency, (p<0,04) Keywords : Women of reproductive age, Abortion, Public Health.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERILAKU GURU UKS DALAM UPAYA DETEKSI DINI PENDERITA KUSTA PADA ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR DI KABUPATEN BLORA Pietojo, Harbandinah; Istiarti, Tinuk; Warijan, Warijan
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 1, No. 1, Januari 2006
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (65.259 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.1.1.33-40

Abstract

Background : The prevalence of Leprosy in the world (1998) : Indonesia was placed in the big three after India and Brazil. In 2002, there were still 12 provinces and 111 regencies which the prevalence of Leprosy was over of 1/10.000 people. Fuethermore, data of Leprosy from 2000-2002 showed that Blora Regency was still placed in the big 10 among other Regencies in Central Java with prevalence >1/10.000 peole and proportionof Leprocy among the children was >1%. However, the proportion of Leprocy among children may be false as between the year 0f 2000-20002 there was no school survey done. Because of that, it was important to study the involment of Health School program teathers in the effort early detection of Leprosy clients. The study objective was to search factors that correlate with health school program (UKS) teachers? behaviors in the effort of early detection of leprosy clients in elementary school students in Blora Regency.Method : This study was in eksplanatory research that employed survey sample method and cross sectionaltechnique. The study population was all Health School Program (UKS) Teachers? in Blora Regency with the number of 712. the number of 88 samples was recruited from population using simple random smapling technique. The data were collected by interviewing using Quessionnares and analyzed by means of univariate,bivariat, and multivariate.Result : The result of this study showed there was a significant correlation between teachers? salaraies and the practice of early detection of Leprosy clients with p value=0.04, between the rule of health workers and the practice of early detection of Leprosy client with p value 0.05. Together , variable salary with p value = 0.04 practice of early detection of Leprosy client (p value ? 0.05). Otherwise, the variable of the role og health workers with p value = 0.06 had no correlation with early detection of Leprosy clients (p value = 0.05). the most dominant factor that correlates with early diagnosis of Leprosy clients was salary of the sample with p value ? 0.04.Keywords : early detection, leprosy, health school program teachers
IDENTIFIKASI PERILAKU MASYARAKAT TERHADAP SALURAN UDARA TEGANGAN EKSTRA TINGGI (SUTET) 500 KV TANJUNGJATI – PURWODADI Istiarti, Tinuk
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 6, No. 1, Januari 2011
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (36.675 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.6.1.39-45

Abstract

SUTET built to add aground electrical system, but still a lot of people who have negative perception of its existence and many rejection behaviors committed by people who reside in EHV transmission lines and surrounding areas. The research method used is explorative with quantitative and qualitative approaches. Samples were taken by random sampling study of 60 respondents and 3 District: Pati, Kudus, Jepara. The qualitative data collected through in-depth interviews and focus group discussions on community leaders of each 12 respondents in each district. The results showed that public attitudes about SUTET and the impact of population health and the environment is relatively still less agree, although when viewed from the knowledge and practice against SUTET pretty good. As for the problems in the implementation of replacement systems SUTET and land-use and compensation that are not clearly lead to negative perceptions and social jealousy in the community.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PRAKTIK WANITA PEKERJA SEKS (WPS) JALANAN DALAM UPAYA PENCEGAHAN IMS DAN HIV/AIDS DI SEKITAR ALUN-ALUN DAN CANDI PRAMBANAN KABUPATEN KLATEN Budiman, Nurcholis Arif; Istiarti, Tinuk; BM, Syamsulhuda
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 3, No. 2, Agustus 2008
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (39.805 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.3.2.120-126

Abstract

Background: Data from Serro Survey about STI and HIV & AIDS in Klaten in 2005 showed, 5 FSWs (8.4%) have syphilis infected from 59 FSWs followed testing and in 2006, 8 FSWs (18%) have syphilis infected and 1 (2.2%) FSW has HIV infection.Method: The aim of this study was to know factors related practicing Street FSWs for protecting STI and HIV & AIDS around Klaten Square and Prambanan Temple, Klaten. This research was an observational study using cross sectional approach. Questionnaire used for data collecting with 44 samples. Data analyses of this study were univariate, bivariate by chi square and multivariate by logistic regression.Result: The result of this research showed there were relation between knowledge about STI and HIV & AIDS (p value = 0.032), perceived susceptibility on infecting STI and HIV & AIDS (p value = 0.001). Some variables not related in this research, there were age, education, marital status, income, working period, perceived severity, perceived benefit, perceived barrier, and cues to action. This research don?t have dominant dependent variable related practicing Street FSWs on protecting STI and HIV & AIDS, but perceived severity was a variable resemble significant (p-value=0.092). Klaten Health Office especially Communicable Disease Control Program suggest to make an advocacy for STI and HIV & AIDS. Increase knowledge about STI and HIV & AIDS and perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits and cost through promotion by Health Officer.Keywords: street female sex workers (FSWs), practicing for protecting STI, HIV and AIDS
PERILAKU BIDAN DALAM PELAYANAN PMTCT PADA IBU HAMIL DENGAN HIV/ AIDS DI RSUD. DR. SOEDONO MADIUN Pipitcahyani, Tatarini Ika; Istiarti, Tinuk; Pietojo, Harbandinah
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 7, No. 1, Januari 2012
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (38.841 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.7.1.63-73

Abstract

ABSTRAKKasus AIDS di Indonesia triwulan kedua tahun 2010 secara komulatif adalah 21.770 kasus. Pada tahun 2010 sampai april 2011 didapatkan ibu hamil dengan HIV/AIDS yang datang memeriksakan diri ke RSUD Dr. Soedono Madiun berjumlah 3 orang ibu dengan HIV/AIDS. Pelaksanaan PMTCT masih belum maksimal hal tersebut dikarenakan masih adanya sikap kurang mendukung yang disebabkan oleh kurangnya pemahaman tentang HIV/AIDS dan PMTCT. Sehingga harus selalu dilaksanakan kegiatan sosialisasi, pengarahan dan pendampingan waktu pelayanan kepada ibu hamil dengan HIV/AIDS. Penelitian dengan kualitatif diskriptif. Pengumpulan data menggunakan wawancara secara mendalam dan observasi pelaksanaan praktik pelayanan PMTCT pada ibu hamil di RSUD. Dr. Soedono Madiun. Hasil peneitian menunjukkan bahwa responden telah mengetahui tentang HIV/AIDS dan PMTCT tetapi belum memahaminya sehingga dalam pelaksanaan pelayanan PMTCT masih belum maksimal oleh karena itu peru adanya sosialisasi dan pendampingan oleh organisasi provesi pada saat pelayanan kepada ibu hamil dalam kegiatan PMTCT di RSUD.Dr.Soedono Madiun.Kata Kunci:Pelayanan PMTCT, ibu hamil, perilaku bidan.ABSTRACTAIDS cases in Indonesiain the second quarterof 2010 was 21 770 cumulative cases. In the year 2010 to April 2011 found pregnant women with HIV/AIDS who come to check into hospitals Dr. Soedono Madiun totaling 3 mothers with HIV/AIDS. Implementation of PMTCT still not maximized it is because there still existsa lack of support caused by alack of understanding about HIV/AID Sand PMTCT. So it should always be carried out dissemination activities, guidance and mentoring service time to pregnant women with HIV/AIDS. With aqualitative descriptive study. The collection of data using in-depth interviews and observation practice simplementation of PMTCT services for pregnant women in hospitals Dr. Soedono Madiun. Field work results indicate that the respondents knew about HIV/AIDS and PMTCT but have not understood that the implementation of PMTCT services is still not maximized, there fore Perusocialization and mentoring by provesi organization at the service to pregnant women in PMTCT activities in RSUD.Dr.Soedono Madiun.Keywords: PMTCT services, pregnant women, midwives behavior.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MELATARBELAKANGI PERSEPSI PENDERITA TERHADAP STIGMA PENYAKIT KUSTA Soedarjatmi, Soedarjatmi; Istiarti, Tinuk; Widagdo, Laksmono
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 4, No. 1, Januari 2009
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (27.621 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.4.1.18-24

Abstract

Background: By the year of 2006, there were 4.171 registered leprosy cases in Central Java, 1.989 of them on going treatment, 163 were children and 241 of people deformed due to leprosy. Lack of knowledge on leprosy cause negative perception toward this disease, so willincrease stigma in the community. This study aims to describe the patients? perception to leprosy disease.Method: This study was a qualitative case study, involved 8 patients selected from leprosy cases with the criteria of on going treatment in Tugurejo Hospital Semarang. In-depth interview was conducted to obtain details answers from respondents.Result: Respondents perceived that leprosy was an infectious disease and it was possible to be infected to other people easily, especially to those who careless in performing healthy behavior. Most of respondents were lack of knowledge of the disease transmission. They perceived that leprosy is a dangerous disease and lead to death or deformities. Positivebehaviors were depicted as a good self care, regular treatment, and socialization whereas negative behaviors were described as in-complying treatment, being isolated and giving up of hopes. All respondents covering their disease and limit their socialization in order to avoid stigmatization.Keyword : Perception, Stigmatization, Leprosy