VG. Tinuk Istiarti
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HUBUNGAN PERSEPSI MEROKOK DENGAN TIPE PERILAKU MEROKOK PADA SISWA SMK “X” DI KOTA SEMARANG Binita, Anisa Maulidea; Istiarti, VG. Tinuk; Widagdo, Laksmono
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 5 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Di Indonesia, perilaku merokok pada usia 15 tahun ke atas cenderung meningkat dari 34,2% (2007) menjadi 36,3% (2013). Pada tahun 2010 jumlah penduduk Jawa Tengah yang merokok terbanyak terjadi pada usia 15-19 tahun (41,6%), dimana usia tersebut merupakan rata-rata usia siswa SMA/SMK/sederajat. Angka perilaku merokok yang tinggi pada remaja awal berasal dari persepsi atau pandangan yang dipercayai mengenai merokok itu sendiri. Di SMK ?X? di Kota Semarang diketahui terdapat banyak siswa perokok yang memiliki persepsi positif terhadap rokok. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah menganalisis hubungan persepsi merokok dengan tipe perilaku merokok pada siswa SMK ?X? di Kota Semarang. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif analitik dengan pendekatan kuantitatif. Populasi penelitian terdiri dari siswa kelas 10 dengan karakteristik berstatus perokok aktif minimal selama enam bulan serta bersedia menjadi responden. Sampel sejumlah 85 siswa yang diambil menggunakan teknik total sampling. Seluruh pertanyaan telah diuji validitas dan reliabilitas. Analisis data menggunakan uji analisa statistik Rank Spearman dan Mann-Whitney (?= 0,05). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebagian besar responden berstatus perokok ringan (85,9%). Variabel yang berhubungan dengan tipe perilaku merokok pada siswa SMK ?X? yaitu usia (pvalue= 0,032), persepsi keseriusan (pvalue= 0,030), persepsi kerentanan (pvalue= 0,035), serta persepsi hambatan (pvalue= 0,045). Sementara variabel yang tidak berhubungan yaitu pekerjaan orang tua (pvalue= 0,344), jumlah perokok di keluarga (pvalue= 0,842), jumlah uang saku (pvalue= 0,387), pengalaman merokok (pvalue= 0,123), dan persepsi manfaat (pvalue= 0,378).
FAKTOR – FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PELAKSANAAN PERILAKU HIDUP BERSIH DAN SEHAT OLEH GURU UKS SEKOLAH DASAR DI KECAMATAN BANYUMANIK KOTA SEMARANG Siahaan, Debora M.; Istiarti, VG. Tinuk; Widjanarko, Bagoes
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 5 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

72% the teacher UKS in the city of Semarang had a low performance in their work. Implementation of PHBS by UKS teacher in District Banyumanik Semarang Ciy there was smoke in the school environment, supervision school canteen has not gone well, wash hands with soap at no links to the school. In 2015 ISPA is still high case, which is equal to 5521, 1100 and diarrhea of dental caries by 1281. Descriptive analytic method with cross sectional approach.Samples were taken by the method of total population of 38 people.Data analysis using chi-square test (significance level 0.05) in univariate and bivariate analysis. Respondents who was implementation of clean and healthy  behavior  are 52.6% good and 42.4% poor. Test Statistic shows the relationship between knowledges with the implementation of PHBs in school (pvalue=0,037). While the different result indicate there is never an association between attitudes (pvalue=0.89), the availability of facilities (pvalue=0.74), the availability of funds (pvalue=1.00), the support of health workers (pvalue=1.00), the support headmaster (pvalue=0.67) and the school regulations (pvalue=0.35) with the implementation of PHBS in school. For health worker in District Banyumanik can do an evaluation of training and guidance for teachers UKS for the implementation of PHBS in school more leverage.
PENERAPAN HAK CUTI MELAHIRKAN BAGI PEKERJA PEREMPUAN DI SEKTOR FORMAL Istiarti, VG. Tinuk
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 11, No 2 (2012): Oktober 2012
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (85.419 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.11.2.103 - 108

Abstract

Background:The Policy for Women Labors in the Act No. 1 1951 states that women are not allowed to work 1,5 months before and after bearing a child. However, up to the present time, its implementation is not effective. Objective:This explorative research uses quantitative and qualitative approach which objective is to observe the knowledge, attitude and behavior of the woman labourers towards their right of child birth leave. Method of his research is also aimed at observing the employers in imlementing the child birth leave right of the woman labourers and the ralated constraints of the practices. The qualitiative samples consist of 300 respondens of the woman labourers and the qualitative samples consist of 18 employers ?Depnaker? staff, 18 SPSI members and 15 woman labourers. Instruments for collecting data are questionaire and interviewguides. Qualitative data are analysed by using frequency distribution while qualitative data are analysed by using content analysis. Result:The research results shows that the knowledge and attitude of the woman labourers towards the rights of child birth leave are good enough. However in practice it is not well implemented as that in the regulation, because employers never give additional wages, such as pregnancy and childbirth allowances despite their agreement to implement it. Conclusion:Most employers are not consistent in implementing the right of child birth leave. It can be seen from the fact that the implementation is met only to each own company?s condition. Those who have had or are in the process of having PKB for example are more consistent than those who have not. Contraints of the implementation of childbirth leave are as follows: 1). Not all employers well comprehend the right of child births leave, 2). The surveillance and empowerment of Disnaker is not effective, 3) The law enforcement to the employers who break the rules is very weak, and 4). The role of SPSI in giving supervision is not yet significant. Key words: Child birth leave, woman labourers, formal sector