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PRAKTEK PENGGORENGAN DAN MUTU MINYAK GORENG SISA PADA RUMAH TANGGA DI RT V RW III KEDUNGMUNDU TEMBALANG SEMARANG Aminah, Siti; Isworo, Joko Teguh
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2010: Kesehatan Masyarakat, Olahraga, Gizi, dan Pangan
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Praktek penggorengan akan mempengaruhi kualitas minyak dan makanan yang digoreng. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui praktek penggorengan dan mutu minyak sisa pada rumah tangga. Rancangan penelitian ini adalah diskriptif analitik, informasi praktek penggorengan diperoleh dengan wawancara, mutu minyak goreng sisa diketahui dengan analisis Free Fatty Acid (FFA) dan bilangan peroksida. Sampel 20 orang dari 59 populasi, sampel minyak goreng sisa diperoleh dari responden. Analisis FFA menggunakan prosedur Sudarmadji, et al (1997) sedang bilangan peroksida dengan metode AOCS Cd 8-53 dalam Nielsen  (1996). Hasil wawancara menunjukkan sebanyak 75 % responden menggunakan minyak goreng curah. Dalam penggorengan digunakan minyak goreng sisa yang ditambahkan minyak segar, minyak goreng yang sama digunakan untuk menggoreng beberapa macam makanan. Tidak ada perlakukan untuk merawat/menyimpan minyak goreng sisa yang masih akan digunakan lagi. Kadar FFA dan peroksida secara keseluruhan lebih tinggi dari ketentuan SNI untuk minyak segar. Kadar FFA tertinggi sebanyak 8,335 %, terendah 0,479 %, bilangan peroksida tertinggi 93,394 meq peroksid/kg fat, terendah 0,990 meq peroksid/kg fat. Penyuluhan tentang praktek penggorengan dan perawatan /penyimpanan minyak diperlukan untuk mempertahankan mutu minyak dan makanan goreng.
ANALISIS AKRILAMIDA PADA KRIPIK DAN KUDAPAN GORENG DARI UMBI-UMBIAN Aminah, Siti; Isworo, Joko Teguh
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2010: Kesehatan Masyarakat, Olahraga, Gizi, dan Pangan
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Potential high acrylamide formation in food starch source prepared with pan frying. This study aims to: measuring and describing levels of acrylamide in snacks and chips from tubers. Diskriptif research designed to test 2 times. Materials used include: “talas”, potato, cassava and sweet potatoes, cooking oil, the standard acrylamide and other reagents. Tubers made snacks and chips, each performed with a frying pan and processing pengovenan. Acrylamide analysis performed by the method of High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) (Simanjuntak et al., 2004,). Diskriptif analyzed data with the help of SPSS version 15 and presented diskriptif. The results of analysis on acrylamide levels in the “timus” snack highest good sweet potato fries or oven, respectively 65, 244 mcg / g ± 2, 192; 65.425 mcg / g ± 2, 268, lowest in both fried potato croquettes or oven, each of each was 42.590 mcg / g ± 0.000; 43, 012 mcg / g ± 0, 074. Similarly, the highest in the chips are potato chips, fried and oven whether each for 111, 391 mcg / g and 0000 ± 99, 895 mcg / g ± 4702, whereas the lowest levels are in fried potato chips as many as 13,023 mcg / g ± 0000. To do further research about the effects of long storage of materials tubers after harvest and non enzimatis Browning reactions during the processing of acrylamide formation and the influence of early treatment on the tubers before processing to minimize the formation of acrylamide.
KADAR HEMOGLOBIN DAN KOMPOSISI ASI PADA IBU POSTPARTUM YANG DILAKUKAN PIJAT PAYUDARA DENGAN METODE OKETANI -, Machmudah; Khayati, Nikmatul; Isworo, Joko Teguh
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2014: PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL KEPERAWATAN
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Produksi ASI dipengaruhi oleh faktor hormonal, asupan makanan, kondisi psikis ibu, frekuensi bayi menyusu, konsumsi obat-obatan/kontrasepsi hormonal dan perawatan payudara (Kompas, 2013). Salah satu metode perawatan payudara adalah dengan melakukan pijat payudara dengan metode Oketani.Pijat oketani dapat meningkatkan produksi dan ekskresi ASI yang berhubungan erat dengan perkembangan dan pertumbuhan bayi (Foda, et al, 2004).Machmudah (2013) menjelaskan bahwa kombinasi pijat oketani dan oksitosin dapat meningkatkan produksi ASI yang dilihat pada parameter frekuensi bayi menyusu, ferkuensi BAB dan BAK.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui bagaimana kualitas kolostrum sebelum dan setelah dilakukan pijat oketani. Jenis penelitian ini adalah quasi eksperimen dengan rancangan yang digunakan adalah pre post test design with control group. Hasil uji statistik menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan antara kadar kadar hemoglobin dengan komposisi kimia ASI ( protein dan karbohidrat) dengan nilai p=0,000.Kata kunci : pijat oketani, komposisi kimia ASI, hemoglobin
PENGARUH PENYIMPANAN PADA SUHU RENDAH TERHADAP UMUR SIMPAN DAN TOTAL BAKTERI AIR SUSU IBU ( ASI ) Aminah, Siti; Isworo, Joko Teguh
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2004: PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL HASIL-HASIL PENELITIAN
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Mother's milk is a fat emulsion in protein, lactose and organic salts which is secreted by both mother bosom gland, as  especialis food to baby.  Giving of mother's milk until 4 month of the baby's age ( exclusive ASI)  have fulfilled requirement of food to  baby. To mothers work, giving of exclusive ASI (mother's milk) is unworkable  properly.One of the alternative to be able to give ASI fully by  conducting  of storage ASI at low tentperoture. Results of research  indicated  that  there  was  change  which striking  at colour, flronta, acidity (pH) and  consistency up to the fourth days of storage. Change of cotrsistency  and aroma happened at the fifth days of storage, this matter showed that the  duration  of storage of ASI at the low temperature is 4 day. Analysis to  total of bacteria indicated  that the duration of storage do not have an effect on total of bacteria of ASI kept.
Hubungan Status Gizi, Asupan Bahan Makan Sumber Purin dengan Kadar Asam Urat pada Pasien Hiperuresemia Rawat Jalan di Rumah Sakit Tugurejo Semarang Silviana, Hana; Bintanah, Sufiati; Isworo, Joko Teguh
Jurnal Gizi Vol 4, No 2 (2015): Jurnal Gizi UNIMUS
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (157.662 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/jg.4.2.2015.%p

Abstract

Hyperurisemia is a disease that marked by sudden and recurrent attacks with a very painful pain as a result of high levels uric acid in the blood that exceed normal limits. Normal levels of uric acid for women is 2,4 to 5,7 mg/dl blood and for man is 3,4 to 7 mg/dl blood. The cause hyperuricemia is a metabolic disorder since birth, consumption of foods high purines, body weight, and the amount of alcohol. The general research purpose of this study is to determine the relationship of nutritional status and intake of purine source with uric acid levels of outpatientswith hyperuricemia in hospital Tugurejo Semarang.The type of reaserch is explanatory research with crossectional approach. The number of sample are 22 outpatients in hospitals Tugurejo Semarang. Univariate analysis will be undertakento present the frequency distribution data. The Shapiro-wilks test was used to analysis the normality distribution both of datas .Bivariate analysis to examine the relationship between two variables will be done by the pearson correlation test, and by the spearman rank test.The result of study showed there are 12 persons of samples (54,5%), are 51-70 years old.There are 8 persons of samples (36,4%) were yunior levelsof education and there are 12 persons of samples (54,5%) have the most fat of nutritional status. Based on the intake of purine source material feeding as many as 22 samples (100%). Uric acid levels by about 16 samples (72,7%)?.Statistical analysis showed the significant relationship (pv =0,000) between the nutritional status and the level of uric acid of blood. The study showed the significant relationship (pv =0,038), between the level of purine uric intake and the level of uric acid of blood.Key words : nutritional status, purine intake, level of uric acid
Hubungan Indeks Massa Tubuh (IMT) Dengan Kadar Gula Darah Penderita Diabetes Mellitus (DM) Tipe 2 Rawat Jalan Di RS Tugurejo Semarang Adnan, Miftahul; Mulyati, Tatik; Isworo, Joko Teguh
Jurnal Gizi Vol 2, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Gizi Unimus
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (206.794 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/jg.2.1.2013.%p

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a disease characterized by an increase in glucose / blood sugar (hyperglikemi) due to chronic reduction or absence of insulin (Iqbal, 1996). That central obesity is one of the factors that influence the incidence of type 2 diabetes. Excessive fat deposits in the body can cause insulin resistance that affect blood sugar levels of people with diabetes mellitus (Waspadji, 2004). BMI is one way to determine the nutritional status is used to determine whether a person is obese or not. BMI has nothing to do with blood sugar levels with DM (Hartono, 2006). The general objective of this study was to determine the relationship between Body Mass Index (BMI) with blood sugar levels of type 2 diabeticpatients. This type of research is the explanation of research in the field of clinical nutrition. The method used is survey method with cross sectional approach. The study population was all patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in the hospital outpatient clinic of Internal Medicine Tugurejo Semarang. Data collected at the outpatient patient in June-July 2011. Samples were taken as many as 37 people who meet the inclusion criteria. Types of data collected is the primary data and secondary data. Analysis of the data used is the univariate analysis to determine the frequency distribution characteristics of the sample, Kolmogorov Smirnov testto determine normality of data, and Spearman test rating to determine the relationship between two variables is the dependent variable and independent variables. Results showed that the characteristics of patients with diabetes mellitus are mostly women (78.4%). The biggest age group in the age group 46-60 years (73%). Education is the largest school graduate school / vocational high (24.3%). Most jobs are housewives (59.5%). Most of the value of IMT in the group from 25 to 29.9 (51.4%). Blood sugar levels during most of> 200mg/dl (70.3%). Statistical analysis showed no relationship between values of BMI with blood sugar levels of type 2 diabetic patients with p value 0.000 (<0.05) and r = 0.201.In conclusion the higher value of IMT with diabetes mellitus type 2 the higher the blood sugar levels.Keywords: Diabetes Mellitus, Body Mass Index, blood sugar levels.
Hubungan Konsumsi Bahan Makanan Sumber Vitamin C dan Vitamin E dengan Kadar Gula Darah Penderita Diabetes Mellitus Tipe 2 Rawat Jalan di Rumah Sakit Tugurejo Semarang Utami, Bondan Sri; Bintanah, Sufiati; Isworo, Joko Teguh
Jurnal Gizi Vol 4, No 1 (2015): Jurnal Gizi UNIMUS
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (142.787 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/jg.4.1.2015.%p

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a series disorder or syndrome in which the body can not properly regulate the processing or metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins caused by either partial or absolute deficiency of the hormone insulin. The purpose of this study was Public Knowing the relationship intake of vitamin C, and vitamin E with a patient's blood glucose levels.The research method explanatory research study with cross sectional approaced. The number of 27 samples consisting of hospital outpatient Tugurejo Semarang was taken by purposive sampling in accordance with the criteria The study starts from proposal writing to report writing from the month of January to August 2014. Univariate analysis performed to present the frequency distribution. Data normality test performed with the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. The Spearman Rank correlation test use to bivariate analysis to examine the correlation between the dependent variable and the independent variables.The largest proportion (26 samples or 59.3 %) of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in hospitals Tugurejo Semarang are female. The largest proportion(10 samples or 37.0 %) of samples are based on the age of 56-65 years old. The highest proportion of sample (19 samples or 70,4 %) have a elementary education. The highest proportion of samples (26 samples or 96.3 %) have the blood glucose levels is 126 mmHg and more. Intake of vitamin C in all samples is not sufficient. Intake of vitamin E in all samples is not sufficient. Statistical analysis showed a correlation between vitamin C intake and blood glucose level of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. There is no correlation between vitamin E intake with blood glucose levels of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.
PENGARUH LAMA FERMENTASI PADA PRODUKSI MINYAK KELAPA MURNI (VIRGIN COCONUT OIL) TERHADAP SIFAT FISIK, KIMIA, DAN ORGANOLEPTIK -, Ngatemin; -, Nurrahman; Isworo, Joko Teguh
Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi Vol 4, No 2 (2013): Kajian Pangan dan Gizi
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (470.607 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/jpg.4.2.2013.%p

Abstract

Virgin coconut oil Virgin coconut oil (VCO) is obtained from fresh coconuts (non-copra) and processed without high-temperature and chemicals. The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of fermentation VCO to the yield, physical properties (density, refractive index), chemical properties (saponification number, acid number, and the number peroksidan), and organoleptic properties (color, aroma, and viscosity). Materials research is the fruit of the coconut meat Typical types (Cocos nucefera lin). The study design used a completely randomized design with duration of fermentation 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, and 24 hours with 4 replications. The results showed no effect on the fermentation yield and physical properties of VCO that includes specific gravity and refractive index, but significantly affect the chemical properties including acid number, saponification and peroxide. Hedonic test the VCO, long fermentation affect the color and viscosity, but does not affect the scent. The yield of the highest VCO in 24-hour fermentation period which is 22%, the highest density in the fermentation of 22 hours is 0.910 g / cm 3 and the highest refractive index of 0.1515 at 24 hours of fermentation. Saponification high of 27.65 mg KOH / g, the lowest value acid value 0.567 mg KOH / g, and the lowest peroxide 1,120 meq / kg at 16 hours of fermentation. A panelist on the level of the highest color 3.3 24 hour fermentation, the aroma of 3.0 A levels at 22 hours of fermentation and viscosity of 2.95 in 16-hour fermentation period.
Hubungan Pengetahuan Gizi dan Keamanan Pangan Dengan Konsumsi Mie Instan Pada Santriwati SMA Pondok Pesantren Asy-Syarifah Mranggen Demak Mubarokah, Aini; Sartono, Agus; Isworo, Joko Teguh
Jurnal Gizi Vol 3, No 1 (2014): Jurnal Gizi UNIMUS
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (173.488 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/jg.3.1.2014.%p

Abstract

Adolescence is a period that has not fully matured, both physical, cognitive and psychosocial. At this time the teens easily influenced by environment and lifestyle, one of which is the pattern of consumption, such as the consumption of instant noodles. Given the ongoing growth, adolescence have a higher nutritional needs, for optimal growth and development. Less consumption of both quality and quantity to provide health and nutrition is not balanced so it will show a variety of diseases, such as malnutrition (over nutrition/obesity or under nutrition), and food poisoning. Domain knowledge is very important in shaping a person`s behavior. A person`s level of nutritional knowledge may influence the in the relationship of nutrition and food safety knowledge with instant noodle consumtion of santriwati at boarding school Asy-Syarifah Mranggen Demak.The type of the study is descriptive analytic with the number of subjects are 45 people of santriwati at High School Boarding Schools Asy-Syarifah Mranggen Demak. The subjects are taken by stratified random sampling method from the total number of santriwati(80 people). For analysis the data, Spearman rank test with SPSS for Windows are used in this studi.The results showed that the 30 people (66,7%) of santriwati in the high school Asy-Syarifah Boarding School, have a middle category of knowledge level. The 25 people (55,6%) of santriwati have a high category of instant noodles consumption level. Statistical analysis showed that there is a negative relationship betwen knowledge of nutrition and food safety santriwati with instant noodle consumption (r = - 0.520 and p-value = 0.000).
KADAR PROTEIN, VITAMIN C, DAN SIFAT ORGANOLEPTIK BUBUR BAYI DARI CAMPURAN TEPUNG KECAMBAH KACANG-KACANGAN DAN JAGUNG Junaidi, Mohammad; Isworo, Joko Teguh
Jurnal Pangan dan Gizi Vol 2, No 1 (2011): Kajian Pangan dan Gizi
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (573.492 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/jpg.2.1.2011.%p

Abstract

Legumens is a protein recources with corns are completing each other. The goal of this research is to know the profile of protein, vitamin C, and organoleptic characteristic of baby’s porridge from mixture of legumens sprout and corn flour. Variation of the mixture of sprout from legumens (soybean, brown bean and mung bean (50%,75%) and sprout of corn (25%,50%). The result of the research shows that there is an influence from variety of the mixture of legumens sprout and corn flour toward contents of protein, vitamin C, and organoleptic characteristic (color, taste, and texture). The highest protein contents in the mixture of sprout of brown bean 75% and corn 25% (18,389 g %) and vitamin C in the mixture of sprout of brown bean 50% and corn 50%, (20 mg %) and organoleptic characteristic in the mixture of sprout of brown bean 75% and corn 25% with the score 4,75.