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KINERJA USAHA WIRAUSAHA PEREMPUAN “GUREM” PENERIMA KREDIT DI DESA CIHIDEUNG ILIR, KECAMATAN CIAMPEA, KABUPATEN BOGOR Safitri, Laras Sirly; Suharno, Suharno; Jahroh, Siti
Sosiohumaniora Vol 21, No 2 (2019): SOSIOHUMANIORA, JULI 2019
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24198/sosiohumaniora.v21i2.11408

Abstract

Wirausaha perempuan merupakan salah satu faktor kunci pertumbuhan ekonomi, khususnya di perdesaan. Dalam pertumbuhan dan perkembangannya, usaha kecil bahkan skala ?gurem? yang dijalankan perempuan seringkali menghadapi hambatan akses terhadap modal. Tujuan dari penelitian ini, untuk menganalisis dampak pemberian kredit melalui pengukuran kinerja usaha perempuan, sebelum dan setelah menerima kredit. Penelitian ini merupakan sebuah aksi yang berbasis pada riset eksperimen. Responden terdiri dari tiga puluh orang yang dipilih secara sengaja (purposive) untuk diberikan perlakuan berupa kredit modal usaha. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa kinerja usaha perempuan penerima kredit belum meningkat setelah menerima kredit. Hal tersebut ditunjukkan oleh tingkat pengembalian kredit yang hanya mencapai 83 persen. Di samping itu, Uji Pangkat Tanda Wilcoxon menunjukkan bahwa tidak terdapat perbedaan omset rata-rata per hari dan marjin keuntungan rata-rata per hari wirausaha perempuan, baik sebelum maupun setelah menerima kredit. Perlu penelitian lanjutan yang dapat mendesain ulang penyaluran kredit yang sesuai dengan kondisi dan kebutuhan wirausaha perempuan, serta dilengkapi dengan pendampingan manajemen usaha. 
ANALISIS VOLATILITAS HARGA DAGING SAPI POTONG DAN DAGING AYAM BROILER DI INDONESIA Burhani, Fadila Jzuqynova; Fariyanti, Anna; Jahroh, Siti
Forum Agribisnis Vol 3, No 2 (2013): FA Vol 3 No 2 September 2013
Publisher : Forum Agribisnis

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Abstract

Beef consumption needs of Indonesian  population tends to increase with the increasing number of the population and public awareness of the importance of animal protein. Meanwhile the price of beef and broiler meat are fluctuative. The value of volatility describes how much the level of risk that will be faced in the future. Fluctuations in the price of beef and broiler meat can be caused by  the unequilibrium of supply and demand.  The objectives of this research are (1) to identify the price volatility forecasting models of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia, (2) to identify factors that affect the price volatility of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia, and (3) to identify alternative strategies related to the price volatility of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia. This research used secondary data with the  time series form in the period of February 2003 to February 2013. In this research ARCH-GARCH was used to analyze the price volatility of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia. This analysis showed that the price volatility of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia would be smaller. Factors that affect the price volatility of beef in Indonesia are the price volatility of previous period and the price variance of the previous period. While the factors that affects the price volatility of broiler meat in Indonesia is the amount of price volatility in the previous period.
DAMPAK PENERAPAN KUOTA IMPOR TERHADAP PERMINTAAN KARET ALAM INDONESIA OLEH NEGARA CHINA Syaffendi, Muhamad Ridho; Rifin, Amzul; Jahroh, Siti
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia Vol 1, No 2 (2013): JAI Vol 1 No 2 Desember 2013
Publisher : Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia

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Abstract

Indonesia is once country with an open economy, trade is one way to get the source of income for the country. therefore, Indonesian trying to be a exporters some excellent products, especially in the area of ​​rubber plantations. This study aims to look and identify the impact of the adoption quota production of natural rubber to Indonesia and other major rubber producing countries in the ASEAN region, in this study using a rubber commodity time series data to be analyzed quantitatively through descriptive models and quantitative models. Deskritptif model used is multiple linear regression model. the results of this study demand for natural rubber imports from ASEAN countries China is influenced by several variables that the price of natural rubber, synthetic rubber prices , income per capita , exchange rates , and dummy variables. Judging from the competitiveness of Indonesias natural rubber can not compete in terms of price with natural rubber Thai state, due to Indonesias natural rubber are substitutes for natural rubber Thailand, while for Malaysia, Indonesias natural rubber relationship is complementary.
ANALISIS DAYASAING DAN STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN AGRIBISNIS KOPI INDONESIA Narulita, Sari; Winandi, Ratna; Jahroh, Siti
Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2014): JAI Vol 2 No 1 Juni 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Agribisnis Indonesia

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Abstract

Indonesia is the third largest coffee exporter in the world after Vietnam. In addition to be used as an export commodity, coffee is also grown in the country. In todays era of trade globalization, competition is getting tougher conditions, where individual countries to open their markets to each other. Based on that need to be analyzed competitiveness and the development of Indonesian coffee agribusiness. Competitiveness analysis is performed by means of comparative advantage analysis of Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) and a competitive advantage with Porters Diamond theory approach. The results showed that Indonesian coffee has a competitive advantage both comparative and competitive. The analysis used to generate agribusiness development strategy is the SWOT analysis tool (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats). Strategy resulting from the analysis is more directed to the technical aspect and cultivation.
ANALISIS KINERJA DAN STUDI KELEMBAGAAN PASAR IKAN HIAS PARUNG, KABUPATEN BOGOR (KASUS: IKAN CUPANG) Thabrani, Cita Nabila; Suharno, Suharno; Jahroh, Siti
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 15, No 1 (2019): Februari 2019
Publisher : Hasanuddin University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (855.582 KB) | DOI: 10.20956/jsep.v15i1.6385

Abstract

AbstractPasar Parung as a private market established without government interference and relying only on citizen initiatives developed into a very good market when compared to government markets that have been fully supported facilities and operations. This inequality leads to the need for evaluation in terms of market performance Parung. Parung market performance measurement is done by SCP (performance behavior structure) and Sub Terminal Agribusiness method. The market structure Parung approaches the perfect market competition structure (PPS) with a normal market share. There are 5 channels detected through Parung market. With a large margin of Rp 5645 and farmer's share of 30.46% and profit ratio of 1.49. Pasar Parung has not been able to fulfill the absolute requirement of the government's ideal market based on the concept of Sub Terminal of Agribusiness (STA), this is because the market owner is considered not having a good enough understanding in the establishment of a good market according to STA establishment standardsKeywords: Structure of Behavior and Performance, Market Parung, Ornamental Fish, Sub Terminal Agribusiness
Efisiensi Produksi Kakao Fermentasi pada Perkebunan Rakyat di Bali dengan Pendekatan Stochastic Frontier Rinaldi, Jemmy; Fariyanti, Anna; Jahroh, Siti
Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar Vol 4, No 1 (2013): Buletin Riset Tanaman Rempah dan Aneka Tanaman Industri
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

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Abstract

Kabupaten Tabanan adalah sentra produksi kakao di Bali yang sebagian besar adalah perkebunan rakyat dengan produktivitas kakaoyang dihasilkan semakin rendah. Daerah ini juga pernah menerapkan proses fermentasi biji kakao dengan harapan dapat meningkatkanpendapatannya, tetapi teknologi tersebut mulai ditinggalkan oleh petani. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah: (1) menganalisis faktorfaktoryang mempengaruhi produksi biji kakao di Bali, (2) menganalisis efisiensi produksi biji kakao yang dihasilkan petani di Balidengan menerapkan teknologi fermentasi, dan (3) menganalisis pendapatan usahatani kakao dengan menerapkan teknologi fermentasipada perkebunan rakyat di Bali. Jenis data yang dikumpulkan adalah data primer yang diperoleh dengan metode survei menggunakankuesioner. Responden dalam kajian ini sebanyak 100 orang petani kakao yang terbagi menjadi 40 orang petani kakao yang tidakmelakukan fermentasi dan 60 orang yang melakukan fermentasi. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan pendekatan stochastic frontiermenggunakan alat analisis front 4.1. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor yang berpengaruh positif terhadap peningkatanproduksi kakao adalah tenaga kerja, pestisida dan luas lahan, sedangkan faktor yang berpengaruh negatif adalah umur tanaman.Produksi kakao di tingkat perkebunan rakyat telah efisien dilakukan, tetapi proses pengolahan biji kakao dengan teknologi fermentasimemiliki tingkat efisiensi yang lebih kecil dibandingkan tidak difermentasi. Tingkat pendapatan usahatani kakao per hektar per tahundengan menerapkan teknologi fermentasi Rp. 5.014.877,44 lebih besar dibandingkan tidak menerapkan teknologi fermentasi, yaituRp. 4.654.809,24. Penerapan teknologi fermentasi pada proses pengolahan biji kakao dapat meningkatkan pendapatan petani.Kata Kunci: Kakao, efisiensi produksi, stochastic frontier, teknologi fermentasiTabanan District is a cocoa production center in Bali by which the crops are mostly grown in small-scale and low in productivity as well. In this areafarmers had implemented fermentation process of cocoa beans to increase their income, although the technology was left. The objectives of this studywere: (1) to analyze the factors affecting the production of cocoa beans in Bali, and (2) to analyze efficiency of cocoa production by farmers in Bali,and (3) to analyze cocoa farm income for the farmers having implemented the fermentation technology. A questionnaire survey was conducted for 100cocoa farmers consisting of 60 farmers having implemented the fermentation technology and 40 farmers did not. Front 4.1 analysis was employed inorder to estimate the stochastic frontier production. The results showed that factors like labor, pesticides and land area had positive correlation inincreasing of cocoa production. In contrast, plant age had the negative correlation. In general small-scale cocoa farmers were efficient. In addition,the farmers who implemented the fermentation technology seemed to be less efficient compared to farmers who did not implement the technology.However, the farmers who implemented the fermentation technology seemed to have higher income of Rp. 5.014.877,44 being high compared tothose who did not implement the technology of Rp 4.654.809,24. The implementation of fermentation technology in cocoa beans could increasefarmers’ income.
REAKTUALISASI TEORI HUKUMAN DALAM HUKUM PIDANA ISLAM Jahroh, Siti
Jurnal Hukum Islam Volume 9, Nomor 2, Desember 2011
Publisher : IAIN Pekalongan

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Abstract

In any study of the criminal law is considered the most important aspect is the study of punishment that will be imposed on offenders. Therefore, a proportionate and contextual understanding of the philosophy of punishment in the study of Islamic criminal law becomes very important to be discussed in depth. Here the location of significance of this paper, namely to re-understanding (renewal) of Islamic criminal law doctrine that while this is often 'marginalized' because it is inhuman, cruel and ruthless. Two important aspects in the theory of punishment (aspects of compensation/retribution and aspects of deterrence) to be the main focus in the discussion of this paper.
SUSTAINABILITY STRATEGIES OF INDONESIAN MEGA-DAIRY FARM BUSINESS: A CASE OF GREENFIELDS INDONESIA Rahmana, Adhitya; Daryanto, Arief; Jahroh, Siti
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol. 15 No. 2 (2018): JMA Vol. 15 No. 2, July 2018
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (982.18 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jma.15.2.162

Abstract

The increase of milk import in Indonesia can be anticipated through the development of dairy farms based on mega-farm. Indonesia has already got dairy farms that adopt the mega-farm, one of which is the Greenfields Indonesia (GFI). GFI has become an export-oriented company, so GFI needs to pay attention to its sustainability on their business processes. This study was conducted at Dairy farm of Greenfields Indonesia. The purpose of this study was to analyze the business sustainability factors and to evaluate the factors of GFI dairy farming business based on the success factor of sustainability relation structure. The combination of delphi fuzzy and DEMATEL (Decision-Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory) was used for data processing. The research results showed that the standardization of the company's management system was the first priority based on the relation structure. The priority could affect the resilience of farm models that depended on manure management impact and create animal care through the availability of management of feed and drinking water.Keywords: dairy farming, sustainable business development, fuzzy delphi method, dematel, management system
THE ROLE OF ENTREPRENEURIAL ORIENTATION ON THE GLOBAL VEGETABLE SUPPLY CHAIN AND ON FARM PERFORMANCE IN WEST JAVA, INDONESIA Kusnadi, Nunung; Etriya, Etriya; Muflikh, Yanti N.; Jahroh, Siti; Herawati, Herawati
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol. 15 No. 1 (2018): JMA Vol. 15 No. 1, March 2018
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (765.133 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jma.15.1.23

Abstract

Global market provides opportunities for business owners to grow their business. However, to what extent farmers ? as one of business owners ? take benefits from the global markers remains unclear. This paper aims to investigate the impact of entrepreneurial orientation on farmers? involvement in global supply chain, in turn on farm performance. The data were gathered from a survey of 320 samples of vegetable farmers in three regions in West Java, Indonesia. Using PLS analysis, our findings demonstrate that farmers with higher entrepreneurial orientation (reflected by dimensions of innovativeness, proactiveness, risk taking, competitive aggressiveness, and autonomy), involve more in global supply chain, and gain higher farm performance. Ultimately, the more farmers involve in global supply chain, the higher their farm performance. Our findings provide an empirical support for the impact of entrepreneurial orientation on enabling farmers? ability to involve in broader supply chains beyond the domestic ones. As a consequence, farmers enjoy better farm performance.
ANALISIS VOLATILITAS HARGA DAGING SAPI POTONG DAN DAGING AYAM BROILER DI INDONESIA Burhani, Fadila Jzuqynova; Fariyanti, Anna; Jahroh, Siti
Forum Agribisnis Vol 3, No 2 (2013): FA Vol 3 No 2 September 2013
Publisher : Magister Science of Agribusiness, Department of Agribusiness, FEM-IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/fagb.3.2.129-146

Abstract

Beef consumption needs of Indonesian  population tends to increase with the increasing number of the population and public awareness of the importance of animal protein. Meanwhile the price of beef and broiler meat are fluctuative. The value of volatility describes how much the level of risk that will be faced in the future. Fluctuations in the price of beef and broiler meat can be caused by  the unequilibrium of supply and demand.  The objectives of this research are (1) to identify the price volatility forecasting models of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia, (2) to identify factors that affect the price volatility of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia, and (3) to identify alternative strategies related to the price volatility of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia. This research used secondary data with the  time series form in the period of February 2003 to February 2013. In this research ARCH-GARCH was used to analyze the price volatility of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia. This analysis showed that the price volatility of beef and broiler meat in Indonesia would be smaller. Factors that affect the price volatility of beef in Indonesia are the price volatility of previous period and the price variance of the previous period. While the factors that affects the price volatility of broiler meat in Indonesia is the amount of price volatility in the previous period.