Jamili Jamili
Jurusan Biologi, FMIPA, Universitas Haluoleo Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara 93232 Hp.085241767959, jamili66@yahoo.com

Published : 15 Documents
Articles

Found 15 Documents
Search

AN ANALYSES THE GROWTH AND ADAPTATION OF MANGROVE SEEDLINGS OF RHIZOPHORACEAE FAMILY ON DIFFERENT LEVEL OF SEAWATER INUNDATION TO SUPPORT MANGROVE ECOSYSTEM RESTORATION PLANNING Analuddin, Analuddin; Septiana, Andi; Jamili, Jamili; Budiatma, Asrun; Musdalifa, Musdalifa; Wiwin, wiwin; Sahidin, Sahidin
Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah Vol 4, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33772/jpw.v4i2.9975

Abstract

The purposes of this study were to know the impact of different level of sea water inundation on the growth capacity and biochemical adaptation of the mangrove Rhizophoraceae family of Rhizophora mucronata and Bruguiera gymnorrhiza seedlings. The propagules of these mangroves were planted with different levels of sea water flooding, namely 90 cm, 60 cm, 45 cm and 30 cm. The growth of height and diameter of these mangrove seedlings were measured at early and termination of treatments, while their biochemical adaptations were analyzed in the Laboratory. The relatively growth rate RGR of high and diameter of these seedlings were analyzed, while statistical test was performed by anova. The RGR of high of the two mangrove seedlings were significantly different (P <0.05), though their RGR of diameter did not differ significantly (P> 0.05). The growth of height of R. mucronata seedlings was fastest at the lower level of inundation (30 cm) and the slowest at the higher level of submergence (90 cm). On the contrary, the height growth of B. gymnorrhiza seedlings was fastest at submergence of 90 cm, and the slowest at submergence of 30 cm. The flavonoids and vitamin C contents in both mangrove seedlings increased significantly (P <0.05) with increased inundation levels. Thus, although biochemical responses tended to be the same for both mangroves, but B. gymnorrhiza seedlings indicate  more able to grow and develop on rising sea levels than R. mucronata seedlings. This study provides important information for revegetation planning of degraded mangrove under a sea level rise scenario.Keywords: Biochemical adaptation, Sea water level, mangrove seedling growth, mangrove revegetation.
STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN EKOSISTEM MANGROVE DI DESA WUNGKOLO KECAMATAN WAWONII SELATAN KABUPATEN KONAWE KEPULAUAN Muhlis, Muhlis; Jamili, Jamili; Wirdhana Ahmad, Sitti
Jurnal Perencanaan Wilayah Vol 4, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33772/jpw.v4i2.9990

Abstract

This research aimed to describe the composition, structure, mangrove area ecosystem, economic conditions, and social culture as well as to determine the recommended management for mangrove ecosystem. The study was conducted on March-May 2019 in Wungkolo Village. Vegetation sampling used line transect and plot method. Mangrove vegetation data was obtained through observation of each plot for tree strata, saplings and seedlings. Environmental factors and spesies fauna observations were measured at each transect. Economic and socio-cultural data of the community were obtained through interview. Management directives used Analytical Hierarchy Process method. The results showed that mangrove species consists of 10 spesies, including Avicennia lanata, Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Ceriops tagal, Rhizophora apiculata, Rhizophora mucronata, Rhizophora stylosa, Sonneratia alba, Xylocarpus granatum, Xylocarpus moluccensis and Xylocarpus rumpi. Tree strata mangrove community was dominated by Rhizophora apiculata, saplings strata Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, and seedlings strata Rhizophora apiculata. The mangrove ecosystems area was 574,52 ha, with damaged condition in 2013 compared to 2019. The economic condition of community showed that people's income was still below the standard. The socio-cultural condition of community showed low level of education and knowledge importance of mangrove forests. The recommendation for managing mangrove ecosystems is by maintaining the extent and condition of mangroves, increasing value of mangrove ecosystems and promoting importance of mangrove ecosystems. Keywords: Mangrove, Management Strategies, Wungkolo Village
KARAKTERISTIK GEN SITOKROM C OKSIDASE SUB UNIT I (CO1) LEBAH LIAR APIS CERENA (HYMENOPTERA: APIDAE) ASAL PULAU HOGA SULAWESI TENGGARA Suriana, Suriana; Jamili, Jamili; Parakkasi, Parakkasi
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 19 No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (215.862 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2018.19.1.116

Abstract

The study was conducted to assess the caracteristic of cytochrome C oxidase subunit I (COI) gene on wild honey bee Apis cerena, and detection of barcode sites from these gene. A total fifteen individual A. cerena were collected from Hoga Island, Southeast Sulawesi. Genomic DNA was extracted from torax, then amplified by PCR method and than sequenced. Sequencing result characterized their nucleotide and amino acid content. The results showed that 595 nucleotides at the 5' end of COI gene of A. cerena very conserved at the most of the sites. Nucleotide dominated by thymine and adenine bases (± 70%). There are 25 barcoding sites for A. cerena. There are two of these sites are diagnostics for A. cerena from of the Hoga Island. From of 595 basepairs nucleotide were prediction encode 198 amino acid, and only eleven percent of the these are varied between species. Amino acid 91th (treonine) and 103th (asparagin) were diagnostics amino acid for A. cerena from Hoga Island, Southeast Sulawesi. Molecular phylogeny reconstructed based on both nucleotide and amino acid sequence placing apis cerena from Hoga Island, Souteast Sulawesi is closely related to Apis cerena from Genbank source.
STUDI KARAKTERISTIK MIKRO-HABITAT BURUNG MALEO (Macrocephalon maleo) PADA KAWASAN TAMAN NASIONAL RAWA AOPA WATUMOHAI (TNRAW) SULAWESI TENGGARA Jamili, Jamili; Analuddin, Analuddin; Rudia, Adi Parman Parman
Jurnal BioWallacea Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Bodiversitas
Publisher : Jurnal BioWallacea

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the characteristics of the bird nestingmicrohabitat hole Maleo (Macrocephalon maleo) in National Parks Aopa WatumohaiSwamp, Southeast Sulawesi . Data were collected on the savanna region block MempahoForest and savanna region Pampaea , by using descriptive method to determine the depth,temperature, pH and substrate nesting holes were found during the study . To determine thecomposition of the vegetation around the nesting hole , using roaming with 10 meters toexplore the area around the hole nesting and record the type of vegetation found. Vegetationtypes have been known to direct scientific name recorded in the field. While the type ofvegetation that is unknown scientific name, a swab or documentation then be describedfurther in the Laboratory of Ecology and Natural Sciences Taxonomy Halu Oleo Universitywith reference to the book (FLORA by Steenis, et al., 1997). The results showed the depthof hole nesting birds Maleo (Macrocephalon maleo) in the study area is 50-60 cm,temperature 28o-32oC, and soil pH of 5.9 - 7. Maleo bird nesting substrate type is dominatedby sand. Types of vegetation found around the hole nesting nesting is Melastoma sp. andKirinyuh (Eupathorium sp.), while the type of vegetation that is a place to find food andshelter includes a thorn Bamboo (Bambusa spinosa), Rao (Dracontomelon mangiferum),Banyan (Ficus spp.), Tamarind (Aleurites molucana), Caesalpinia pulcherrima, forest Mango(Mangifera sp.), Kuia (Alstonia scolaris), Nona (Metrosideros petiolata), and Bitti/Kulipapo(Vitex sp.). Total current Maleo birds encounter is as much one of the males and femaleslaying eggs on the location of the savanna region Pampaea Resort Langkowala SwampNational Park area of Rawa Aopa Watumohai Southeast Sulawesi .Keywords : Characteristics microhabitat, Bird Maleo (Macrocephalon maleo), Rawa AopaWatumohai National Park Southeast Sulawesi.
KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS BURUNG PADA AREAL PERKEBUNAN KELAPA SAWIT DI KECAMATAN BESULUTU KABUPATEN KONAWE SULAWESI TENGGARA Ahmad, Sitti Wirdhana; Jamili, Jamili; Mustang, Mustang
Jurnal BioWallacea Vol 3, No 1 (2016): BIodiversitas
Publisher : Jurnal BioWallacea

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis research aims to know the diversity and apportionment’s of bird on oils palm plantation acreage at Besulutu area Konawe Regency South-east Sulawesi. This research was done at oils palm plantation area PT. Mega Utama Tani on September until October 2015. This research constitutes explorative research. In this research the researcher made three stations with the reason that each station has distinctive. The data of Bird was taking by use IPA (Indices Punctual Abundance method). IPA (Indices Punctual Abundance) method is bird watch method to be accounted deep given time range that at compounds by transects method of lines Transects line. Base on observational result, it was found as much 17 bird geneses with totaled bird individual 722 one most deep groups 7 ordo and 14 families. Shannon Wieners diversity index I-III alternately each of 1,99, 1,96, 2,30. Bird diversity on station I and II Includes in low category, meanwhile III. Station comprises category be, apportionment Pielous index I-III alternately each of 0,72, 0,79, 0,83. Base acquired apportionment point on three stations, the apportionment of these three stations is categorize as high.Keyword : Bird, Oil Palm Plantation, Diversity, Apportionment
DISTRIBUSI VERTIKAL GASTROPODA PADA MANGROVE Rhizophora apiculata DI TELUK KENDARI Muhsin, Muhsin; Jamili, Jamili; Hendra, Hendra
Jurnal BioWallacea Vol 3, No 1 (2016): BIodiversitas
Publisher : Jurnal BioWallacea

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe aim of this study was to know the vertical distribution of gastropoda at the mangrove Rhizophora apiculata in the Kendari Beach. Method whice isusingin research is transect line. The six transects lines and 20 quadrates 20x20 m for tree, 10x10 m for pole, 5x5 m for boundary pole, ang 2x2 m for seedling. Two samplings of mangrove tree, pole, boundary pole and seedling were chosen each quadrat for observation. The numbers of species and individuals of gastropods were counted in each organ of mangrove samplings (roots, stems, and leaves organs). The parameters of vertical distrubution of gastropods were analyzed including frequency and abundance. The results of this study showed that there exists 8 species of gastropods at the mangrove samplings in Kendari Beach, where seven species found at site I and III, whereas six in found at site II. Species of Littorina scabra showed as the heighest frequency value at all site is 0,75. Therefore, the Littorina scabra are the common snails in this region, bacause they were found at all site in Kendari Beach. The abundance of gastropods in the mangrove sampling was found to be high at roots and has the lowest at leaves. The species of Littorina scabra at all vegetative organs of mangrove samplings in the Kendari Beach and suggesting is widest distribution.Keywords : Gastropods, Abundance, Vertical Distribution, Bay of Kendari.
KEANEKARAGAMAN JENIS SERANGGA PADA KOMUNITAS MANGROVE DI PULAU HOGA KABUPATEN WAKATOBI PROVINSI SULAWESI TENGGARA Suriana, Suriana; Jamili, Jamili; Rahman, Rahman
Jurnal BioWallacea Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Bodiversitas
Publisher : Jurnal BioWallacea

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The aims of this research were determine diversity and evenness index of insect atHoga Island Wakatoby Regency. This research used the mehtod of squared plot. It is wasmade 3 pieces purporsively line transect direct shoroline cut mangrove communities startfrom the most advanced (seaward) direction behind. Each transect plots observations weremade on the left and the right along the transects line. The diversity index and evennessindex was determined using Shanon-Wiener. The result showed that, there were 4 orders ofinsects which consist of 7 families and 13 genera. The highest diversity index (H’) of inscetswas found at Osbornia clodonata stand (0.25), while it was the lowest at Xilocarpusgranatums stand (0.14). Evenness index (E) of insect among has significance different all ofmangrove stands, namely a stand Bruguiera gymnorrizha (0.09), Pemphis accidula (0.07),Osbornia clodonata (0.12) and Xilocarpus granatum (0.07).Keywords : Diversity, Insects, Mangrove Community, Hoga Island
EKSPOR KARBON DARI SERASAH DAUN MANGROVE DI TAMAN NASIONAL RAWA AOPA WATUMOHAI Analuddin, Analuddin; Jamili, Jamili; Pratama, Dafid
Jurnal BioWallacea Vol 3, No 1 (2016): BIodiversitas
Publisher : Jurnal BioWallacea

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACTMangrove ecosystems are highly productive and contribute as sources organic carbon and nutrients. The present study was aimed to determine export of of carbon from R. mucronata and C. tagal mangrove leaf litter at Rawa Aopa Watumohai National (RAWN) Park. Litterfall sampling of mangrove at RAWN Park was done by purposive sampling method. Carbon content was analyzed using ash method. The export value of carbon and nitrogen was estimated. The results showed that monthly export of organic carbon by mangrove C. tagal (14,36 g C/ m2/month) was higher than R. mucronata (12,02 g C/m2/month. Therefore, R. mucronata and C.tagal play important role as source of carbon and support the coastal ecosystem productivity.Keywords : Mangrove Forest, Leaf Litter, Carbon Export, RAWN Park.
STRUKTUR DAN KOMPOSISI GASTRPODA DI PADANG LAMUN PADA PERAIRAN PANTAI LANERE DESA BATUAWU KABUPATEN BOMBANA SULAWESI TENGGARA Jamili, Jamili; Muhsin, Muhsin; Nafilah, Nafilah
Jurnal BioWallacea Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Keragaman dan Bioteknologi
Publisher : Jurnal BioWallacea

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to know the structure and composition of gastropods in seagrass beds in Coastal Waters Lanere Batuawu Village District of South Kabaena. This study was conducted in April to June 2014.The population of this study are all individuals of each type of gastropods were to be found in the study area, the sample of this study is the whole individual types of gastropods contained in the observation plots. The method used in this study was The Line Transect with the placement of plots semi subjective based on the condition of seagrass. The observations were made on 5 transects. The distance between transects were 50 and each transects contains 10 plots.The structure and composition was analyzed quantitatively by determining density, relative density, frequency, relative frequency, Important Value Index, Diversity Index (H), and Evenness Index (E). The result of this study showed that found 27 species of gastropods in whole transects. The Shannon-Wienner estimated index was 1,360 to 1,924 and The Evennes Index was 0,494 to 0,583. Important Value Index highest gastropods were Hebra corticata, Nassarius coronatus and Plicarcularia thersites. Keywords : Gastropods, Structure, Composition, Diversity, Evenness, Seagrass
Karakter Kesuburan Tanah di Lahan Pertanian Bekas Perladangan Berpindah Herlina, Riska; Karimuna, La; Kilowasid, Harjoni; Santiaji Bande, La Ode; Hasid, Rachmawati; Jamili, Jamili
Berkala Penelitian Agronomi Vol 7, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (512.724 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/bpa.v7i1.6968

Abstract

Karakter kesuburan tanah di lahan pertanian bekas perladangan berpindah.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui sifat fisik dan kimia tanah dari lahan pertanian bekas perladangan berpindah di Kabupaten Muna Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara. Jenis penelitian ini merupakan penelitian survei dengan menggunakan metode plot sebanyak 8 plot yang diletakkan secara acak pada lahan bekas perladangan berpindah dengan mengambil sampel tanah pada masing-masing plot untuk dilakukan analisis mengenai sifat fisik dan kimia tanah. Sifat fisik tanah meliputi tekstur tanah dan kimia tanah meliputi pH tanah, N-total, P-tersedia, C-Organik, KTK, Ca dan Mg. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di desa Katobu, Wakontu di Kecamatan Wadaga dan Laboratorium Jurusan Ilmu Tanah Universitas Halu Oleo dari bulan Juli sampai bulan Oktober 2017. Hasil penelitian menujukkan bahwa hasil analisis laboratorium mengenai tekstur tanah dari lahan bekas perladangan berpindah di desa Katobu untuk plot 1 dengan tekstur liat berpasir, plot 2 dan 3 dengan tekstur lempung, plot 4 sampai 8 dengan tekstur debu. Sedangakan untuk tekstur tanah dari lahan bekas perladangan berpindah di desa Wakontu untuk plot 1 dengan tanah bertekstur liat, plot 2 sampai plot 8 dengan tekstur debu. Hasil analisis mengenai sifat kimia tanah dari lahan bekas perladangan berpindah dari desa Katobu untuk pH rata-rata tahah yaitu 6,64, N-Total rata-rata yaitu 0,242 %, P-Tersedia rata-rata 2,593 ppm, KTK rata-rata yaitu 27,516 cmol/kg, C-Organik rata-rata yaitu 0,756 %, Ca rata-rata yaitu 16,544 cmol/kg dan Mg rata-rata yaitu 16,544 cmol/kg. sedangkan untuk sifat kimia tanah dari lahan bekas