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WACANA SEWAKA DHARMA DALAMGEGURITAN BHIMA SWARGA KAJIAN; SEMIOTIKA Swastya Darma Pradnyan, I Gusti Made; Suastika, I Made; Jirnaya, I Ketut
JOURNAL OF LANGUAGE AND TRANSLATION STUDIES Vol 2 No 4 (2016) (Sept 2016)
Publisher : S2 Ilmu Linguistik Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

AbstractThis research is analysis of semiotic about the Sewaka Dharma discourse that contained implicitly and explicitly in Geguritan Bhima Swarga(GBS). Sewaka Dharma Constitute a dedication who do sincerely, 1) Restore the essence of understanding discourse in the literary creation so it doesn?t make miss understanding between discourse in the literary creation with art staging literary creation that identicaly Ruatan discourse in the human community, 2) Give a comprehension to the reader a illustration of discourse Sewaka Dharma in the literary creation, 3) Give a contribution to reaserch substantione specially about analysis of semiotic?s Peirce.The analysis result showing that, GBS was only contained a discourse ruatan in the human community, be evidenced by two formation of Sewaka Dharma discourse that is Madhawa SewaandManawa Sewa, from the function side basicly bay the six language function?s Roman Jakobson Such as, emotif function, konatif, referensial, fatic, metalingual and puitic. With the significant side, GBS contained diverse of significant refer?s to Madhawa Sewa and Manawa Sewa such as, The God significant, environment, individual, family, culture sociality, and country.ABSTRAKPenelitian ini merupakan kajian Semiotika tentang Wacana Sewaka Dharma yang terkandung secara implisit dan eksplisit dalam Geguritan Bhima Swarga(GBS).Sewaka Dharma merupakan sebuah pengabdian yang dilakukan secara tulus ikhlas. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah 1) Mengembalikan esensi pemahaman wacana yang terdapat dalam karya sastra sehingga tidak terjadi kerancuan antara wacana dalam karya sastra yang diidentikan dengan wacana ruatan dimasyarakat, 2) Memberikan pemahaman terhadap pembaca mengenai gambaran Wacana Sewaka Dharma dalam karya sastra, 3) Memberi sumbangan terhadap khasanah penelitian khususnya mengenai penerapan kajian semiotika Peirce.Hasil analisis menunjukan bahwa, Geguritan Bhima Swarga yang pada awalnya hanya terkandung sebuah Wacana Ruatan di Masyarakat,terbukti terdapat dua bentuk Wacana Sewaka Dharma yaitu Madhawa Sewa dan Manawa Sewa, selanjutnya dari segi fungsi mengacu pada enam fungsi bahasa Roman Jakobson yaitu, fungsi Emotif, Konatif, Refrensial, Fatik, Metalinguistik dan Puitik. Terkait dengan makna, dalam Geguritan Bhima Swarga terkadung beragam makna yang mengacu pada Madhawa Sewa dan Manawa Sewa diantaranya, Ruang Lingkup Ketuhanan, Lingkungan, Individu, Keluarga, Sosial Budaya, dan Negara.
SINKRETISME HINDU-ISLAM DALAM MANTRA: SEBUAH KASUS DALAM TEKS USADA MANAK Jirnaya, I Ketut
Adabiyy?t: Jurnal Bahasa dan Sastra Vol 14, No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (190.533 KB) | DOI: 10.14421/ajbs.2015.14206

Abstract

The Moslem society has lived in Bali since the 14th century during the reign of Dalem Waturenggong. They have been as the minority community within the Balinese society. Among the Islamic-Balinese literary works are the Kidung of Rumaksa ing wengi, Geguritan Amad Muhammad, Geguritan Siti Badariah, and Aji Pangukiran. Another text, which is found later, is Usada Manak. This text is about Balinese traditional treatment for illness in Bali. It contains the treatment which is related to reproduction. The analysis of this text showed that this text is a result of the syncretism between Hindu and Islam in that the holy mantra of the supreme God. Om, is compiled and made parallel with the word Allah. The opening sentence of the text which expresses the request for safety, Om Awighnamastu nama siddam is made  parallel with  Bismillah irahman irahim. This syncretism showed that Moslem community is accepted by the majority of Balinese community. This indicates that  there has been a mutual understanding between Moslem and Hindu in Bali. Both share resemblances in divine philosophy with different expressions. It is functionally also believed that the God will give his blessing for all human beings and all sickness can be cured because of his blessing.
Lontar Roga Sanghara Bhumi: Ritual Referention for Natural Balancing in Bali Jirnaya, I Ketut
International Research Journal of Management, IT & Social Sciences Vol 3 No 7: July 2016
Publisher : International Journal of College and University (IJCU)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21744/irjmis.v3i7.111

Abstract

Lontar Roga Sanghara Bhumi was a script about natural disasters that occurred in the world, natural disaster signs, natural phenomenon unlike good and bad signs, as well the forecast towards earthquake impact based on sasih (month of Bali) the earthquake occurrence. The signs were analyzed of eco-semiotic and meaning was knowable behind it. Balinese society trust that peace and harmony in life happened if it was occurred Tri Hita Karana (there was a balance correlated between human and God, human and fellow human beings, and human beings with bhutakala/Balinese term of evil). Conversely, natural disasters was occurred due to human activity that has soiled the world so that the Gods was angry. The bhutakala was instructed to make a disaster by the Gods. In order to anticipate and naturalize natural disasters occurrence, Balinese society regularly performed rituals of salvation as a means of communication apologize to God. The ritual has its level i.e. prayascita, guru piduka, labuh gentuh.
USADA BHUDA KACAPI: BALINESE TRADITIONAL THERAPY (USADA) LITERARY TEXT Jirnaya, I Ketut; Suastika, I Made; Cika, I Wayan; Weda Kusuma, I Nyoman
e-Journal of Linguistics Vol. 5. Juli 2011 No. 2
Publisher : Doctoral Studies Program of Linguistics of Udayana University Postgraduate Program

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Abstract

Usada Budha Kacapi (abbreviated to UBK) text, which contains the basic Balinese traditional therapy, is a text which is in the form of narration. The Balinese traditional therapy (usada) texts generally contain collections of names of diseases, medicinal substances, and how to cure such diseases; however, the UBK is in the form of narration, containing characters, setting, themes, and literary language. The UBK text, after being edited, is recorded in a number of palm-leaf manuscripts. The title is the same but the content varies. Budha Kecapi is the main character, which has inspired many other writers; therefore, the works produced still use the same language units as used by Budha Kacapi. Such works are Budha Kacapi Cemeng, Budha Kacapi Putih, and Budha Kacapi Sastrasanga . It is this which has inspired the researcher to explore the UBK in order to know who and what Budha Kacapi is. In order to be able to identify the message transmitted to the reader or the community, and its totality, it is necessary to know, understand, and analyze the signs it contains. Therefore, two theories are used in this study; they are the theory of intertextuality and the theory of semiotics. The results of analysis show that the writers wish to teach and guide those who desire to be professional indigenous medical practitioners ?dukun?, namely, the ones who are highly knowledgeable of traditional therapy, ethical and not easily defeated by diseases. That, according to Budha Kacapi, can be achieved through ?yogasastra?. The indigenous medical practitioners should improve their quality through yoga (meditation) and aksara suci (holy scripts) as the means. A set of learning materials related to the basic knowledge needed by the indigenous medical practitioners are systematically organized, starting from how to recruit the prospective learners, the learning method, how to diagnose (nenger), the philosophy of life and death, the philosophy of diseases, the concept of being healthy and sick, the compensation, types of diseases, and how to cure diseases. As a whole, the UBK text contains the basic and advanced levels of learning materials for indigenous medical practitioners. The advanced level means that if they study the UBK text and are able to apply it properly, they will not by all means be defeated by diseases.