Articles

Survey and Detection of Pectobacterium atrosepticum in Major Potato-Growing Areas in Central Java Province, Indonesia Ismiyatuningsih, Ismiyatuningsih; Joko, Tri; Hartono, Sedyo
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2016): April
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2410.746 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.11654

Abstract

Potato (Solanum tuberosum) is a seasonal shrub-tuber crop originated from sub-tropical area. Soft-rot is one of the most important diseases of potato. It can be caused by Pectobactorium atrosepticum, a pathogen within a status of quarantine plant pest A1 type I in Indonesia. The objective of this study was to know the incidence of potato soft rot disease and to detect P. atrosepticum in major potato-growing areas in Central Java Province by applying the serology method using DAS-ELISA technique. Survey of soft rot disease was carried out in some regencies in Central Java Province, i.e. Magelang, Banjarnegara, Wonosobo and Karanganyar. The field survey of potato plant in all the regencies indicated symptoms of stem rot which was black in color (blackleg) and foul-smelling, with disease incidence of about 10–90%. The laboratory testing showed that by applying DAS-ELISA method, P. atrosepticum was detected in samples collected from Pandean and Bagongan villages, district of Ngablak,Regency of Magelang, Central Java Province.
VARIASI KONSENTRASI EM4 DALAM PROSES PEMBUATAN KOMPOS LINDI Rulyana, Candra; Nurjazuli, Nurjazuli; Joko, Tri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Large amounts of waste require special handling to reduce negative impacts. One way to reduce the negative impact of waste generation is waste processing by adding various EM4 as decomposers. The result of organic waste processing of household is leachate compost. The purpose of this research is to know the ability to use different variation of Effective Microorganism 4 (EM4) concentration in composting process. The type of research used is experimental semu (Quasi Experiment). With the design of Time series research with the Control Time Series Design. Total volume of household waste generated at the research location is 908 liters. The composition of waste generation is 378 liters of inorganic waste and 530 liters of organic waste. The percentage of household waste generated in this research is 58% organic waste and 42% of inorganic waste. In this study the average waste generated is 1.7 liters / person. The highest temperature is in the addition of EM4 with a concentration of 4% ie 34.5?C. The highest average daily temperature was found in the addition of EM4 2% concentration of 30?C. The highest compost volume of compost produced by composter with the addition of EM4 2% concentration as much as 5.9 liters. The average daily volume of the largest compost leachate produced composter with the addition of EM4 with a concentration of 2% ie 0.19 liters / day. Compost volume at least produced composter with the addition of EM4 with a concentration of 2% is 3.5 liters. The largest percentage of waste reduction to compost on the composter with the addition of EM4 with a 2% concentration of 88.3%. Suggestions for households should process organic waste caused into leach compost because it reduces the volume of waste that should be disposed in waste disposal.
HUBUNGAN PENGGUNAAN PESTISIDA DENGAN KEJADIAN HIPERTENSI PADA PETANI PADI DI DESA GRINGSING KECAMATAN GRINGSING KABUPATEN BATANG Louisa, Marda; Sulistyani, Sulistyani; Joko, Tri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Background: Pesticides are chemical compounds or chemical compound mixtures that have the ability to eradicate and kill pests. The use of poorly managed pesticides will have a negative impact. The effects of these pesticides can be acute and chronic. Pesticide poisoning can cause hypertension. Gringsing Village, Gringsing District, Batang District has hypertension cases of 1,742 cases. Aim : knowing the association between pesticide use and hypertension incidence on rice farmers in Gringisng Village, Gringsing Sub-district, Batang DistrictMethod: This study used cross sectional design with 78 respondents. The variables studied were age, sex, history of disease, length of service, duration of work, dose of pesticide, spraying frequency, spraying time, Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), activity, genetic, eating and smoking habitResult : showed that the variables that gave significant results were: Age (p = 0.025), gender (p = 0.014), length of service (p = 0.017), Personal Protective Equipment (p = 0,015), genetic (p = 0,035), and smoking (p = 0.017).Conclusion : Age, sex, length of service, personal protective equipment, genetics and smoking have a relationship with the incidence of hypertensionSuggestion: the need to improve farmers' practices in using pesticides
KAJIAN TIMBULAN SAMPAH BAHAN BERBAHAYA DAN BERACUN (B3) RUMAH TANGGA DI KELURAHAN SENDANGMULYO KECAMATAN TEMBALANG KOTA SEMARANG Prasetyaningrum, Nenti Diah Kusuma; Joko, Tri; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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The absence of a regulation that specifically regulates household hazardous waste makes its management neglected in the community. Sendangmulyo village is a village with high population and various activities. To find out the characteristics and characteristics of  household hazardous waste in Sendangmulyo Village, the researcher uses observational method with cross sectional approach. The population of this study is all households in TPS Klipang Sendangmulyo with sample 97 KK. The results of this study indicate that the average of household waste generated hazardous is 0.099 kg/o/ h or 0.057 l/o/bln, with a high income level of 0.121 kg/o/ h or 0.066 l/o/ bln, while 0.077 kg/o/ h or 0.051 l/o/ bln, and low 0.071 kg/o/ h or 0.048 l/o/ bln. The characteristics of generated generation are easily explosive (29.15%), corrosive (21.67%), toxic (35.74%), irritating (13.40%) and infectious (0.04%). All of respondents (100%) not already have a good knowledge about household B3 waste and 100% of respondents also have not done household hazardous waste storage in accordance with not sorting with domestic waste and container according to the characteristics. The waste generation of household waste in Sendangmulyo Village is mostly toxic (35.74%).
EVALUASI KINERJA INSTALASI PENGOLAHAN AIR LIMBAH DENGAN SISTEM LUMPUR AKTIF (ACTIVATED SLUDGE) DI RUMAH PEMOTONGAN UNGGAS PENGGARON SEMARANG Nareswari, Santya; Nurjazuli, Nurjazuli; Joko, Tri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Poultry Slaughterhouse is a building that used as a place for the pultry slaughtering process. This process produces organic waste in the solid and liquid form. Poultry slaughterhouse wastewater contains some pollutant parameters including BOD, COD, TSS , and ammonia. Penggaron Poultry Slaughterhouse Wastewater that became the object of this study contains average BOD of 401 mg/l, COD at 829,601 mg/l, TSS at 502 mg/l and ammonia at 1,9738 mg/l. Penggaron Poultry Slaughterhouse already has a Wastewater Treatment Plant with an active sludge system using PAC and alum for coagulant and EM4. This study aims to evaluate the performance of wastewater treatment to reduce BOD, COD, TSS, and ammonia that being done for 3 days. The type of study is descriptive with observational and cross sectional approach. The population in this study is all wastewater produces from slaughtering activity, the sample used are some amount of both wastewater that produce from slaughtering activity and wastewater from treatment plant. The laboratory result shows that outlet  wastewater parameters still higher than the standards with an average for BOD, COD, and TSS is 304 mg/l, 643,56 mg/l, and 566 mg/l. Ammonia is under the standard, 3,1232 mg/l. Based on the effectivity calculation, wastewater treatment can reducing BOD rate by 13% - 29%, COD by 8% - 29%, TSS by 43% and ammonia by 13% - 65% so can be concluded that Penggaron Poultry Wastewater Treatment is less effective for reducing BOD, COD, and amonia.
HUBUNGAN TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN HYGIENE DENGAN KEBERADAAN ESCHERICHIA COLI PADA JAMU TRADISIONAL (BERAS KENCUR) DI MANGKANG SEMARANG Purnomo, Purnomo; Joko, Tri; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 5 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Traditional herbal medicine is one product of home industry, the manufacturing process is often less attention to sanitation and Higiene. Behavior seller and manufacturer of traditional herbal medicine in treating herbal medicine is still less attention to hygiene factors, as the indicator is still the existence of microbial contamination in carrying medicinal. Detection Escherichiacoli in carrying medicinal in 10 (ten) market in Semarang stated that of the 40 (forty) samples carrying medicinal examined 22 (twenty two) samples contaminated with bacteria Escherichia coli, four (4) samples are not contaminated and 14 (fourteen) samples were contaminated with bacteria. To study was to analyze the correlation between knowledge of hygiene and identification of the presence of Escherichia coli, describing the characteristics of the respondent, processing, quality of water, personal hygiene, hygiene knowledge level, identification of Escherichia coli in traditional herbal rice kencur. The method used is observational with cross sectional approach. The results obtained from 20 respondents obtained a good knowledge level results 12 (60%), lack of knowledge 8 (40%), the presence of Escherichia coli positive 8 (40%), negative 12 (60%). The level of knowledge badly contaminated with Escherichia coli as much as 6 samples, while the level of knowledge of both the contaminated Escherichia coli 2 samples. The results of the statistical test using chi square p value of 0.009 means that there is a correlation between the level of hygiene knowledge of traditional herbalist with the presence of Escherichia coli in herbal rice kencur.In conclusion the level of knowledge of good hygiene as many as 12 people (60%), lack of knowledge level of 8 people (40%). A total of 40% of traditional herbal rice kencur experience microbes Escherichia coli contamination. There is a relationship with the level of hygiene knowledge of the existence of Escherichia coli in herbal rice kencur (p value = 0.009)
PERANCANGAN SISTEM PENGELOLAAN LIMBAH CAIR INDUSTRI TEMPE DI DESA BANDUNGREJO –KECAMATAN MRANGGEN – KAB. DEMAK Joko, Tri; Sulistiyani, Sulistiyani; Setyaningsih, Yuliani
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2003): APRIL 2003
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (10503.322 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.2.1.32 - 38

Abstract

ABSTRACT Background : Problems  which often appear in small industrial environment especially from the central industry of tempe is lack of awareness of society in management of the environment It is associated with the limited fund to build waste water facility and also its operating expenses. The Central Industry of tempe in Bandungrejo District of Mranggen at this time. The amount of  is 26 home industries of tempe product are marketed to the region of Demak and its surroundings, amount to and also to region part of east town of Semarang. For the efficacy of product of tempe,  waste also generate problem especially related to contamination of ground water, decrease quality of wells, dig water  as the source of clean. Method : To overcome the mentioned hence, it requires a cheap waste water treatment system design, easy to operate and also with  economized  energy. Result : As conclusion of this research is that source of waste water of tempe industry comes from washing process, poaching of seed process, soaking and resolving of soy husk and seed process, debit/capacities waste water of tempe mean equal to 1,27 m3/day/industry, waste water characteristic of tempe Industry  has the character of organic with comparison of BOD/COD = 0,4 - 0,5, the proposed of IPAL design is by using batch system through anaerobic system with usage of PVC pipe media of wasp den at biofilter process. Suggested from results of this research are the importance of giving knowledge to society of central industry of tempe about tere impacts  to the  environment by activity making of tempe and also the importance of forming and stabilization of organization management of industrial waste water so that reaching of continuity of operation and maintenance of WWTP (Waste Water Treatment Plan).   Key words : anaerobic biofilter, industrial  waste water of tempe
ANALISIS PEMAJANAN BENZENA TERHADAP KADAR FENOL DALAM URIN DAN STATUS ANEMIA PADA PEKERJA SEKTOR INDUSTRI PENGOLAHAN PETROLEUM Kusuma, Arnita Ayu; Setiani, Onny; Joko, Tri
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 5, No 2 (2006): OKTOBER 2006
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (145.509 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.5.2.65 - 68

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ABSTRACT Background : Benzene is known to cause blood disorders. The concentration of benzene in the workplace was above REL NIOSH, 0.1 ppm, so the workers of the  petroleum refining industry were the population at risk of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) when exposed to low level benzene (<1 ppm) in long duration. Anemia is one of the early detection of AML, and urinary phenol has done as one of  the biomarkers for benzene exposure in the end of the shifts. Method : Inhalation doses were assessed by organic vapour monitor (OVM), while urinary phenol level was measured by 4-aminoantipyrin method. Anemia status was categorized by haemoglobin level <13,5 gr/dL which was assessed by sianmethemoglobine method. Cross-sectional design and 42 samples were used in this study. Confounding factors, i.e: diet, alcohol consumption, lozenges using, personal protective equipment, recently infection, and duration of exposure were controlled in this study. Result : No significant associations between age,  body mass index, work duration, smoking habit, exposure to benzene and urinary phenol concentration. There were also no significant association between age, body mass index, smoking habit, exposure to benzene, urinary phenol level with anemia (all p-Kendall >0.05), but there was a significant correlation between smoking habit and urinary phenol level         (r-Kendall=-0.539 ; p=0.001). There was also a significant difference (p-Mann Whitney=0.001) for urinary phenol concentration between smokers and non-smokers. Analysis using multiple logistic regression showed smoking habit had potential effect to urinary phenol concentration ³ 10 mg/L (ATSDR 1998 normality standard), with OR=1.198 (95%CI:0.612-8.856). Conclusion : at low level exposure to benzene (<1 ppm), smoking may be regarded as the major source of benzene intake. Suppresion in hematological value (i.e. decreasing in amount of haemoglobin/anemia) had not seen yet in 3-16 years in jobs. Although no statistical significance results (except for smoking habit), annual medical surveillance is necessary to anticipate  adverse effect of exposure to low level benzene. Keywords : benzene, urinary phenol concentration, anemia, petroleum refinery industry.  
POTENSI KELUARGA DALAM PENDIDIKAN HOLISTIK BERBASIS KARAKTER PADA ANAK USIA DINI Ekosiswoyo, Rasdi; Joko, Tri; Suminar, Tri
Edukasi No 2 (2010): Edukasi
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Tujuan  penelitian  ini  adalah  (1)  mendeskripsikan  dan menganalisis  potensi  keluarga  untuk  menstimulasi  perkembangan anak  secara  holistik  berbasis  karakter;  (2)  mendekripsikan  dan menganalisis  perkembangan  apresiasi  nilai-nilai  fundamental  anak  secara  holistik  berbasis  karakter;  (3)  menemukan  model  konseptual hubungan  potensi  keluarga  dengan  perkembangan  nilai  fundamental anak  secara  holistik  berbasis  karakter.  Penelitian  ini  menggunakan metode  pendekatan  kualitatif,  pengumpulan  data  dengan  teknik wawancara  mendalam,  dokumen  dan  observasi.  Untuk  menjamin keabsahan  data  digunakan  teknik  triangulasi  sumber  dan  teknik triangulasi  metode.  Hasil  penelitian  menunjukkan  bahwa  potensi keluarga  dalam  bentuk  pengasuhan  anak  usia  dini  berbeda-beda berdasarkan  kategori  seting  wilayah,  status  sosial,  etnis,  dan  agama.  Pola  pengasuhan  anak  dalam  keluarga  juga  mengalami  perbedaan mulai dari permisif, otoritatif, dan authoritarian. Kata Kunci: potensi keluarga; pendidikan holistik; berbasis karakter; anak usia dini
THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN WEATHER VARIABILITY AND DENGUE HEMORRHAGIC FEVER IN TEGAL REGENCY Arieskha, Fitra Tresna Asih; Rahardjo, Mursid; Joko, Tri
JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN Vol 11, No 4 (2019): JURNAL KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/jkl.v11i4.2019.339-347

Abstract

Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) was a vector-borne disease that spreads rapidly and could cause death. Weather changes and climate change indirectly affects the incidence of dengue hemorrhagic fever. Conducive tropical weather and climate elements such as rainfall, air temperature and air humidity that are supported by the existence of habitat for Aedes aegypti mosquito could increase the risk of dengue cases. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between weather variability and the incidence of DHF in Tegal Regency during the period of 2012-2018. The design of this study was ecological study whereas unit analysis of the study is at population level. The data obtained was analysed by using correlation test spearman to identify correlation of the moran index on weather variability and dengue morbidity rates. The results of variability analysis were rainfall (p = 0,879; r = 0,071), air temperature (p = 0,023; r = -0,821) and air humidity (p = 0,879; r = -0,071). It was showed that the significant risk factors for the incidence of DHF in Tegal Regency was air temperatures. The study concluded that Tegal Regency has weather variability conditions that have the potential to increase the chances of dengue fever therefore intervention such as mitigation are expected to stifle the pace of climate change, and adaptation are needed to facing future impacts that related to the eradication of DHF.
Co-Authors - Suhartono . Baharuddin A Masniawati, A Af?idatul Himmah, Elzha Afini Yanu Nabila, Afini Yanu Alifiani, Rahmi Nur Andreas Christian Ayomi Andriyana, Bella Arieza Andriyanto, Rofiq andua, Fianti Anugrah Febrino Balwa, Anugrah Febrino Aprilia, Devita Nur Ariani Ariani Arieskha, Fitra Tresna Asih Arif Wibowo Arivia Ulliaji, Arivia Arnita Ayu Kusuma, Arnita Ayu Asadi Abdullah Asma Afifah, Asma Azmi Umi Anisyah, Azmi Umi Baharuddin Baharuddin Bariyadi Rifai, Bariyadi Bhary Kharis Subhiandono, Bhary Kharis BUDI SETIADI DARYONO Budi Waloyo, Budi Cavrina Ulita Sari, Cavrina Ulita Choidiyah, Siti Christanti Sumardiyono Citra Mayang Wardhika, Citra Mayang Denny Fathurahman, Denny Dyah Agustin Catur Putri, Dyah Agustin Catur Eka Luvita Sari Elanda Fikri Erwin P., Eucenda F. S. Nugraheni S., F. S. Fa'iza, Qorina Sabila Fatimah, Choirul Luluk Fattah, Nur Feriyandi Feriyandi, Feriyandi Fitra Ayu Minarti, Fitra Ayu Foeh, Charles foeh Galuh Candra Dewi, Galuh Candra Hanan Lanang Dangiran, Hanan Lanang Handiyanti, Methy Haryudi Okta Sofiyanto, Haryudi Okta Hernayati, Magfira Adha Heru Padmonobo Himayati, Nila Ika Mariska Ika Roostika Ismiyatuningsih, Ismiyatuningsih Ismiyatuningsih, Ismiyatuningsih Kristamtini Kristamtini, Kristamtini Lanang D., Hanan Lilik Suliswati, Lilik Louisa, Marda Maharani, Elisa Mahfut Mahfut, Mahfut Mariyana Mariyana Mayang Puspita Sari, Mayang Puspita Miftahur Rohim, Miftahur Mukadar, Lilis Afriyani Munir, Razak Muniroh, Noor Zahrotul Mursid Rahardjo Mustafiroh Kasanah, Mustafiroh Nanda Kusumandari, Nanda Nareswari, Santya Niki Astorina Yunita Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita Nikie Astorina Yunita Dewanti Nur Endah Wahyuningsih Nurhidayanti, Nabilah Nurjanah, Nanik Nurjazuli Nurjazuli Nurkhayati, Siti Nurrohmah, Annisa Aulia Onni Setiani, Onni Onny Setiani Permatasari, Lisa Okta Pertiwi, Vinidia Pradhana Putra, Andrean Dikky Prasetyaningrum, Nenti Diah Kusuma Pratiwi Ika Noviarti, Pratiwi Ika Puji Rahayu Purnomo Purnomo Putri, Intan Aulia Putri, Riska Triafryani Rakhmatika, Shofa Rasako, Rajid Fariz Rasdi Ekosiswoyo Restu Andri Setiyanto, Restu Andri Rifcha Rahmi Zahara, Rifcha Rahmi Rr Sarah Fadhilah Nafisa, Rr Sarah Fadhilah Rulyana, Candra Rusdiansyah, Alfi Safriansyah Safriansyah Salsabila, Ulima Sandy Wahap Sari, Delima Kurnia Sari, Jasmine Purnama Saroso, Saroso Savitri Rachmawati, Savitri Sedyo Hartono Sibarani, Saurma Mona Astrid Sinta Nugraheni Dewi, Sinta Nugraheni Siti Subandiyah Suhartono Suhartono SULISTIYANI SULISTIYANI Sulistyani Sulistyani Sumarno Sumarno Suryanti Suryanti Susamto Somowiyarjo Suwito Suwito Tati Suharti Tatiek Dyah Wardani, Tatiek Dyah Thohir, Burhanuddin Tri Suminar Trianom, Bambang Triwidodo ARWIYANTO Ulfa Nurullita ULFAH RAHMAWATI, ULFAH Umah, Nelly Rofiatul Utik Windari, Utik Wiwin Tipuk Dwi Astuti, Wiwin Tipuk Dwi Yadi Suryadi Yanuar Danaatmadja, Yanuar Yati Supriyati, Yati Yufita Dwi Chinta, Yufita Dwi Yuli Kristiawati, Yuli Yuliani Setyaningsih Yusniar Hanani Danudianti, Yusniar Hanani Yusniar Hanani Darundiati