Articles

SEDIMENTATION RATE AND DISPERSION OF ORGANIC WASTE FROM LOBSTER CULTURE ON CAGE IN EKAS BAY, WEST NUSA TENGGARA PROVINCE Junaidi, Muhammad; Hamzah, Mat Sardi
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 7 No. 1 (2015): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v7i1.9812

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine sedimentation rate and dispersion of organic waste from lobster culture on cage in Ekas Bay, West Nusa Tenggara Province. Measurement of sedimentation rate was conducted every month during the process of cultivation lobster. This measurement was done by setting up a sediment trap under and around the cage. The result of this study showed that sedimentation rate under the lobster cage within 270 days ranged from 14.92 to 27.33 (20.66±4.60) g/m2/day. The organic waste did not disperse far away from the cage because of the small current rate around the cage location of 0.068 to 0.2 m/s. Feces and residual feed settling velocities followed the current direction within the range of 0.0373 to 0.072 m/s with 8.50 m of water depth. According to this result, dispersion of feces particle and residual food was between 8.24 and 45.58 m from the cage. In order to prevent an accumulation of waste particle on the water bottom, the distance between cages needs to be set to at least twice of the farthest distance of particle dispersion which is 2 x 45.58 = 91.16 m or about 100 m. Keywords: sedimentation rate, waste dispersion, lobster culture, Ekas Bay
DILEMA POLITIK HUKUM PERTAMBANGAN DI INDONESIA SUATU TELAAH ATAS KONSEP PEMBANGUNAN BERKELANJUTAN Junaidi, Muhammad
Jurnal Iqtisad Vol 4, No 2 (2017): Jurnal Iqtisad
Publisher : Universitas Wahid Hasyim Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31942/iq.v4i2.2623

Abstract

Indonesia memliki sumberdaya alam yang sangat mumpuni dibandingkan Negara lain. Pantas saja investasi yang salah satunya pertambangan yang ada di Indonesia menjadi bidikan yang paling menarik investor asing untuk menamkan sahamnya di Indonesia. Persoalan yang mendasar dalam konteks pengelolaan pertambangan tentunya mengacu pada beberapa pasal yang diantaranya UUD 45 pasal 33 ayat yang menyebutkan ; Bumi, air dan kekayaan alam yang terkandung didalamnya dikuasai oleh Negara dan dipergunakan untuk sebesar-besarnya kemakmuran rakyat. Namun dalam praktinya dominasi penguasaan hanya pada segelintir pihak utamanya adalah pihak asing yang sangat dominan dalam mendapatkan untuk dari sumber daya alam yang dimiliki. Model pengelolaan yang demikian tentunya bertentangan dengan konstitusi kita. Pasal 33 UUD 1945 beserta penjelasannya, melarang adanya penguasaan sumber daya alam ditangan orang ataupun seorang. Dengan kata lain monopoli, tidak dapat dibenarkan namun fakta saat ini berlaku di dalam praktek-praktek usaha, bisnis dan investasi dalam bidang pengelolaan sumber daya alam sedikit banyak bertentangan dengan prinsip pasal 33. Disinilah kita perlu kembali pada konsep pembangunan berkelanjutan yang merupakan ruh dari pengelolaan sumber daya alam di Indonesia. Konsep pembangunan berkelanjutan bukan hanya menyeimbangkan antara ekonomi, social dan lingkungan dalam upaya menjalankan pembangunan yang ada, akan tetapi juga menitiktekankan pada upaya mengakomodir prinsip keadilan antar generasi.
SEJARAH KONFLIK DAN PERDAMAIAN DI MALUKU UTARA (Refleksi Terhadap Sejarah Moloku Kie Raha) Junaidi, Muhammad
Academica Vol 1, No 2 (2009)
Publisher : Academica

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Abstract

Kronologis konflik di Maluku Utara paling tidak merupakan biasdari konflik Ambon apabila dikaitkan dengan kedatangan pengungsidari Ambon Propinsi Maluku. Tanda-tanda pecahnya konflik dimulaidari peristiwa antara pemuda desa Talaga dan desa Bataka dikecamatan Ibu (Halmahera Barat). Walaupun dapat diselesaikan olehkepala desa dan tokoh masyarakat, namun secara keseluruhanpencegahan tidak signifikan untuk meredam isu konflik karenaperistiwa itu kemudian berubah menjadi kerusuhan yang bersifatmassive di Maluku Utara.Konflik pertama kali mulai di wilayah Kao (Malifut) PulauHalmahera kemudian meluas ke wilayah Pulau Tidore, Ternate,dataran Halmahera lainnya, Morotai dan Kepulauan Sula (Nanere:2000; Syahidusyahar:2005; Ratnawati; 2006). Rentang waktu konflikdi Maluku Utara terbilang singkat mulai dari Agustus 1999-Juni2001, namun mengakibatkan korban jiwa yang banyak yaitu 2.410jiwa dan kerugian material tidak terhitung jumlahnya.Kata Kunci : Konflik dan perdamaian Maluku Utara
LAJU PERTUMBUHAN Chaetoceros sp. PADA PEMELIHARAAN DENGAN PENGARUH WARNA CAHAYA LAMPU YANG BERBEDA Sopian, Topan; Junaidi, Muhammad; Azhar, Fariq
Jurnal Kelautan Vol 12, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Department of Marine Sciences, Trunojoyo University of Madura, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21107/jk.v12i1.4873

Abstract

Chaetoceros sp. merupakan pakan alami yang banyak digunakan pada unit-unit pembenihan ikan dan udang karena memiliki kandungan protein yang cukup tinggi. Salah satu masalah yang sering terjadi akhir-akhir ini adalah sulitnya memproduksi Chaetoceros sp. dalam jumlah besar karena ketidakstabilan produksi yang disebabkan oleh kualitas dan kuantitas Chaetoceros sp. yang tidak sama untuk setiap periode kultur. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui warna cahaya yang paling baik terhadap laju pertumbuhan Chaetoceros sp. Penelitian dilakukan dengan empat perlakuan cahaya lampu warna putih, warna hijau, warna merah, warna biru dan warna kuning yang setiap perlakuan diulang sebanyak tiga kali. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan cahaya warna putih menghasilkan kepadatan populasi tertinggi sebesar 9,17 × sel/ml. selanjutnya perlakuan cahaya warna kuning sebesar 8,5 × sel/ml, kemudian perlakuan cahaya warna biru sebesar 5,33 × sel/ml, perlakuan cahaya warna merah sebesar 5 × sel/ml, dan terakhir perlakuan cahaya warna hijau yaitu sebesar 4,67 × sel/ml. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini, dianjurkan pada budidaya Chaetoceros sp. untuk meningkatkan laju pertumbuhan optimum adalah cahaya lampu warna putih.ABSTRACTChaetoceros sp. is a natural food that is widely used in fish and shrimp hatchery units because it has a fairly high protein content. One of the problems that often occurs lately is the difficulty of producing Chaetoceros sp. in large quantities due to production instability caused by the quality and quantity of Chaetoceros sp. which is not the same for each culture period. This study aims to determine the best color of light on the growth rate of Chaetoceros sp. The study was conducted with four white light, green, red, blue and yellow light treatments, each of which was repeated three times. The results showed that white light treatment produced the highest population density of 9,17 × cells / ml. then the yellow light treatment is 8,5 ×   cells / ml, then the blue light treatment is 5,33 × cells / ml, the red light treatment is 5 × cell / ml, and finally the light treatment of green is 4,67 × cells / ml. Based on the results of this study, it is recommended for the cultivation of Chaetoceros sp. to increase the optimum growth rate is white light. Keywords: Chaetoceros sp., Growth rate, natural feed, color of light
Pengaruh Pemberian Lactobacillus sp. dengan Dosis yang Berbeda terhadap Sistem Imun Udang Vaname (Litopenaeus vannamei) yang diinfeksi Bakteri Vibrio parahaemolyticus Jannah, Miftahul; Junaidi, Muhammad; Setyowati, Dewi Nur’aeni; Azhar, Fariq
Jurnal Kelautan Vol 11, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Marine Sciences, Trunojoyo University of Madura, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21107/jk.v11i2.3980

Abstract

Udang vaname merupakan udang hasil introduksi yang memiliki nilai ekonomis tinggi baik di pasar lokal maupun di pasar internasional. Salah satu penyakit yang sering menyerang udang vaname adalah Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji pengaruh pemberian bakteri probiotik Lactobacillus sp. terhadaprespon imun udang vaname yang diinfeksikan dengan V. parahaemolyticus, Survival rate, dan kepadatan bakteri V. parahaemolyticus pada usus udang. Udang yang digunakan adalah udang yang berumur 62 hari yang dipelihara dalam akuarium berukuran 30x30x25 cm sebanyak 10 ekor. Penelitian dilakukan dengan 5 perlakuan yaitu Kontrol(–)(tanpa Lactobacillus sp. dan tidak diinfeksi), Kontrol(+) (tanpa Lactobacillus sp. kemudian diinfeksi), P1 (Lactobacillus sp. 106 CFU/ml), P2 (Lactobacillus sp. 108 CFU/ml), P3 (Lactobacillus sp. 1010 CFU/ml). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian Lactobacillus sp.dengan dosis 108 CFU/ml mampu meningkatkan THC udang vaname sebesar 5,58 x 106 sel/ml, sel hialin dan sel granular yang berperan penting dalam sistem imun udang, meningkatkan nilai SR udang sebesar 86,67% dan menekan pertumbuhan bakteri patogen V. parahaemolyticus. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini, penggunaan dosis probiotik Lactobacillus sp. yang dianjurkan pada budidaya udang vaname untuk meningkatkan sistem imun, tingkat kelangsungan hidup udang dan menekan pertumbuhan bakteri V. parahaemolyticus adalah 108 CFU/ml.Kata kunci: Lactobacillus sp., V. parahaemolyticus, udang vaname, dosis Lactobacillus sp.ABSTRACTVannamei is an introduced shrimp that has economic value in both local and international market. One of the diseases that often attack vannamei shrimp is Vibrio parahaemolyticus. This study aims to determine the probiotic bacteria Lactobacillus sp. against vannamei shrimp immune response infected with V. parahaemolyticus, Survival rate, and bacterial V. parahaemolyticus density of the shrimp intestine. Shrimp used are shrimp that is 62 days which is kept in aquarium size 30x30x25 cm as many as 10 shrimp. The study was conducted with 5 controls: Control (-) (without Lactobacillus sp. and not infected), Control (+) (without Lactobacillus sp. and infected), P1 (Lactobacillus sp. 106 CFU / ml), P2 (Lactobacillus sp. 108 CFU / ml), P3 (Lactobacillus sp. 1010 CFU / ml). The results showed that the administration of Lactobacillus sp. with a dose of 108 CFU / ml was able to increase THC vannamei shrimp by 5.58 x 106 cells / ml, hyaline cells and granular cells required in the shrimp immune system, increasing shrimp SR value by 86.67% and core growth of V. parahaemolyticus. Based on the results of this study is the use of probiotic Lactobacillus sp. which is recommended in the cultivation of vaname shrimp to improve the immune system, the level of shrimp survival and suppress the growth of bacteria V. parahaemolyticus is 108 CFU / ml.Keywords: Lactobacillus sp., V. parahaemolyticus, vannamei, dose of Lactobacillus sp.
PREVALENCY OF NEMATODE IN BALI CATTLE AT MANOKWARI REGENCY Junaidi, Muhammad; Sambodo, Priyo; Nurhayati, Dwi
Jurnal Sain Veteriner Vol 32, No 2 (2014): DESEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Gadjah Mada bekerjasama dengan PB PDHI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (529.159 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jsv.6550

Abstract

This study was conducted from August to October 2006, a disease caused by worms digestive tract is one of the causes of the decline in beef production . The purpose of this study was to assess the number of infected cattle nematode, the nematode types and amount of each type of nematodes in Bali cattle in Manokwari. Based onobservations on the worm eggs, total of 23 individuals (44.23 %) of Bali cattle ( puppies and adults ) infected with nematodes. Most of the infected cow is a cow that as many as 16 puppies cattle (69.56 %), while the remaining 7 animals (30.44 %) is the mother cow. Types of nematodes that infect cattle puppies and adult cattle are Cooperiasp., Bunostomum sp., Mecistocirrus sp. and Trichuris sp. The frequency of attacks in a row is as much as 13 cattle Cooperia sp, Mecistocirrus sp as many as 10 head of cattle, as many as 8 sp bunostomum cows and Trichuris sp. as much as 5 cows. The highest number of eggs in a row is Bunostomum sp. (1520), Cooperia sp. (1280), Mecistocirrus sp. ( 1200) and Trichuris sp. (280). The average number of eggs per gr feces ( EPG ) of 4 species of parasites that infect a row is Bunostomum sp . (190 EPG), Mecistocirrus sp. (120 EPG) Cooperia sp. (98.46 EPG)and Trichuris sp. (56 EPG). As many as 44.23 % of Bali cattle in three districts (Masni, Oransbari dan Prafi) attacked nematodes which are predominantly cattle aged less than one year .
FURMULASI DAKWAH TERHADAP KESELAMATAN LINGKUNGAN Junaidi, Muhammad
Tajdid Vol 9, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Tajdid

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Abstract

Portrait of the ecological crisis is a reflection of the disharmony and imbalance in the relationship between man and nature. Ecological awareness to find solutions, not just based on deduction-rationalistic deduction, but more fundamentally, back on parenial messages contained in all religions. This article wants to dig back of the treasure of Islam as a solution to rebuild the harmonization of the relationship between man and environment so that the ecological crisis to end soon.
SEMANGAT PEMBAHARUAN DAN PENEGAKAN HUKUM INDONESIA DALAM PERSPEKTIF SOCIOLOGICAL JURISPRUDENCE Junaidi, Muhammad
Jurnal Pembaharuan Hukum Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Jurnal Pembaharuan Hukum
Publisher : UNISSULA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (396.665 KB) | DOI: 10.26532/jph.v3i1.1346

Abstract

The spirit of renewal and law enforcement is often considered only based on a process of renewal and change the old Act to the new Act. If the renewal and law enforcement just conceived so, then the law will continue to be considered not present in the midst of society as part of the settlement of the problem. As a solution needs to be established is to integrate the spirit of renewal and law enforcement collaborated with social reality. Thus the ideal model is expected become law unifying identity as an expression of popular sovereignty and the pattern of State laws harmonization purposes.
STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS ZOOPLANKTON DI PERAIRAN KABUPATEN LOMBOK UTARA, PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA BARAT Junaidi, Muhammad; Nurliah, Nurliah; Azhar, Fariq
Jurnal Biologi Tropis Jurnal Biologi Tropis Vol.18 No.2 Juli-Desember 2018
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29303/jbt.v18i2.800

Abstract

ABSTRAKMengingat peranan zooplankton dalam ekosistem perairan sangat penting, maka dilakukan penelitian dengan tujuan untuk menganalisis struktur komunitas zooplankton yang meliputi jenis, kelimpahan, dan indek ekologi, dan  kaitan  distribusi zooplankton dan kualitas perairan di Perairan Kabupaten Lombok Utara. Pengumpulan data dirancang dengan sistem informasi geografis (SIG) pada 23 stasiun pengamatan yang ditentukan dengan teknik acak sederhana.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa jenis dan kelimpahan zooplankton yang ditemukan di Perairan Kabupaten Lombok Utara cukup bervariasi dengan jumlah genus  sebanyak 9 yang terbagi  dari  5 kelas.  Berdasarkan perhitungan indeks ekologi menunjukkan bahwa struktur  komunitas zooplankton dalam kategori perairan yang kurang stabil. Kelimpahan dan indeks ekologi zooplankton  dipengaruhi oleh kondisi lingkungan (fisik-kimia) perairan antara lain  kecerahan, pH dan oksigen terlarut. Kata kunci : zooplankton,  struktur komunitas, kualitas perairan, kelimpahanABSTRACTConsidering that the role of zooplankton in aquatic ecosystems is very  important, research is carried out with the aim of analyzing zooplankton community structure which includes the type, abundance, and ecological index, and the relation of zooplankton distribution and water quality in North Lombok Regency Waters. Data collection was designed with a geographical information system (GIS) on 23 observation stations that were determined by simple random techniques. he results of this study indicate that the type and abundance of zooplankton found in the waters of North Lombok Regency are quite varied with the number of genus as many as 9 which are divided into 5 classes. Based on the calculation of the ecological index shows that the zooplankton community structure is in the category of less stable waters. The abundance and ecological index of zooplankton is influenced by the environmental (physical-chemical) conditions of the waters including brightness, pH and dissolved oxygen. Keywords: zooplankton, community structure, water quality, abundance 
Pelembagaan Cultural Wakaf Dalam Mewujudkan Wakaf Produktif Junaidi, Muhammad; Heryati, B. Rini
ZISWAF Vol 5, No 1 (2018): ZISWAF: Jurnal Zakat dan Wakaf
Publisher : Program Studi Zakat dan Wakaf

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21043/ziswaf.v5i1.3511

Abstract

One of the dilemmas in the management of waqf that has not been completely answered by Waqf Law is the institutional side of waqf. Institutionalization of waqf is still perceived only from an institutional structure that is formalistic so as to make the productivity of waqf implementation still running in place. The aspect of institutionalization of waqf is not only seen on the side of the institutional structure formed by the government. The existence of a wakaf institution that is productive is of course based on the subjectivity in building community involvement in the legal space which has an indicator is the existence of society in designing productivity through institutional non-structural but still prioritize accountability.