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PROFILE OF 17ß-ESTRADIOL, VITELLOGENIN, AND EGG DIAMETER DURING GONAD MATURATION PROCESS OF STRIPED CATFISH PANGASIANODON HYPOPHTHALMUS Pamungkas, Wahyu; Jusadi, Dedi; Junior, Muhammad Zairin; Setiawati, Mia; Supriyono, Eddy; Imron, Imron
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 18 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4039.234 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.18.2.152-161

Abstract

ABSTRACT This study was conducted to evaluate the profile of 17ß-estradiol (E2) and vitellogenin (Vtg) in plasma and egg diameter during gonad maturity process of striped catfish Pangasianodon hypophthalmus. Blood samples were collected from immature striped catfish, male and female with different stage of gonad maturity (stage I, II, III, and IV) to measure the concentrations of E2 and Vtg. Gonad maturity development of striped catfish was observed based on egg diameter. Result showed that E2 concentrations were the highest (843.65 pg/mL) on female with maturity stage III, the lowest on the male (26.34 pg/mL), and immature female fish (29.37 pg/mL). The protein band of Vtg was obtained on the plasma of the mature female (stage I, II, III and IV) with a molecular weight (MW) between 140?180 kDa, but it was not obtained on immature female dan male striped catfish. The highest concentration of Vtg was found in the plasma of the female fish with maturity stage III (87.34 mg/mL), then on the stage II (74.83 mg/mL), I (68.58 mg/mL), and IV (33.45 mg/mL). It showed that egg yolk formation occurred in the female mature. The average egg diameter was 0.107 ± 0.052 mm, 0.318 ± 0.086 mm, 0.864 ± 0.099 mm, and 1.041 ± 0.058 mm on the maturity stage I, II, III, and IV respectively. The increase of egg diameter along with development of gonad maturity stage indicated that egg development occurred due to the process of vitellogenesis and the addition of egg yolk on oocyte. Keywords : egg diameter, gonad maturity, striped catfish , 17ß?estradiol, vitellogenin ABSTRAK Penelitian dilakukan untuk mengevaluasi profil estradiol-17? (E2), vitelogenin (Vtg) dalam plasma dan diameter telur pada proses pematangan gonad ikan patin siam (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus). Sampel darah untuk pengukuran konsentrasi E2 dan Vtg plasma diperoleh dari ikan patin siam betina yang belum matang gonad, ikan jantan, ikan betina dengan tahap kematangan gonad yang berbeda (tahap I, II, III dan IV). Perkembangan kematangan gonad ikan patin siam diamati berdasarkan diameter telur. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa konsentrasi E2 tertinggi (843,65 pg/mL) pada ikan betina dengan kematangan tahap III, terendah pada ikan jantan (26,34 pg/mL), dan ikan betina tidak matang gonad (29,37 pg/mL). Pita protein Vtg pada sampel plasma diperoleh dari betina matang gonad (tahap I, II, III dan IV) dengan berat molekul antara 140-180 kDa, tetapi tidak diperoleh pada ikan patin siam betina yang belum dewasa dan jantan. Nilai konsentrasi tertinggi Vtg ditemukan dalam plasma darah ikan betina dengan tingkat kematangan III (87,34 mg/mL) kemudian pada tahap II (74,83 mg/mL), I (68,58 mg/mL) dan IV (33,45 mg/mL). Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa pada ikan betina dewasa terjadi proses pembentukan kuning telur (vitelogenesis). Rata-rata diameter telur adalah 0,107 ± 0,052 mm, 0,318 ± 0,086 mm, 0,864 ± 0,099 mm dan 1,041 ± 0,058 mm pada tingkat kematangan I, II, III dan IV secara berurutan. Peningkatan nilai diameter telur seiring dengan perkembangan tahap kematangan gonad menunjukkan bahwa perkembangan telur terjadi karena proses vitelogenesis dan penambahan bahan kuning telur pada oosit. Kata kunci : diameter telur, 17ß-estradiol, kematangan gonad, patin siam, vitelogenin
IDENTIFICATION AND EXPRESSION ANALYSIS OF C-TYPE AND G-TYPE LYSOZYMES GENES AFTER AEROMONAS HYDROPHILA INFECTION IN AFRICAN CATFISH Nasrullah, Hasan; Nababan, Yanti Inneke; Yanti, Dwi Hany; Hardiantho, Dian; Nuryati, Sri; Junior, Muhammad Zairin; Ekasari, Julie; Alimuddin, Alimuddin
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 18 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4310.992 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.18.2.1-10

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ABSTRACTLysozymes play an important role in the first line of defense in fish and potentially used as an immunity status biomarker and immune responses evaluation in fish, which often found in two types, i.e. chicken-type and goose-type (c- and g-type, respectively). To recent, the information related to the sequences and the expression analysis of the c- and g-type lysozyme genes in African catfish is still limited. In the present study, we report a partial cloning and mRNA expression analysis of c-type and g-type lysozymes in African catfish Clarias gariepinus. We have successfully cloned and partially identify the c-type, and g-type lysozyme genes of C. gariepinus, which consist of 594 and 560 of coding sequences, respectively. Catalytic and other conserved residues were identified by multiple sequences alignment and they showed high similarity with other teleost fish species. mRNA levels of the genes were analyzed by using qPCR method and their expressions in the spleen, liver, and head kidney were rapidly modulated after Aeromonas hydrophila injection, with different patterns were observed in each organ. These results confirmed that c- and g-type lysozymes played an important role in non-specific immunity against A. hydrophila infection. This study provided valuable information that can be used to understand the African catfish immune systems for better disease and stress management in C. gariepinus culture.Keywords: lysozymes, gene identification, gene expression, bacterial infection, African catfish ABSTRAKLisozim berperan dalam sistem pertahanan dini pada ikan dan sangat potensial digunakan sebagai marka status imunitas dalam evaluasi respons imun. Lisozim umum ditemukan dalam dua tipe pada ikan: tipe-ayam (tipe-c) dan tipe-angsa (tipe-g). Informasi terkait sekuens gen dan ekspresi gen kedua tipe lisozim pada ikan lele dumbo sangat terbatas. Pada penelitian ini, kami melaporkan kloning gen secara parsial, dan analisis ekspresi gen dari kedua tipe lisozim pada ikan lele dumbo C. gariepinus. Sekuens parsial gen lisozim tipe-c dan tipe-g yang berhasil diidentifikasi adalah sepanjang 594 dan 560 pasang basa. Situs katalitik dan residu khas memiliki tingkat kesamaan yang tinggi dengan spesies ikan yang lain. Analisis mRNA dilakukan dengan metode quantitative PCR (qPCR). Ekspresi kedua gen di jaringan ginjal depan, limpa, dan hati dengan cepat terinduksi pasca infeksi bakteri A. hydrophila dengan pola yang berbeda. Hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa lisozim tipe-c dan tipe-g memiliki peran yang sangat penting dalam sistem imun ikan lele dumbo terhadap infeksi A. hydrophila. Penelitian ini menghasilkan informasi penting yang dapat digunakan untuk mempelajari sistem imun ikan lele dumbo dan sebagai acuan dalam penanganan dan manajemen penyakit pada budidaya ikan lele dumbo.Kata kunci: lisozim, identifikasi gen, ekspresi gen, infeksi bakteri, ikan lele dumbo 
ENHANCEMENT OF COLOUR QUALITY, GROWTH, AND HEALTH STATUS OF RAINBOW KURUMOI FISH MELANOTAENIA PARVA THROUGH DIETARY SYNTHETIC CAROTENOIDS SUPPLEMENTATION Meilisza, Nina; Suprayudi, Muhammad Agus; Jusadi, Dedi; Junior, Muhammad Zairin; Artika, I Made; Utomo, Nur Bambang Priyo
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 18 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3529.969 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.18.1.54-69

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ABSTRACT Carotenoids were known as pigment sources, the precursor of vitamin A, potential antioxidant and can improve the health status of fish. Furthermore, there are also studies that reveal the role of carotenoids in bone formation and metabolism. This study was conducted to determine the effect of different carotenoids at two different doses in the feed on growth, pigmentation, vitamin A conversion, blood profile, antioxidant activity, and calcium bone of the rainbow fish. Twenty-one aquariums with a volume of 20 L each stocked with 20 fish (1.08 ± 0.03 g of body weight and 4.56 ± 0.07 cm of body length). The experiment applied seven experimental diets (in triplicates) consisted of three types of carotenoids were astaxanthin (AS), canthaxanthin (CS), and lutein (LS) and two doses (130 and 260 mg/kg), i.e. AS-130, AS-260, CS-130, CS-260, LS-130, LS-260 and basal (without carotenoids) as the control. The fish were fed for 56 days of experimental period. The results showed that carotenoid diets were able to increase growth, total carotenoids, percentages of chromatophores, vitamin A conversion, erythrocyte, leukocytes, packed cell volume (PCV), neutrophils, and hemoglobin (Hb) compared to the control. Fish fed dietary astaxanthin at a level of 260 mg/kg was superior compared to other diets. Dietary carotenoids were also capable of decreasing the endogenous antioxidant activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malonyl dialdehyde (MDA) and increased the calcium level in fish bone than basal diet. Keywords: carotenoids, growth, health status, Melanotaenia parva, pigmentation  ABSTRAK Karotenoid diketahui sebagai sumber pigmen, prekursor vitamin A, antioksidan potensial dan dapat meningkatkan status kesehatan ikan. Selain itu, karotenoid juga memiliki peran dalam formasi dan metabolism tulang. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh jenis dan dosis karotenoid yang berbeda terhadap pertumbuhan, pigmentasi, konversi vitamin A, gambaran darah, aktifitas antioksidan dan kalsium tulang ikan rainbow Kurumoi. Sebanyak 20 ekor ikan (bobot tubuh rata-rata 1,08 ± 0,03 g dan panjang total rata-rata 4,56 ± 0,07 cm) dan diberi makan pakan yang mengandung karotenoid. Pakan uji terdiri atas tiga jenis karotenoid dengan tiga ulangan yaitu astaksantin (AS), cantaksantin (CS), dan lutein (LS) dan dua dosis (130 dan 260 mg/kg) dikodekan dengan AS-130, AS-260, CS-130, CS-260, LS-130, LS-260 dan basal (tanpa karotenoid) sebagai kontrol. Ikan diberi makan selama 56 hari pemeliharaan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa karotenoid dapat meningkatkan pertumbuhan, total karotenoid, persentase kromatofora, konversi vitamin A, eritrosit, leukosit, hematokrit, neutrofil, dan hemoglobin dibandingkan dengan kontrol. Ikan yang diberi pakan mengandung astaksantin 200 mg/kg lebih baik dibandingkan denga pakan uji lainnya. Pakan yang mengandung karotenoid juga mampu menurunkan antioksidan endogenus superoxide dismutase (SOD) dan malonyl dialdehyde (MDA), serta meningkatkan kalsium tulang ikan dibandingkan pakan kontrol. Keywords: Melanotaenia parva, karotenoid, pertumbuhan, pigmentasi, status kesehatan. 
STIMULATION OF GONAD MATURATION IN MULLET FISH MUGIL DUSSUMIERI USING MT, E2, HCG, AND OVAPRIM HORMONE Cahyono, Tatak Dwi; Junior, Muhammad Zairin; Carman, Odang
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 18 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4208.618 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.18.1.9-22

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ABSTRACT The present study is a preliminary research for producing mullet fry to aquaculture. The research aimed to evaluate stimulation of gonad maturation in mullet (Mugil dussumieri) using hormones. The method used for research was completely randomized design consisting of three treatments and each individual replication was repeated three times. Two experiments were conducted separately with different treatments. First experiment used 9-14.7 cm body length of fish treated with different hormone injections i.e. 4 mg/kg 17?-methyltestosterone (MT), 0.07 mg/kg estradiol-17? (E2), and 0.5 ml/kg 0.9% physiological solution as control. Second experiment used 10-31 cm body length fish treated with 750 IU/kg chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), 0.5 ml/kg Ovaprim, and 0.9% physiological solution as control. Gonadosomatic index (GSI) value of the first experiment on day 60 showed that GSI of E2 treatment (1.31±0.94%) was higher than both MT treatment (1.00±0.51%) and control (0.54±0.20%). On the other hand, the second experiment on day 60 showed that GSI of hCG treatment (7.18±0.59%) was higher than both Ovaprim treatment (3.29±2.66%) and control (6.72±0.32%). Egg diameter frequency distribution for control in the first experiment on day 30 showed that egg size ranged from 9?144 µm. Egg diameter for E2 and MT treatments on day 60 showed that egg size ranged from 9?243 µm and were higher than control. In the second experiment, egg diameter on day 30 for control showed that egg size ranged from 9-144 µm, hCG treatment showed egg size ranged from 9?441 µm, while Ovaprim egg size ranged from 9-111 µm. Blood glucose, blood cholesterol, testosterone and estradiol hormone level in the first and second experiment showed no significant difference. The results showed that estradiol-17? and 17?-methyltestosterone induction in 9-14.7 cm body length mullet increase gonad maturity to stage II while hCG induction in 10-31 cm body length mullet increase gonad maturity to stage III. Keywords : estradiol-17?, hCG, 17?-methyltestosterone, Mugil dussumieri, Ovaprim ABSTRAK Penelitian merupakan rintisan untuk menghasilkan benih ikan belanak dalam wadah budidaya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi pematangan gonad ikan belanak Mugil dussumieri menggunakan hormon. Penelitian dilakukan menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap yang terdiri dari tiga perlakuan dan tiga kali ulangan individu. Terdapat dua percobaan dengan perlakuan berbeda dan dilakukan secara terpisah. Percobaan pertama menggunakan ikan berukuran 9?14.7 cm dengan hormon 17?-metiltestosteron (MT) 4 mg/kg, estradiol-17? (E2) 0.07 mg/kg dan kontrol larutan fisiologis 0.9% 0.5 ml/kg. Percobaan kedua menggunakan ikan berukuran 10?31 cm dengan human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) 750 IU/kg, Ovaprim 0.5 ml/kg dan kontrol larutan fisiologis 0.9 % 0.5 ml/kg. Nilai gonadosomatic index (GSI) percobaan pertama pada hari ke-60 menunjukkan bahwa pemberian estradiol-17? (1.31±0.94%) lebih tinggi dibandingkan 17?-metiltestosteron (1.00±0.51%) dan kontrol (0.54±0.20%). Hasil percobaan kedua pada hari ke-60 nilai GSI menunjukkan bahwa pemberian hCG (7.18±0.59%) lebih tinggi dibandingkan Ovaprim (3.29±2.66%) dan kontrol (6.72±0.32%). Sebaran frekuensi diameter telur pada percobaan pertama untuk kontrol hari ke-30 menunjukkan kisaran 9?144 µm. Sebaran frekuensi diameter telur untuk estradiol-17? dan 17?-metiltestosteron hari ke-60 menunjukkan kisaran 9?243 µm lebih banyak dibandingkan kontrol. Sebaran frekuensi diameter telur pada percobaan kedua untuk kontrol hari ke-30 menunjukkan kisaran 9?144 µm, hCG 9?441 µm sedangkan Ovaprim hanya 9?111 µm. Kadar glukosa darah, kolesterol darah, hormon testosteron dan estradiol pada percobaan pertama dan percobaan kedua menunjukkan tidak terdapat perbedaan yang nyata. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa induksi hormon estradiol-17? dan 17?-metiltestosteron pada ikan berukuran 9?14.7 cm dapat meningkatkan kematangan gonad mencapai TKG II sedangkan induksi hormon hCG pada ikan berukuran 10?31 cm dapat meningkatkan kematangan gonad mencapai TKG III. Kata kunci : estradiol-17?, hCG, 17?-metiltestosteron, Mugil dussumieri, Ovaprim
THE SEX RATIO AND TESTOSTERONE LEVELS IN TILAPIA IMMERSED IN DIFFERENT DOSES OF 17α-METHYLTESTOSTERONE Junior, Muhammad Zairin; Naufal, Muhammad Restya; Setiawati, Mia; Hardianto, Dian; Alimuddin, ,
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 16 No. 1 (2017): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3270.844 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.16.1.51-59

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  Tilapia fish farming using monosex male population has been reported to have 10% higher productivity compared to mix-sex culture. This study aimed to determine immersion dose of 17?-metiltestosterone (MT) that allowed higher male percentage, growth, survival, and measure testosterone level in fish body. The experiment was designed as three immersion doses, namely: 0; 1.8; and 5.4 mg/L MT, each with three replications. Immersion was conducted to 14-day-old larvae for four hours, with density of 100 fish/L of water. Testosterone levels in fish was measured using ELISA method, and sex identification was performed by histology method. The result showed that percentage of male fish was the same in the treatment of 1.8 mg/L and 5.4 mg/L, and 53?65% higher than the control without MT treatment (54% male). Growth and survival of fish until day 56 post immersion were the same. By ELISA analysis, the levels of testosterone in larvae just after immersion was similar in 1.8 mg/L and 5.4 mg/L treatments, decreased drastically on day 14 after immersion, and then the levels of testosterone to be similar with the control on day 28, i.e. about 2 ng/g. By PCR method with specific primer, sex reversed and normal males could be distinguished, and on day 71 the testosterone levels in sex reversed and normal males fish was also the same, 0.3 ng/g (P>0.05). Thus, sex reversal by immersion at a dose of 1.8 mg/L can be consider as a standard protocol for monosex tilapia production. Testosterone level in the body of MT-treated fish becomes the same to the control of less than one month post immersion
SPERMATOGENESIS OF MALE CATFISH CLARIAS SP. FED DIET SUPPLEMETED WITH PURWOCENG EXTRACT Bertha, Poppy Dea; Junior, Muhammad Zairin; Soelistyowati, Dinar Tri
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 15 No. 1 (2016): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3085.523 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.15.49-55

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ABSTRACT Purwoceng Pimpinella alpina Molk has been a commercial medicinal plant that their root could be used as aphrodisiac, diuretic, and body fit enhancer. This research was performed to evaluated the effect of purwoceng on spermatogenesis of the male catfish Clarias sp. consisted of testis weight, gonado somatic index (GSI), and spermatocrite levels. The treatment comprised administering purwoceng extract through the feed at a dose of 0; 2.5; 5; 7.5 g/kg of feed. Experimental fish used were male catfish Clarias sp. with initial body weight of 200?300 g at the density of 10 fish/tank. Male catfish were maintained in tank sized 2×1,5×1 m3, filled with water at 60?70 cm deep. The result showed that purwoceng extract at a dose of 5 g/kg mixed in the feed increased testis weight, GSI values, and spermatocrite levels in adult male catfish. Keywords: purwoceng extract, spermatogenesis, catfish  ABSTRAK Purwoceng Pimpinella alpina Molk merupakan tanaman herbal komersial yang akarnya dilaporkan berkhasiat sebagai obat afrodisiak, diuretik, dan tonik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh ekstrak purwoceng terhadap perkembangan testis ikan lele Clarias sp. yang meliputi peningkatan bobot testis, nilai GSI, serta nilai spermatokrit. Perlakuan terdiri atas pemberian ekstrak purwoceng melalui pakan dengan dosis 0; 2,5; 5 dan 7,5 g/kg pakan. Adapun ikan yang diujicobakan pada penelitian adalah ikan lele jantan dengan bobot awal 200?300 g dan padat tebar 10 ekor/bak. Pemeliharaan ikan dilakukan pada bak berukuran 2×1,5×1 m3 yang diisi air dengan ketinggian  60?70 cm. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa pemberian ekstrak purwoceng dengan dosis 5 g/kg yang dicampur dalam pakan meningkatkan nilai bobot testis, nilai GSI dan kadar spermatokrit  pada lele jantan dewasa. Kata kunci: ekstrak purwoceng, spermatogenesis, ikan lele
OCEANOGRAPHY AND WATER QUALITY CONDITION IN SEVERAL WATERS OF THOUSAND ISLANDS AND ITS SUITABILITY FOR WHITE SHRIMP LITOPENAEUS VANNAMEI CULTURE Effendi, Irzal; Suprayudi, Muhammad Agus; Nurjaya, I Wayan; Surawidjaja, Enang Harris; Supriyono, Eddy; Junior, Muhammad Zairin; Sukenda, .
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis Vol. 8 No. 1 (2016): Elektronik Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Kelautan Tropis
Publisher : Department of Marine Science and Technology, Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jitkt.v8i1.13912

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The purposes of this study were to determine oceanographic and water quality parameters and their suitability for white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei culture. The measurements were carried out on dry season in Semak Daun Island, Karya Island, and Panggang Island waters of Thousand Islands, with areas of 315.0, 12.0, and 102.8 ha, water depth average of 4.6 m (0.5-28.1 m), 14.6 m (0.5-26.7 m), and 5.3 m (0.8-13.6 m), mean current water velocity of  12.9, 12.7, and 13.5 cm/second, respectively.  In the study areas, we found a diurnal tidal pattern with high wave in January and July-August.  Based on temperature, salinity, and water density in Semak Daun Island waters, there seemingly occurred a turn over indicating a good water circulation, while in Panggang Island and Karya Island waters tended to have a stratification. Generaly, water qualities in the study areas were in the op-timum range for white shrimp culture, i.e., temperature of 29.6-30.8oC, turbidity of 0.10-1.05 NTU, transparency of 5.8-9.7 m, total suspended solid of <8 mg/L, total dissolved solid of 20-164 mg/L, pH of 6.89-7.22, salinity of 32.2-32.3, dissolved oxygen of 5.8-10.8 mg/L, ammonia of 0.068-0.145 mg/L, nitrate 1.247-2.589 mg/L, and phosphate  of 1.021-2.352 mg/L. Moreover, in Semak Daun Island wa-ters, we found the highest suitability for white shrimp culture due to its better water circulation.Keywords: mariculture, coral reef waters, strait, water current, turnover, stratification.
STRESS RESPONSES OF TRANSPORTATION ON RED TILAPIA WHICH GIVEN FEED CONTAINING CHROMIUM Rakhmawati, Rakhmawati,; Suprayudi, Muhammad Agus; Setiawati, Mia; Widanarni, Widanarni,; Junior, Muhammad Zairin; Jusadi, Dedi
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 17 No. 1 (2018): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3422.17 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.17.1.16-25

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ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to evaluate stress responses of transportation on red tilapia Oreochromis sp. which given feed containing chromium. Three isonitrogenous and isocaloric experimental feeds were prepared, these diets were control (without chromium), CrPic 1 mg/kg, and CrYst 2 mg/kg supplementation in feed, all group were arranged triplicate. Satiation feeding was done three times a day. After a 60-day feeding experiment, the experimental fishes were fasted and distributed in polyethylene bags (N=60 fish/bag) containing 3 L of water, subjected to condition of transport simulation for 13 hours. Survival rate, levels of plasma cortisol, blood glucose, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and malondialdehyde (MDA) enzyme were observed at before transportation, after transportation, one day, and two days after transportation. The result showed that chromium supplementation reduced the levels of plasma cortisol before and after transportation, one day, and two days after transportation. Also, it decreased blood glucose compared with control significantly before transportation and one day after transportation. The SOD enzyme concentration increased significantly after fish was fed with feed containing chromium for 30 days, while the MDA enzyme concentration increased significantly after two days of transportation. However, there was no significant difference in the survival of red tilapia between treatments. The best result was obtained in the treatment of fish which fed with feed containing chromium. CrPic supplementation 1 mg/kg and CrYst 2 mg/kg increased the body resistance in red tilapia by decreasing the negative effect of stress while transportation. Keywords: stress, transportation, red tilapia, chromium  ABSTRAKPenelitian dilakukan untuk mengevaluasi respons stres transportasi ikan nila merah Oreochromis sp. yang diberikan pakan yang mengandung kromium. Pada penelitian ini digunakan tiga jenis pakan, terdiri atas pakan tanpa suplementasi kromium (kontrol), pakan bersuplementasi kromium pikolinat (CrPic 1 mg/kg), dan kromium yeast (CrYst 2 mg/kg), semua perlakuan diulang sebanyak tiga ulangan. Pemberian pakan sebanyak tiga kali sehari dan dilakukan secara at satiation. Setelah 30 hari pemeliharaan, ikan uji dipuasakan dan didistribusikan dalam plastik polietilen (N=60 ekor ikan/kantong plastik) yang berisi 3 L air, dilakukan dengan simulasi transportasi selama 13 jam. Parameter yang diamati pada penelitian ini adalah kelangsungan hidup, kortisol, glukosa darah, enzim superoksida dismustase (SOD), dan malondialdehida (MDA) saat sebelum transportasi, sesaat setelah transportasi, sehari, dan dua hari setelah transportasi. Hasil yang didapatkan adalah suplementasi kromium menurunkan konsentrasi kortisol secara signifikan sebelum transportasi, sesaat, sehari, dan dua hari setelah transportasi. Suplementasi kromium menurunkan glukosa darah secara signifikan pada saat sebelum transportasi dan sehari setelah transportasi. Konsentrasi enzim SOD meningkat secara signifikan setelah pemberian pakan bersuplementasi kromium selama 30 hari, sedangkan konsentrasi enzim MDA meningkat secara signifikan setelah dua hari transportasi pada ikan yang diberi pakan bersuplementasi kromium. Namun, tidak ada perbedaan yang signifikan pada kelangsungan hidup ikan nila merah antarperlakuan. Hasil terbaik diperoleh pada perlakuan ikan dengan suplementasi kromium. Suplementasi 1 mg/kg CrPic dan 2 mg/kg CrYst dapat meningkatkan daya tahan tubuh pada budidaya ikan nila merah dengan menurunkan pengaruh negatif stres akibat transportasi. Kata kunci: stres, transportasi, nila merah, kromium
BIOCHEMICAL STUDY OF STRIPED CATFISH PANGASIANODON HYPOPHTHALMUS BROODSTOCK INDUCED BY PMSG HORMONE + ANTI‒DOPAMINE AND TURMERIC ADDITION Arfah, Harton; Sudrajat, Agus Oman; Suprayudi, Muhammad Agus; Junior, Muhammad Zairin
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 17 No. 2 (2018): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3416.018 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.17.2.191-198

Abstract

ABSTRACT This study aimed to evaluate biochemical changes (cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL, LDL, glucose, and plasma protein) on striped catfish Pangasianodon hypophthalmus broodstock induced with PMSG hormone and turmeric addition. An observation was also done to blood glycogen content. The striped catfish broodstock was fed on commercial feed without any addition (control) and with turmeric addition (HKu). In control treatment, there was a decreasing on cholesterol, meanwhile, the triglyceride (TG) value was increased. The HDL concentration was decreased in 2nd sampling and increased in 4th sampling. In 1st until 4th sampling, glucose was quite stable, while LDL was on extremely low concentration. In HKu treatment, the cholesterol value was higher than the control treatment. The TG concentration also higher than control in 3rd sampling and decreased in 4th sampling. The HDL concentration was increased and higher than the control treatment, while LDL concentration was lower. The liver glycogen content on the control and HKu treatment were 0.015 (mg/100 mL) and 0.181 (mg/100 mL) respectively; while in the flesh of the control and HKu treatment were 0.76 (mg/100 mL) and 1.19 (mg/100 mL) respectively; and in the gonad of control and HKu treatment were 0.10 (mg/100 mL) and 0.70 (mg/100 mL) respectively. It was shown that the glycogen content in the liver, flesh, and gonad on experimental fish was higher than control treatment. Keywords : biochemistry, hormone, turmeric, channel catfish, reproduction  ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji perubahan biokimia (kolesterol, trigliserida, HDL, LDL, glukosa dan protein plasma) induk ikan patin Pangasianodon hypophthalmus yang diberi perlakuan hormon PMSG dan kunyit (HKu). Pengamatan juga dilakukan terhadap glikogen dalam darah induk patin. Induk ikan patin diberi pakan tanpa penambahan kunyit (kontrol) dan pakan yang diberi HKu. Hasil penelitian pada kontrol menunjukkan adanya penurunan kolesterol, sedangkan pada TG mengalami peningkatan. HDL menurun pada sampling ke?2 dan meningkat pada sampling ke?4. Sementara itu, pada LDL rendah sekali dan pada glukosa terlihat stabil dari sampling ke?1 sampai ke?4. Pada perlakuan HKu terlihat bahwa pada kolesterol menghasilkan nilai lebih tinggi dibanding kontrol. Pada TG terlihat juga nilai lebih tinggi dibanding kontrol pada sampling ke?3 dan menurun pada sampling ke?4. Konsentrasi HDL meningkat dan lebih tinggi dibanding kontrol, sedangkan nilai LDL lebih rendah. Data yang diperoleh pada kadar glikogen hati perlakuan kontrol adalah 0,015 (mg/100 mL) dan HKu 0,181 (mg/100 mL); sedangkan pada daging kontrol sebesar 0,76 (mg/100 mL) dan HKu 1,19 (mg/100 mL); serta gonad kontrol 0,10 (mg/100 mL) dan HKu 0,70 (mg/100 mL). Hal ini menunjukkan kadar glikogen pada hati, daging, dan gonad ikan yang diberi perlakuan bernilai lebih tinggi dibanding kontrol.           Kata kunci : biokimia, hormon, kunyit, ikan patin, reproduksi  
SEX REVERSAL OF RED TILAPIA USING 17α-METHYLTESTOSTERONE-ENRICHED FEED AND INCREASED TEMPERATURE Ayuningtyas, Safira Qisthina; Junior, Muhammad Zairin; Soelistyowati, Dinar Tri
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 14 No. 2 (2015): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3043 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.14.159-163

Abstract

ABSTRACT The growth rate between male and female red tilapia Oreochromis sp. is different. Generally, the male red tilapia grows faster than the female. Furthermore, the maturation process of red tilapia is relatively fast which causes slower growth rate. One of solutions to this problem is by rearing all male population or mono-sex culture. The method used in this study was commercial feed enrichment with 17?-methyltestosterone at different dosages and water temperature manipulation. The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of commercial feed enrichment with different dosages of 17?-methyltestosterone and water temperature manipulation on success rate of sex reversal of red tilapia into all male population. This research consisted of different temperature treatments (with and without water heating) and 17?- methyltestosterone dosages (0, 10, 20 mg/kg of commercial feed). The best dosage of 17?-methyltestosterone was 20 mg/kg of commercial feed with male to female sex ratio of 86.31%, daily growth rate of 8.18%, and feed conversion ratio of 1.53. In this study, the best treatment to produce the male seeds was the 17?-methyltestosterone treatment. Keywords: 17?-methyltestosterone, sex reversal, red tilapia, temperature  ABSTRAK Ikan nila merah Oreochromis sp. memiliki laju pertumbuhan yang berbeda antara ikan jantan dan betina. Umumnya ikan nila merah jantan lebih cepat tumbuh dibandingkan betinanya. Selain itu, ikan nila memiliki sifat cepat matang gonad dan mudah memijah sehingga akan menghambat pertumbuhan ikan. Salah satu cara untuk mengurangi masalah yang terjadi yakni dengan memelihara populasi ikan nila merah tunggal kelamin atau monoseks jantan. Metode yang dilakukan adalah pemberian hormon 17?-metiltestosteron dengan dosis berbeda melalui pakan buatan dan peningkatan suhu air. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh dosis hormon 17?-metiltestosteron melalui pakan buatan dan peningkatan suhu air terhadap keberhasilan alih kelamin jantan pada ikan nila merah. Penelitian ini terdiri atas perlakuan suhu (dengan dan tanpa pemanasan air) dan dosis 17?-metiltestosteron (0, 10, 20 mg/kg pakan). Dosis hormon 17?-metiltestosteron terbaik yang didapatkan adalah 20 mg/kg pakan dengan nisbah kelamin jantan 86,31%, laju pertumbuhan harian 8,18%, dan rasio konversi pakan 1,53. Pada penelitian ini perlakuan terbaik untuk menghasilkan benih jantan adalah perlakuan dosis 17?-metiltestosteron. Kata kunci: 17?-metiltestosteron, alih kelamin, ikan nila merah, suhu