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A Case Study of Indonesian Frozen Shrimps Export Detention by FDA ( Food and Drug Administration) in 1998 Wahidah, Efiyatul; Kadarisman, Darwin; Muhandri, Tjahja
Jurnal Teknologi Pertanian Vol 2, No 3 (2001)
Publisher : Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Export detention cases of Indonesian fishery products to the United State in 1995 caused a financial lost up to $US 17.580.738. Frozen shrimps, one of the top export commodities also experienced a detention case by FDA. Up until now frozen shrimps that are exported from Indonesia to the United State have been block listed by the government of the United State and have undergone an automatically detention and inspection procedure. The objective of this research was to determine the major problems of Indonesian frozen shrimps export detention cases by the FDA in 1998, and also determine the main factors that caused these problems in order to proceed with quality correction action. The results showed that the major problems of export detention cases of Indonesian frozen shrimps were Salmonella. The main factors causing Salmonella were quality of fresh shrimps, a not well design and application of HACCP system in the frozen shrimp industries, time and sensitivity of Salmonella assay methods. Quality correction actions can be applied at shrimp farms, frozen shrimps industries and the government   Keywords: frozen shrimps, export detention
EVALUASI KINERJA PT BANK PERKREDITAN RAKYAT PESISIR AKBAR KABUPATEN BIMA, NUSA TENGGARA BARAT Yunanto, R Rizki Andhitya; Sarma, Ma'mun; Kadarisman, Darwin
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol. 10 No. 1 (2015): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (793.297 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/mikm.10.1.73-83

Abstract

Coastal communities made up of fishermen, fish farmers, processors and traders of fishery products, businesses and services maritime industry as well as other communities living in coastal areas and small islands. BPR Pesisir Akbar in Bima Nusa Tenggara Barat is one of the six Coastal BPR in Indonesia which has one mission welfare of coastal communities around the operational area. The study aims to (1) Determine the influence of the level of financial and non-financial performance of PT BPR Pesisir Akbar, (2) analyze the factors that affect performance. Performances Evaluation of PT BPR Pesisir Akbar  has done well for non-financial and financial performances.  Non Financial Performances include the number and level of customer satisfaction, while the financial evaluation includes capital, value assets, profit/loss, ROA (Return On Assets), CAR (Credit Adequacy ratio), BOPO (Expenses and Operating Income), NPL (Non Performing Loan), and LDR (Loan to Deposit ratio). Evaluation results show that non-financial public services, credit services, and promotion services jointly or individually significant effect on customer satisfaction, where public service is the strongest factor. Evaluation of financial performance shows PT. PT. BPR Pesisir Akbar relatively well for the development of asset value, earnings, CAR, NPL and ROA, but the increase is relatively small capital and BOPO and LDR have not been good until now.
Penggunaan Lindi Hitam Pada Proses Pretreatment Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawit (Elaeis Guineensis) Cahyono, Agung; Nugroho, Wahyunanto Agung; Kadarisman, Darwin; Muryanto, .
Jurnal Keteknikan Pertanian Tropis dan Biosistem Vol 4, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Untuk mengurangi biaya produksi, larutan alkali bekas (lindi hitam, LH) yang diperoleh dari pretreatment tandan kosong kelapa sawit (TKKS) skala pilot plant pada kondisi optimal (NaOH 2,5 M; 150oC; 4 bar; 30 menit) dimanfaatkan sebagai pelarut pada pretreatment TKKS berikutnya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melakukan pretreatment TKKS berbasis alkaline explosion pretreatment dengan perlakuan penelitian meliputi rasio pelarut LH : NaOH 2,5 M (100% LH, 50% LH: 50% NaOH dan 30% LH: 70% NaOH) dan waktu pretreatment (30 menit, 45 menit dan 60 menit). Perbandingan massa TKKS dan volume pelarut adalah 1:5 (500 gram TKKS dan 2500 mL pelarut). Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, TKKS sebelum pretreatment mengandung 328,0 mg/g selulosa, 137,4 mg/g hemiselulosa, 301,6 mg/g lignin dan 22,3 mg/g abu. Perlakuan optimal didapatkan pada perlakuan 30% LH: 70% NaOH dan waktu pretreatment 30 menit? dengan kadar selulosa sebesar 261,31 mg/g dan kadar hemiselulosa serta lignin masing-masing sebesar 44,74 mg/g dan 55,54 mg/g. Kata kunci : Bioetanol, Delignifikasi, Lignoselulosa, Tandan Kosong Kelapa Sawitnocellulose, Empty Fruit Bunches
ANALISIS KEPUASAN PELANGGAN DALAM MENINGKATKAN KINERJA MUTU ATRIBUT PRODUK MAINAN EDUKATIF (STUDI KASUS: PRODUK ’SHOFIA TOYS’) Usman, Yulita Veranda; Suharjo, Budi; Kadarisman, Darwin
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol. 5 No. 1 (2010): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (303.634 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/mikm.5.1.90-99

Abstract

Children love to play and want to know about anything in their surrounding.  They need to grow and educational toys can facilitate them. The aim of this study was to improve quality performance of product attributes of Shofia Toys by analyzing its customer satisfaction. Data analysis methods that used in this study were: focus group discussion (FGD) to identify educational toy attributes; top two boxes index to measure customer satisfaction level; and gap analysis, penalty-reward analysis and diagonal analysis to analyze influential factors of customers satisfaction.  CHAID analysis was used to determine which one of the product attributes to be the priority of improvement. There are 26 educational toy attributes that can be grouped into 6 quality dimensions of product, they are performance, reliability, aesthetics, conformance, durability, and serviceability.  Customer satisfaction level of Shofia Toys products is 62,5% and dissatisfaction level is 1,0%.  Based on the hierarchy of needs, all attributes are performance attributes, but their performance are not sufficient yet and have 19-47% of gaps between important and satisfaction level.  At this time, company can do an improvement for the attibutes that related to ability to increase creativity of children; precision; durability; and smoothness of wood product.  These are the priorities of quality performance improvement of Shofia Toys product attributes that can improve its customer satisfaction
EVALUASI KINERJA USAHA PETANI GARAM RAKYAT DI KABUPATEN BIMA, NUSA TENGGARA BARAT Rahman, Amril; Raharja, Sapta; Kadarisman, Darwin
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol. 9 No. 1 (2014): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (631.798 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/mikm.9.1.106-118

Abstract

Flood of salt imports from the country four season to meet consumption needs and the needs of industry to Indonesia make the price of salt is low. Surprisingly rich tropical sea water and sunlight with the fourth longest coastline in the world's, but in 2010 national production of only 30,600 tons of salt or less than 1% of national demand,  because the harvest in a number of production centers 1.000-7.000 tons. Ponds area and one of the factors that influence the production of salt is an integral part of the performance of producing salt as salt producers nationwide. Business performance on a salt farmer folk analyzed the influence of the land area of ??salt ponds on productivity, quality and financial performance by analysis of variance (Anova), for quality is conducted lab tests and analysis of financial performance using the calculation of revenue, R/C ratio and B/C ratio. The analysis showed no real productivity diversity. Salinity of sea water highest diversity in the people who produce the salt flats with an area of ??0.23 acres of land with an average 4,576,666.67, the lowest score in the group of farmers with vast salt flat 0.85 acres of land with an average 1.6775 million. The analysis showed no real income diversity. R / C ratio and B/C ratio is generated providing the highest value in the group of people who produce salt area of ??0.23 hectares with an average 10.1533, the lowest in the group of salt peasants with land area of 0.85 acres with a mean average of 3.2367. Effect of salt ponds land productivity, quality and financial performance analysis of variance analysis showed no significant difference, then the people's business performance by producing salt undervalued and needs to be increased by salt farmers.
EVALUASI KINERJA LEMBAGA KEUANGAN MIKRO SWAMITRA MINA DENGAN PENDEKATAN BALANCED SCORECARD (STUDI KASUS DI KABUPATEN BANTUL, YOGYAKARTA) Setyarini, Panca Dewi; Hubeis, Musa; Kadarisman, Darwin
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol. 5 No. 1 (2010): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (178.4 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/mikm.5.1.80-89

Abstract

To overcome the problem of coastal community poverty, since 2001, the Directorate of Coastal Community Empowerment, Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries developed the Coastal Community Economic Empowerment. The main activity of this program is to distribute the Productive Economic Fund (PEF) to the coastal community groups using the revolving fund scheme. Since the Bad Debt Ratio (BDR) was high, started 2004, the PEF has function as collateral to the Bukopin Bank under Swamitra Micro Finance scheme. The study was done in Bantul District, Yogyakarta to evaluate the performance of this institution, with main objectives are (1) to analysis the performance of Swamitra Mina Micro Finance using Balanced Scorecard (BSC) Approach; (2) to define the score of the Swamitra Mina Micro Finance Institution (MFI) criteria using BSC; (3) to analysis the affectivity of Swamitra Mina as the alternative MFI for coastal community. The data analysis includes: (a) MFI analysis using BSC approach; (b) the value of micro finance; (c) the efectivity analysis of the existence of Swamitra Mina based on community perception especially in credit mechanism, amount, duration, the interest rate, etc. The study showed that in 2006 ? 2007, the financial ratio fulfilled the minimum IFAD standard. The Ratio of Return on Equity (ROE), Financial Self sufficiency (RKK), Return on Asset (ROA) and arrears in 2006  were  180,37%, 159,66%, 4,7%, 1,41% respectively and in 2007 were 220,9%, 202%, 10,61% and 2,6% respectively.  Based on the debitur perspective, the highest customer satisfaction score after sale aspect is 3,94 on the average and the average customer satisfaction indexs  is 3,5. The result of the perpective analysis in internal bussiness process showed that the time duration of the credit process suited to the standard time (3 days on the average) and the precise target to the coastal community was 96%. Based on the lesson and the growth perspective, the quality of human resources increased through the various training and manager sertification. The scoring criteria of the MFI performance evaluation showed that the financial perspective score was the highest (52%) contributed by  the financial report sub criteria  (35%) with performance indicator report of profit and deficit (17,5%) and the balance report (17,5%). The average of customer satisfaction index to evaluate the MFI efectivity was 3,53 meaning that the MFI was effective. The increasing number of debitor, and also the amount of credit and saving during the year of 2006-2007 indicated that the existence of MFI may functioned as the alternative institution to serve the capital for the the coastal community
KAJIAN OPTIMASI PRODUKSI DAN STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN USAHA PRODUK FISH JELLY (STUDI KASUS PADA PT “XP” DI JAKARTA) Ismarsudi, -; Suryani, Ani; Kadarisman, Darwin
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol. 6 No. 2 (2011): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (205.108 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/mikm.6.2.20-27

Abstract

PT ?XP? in its bussiness production has produced Fish Jelly  with five types of products, there are Fish Sausage, Fish Ball, Fish Kakinaga, ?Otak?otak? and Fish Finger.The main raw material that being used by PT XP for those products are surimi, fatty tuna and other fish. Some of the constraints in marketing development for Fish and Fishery products in this country are supply and demand aspect. The former constraint includes quantity and continuity, quality, selling price, definite variety of products, weak market information,  limited facilities and marketing infrastructure and not conducive business climate. Demand aspect includes low level of fish consumption, dynamic consumer preferences, weak marketing, distribution network and market strategy. Analysis method that being used in this study is Exponential Comparative Method (MPE). It?s one of the methods to get superior products. Net profit margin reflects management's ability to generate net income. Linear Programming (LP) to achieve a single goal such as maximizing profits or minimizing cost. Other analysis, SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats), Matriks External Factor Evaluation (EFE) and Internal Factor Evaluation (IFE) are used to analyze external and internal factors. Results of the studies obtained, the superior first product of fish finger and second product fish ball.  The maximum profits that obtained from LP Calculation is Rp 31.800/kg or Rp 31.800.000/ton, with production composition 25% fish finger dan 75% bakso ikan for favored products. PT ?XP? has opportunity in fish jelly production since it has permanent distributor of raw materials, and yet has threat that is production cost increase caused by raised fuel prices and electricity fare. This company?s main strength lays on the manager?s preseverance in managing this business, while the Main Weakness of this company that is lack of capital to get supplies. The result evaluation on external and internal factor (EFE and IFE) to make the company in a quadrant agresif position, that company in a good posisition to develop the business. The company can use the internal power for: (1) make use the external opportunity; (2) to content with internal weakness; and (3) avoid the extend threats.
Daya Tahan Tanaman Jagung Terhadap Serangan Penyakit Bulai Pada Benih Jagung Hibrida Varietas P31 dan Varietas P35 di PT. DuPont Pioneer Putra, Surya; Lutfi, Musthofa; Kadarisman, Darwin
Jurnal Keteknikan Pertanian Tropis dan Biosistem Vol 4, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

ABSTRAK?Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengamati daya tumbuh benih jagung hibrida varietas P31, varietas P35 dan varietas kompetitor, dan mengamati daya tahan benih jagung hibrida varietas P31, varietas P35 dan varietas kompetitor terhadap serangan penyakit Bulai. Metode pengamatan yang dilakukan di perusahaan yang pertama adalah penanaman benih jagung meliputi persiapan alat dan bahan sebelum tanam, persiapan lahan pengamatan, penanaman, pemberian pupuk pertama, dan penyiangan. Langkah kedua adalah pengamatan dan pengambilan data meliputi pengamatan daya tumbuh, proses inokulasi dan pengambilan data intensitas serangan penyakit Bulai. Dari hasil pengamatan pada 10 HST (Hari Setelah Tanam) diketahui bahwa daya tumbuh varietas P31 (93%), varietas P35 (98%) dan varietas kompetitor (92%). Kemudian tanaman jagung yang tergolong sangat tahan bulai adalah varietas P35 (9,18%), tanaman varietas P31 (13,98%) tergolong tahan dan varietas kompetitor agak tahan (36,94%), pada pengamatan intensitas serangan penyakit Bulai 40 HST.?Kata kunci: Penanaman, Daya Tumbuh, Inokulasi, Daya Tahan Benih
TINGKAT PENERAPAN MANAJEMEN MUTU PADA UMKM PEMBENIHAN UDANG DI JAWA TIMUR Lasima, Wisriati; Syamsun, Muhammad; Kadarisman, Darwin
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol. 7 No. 2 (2012): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (157.472 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/mikm.7.2.143-151

Abstract

Shrimp is one of the leading commodities of the fisheries. Quality seed is one of the critical success factors of the cultivation so that the business activities of hatchery hatcheries should adopt the technique in accordance with the Indonesian National Standard (SNI) and Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) and apply a quality management of seed of the Good Fish Breeding mode (CPIB) or Good Hatchery Practices (GHP). The aim of this thesis include (1) knowing the level of implementation of quality management in small to medium (SME?s) shrimp hatchery in and (2) analyze the relationship between the level of implementation of quality management on firm performance. Location of the research conducted on shrimp hatchery units located in the districts of Situbondo and Banyuwangi, both who have or have not passed the certification mode of CPIB. Data collection methods include interviews and observation. Level of implementation of quality management in shrimp hatcheries in both East Java that has been certified or not, is at a fairly high level, at three different levels, namely level of Quality Control (QC) Statistics (42.9%), Quality Assurance or QA (21.4%) and 35.7% at the level of implementation of Total Quality Management (TQM). From all levels of implementation of SQC quality management, QA and TQM, there are four predominant factors that could affect the company's performance, namely: cost efficiency, the percentage of undergraduate (S1), human resource (HR) Percentage training per year and the percentage of customer complaints. Policies need to be taken to the level of TQM is to conduct QC management so that the dominant factors that can provide high business performance can be maintained, to the level of SQC is to conduct QC activities are synchronized with the training activities is appropriate, considering the level of training at this level relatively very low. While the policy needed to be taken to the level of QA is the need to improve the quality fry strived to meet the established minimum standards and will be even better if the feasibility of obtaining certification so it will be able to improve the competitiveness of selling fries, both quantity and price. A guaranteed quality of production need to be given this level has a number of customer complaints is very high compared to the two other levels, well above average
Rancang Bangun Sistem Irigasi dan Pemberian Nutrisi Otomatis Berbasis RTC (Real Time Clock) pada Sistem Hidroponik Nutrient Film Technique (NFT) Sutan, Sandra Malin; Kadarisman, Darwin; Hosni, Saiful; Fadlillah, Fadillah
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Publisher : Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Tujuan dari penelitian ini yaitu Merancang dan menguji sistem pengaturan irigasi dan pemberian nutrisi berbasis Microcontroller ATMEGA 16 pada pertumbuhan tanaman pak choy (Brassica chinensis L). Adapun Parameter yang diuji meliputi tinggi tanaman, jumlah daun, diameter bonggol, berat basah tanaman dan berat kering tanaman. Pengamatan tinggi tanaman dan jumlah daun dilakukan setelah tanaman berumur pak choy berumur 14 HST (Hari Setelah Tanam) sedangkan diameter bonggol, berat basah tanaman dan berat kering tanaman pada saat panen. Selain itu akan dilakukan pegujian larutan nutrisi dilakukan pada setiap hari pada kedua perlakuan dengan menggunakan alat EC (electro conductivity). Sistem irigasi dilakukan secara otomatis dengan sistem on dan off. Secara keseluruhan sistem irigasi dan pemberian nutrisi otomatis menggunakan timer RTC DS1307 dengan microkontroler 16 pada budidaya pakcoy masih belum terkoordinasi dengan baik. Pada pengamatan pertumbuhan tanaman pak choy yang dilakukan selama 28 hari dengan perlakuan irigasi berbasis otomatis dan perlakuan irigasi secara terus-menerus mununjukkan perlakuan yang terbaik.Kata kunci : Hidroponik , Nutrient Film Technique (NFT), RTC (Real Time Clock), HST (Hari Setelah Tanam), EC (electro conductivity)