Articles

PERAN SERTA MASYARAKAT DALAM PENCEGAHAN DAN PEMBERANTASAN TINDAK PIDANA KORUPSI Kamal, Muhammad; Arifin, Muhammad Yarif
Varia Justicia Vol 15 No 2 (2019): Vol 15 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Muhammadiyah Magelang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31603/variajusticia.v15i2.2484

Abstract

The leading cause of corruption in the regions is the enormous power in the hands of the local elite. However, the amount of authority held by the regions is not accompanied by an active control function through oversight institutions that involve the community. This study aims to analyze community involvement in the prevention and eradication of corruption in Indonesia. This research is normative legal research with a doctrinal approach. In a democratic country like Indonesia, community participation is needed in the prevention and eradication of corruption. Public participation in efforts to prevent and eradicate criminal acts of corruption is manifested in the form of data search, acquisition, and provision of data on corruption. In addition, the community has the right to provide advice and opinions responsibly for the prevention and eradication of corruption.
DRY MATTER ACCUMULATION, SEED YIELD AND CALCIUM (CA) CONTENT OF SEVERAL PEANUT (ARACHIS HYPOGAEA L.) CULTIVARS GROWN UNDER DIFFERENT SHADE LEVELS Kamal, Muhammad
Jurnal Agrista Vol 11, No 3 (2007): Volume 11 Nomor 3 Desember 2007
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Akumulasi Bahan Kering, Hasil Biji dan Kandungan Kalsium (Ca) Beberapa Varietas Kacang Tanah yang Ditanam pada Tingkat Naungan BerbedaABSTRAK. Akumulasi bahan kering dan serapan kalsium (Ca) memiliki peranan yang sangat penting dalam proses pembentukan hasil kacang tanah. Intensitas cahaya rendah menjadi salah satu kendala utama dalam pengembangan kacang tanah sebagai tanaman sela pada lahan perkebunan, sehingga sangat dibutuhkan varietas kacang tanah toleran naungan. Pemahaman yang lebih baik terhadap proses yang terlibat pada adaptasi tanaman terhadap naungan dapat membantu dalam perakitan. varietas-varietas kacang tanah toleran naungan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi akumulasi bahan kering, komponen hasil dan serapan kalsium (Ca) serta keterkaitannya dengan penurunan hasil pada kondisi naungan. Perlakuan disusun secara faktorial dalam rancangan acak kelompok dengan tiga ulangan. Faktor pertama berupa naungan dengan dua taraf, yaitu 0% dan 50%, sedangkan faktor kedua berupa varietas kacang tanah yang terdiri dari Gajah, Jerapah, Mahesa, Panter dan Sima. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa penurunan akumulasi bahan kering akibat naungan 50% paling besar terjadi pada akar, sedangkan penurunan akumulasi bahan kering terkecil terjadi pada batang kacang tanah. Varietas sima pada naungan 50% menunjukkan penurunan produksi bahan kering, hasil biji dan kandungan kalsium (Ca) yang relative kecil dibandingkan varietas Gajah. Penurunan serapan Ca pada kondisi naungan mungkin dimediasi oleh peningkatan kelembaban relative (RH). Tampaknya ada keterkaitan antara kepekaan terhadap naungan dengan tingkat serapan kalsium (Ca) kacang tanah.
THE TOLERANCE OF SEVERAL GENOTYPES OF UPLAND RICE TO SHADING AT DIFFERENT GROWTH STAGES Kamal, Muhammad
Jurnal Agrista Vol 11, No 1 (2007): Volume 11 Nomor 1 April 2007
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

Toleransi Beberapa Genotip Padi Gogo terhadap Naungan pada Fase Pertumbuhan BerbedaABSTRAK. Keberhasilan pengembangan padi gogo sebagai tanaman sela pada areal perkebunan tanaman karet sangat tergantung pada tingkat toleransinya terhadap naungan. Metode penyaringan yang tepat dan akurat sangat membantu dalam penyediaan padi gogo toleran naungan dalam jumlah banyak. Dua set penelitian telah dilakukan untuk mengevaluasi apakah toleransi padi gogo terhadap naungan selama fase vegetatif memiliki konsistensi dengan naungan selama masa pertumbuhan tanaman (fase vegetatif dan reproduktif). Perlakuan pada penelitian 1 dan 2 disusun secara faktorial dalam rancangan acak kelompok dengan tiga ulangan. Faktor pertama berupa naungan dengan menggunakan paranet hitam dua taraf yaitu 0% dan 50%, sedangkan faktor kedua berupa genotip padi gogo yang meliputi Jatiluhur, B9048C, TB177E, Batutegi, Kalimutu, dan Limboto. Naungan diberikan selama fase pertumbuhan vegetatif dan selama masa pertumbuhan tanaman (fase vegetatif dan reproduktif). Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa genotip Jatiluhur, B9048C, TB177E, Batutegi secara konsisten menunjukkan hasil lebih tinggi daripada genotip Kalimutu dan Limboto baik pada naungan selama fase vegetatif dan naungan selama masa pertumbuhan tanaman. Padi gogo yang toleran terhadap naungan selama fase vegetatif juga menunjukkan toleransi terhadap naungan selama masa pertumbuhan tanaman (fase vegetatif dan reproduktif).
AGRONOMIC PERFORMANCE OF GREEN BEANS (VIGNA RADIATA L.) GROWN UNDER DIFFERENT SHADE LEVELS Kamal, Muhammad
Jurnal Agrista 2008: Edisi Khusus Nomor 1 November 2008
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Penampilan Agronomi Tanaman Kacang Hijau yang Ditanam Pada Tingkat Naungan BerbedaABSTRAK. Intensitas cahaya rendah akibat adanya naungan merupakan salah satu kendala utama dalam pengembangan tanaman pangan sebagai tanaman sela pada areal perkebunan. Pemahaman yang lebih baik terhadap karakter agronomi tanaman pangan pada kondisi naungan sangat membantu dalam pengelolaan tanaman pangan sebagai tanaman sela secara produktif. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi penampilan agronomi beberapa varietas kacang hijau pada tingkat naungan berbeda. Perlakuan disusun secara faktorial dalam rancangan acak kelompok dengan tiga ulangan. Faktor pertama berupa naungan dengan dua taraf, yaitu 0% dan 50%. Faktor kedua berupa varietas kacang hijau yang meliputi Merpati, Parkit, Walet, Jelatik, Betet, Kenari, dan Perkutut. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa naungan 50% secara nyata menurunkan jumlah daun, akumulasi bahan kering, hasil biji dan indeks panen. Pada kondisi naungan 0% dan 50%, jumlah polong, jumlah biji dan indeks panen secara nyata tetap berkolerasi positif dengan hasil biji tanaman kacang hijau. Tampaknya, jumlah polong, jumlah biji, dan indeks panen juga menjadi karakter agronomi penentu hasil kacang hijau pada kondisi naungan.
IMPROVEMENT OF SOIL CHEMICAL PROPERTIES AND GROWTH OF MAIZE DUE TO BIOCHAR APPLICATION ON ULTISOL Taisa, Rianida; Maulida, Desi; Salam, Abdul Kadir; Kamal, Muhammad; Niswati, Ainin
Journal of Tropical Soils Vol 24, No 3: September 2019
Publisher : UNIVERSITY OF LAMPUNG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5400/jts.2019.v24i3.101-107

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Ultisols have poor soil characteristics, yet biochar is one of the technologies that can be applied as a soil enhancer to improve the soil quality. Biochar has succeeded in improving soil quality, through improving soil physical, chemical, and biological properties. This research aimed to improve the quality of soil chemical properties and growth of maize plant, as well as to find a combination between biochar type and dosage of biochar that is able to improve the chemical properties of Ultisols and/or the growth of maize plant. This research was conducted at the Greenhouse and Soil Science Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Lampung. This study used a randomized block design (RBD) arranged in factorial with 3 factors and 3 replications. The first factor was the soil layer (topsoil and subsoil), the second factor was the type of biochar (biochar of cocoa shell and biochar of oil palm shell), and the third factor was the biochar dosage (0, 10%, 20%, and 30% of 10 kg of oven dry weight soil). The results showed that (1) the application of biochar from the  cocoa shell and oil palm shell on Ultisols improved some parts of soil chemical properties, namely CEC, organic C, and Kexc, (2) application of biochar from the cocoa shell and oil palm shell on Ultisols increased the plant height, the number of leaves, and the dry weight of maize, (3) application of biochar from the cocoa shell at a dosage of 20% was significantly improved CEC of Ultisols (4) application of biochar from the cocoa shell in top soil at a dosage of 30% significantly improved the soil organic C of Ultisol, (5) application of  biochar from cacao shell at a dosage of  30%  was significantly improved Kexc, (6) application of biochar from oil palm shell at a dosage of 10% significantly increased maize plant growth.
Remote Sensing and GIS for Surface Water Resources in Rawa Biru – Torasi Merauke Papua Hartono, Hartono; Meteray, Barano SS; Farda, Nur Mohammad; Kamal, Muhammad
Forum Geografi Vol 20, No 1 (2006): July 2006
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/forgeo.v20i1.1807

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The research describe about surface water ecosystem study in Merauke Papua by using multisource and multistage remote sensing data which was splitted into two parts based on the study areas. First, it is for micro scale spatial analysis focusing on the Rawa Biru – Torasi watershed, while the second is for macro scale spatial analysis for Transfly ecoregionin the floodplain areas of Merauke. Multispectral approach was adopted for Landsat image analysis, followed by field survey on the selected areas. Auxilary data used are maps, secondary documents in order to improve understanding of the areas. Interview and discussion with related institutions (Wasur National Sanctuary, Potable Water Services, Internal Affairs Government, Forestry Service) accordingly were carried out. The research result showed that remote sensing imagery are usefull for surface water resources study. Physical condition of the Rawa Biru – Torasi watershed, vegetation analysis by using multitemporal data, wetland type, hydrological process in the floodplain were presented. Rawa Biru watershed as a resource for drinking water supply environmentaly decreased considerably due to the species invasion, with successively dominated by hydrophilla, tebu rawa, rumput pisau, dan Mellaleuca and sedimentation took place in the main body of swamp. Upper part of the watershed is actually included in the Papua New Guinea, in long water resources development scheme, it need administratively belong to one recharge areas for the watershed.
The lack of counselling and passively case detection affecting the occurrance of grade 2 disability in Sampang Kamal, Muhammad; Martini, Santi
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (244.096 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.v3i3.1669

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ABSTRACTLeprosy is a chronic disease that affects the skin, peripheral nerves, even the other of body organs. This disease can also causing permanent disability that can affect to quality of life of sufferers. Sampang as the region with the highest average of PR in 2010-2014, it has leprosy grade 2 disability proportion which is 13%, in the other words that it is higher than the specified standard that is 5% or less. This study aimed to analyze the health service factors that affecting the occurrence of leprosy grade 2 disability. This study was an observational-analytic by using case control design. This study conducted in 8 administrative territory of community health center in Sampang. Sample were 33 type MB leprosy patients with grade 2 disability (case group) and 33 with grade 0 or grade 1 disability (control group). Sample has been taken by using simple random sampling technique. Data analysis was carried out simultaneously with multiple logistic regression. The results showed that the method of passive case detection (OR=7,005; 95% CI: 1,595-30,763), a very late diagnosis (OR=15,264; 95% CI: 1,469-158,594) ), lack of POD (OR=7,016; 95% CI: 1,574-31,274) and the lack of counselling (OR=8,241; 95% CI: 1,747-38,847) affecting the occurence of leprosy grade 2 disability. The conclusion that the passively case detection, a very late of diagnosis, the lack of POD and the lack of counseling affecting the occurrence of leprosy grade 2 disability at leprosy patients in Sampang. It is suggest to stakeholders to increase actively case detection, counselling.Keywords: disability, leprosy, case detection, counselling
Remote Sensing and GIS for Surface Water Resources in Rawa Biru – Torasi Merauke Papua Hartono, Hartono; Meteray, Barano SS; Farda, Nur Mohammad; Kamal, Muhammad
Forum Geografi Vol 20, No 1 (2006): July 2006
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

The research describe about surface water ecosystem study in Merauke Papua by using multisource and multistage remote sensing data which was splitted into two parts based on the study areas. First, it is for micro scale spatial analysis focusing on the Rawa Biru – Torasi watershed, while the second is for macro scale spatial analysis for Transfly ecoregionin the floodplain areas of Merauke. Multispectral approach was adopted for Landsat image analysis, followed by field survey on the selected areas. Auxilary data used are maps, secondary documents in order to improve understanding of the areas. Interview and discussion with related institutions (Wasur National Sanctuary, Potable Water Services, Internal Affairs Government, Forestry Service) accordingly were carried out. The research result showed that remote sensing imagery are usefull for surface water resources study. Physical condition of the Rawa Biru – Torasi watershed, vegetation analysis by using multitemporal data, wetland type, hydrological process in the floodplain were presented. Rawa Biru watershed as a resource for drinking water supply environmentaly decreased considerably due to the species invasion, with successively dominated by hydrophilla, tebu rawa, rumput pisau, dan Mellaleuca and sedimentation took place in the main body of swamp. Upper part of the watershed is actually included in the Papua New Guinea, in long water resources development scheme, it need administratively belong to one recharge areas for the watershed.
COMPARISON OF MODEL ACCURACY IN TREE CANOPY DENSITY ESTIMATION USING SINGLE BAND, VEGETATION INDICES AND FOREST CANOPY DENSITY (FCD) BASED ON LANDSAT-8 IMAGERY (CASE STUDY: PEAT SWAMP FOREST IN RIAU PROVINCE) Ashaari, Faisal; Kamal, Muhammad; Dirgahayu, Dede
International Journal of Remote Sensing and Earth Sciences (IJReSES) Vol 15, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : National Institute of Aeronautics and Space of Indonesia (LAPAN)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30536/j.ijreses.2018.v15.a2845

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Identification of a tree canopy density information may use remote sensing data such as Landsat-8 imagery. Remote sensing technology such as digital image processing methods could be used to estimate the tree canopy density. The purpose of this research was to compare the results of accuracy of each method for estimating the tree canopy density and determine the best method for mapping the tree canopy density at the site of research. The methods used in the estimation of the tree canopy density are Single band (green, red, and near-infrared band), vegetation indices (NDVI, SAVI, and MSARVI), and Forest Canopy Density (FCD) model. The test results showed that the accuracy of each method: green 73.66%, red 75.63%, near-infrared 75.26%, NDVI 79.42%, SAVI 82.01%, MSARVI 82.65%, and FCD model 81.27%. Comparison of the accuracy results from the seventh methods indicated that MSARVI is the best method to estimate tree canopy density based on Landsat-8 at the site of research. Estimation tree canopy density with MSARVI method showed that the canopy density at the site of research predominantly 60-70% which spread evenly.
ASSESSMENT OF MANGROVE FOREST DEGRADATION THROUGH CANOPY FRACTIONAL COVER IN KARIMUNJAWA ISLAND, CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA Kamal, Muhammad; Hartono, Hartono; Wicaksono, Pramaditya; Adi, Novi Susetyo; Arjasakusuma, Sanjiwana
Geoplanning: Journal of Geomatics and Planning Vol 3, No 2 (2016): (October 2016)
Publisher : Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1334.232 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/geoplanning.3.2.107-116

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The Karimunjawa Islands mangrove forest has been subjected to various direct and indirect human disturbances in the recent years. If not properly managed, this disturbance will lead to the degradation of mangrove habitat health. Assessing forest canopy fractional cover (fc) using remote sensing data is one way of measuring mangrove forest degradation. This study aims to (1) estimate the forest canopy fc using a semi-empirical method, (2) assess the accuracy of the fc estimation and (3) create mangrove forest degradation from the canopy fc results. A sample set of in-situ fc was collected using the hemispherical camera for model development and accuracy assessment purposes. We developed semi-empirical relationship models between pixel values of ALOS AVNIR-2 image (10 m pixel size) and field fc, using Enhanced Vegetation Index (EVI) as a proxy of the image spectral response. The results show that the EVI provides reasonable estimation accuracy of mangrove canopy fc in Karimunjawa Island with the values ranged from 0.17 to 0.96 (n = 69). The low fc values correspond to vegetation opening and gaps caused by human activities or mangrove dieback. The high fc values correspond to the healthy and dense mangrove stands, especially the Rhizophora sp formation at the seafront. The results of this research justify the use of simple canopy fractional cover model for assessing the mangrove forest degradation status in the study area. Further research is needed to test the applicability of this approach at different sites.