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PENAPISAN KHAMIR SELULOLITIK CRYPTOCOCCUS SP. YANG DIISOLASI DARI TANAH KEBUN BIOLOGI WAMENA, JAYA WIJAYA, PROPINSI PAPUA Kanti, Atit
Jurnal Biologi Udayana Vol XI, No 1
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam, Universitas Udayana

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Cryptococcus sp. was isolated from Kebun Biologi Wamena, Papua. The isolate was able to grow in media with carboxymethyl cellulose as a sole carbon source implying that isolate produced 1-3 ? endo-glucanase. To study the effect of glucose and osmotic pressure, 0.1 % glucose and 0.1 % NaCl were amended into the medium containing CMC. Glucose significantly affected cellulolytic activity and biomass synthesis. At the beginning of cell cultivation glucose augmentation appear to slightly inhibit enzyme activity. Sodium chloride also significantly affected cellulolytic activity. Profile of pH varied dependent on cultivation media. Maximum growth of biomass was achieved after glucose addition, indicating that glucose stimulated cell growth.
ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF ACTINOMYCETES ASSOCIATED WITH MOSS ON THE SURFACE OF THE BOROBUDUR TEMPLE STONE Putri, Ade Lia; Purbani, Debora Christin; Kanti, Atit; Kusmiati, Mia; Habibi, Moh
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 12, No 1 (2020): April 2020 Article-in-Press
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v12i1.20334

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Mosses growing on the surface of the Borobudur Temple will affect the aesthetic value of the temple. Interaction between moss and actinomycetes may trigger the growth of moss that can cause an increase in biodeterioration of stone. The purpose of this study was to isolate and identify the actinomycetes associated with moss on the surface of decayed stone of Borobudur Temple as well to assess their ability for phosphate solubilizing. Actinomycetes were isolated using serial dilution method and were identified based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. A total of 37 actinomycetes were isolated from three sampling sites. The isolates found belong to five genera (Gordonia, Microbacterium, Micromonospora, Nocardia, and Streptomyces) and distributed among four families (Microbacteriaceae, Micromonosporaceae, Nocardiaceae, and Streptomycetaceae). Isolates of actinomycetes composed of 19 Streptomyces Group and 18 Rare Actinomycetes Group. Nineteen isolates (51.35%) were identified as genus Streptomyces. Seventeen isolates (45.94%) showed abilities to release soluble phosphate and most of the isolates belong to the genus Streptomyces. The isolates have been collected will be deposited to Indonesian Culture Collection (InaCC) to enrich the collection of actinomycetes from ancient stone in Indonesia and will be used as a source of reference material research, taxonomic, or as source for further study.
THE PHSYIOLOGICAL CHARACTER OF BACTERIA ISOLATED FROM BANANA’S RHIZOSPHERE FROM MALAKA, EAST NUSA TENGGARA, AND THEIR ROLE ON PLANT GROWTH PROMOTION ON MARGINAL LAND Napitupulu, Toga Pangihotan; Kanti, Atit; Sudiana, I Made
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 18, No 3 (2019)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v18i3.3748

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The objective of the study was to isolate microorganism that can produce growth hormone, fix atmospheric nitrogen, and solubilize inorganic phosphate that may be used for enhancing the growth of banana in marginal land.  A total of 25 bacteria associated with banana that belonged to six genera were isolated from namely Acinetobacter, Enterobacter, Pantoea, Klebsiella, Rhizobium, and Cupriavidus genera. Gammaproteobacteria is the dominant class, followed by Betaproteobacteria and Alphaproteobacteria. All isolates were screened for multiple plant growth promoting traits which may play a role in banana growth, namely fixing nitrogen, solubilizing phosphate, and producing Indole Acetic Acid (IAA). Twenty-two isolates were capable to fix nitrogen, 21 isolates can solubilize insoluble phosphate, and 15 isolates produced IAA dependent of L-Tryptophan presence. Despite most of the bacteria isolates exhibited one plant growth-promoting activities, Enterobacter and Klebsiella genera showed three of plant growth promoting bacteria traits. 
DIVERSITAS DAN PROFIL METABOLIT SEKUNDER JAMUR ENDOFIT YANG DIISOLASI DARI TUMBUHAN GAMBIR (Uncaria gambler) SERTA AKTIVITAS BIOLOGISNYA SEBAGAI ANTIBAKTERI Jamal, Yuliasri; Ilyas, Muhamad; Kanti, Atit; Agusta, Andria
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 9, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (853.072 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v9i2.2023

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Five kinds of endophytic filamentous fungi i.e. Pestalotiopsis sp. GNC, Fusarium sp. GNC-A, Fusahum sp. GNC-B, Pestalotiopsis sp. GUC and Fusarium sp. GUC were isolated from surface sterilized of steems of gambir nasi and gambir udang (Uncaria gambier Roxb.) collected from Rengat, Riau Province,Indonesia. Identification of the endophytic fungi were done through morphologically observations and chemotaxonomically approach. In an antibacterial assays, the ethyl acetate extract of the Pestalotiopsis sp.GNC cultures showed their activity against pathogenic bacteria, Eschericia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus sublilis.Beside the above three pathogenic bacteria, the ethyl acetate extract of Fusarium sp. GNC-B culture was also active against
DIVERSITY OF XYLOSE ASSIMILATING YEAST FROM THE ISLAND OF ENGGANO, SUMATERA, INDONESIA [Keragaman Khamir Pengguna Xilose yang Diisolasi dari Pulau Enggano, Sumatera, Indonesia] Kanti, Atit; Sumerta, I Nyoman
BERITA BIOLOGI Vol 15, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Research Center for Biology-Indonesian Institute of Sciences

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3160.618 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/beritabiologi.v15i3.2215

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Naturally occurring yeasts (wild type) are important genetic resources for many industrial interests. Though biodiversity exploration of Enggano has been done since 1944, but there is no report for yeast diversity from this island. Due to its industrial interest, xylose fermenting yeast is target for many scientists. This present study aims to isolate xylose assimilating yeast from island of Enggano. The samples were collected from varying sources included soil, leaf litter, decay wood, fruit and sediment. Xylose enrichment culture technique was performed to enrich xylose fermenting yeast. While for the isolation of yeast several methods which include dilution, ballistopore falling, direct isolation, membrane filtration were done. Of 200 isolates, 76 strains (38 %) were xylose assimilating yeast which mostly belong to Candida which include C. insectorum, C. tropicalis, C. boidinii, C. pseudolambica, C. yuanshanica, C. silvae, Cyberlindnera saturnus, Williopsis saturnus and Sporobolomyces poonsookiae. One strain Candida sp. that was isolated from soil could be assigned as a candidate of novel species on base on its morphological and biochemical characteristics along with analyses of gene sequence from D1/D2 domain. This study confirms that yeast survey is very important to obtain new genetic resources for industrial interest as well as for taxonomic study.
Carboxymethyl Cellulose Hydrolyzing Yeast Isolated from South East Sulawesi, Indonesia Kanti, Atit
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 11, No 2 (2015): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v11i2.2203

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ABSTRACTThe objective of study was to isolate, identify and characterize the CMC-ase producing yeast from South East Sulawesi, Indonesia.  We isolated 142 strains and obtain 53 strains (37.32%) were CMC-ase producer consist of 26 species residing within 10 genera.  Candida was the most diverse genus consisting of 15 species. It is important to note that several strains residing within this genus could be candidate for new taxa, among others Candida aff. cylindracea PL2W1, Candida aff. insectorum PL3W6, Candida aff. friedrichii  MKL7W3, Candida aff. lessepsii, Candida aff. tenuis.  Five new candidates for novel species of cellulolytic yeast close to Yamadazyma mexicana: were Yamadazyma aff. mexicana (5 strains). Pichia, Pseudozyma, Sporodiobolus, and Sporobolomyces were other cellulolytic yeasts found in South East Sulawesi.  It is obvious, that leaf litter was a good source for cellulolytic yeasts. This CMC-ase producing yeasts dominate this biome, and production of extracellular cellulase is critical strategy for such yeast to survive in cellulose rich ecosystem such as leaf-litter.  This finding would suggest that yeasts play key role on hydrolyzes of cellulose and important resources for sustainable energy research. Keywords: cellulolytic yeasts, secondary forest, South East Sulawesi, leaf-litter 
Aktivitas Enzim Selulase dari Khamir Candida sp. dan Debaryomyces sp. yang Diisolasi dari Lahan gambut Taman Nasional Bukit Duabelas Jambi Kanti, Atit
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 4, No 1 (2006): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (645.864 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v4i1.3273

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ABSTRACTCellulalytic Activity of Candida sp and Debaryomyces sp Isolated from Peat Soil ofBukit Duabelas Natural Park, Jambi. Candida sp. and Debaryomyces sp. YeastDegrading cellulose Isolated from Peat Soil in Bukit Duabelas National Park, Jambi. Theobjective of study was to investigate the characteristic of yeast that are able to solubilizecellulose. The yeast was isolated from soil of Tarnan Nasional Bukit Duabelas Jambi.Out of 2 1 ioslates tested 2 isolates Candida sp. (Isolate J I) and Debaryomyces sp. (IsolateJ2) were able to solubilize Carboxymethyl cellulose. Other isolated soil yeasts wereRhodotor& sp, and C~ptococcusp . Medium acidity during cell cultivation variedbetween 5.8 to 7.2. The CMC-ase activity was 5.9 unit and 5.4 unit for isolate J1 andisolate 52 respectively. The Km of isolate J1 and isolate 52 were 7.7 x 10" and 8.4 x 1 0-2(% b/v) respectively. Vmaks of isolate J1 and J2 was 8.28 xlW3 dan 30.66 x lo-) pgglukosa/ml enzyme /minute, respectively.Key words: Cellulolytic Yeasts, Candida sp., Debaryomyces sp., Enzymes Activity,Taman Nasional Bukit Duabelas
Keragaman Jenis Khamir Penghasil Etanol yang Diisolasi dari Makanan Fermentasi di Kepulauan Riau Sumerta, I Nyoman; Kanti, Atit
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 13, No 1 (2017): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (901.807 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v13i1.3096

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ABSTRACTInformation on genetic diversity of fermentative yeast which produce ethanol is very crucial in developing biofuel production in Indonesia. Research on ethanol producing yeasts is interest of many scientist. The objective of study was to reveal yeast diversity in Indonesian fermented foods that able to produce ethanol. The sample of fermented foods were collected in the traditional market in Karimun Besar Island, Kepulauan Riau. Yeast isolation was performed using serial dilution with direct plating and enrichment culture with glucose as carbon source. Fifteen of isolates were isolated and identified by amplification of D1/D2 region LSU 26S rDNA. Its ethanol production characteristic was analyzed base on fermentation activity and measurement with gas chromatography for ethanol content. The result revealed that 8 yeast species were found belong to Ascomycetous and grouped into 5 clades which are able to produce ethanol. The highest ethanol production was obtained by Saccharomyces cerevisiae Y15Kr107 (3.53%) followed by Torulaspora delbrueckii Y15Kr104 (1.63%), Saccharomyces cerevisiae Y15Kr093 (1.58%), Candida glabrata Y15Kr110 (1.4%), Torulaspora delbrueckii Y15Kr103 (1.29%), Candida glabrata Y15Kr108 (1%), Torulaspora globosa Y15Kr094 (0.92%), Kodamaea ohmeri Y15Kr096 (0.61%), and Pichia kudriavsevii Y15Kr106 (0.31%) Y15Kr105 (0.21%) Y15Kr109 (0.16%). Other yeasts strains did not produce ethanol but may play different role in fermentation process.Key words: yeast, fermented food, ethanol, Kepulauan Riau
Pseudozyma aphidis as inoculant for local chicken Rahmansyah, Maman; Sugiharto, Arwan; Kanti, Atit
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 12, No 1 (2016): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (796.679 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v12i1.2327

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SHORT COMMUNICATION
Effect of Nitrogen Addition on the ?-Amylase Production by Aspergillus niger, Rhizopus oligosporus and Neurospora crassa in media contained Sargassum and Rice Seed on Solid State Fermentation Kanti, Atit
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 12, No 2 (2016): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1007.246 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v12i2.2891

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ABSTRACTAmylase is one of the hydrolytic enzymes which is commercially important and represent about 25–33% of the world enzyme market. Amylase production is affected by substrate for enzyme productions include particle size, initial moisture content and nutrient addition. The present study describe the effect of N-species addition on alpha amylase production by Aspergillus niger Km1, Rhizopus oligosporus Km2 and Neurospora crassa Km3 in medium contained sargasum and rice seed on solid state fermentation. Various ration of media composition contained dried sargassum and rice seed were studied. The effect of particle size of sargassum, initial water content on ?-amylase production were evaluated. The best media composition was then augmented with N-species include sodium nitrate, yeast extract, and peptone on solid state fermentation. Best media composition was 60:40 (w/w) of sargassum and rice seed respectively, with initial moisture content was 60%. Increase 5 times of amylase activity was obtained when sodium nitrate (0,5% w/w) was added to production medium. N-species significantly affect Alpha amylase production on sargassum and rice seed with maximum alpha amylase production was 36,66 unit by Rhizopus oligosporus.The economic value of Sargassum can be increased through alpha amilase production.Keywords: Amylase, Nitrogen, solid state fermentation, Rhizopus oligosporus, Neurospora crassa