Aditya Krishar Karim
Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Mathematic, Universitas Cenderawasih, Papua

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Kapasitas Reproduksi Mencit Betina (Mus musculus L.) Setelah Pemberian Infus Batang Tabat Barito (Ficus deltoidea Jack.) Karim, Aditya Krishar
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Publisher : Jurnal Biologi Papua

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Abstract

Tabat barito (Ficus deltoidea Jack.) is vastly used to induce sexual aroused (aphrodisiacs) and effect on female reproductive organ. The aim of this research was performed to examine the effects of bark tabat barito infuse on reproductive capacities female mice. Fifteen of female mice were devided randomly into 5 groups, respectively. The treatment dosages were control, placebo, 50%, 75% and 100%. Infuse and aquades administrated orally 0.5 ml/hari for 5 estrouse cycles. Female mice were mated (1:3). At the eighteen days of gestation, female mice were sacrificed and observed, covered the weight of mice, uterus, liver; the total number of fetus, their weight and length body. The statistical analysis was performed using ANOVA and DMRT test. The result of this study indicated that infuse of bark tabat barito (Ficus deltoidea Jack) increasing the reproductive capacities but no significant. The weight of mice, uterus, liver between control and treatment no different (P> 0.05) but for total number of fetus in control 8.00 + 1.00, whereas dosages 50%, 75% and 100% were 8.67 + 0.58, 11.67 + 1.16 and 10.00 + 1.00, respectively. In total number of fetus different in 70% dosage to others, and total number of fetus in 100% dosage are significant different with control and 70% dosage.Key words: Tabat barito, aphrodisiacs, progesterone, reproductive capacities.
Peran Herpetofauna dalam Bidang Kesehatan: Peluang dan Tantangan Karim, Aditya Krishar; Wasaraka, Zainal Arifin; Chrystomo, Linus Y.; Indrayani, Ervina
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Publisher : Jurnal Biologi Papua

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Skin secretions and venom from many species of amphibi (frogs and toads) and reptil (group of herpetofauna) from different famillies contain a wide range of unique physiological compounds with biological activity such as peptide, protein, non-protein, and enzyme. They are potent for drug development. The compounds, known as mode of action have practical application as pharmaceutical agents, diagnostic reagents or preparative tools. Peptides with potential anticancer, fibrinolityc, antibacterial, antifungal, antidiabetic activity play important roles in human health. This review introduces roles of herpetofauna for drugs development, potential therapeutic values and their application in human health and disease.Key words: Herpetofauna, skin secretion, venom, drugs development, health.
Antiproliferatif Ekstrak Metanol Daun Dianella nemorosa Lam. (Liliaceae) terhadap Sel Kanker MKN45 dengan Menggunakan Metode WST-1 Karim, Aditya Krishar; Sismindari, Sismindari
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Publisher : Jurnal Biologi Papua

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Dianella nemorosa Lam. was known containing alkaloids, terpenoid, phenolic compouds and tanin. Antiproliferative effect of D. nemorosa leaves methanol exctract, which demonstrated to have an in vitro cytotoxic effect on cancer cell line. The aim of research was examined the effect antiproliferative methanol extract of D. nemorosa leaves against MKN45 (gastric cancer) cell line. Leaves powder extracted using methanol. Antiproliferative effect was determined by Cell Proliferation Reagents WST-1 ((2-(4-iodophenyl)-3-(4-nitro-phenyl)-5-(2,4-disulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium monosodium salt). Test for 1h, 2h, and 4h after incubated for 72h was done. The result of this research showed that methanol exctract from D. nemorosa possessed remarkable no had antiproliferative activity against MKN45 cell line. The result indicated methanol extract of D. nemorosa leaves selective inhibitory effect or antiproliferative against cell line.Key words: Dianella nemorosa, Antiproliferative, MKN 45, and WST-1 
Review: Tumbuhan Obat, Pendekatan Alternatif dalam Pengendalian Nyamuk Aedes aegypti dan Virus Dengue Penyebab Demam Dengue Suyono, Ign Joko; Karim, Aditya Krishar
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Publisher : Jurnal Biologi Papua

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Dengue is the most important emerging tropical viral disease of humans in the world today. Aedes aegypti is a major mosquito vector responsible for transmitting many viral diseases and this mosquito that spreads major health problems like dengue fever. The resistance of Ae. aegypti to insecticides is already widespread and represents a serious problem for programmes aimed at the control and prevention of dengue in tropical countries. The search for compounds extracted from medicinal plant preparations as alternatives insecticide for mosquito control is in immediate need. Alternative approach for control Ae. aegypti dan virus dengue using the medicinal plant will be discussed in this paper.Key words: Medicinal plant, Aedes aegypti, dengue fever, dengue haemorragi fever, dengue shock syndrome.
Cytotoxic Activity of Tegari (Dianella nemorosa Lam.) Methanol Extract Against HeLa Cells Karim, Aditya Krishar; ., Sismindari; Asmara, Widya; ., Istriyati
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 17, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Dianella nemorosa Lam. also known as tegari belonging to the Liliaceae family. This plant has been utilized for Papua traditional medicine as well as anticancer agent. This research examined potential cytotoxic activity of tegari (D. nemorosa) leaves extract against cervical cancer cell line (HeLa). Methanol extract was obtained by extracting the leaves powder using methanol. Extract was then applied into HeLa cell line to find out the cytotoxic activity. MTT [3-(4,5-dimetilthiazol-2-il)2,5-difeniltetrazolium bromida) assay was used to measure the cytotoxic activity. The result indicated that D. nemorosa leaves extract possessed cytotoxic activity in HeLa cell line with IC50 values were 685,69 µg/ml, 506,43 µg/ml and 708 µg/ml at the incubation period of 24, 48 and 72 h respectively. The strongest cytotoxic was showed by methanol extract incubated in 48 h.
Aktivitas Antiproliferatif Ekstrak Metanol Daun Pereskia grandifolia Haw terhadap Berbagai Sel Kanker Karim, Aditya Krishar; Sismindari, -
Jurnal Mutiara Medika Vol 11, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran dan Ilmu Kesehatan Universitas Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta

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Pereskia grandifolia (famili Cactaceae) atau biasa dikenal sebagai tanaman Tujuh jarum telah banyak dimanfaatkat masyarakat lokal di Malaysia dan China untuk mengobati berbagai jenis penyakit seperti diabetes, hipertensi, antikanker, antitumor, antiinflamasi dan antirematik. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mencari aktivitas antiproliferatif terhadap kultur sel kanker HCT-116, C2C12 dan 293A. Ekstrasi dilakukan secara maserasi dengan menggunakan metanol. Efek antiproliferatif diuji dengan menggunakan reagen WST-1 ((2-(4-iodophenyl)-3-(4-nitro-phenyl)-5-(2,4-disulfophenyl) -2H-tetrazolium monosodium salt)  selama 1, 2 dan 4 jam setelah inkubasi selama 72 jam. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak methanol daun P. grandifolia bersifat antiproliferatif terhadap sel kanker kolon HCT-116 dengan IC50 yaitu 509,83µg/ml (1 jam), 503,60µg/ml (2 jam), 519,24µg/ml (4 jam) tetapi tidak bersifat antiproliferatif terhadap sel C2C12 dan 293A. Hasil ini mengindikasikan bahwa ekstrak methanol daun P. grandifolia bersifat selektif terhadap sel kanker HCT-116.
Cytotoxic Activity of Tegari (Dianella nemorosa Lam.) Methanol Extract Against HeLa Cells Karim, Aditya Krishar; Sismindari, S.; Asmara, Widya; Istriyati, I.
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 17, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (177.336 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijbiotech.7846

Abstract

Dianella nemorosa Lam. also known as tegari belonging to the Liliaceae family. This plant has been utilized for Papua traditional medicine as well as anticancer agent. This research examined potential cytotoxic activity of tegari (D. nemorosa) leaves extract against cervical cancer cell line (HeLa). Methanol extract was obtained by extracting the leaves powder using methanol. Extract was then applied into HeLa cell line to find out the cytotoxic activity. MTT [3-(4,5-dimetilthiazol-2-il)2,5-difeniltetrazolium bromida) assay was used to measure the cytotoxic activity. The result indicated that D. nemorosa leaves extract possessed cytotoxic activity in HeLa cell line with IC50 values were 685,69 µg/ml, 506,43 µg/ml and 708 µg/ml at the incubation period of 24, 48 and 72 h respectively. The strongest cytotoxic was showed by methanol extract incubated in 48 h.
Antiproliferative Activities of Dianella nemorosa Lam. Leaves Methanol Extract Against HCT-116, C2C12 and 293A Cell lines Karim, Aditya Krishar; Asmara, Widya; Sismindari, .; Istriyati, .; Nohno, Tsutomu
JFIOnline | Print ISSN 1412-1107 | e-ISSN 2355-696X Vol 6, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Indonesian Research Gateway

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Abstract

Dianella nemorosa Lam. (Liliaceae) is a medicinal plant traditionally used in Papua for treatment of cancer, injury, fracture, inflammation and also for antiseptic. The aim of this study was to evaluate antipriliferative activities of methanol extract of D. nemorosa leaves against HCT+116 (colorectal cell line), C2C12 (adherent mouse myoblast cell line) and 293A (Primary embryonal human kidney transformed with human adenovirus type 5 DNA). Powder of leaves was extracted using methanol. Antiproliverative activities were determined by cell proliferation reagents WST-1 assay for 1 h, 2h and 4h after 72h incubation. The result showed that methanol extract of D.nemorosa leaves showed remarkable antiproliferatiove activities against HTC-116 cell line with IC50 values of 199.31 μg/ml (1h), 197.87 μg/ml (2h) and 161.12 μg/ml (4h). The activities against C2C12 cell line resulted in the IC50 values of 405.51 μg/ml (1h), 435.12 μg/ml (2h) and 394.38 μg/ml (4h), while the IC50 values for 293A cell line were 580.81 μg/ml (1h), 442.21 μg/ml (2h) and 366.74 μg/ml (4h), respectively. Those results indicated that methanol extract of D.nemorosa leaves posses potential antiproliferative activities against HCT-116, C2C12 and 293A cell line. Further study is necessary to investigate the inhibitory mechanism of methanol extract of D. nemorosa leaves on HCT-116, C2C12 and 293A cell lines.Keywords : Dianella nemorosa Lam, cancer cell, HCT-116, C2C12, 293A
Antiproliferative Activities of Dianella nemorosa Lam. Leaves Methanol Extract Against HCT-116, C2C12 and 293A Cell lines Karim, Aditya Krishar; Asmara, Widya; Sismindari, .; Istriyati, .; Nohno, Tsutomu
Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia Vol 6, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (305.903 KB) | DOI: 10.35617/jfi.v6i2.125

Abstract

Dianella nemorosa Lam. (Liliaceae) is a medicinal plant traditionally used in Papua for treatment of cancer, injury, fracture, inflammation and also for antiseptic. The aim of this study was to evaluate antipriliferative activities of methanol extract of D. nemorosa leaves against HCT+116 (colorectal cell line), C2C12 (adherent mouse myoblast cell line) and 293A (Primary embryonal human kidney transformed with human adenovirus type 5 DNA). Powder of leaves was extracted using methanol. Antiproliverative activities were determined by cell proliferation reagents WST-1 assay for 1 h, 2h and 4h after 72h incubation. The result showed that methanol extract of D.nemorosa leaves showed remarkable antiproliferatiove activities against HTC-116 cell line with IC50 values of 199.31 μg/ml (1h), 197.87 μg/ml (2h) and 161.12 μg/ml (4h). The activities against C2C12 cell line resulted in the IC50 values of 405.51 μg/ml (1h), 435.12 μg/ml (2h) and 394.38 μg/ml (4h), while the IC50 values for 293A cell line were 580.81 μg/ml (1h), 442.21 μg/ml (2h) and 366.74 μg/ml (4h), respectively. Those results indicated that methanol extract of D.nemorosa leaves posses potential antiproliferative activities against HCT-116, C2C12 and 293A cell line. Further study is necessary to investigate the inhibitory mechanism of methanol extract of D. nemorosa leaves on HCT-116, C2C12 and 293A cell lines.Keywords : Dianella nemorosa Lam, cancer cell, HCT-116, C2C12, 293A