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Analisis Logam Pb Pada Sedimen Dan Air Laut Di Kawasan Pelabuhan Nelayan Gampong Deah Glumpang Kota Banda Aceh Rizkiana, Latifah; Karina, Sofyatuddin; Nurfadillah, Nurfadillah
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Kelautan Perikanan Unsyiah Vol 2, No 1 (2017): Februari 2017
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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ABSTRACTFishing port of Deah Glumpang is crowded with several activities and potencially be contaminated by heavy metal such lead (Pb). The objective of this study was to evaluate the lead content in sea water and sediment in this area. The research was conducted at fishing port of Deah Glumpang, Banda Aceh on October 2016. Samples were analyzed at Laboratory of BARISTAND. Samples of sea water and sediment were collected from four Stations using purpossive sampling method. Leads content in sediment from three Stations were identified still under threshold based on the standart quality of Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA). The highest value of lead was obtained at Station II (15,41 mg/kg). While, leads content in sea water from Station II, III and IV were identified passed the threshold based on the standart quality for port waters of the Environment Ministry in 2004. The highest lead content was obtained at Station III (2,37 mg/l).Keywords : Heavy metal (Pb), sediment and sea water, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS) ABSTRAKPelabuhan nelayan Gampong Deah Glumpang merupakan pelabuhan yang memiliki aktivitas multifungsi, sehingga perairan tersebut rentan terhadap pencemaran logam berat seperti Pb. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kandungan logam berat timbal (Pb) pada air laut dan sedimen. Penelitian ini dilakukan di pelabuhan nelayan Gampong Deah Glumpang, Kota Banda Aceh pada Bulan Oktober 2016. Sampel dianalisis menggunakan Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS) di laboratorium Badan Riset dan Standarisasi Industri Aceh (BARISTAND). Pengambilan sampel sedimen dan air laut dilakukan pada empat Stasiun dengan metode purposive sampling. Kadar Pb pada sedimen di tiga Stasiun pengamatan teridentifikasi dalam kategori rendah sesuai dengan standar baku mutu yang ditetapkan oleh Swedish Environmental Protection Agency (SEPA). Kadar logam Pb tertinggi pada sedimen terdapat di Stasiun II yaitu sebesar 15,41 mg/kg. Hasil analisis sampel air laut pada Stasiun II, III dan IV teridentifikasi telah melewati ambang batas baku mutu berdasarkan ketetapan Menteri Lingkungan Hidup Tahun 2004 untuk perairan pelabuhan. Kadar tertinggi diperoleh pada Stasiun III sebesar 2,37 mg/l.Kata kunci : Logam berat timbal (Pb), sedimen dan air aut, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS)
Keanekaragaman Dan Dominansi Plankton Di Estuari Kuala Rigaih Kecamatan Setia Bakti Kabupaten Aceh Jaya Rahmatullah, Rahmatullah; Ali, M. Sarong; Karina, Sofyatuddin
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Kelautan Perikanan Unsyiah Vol 1, No 3 (2016): November 2016
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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The objective of this research was to figure out the diversity and dominance index of plankton in the waters of Kuala Rigaih, Aceh Jaya District. Samples were collected on October 2015 from three stations, namely upstream, estuary and downstream of the river. Sampling was conducted randomly with three repetitions, then samples were analyzed at the Laboratory of Marine Biology, Marine and Fisheries Faculty, Syiah Kuala University. The result showed that the diversity value in the waters of Kuala Rigaih ranged from 1.41 to 1.87 with the dominance value ranged from 1.41 to 0.28. This indicated that the diversity of plankton in the waters of Kuala Rigaih was cathegorized as moderate and there wasn’t the plankton spesies that dominated in the area Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui tingkat keanekaragaman dan dominansi spesies plankton di perairan Kuala Rigaih, Kabupaten Aceh Jaya. Pengambilan sampel dilaksanakan pada Bulan Oktober 2015, pada 3 stasiun yaitu hulu sungai, muara dan dekat laut (hilir). Pengambilan sampel plankton dilakukan secara acak pada saat pasang sebanyak 3 kali ulangan. Sampel plankton dianalisis di Laboratorium Biologi Laut, Fakultas Kelautan dan Perikanan, Unsyiah. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa nilai indeks keanekaragaman (H’) di perairan Kuala Rigaih berkisar 1,41-1,87 dengan indeks dominansi (D) berkisar 0,18-0,28. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa tingkat keanekaragaman spesies plankton di perairan Kuala Rigaih adalah sedang dan tidak ada spesies plankton yang mendominansi spesies lainnya (dominansi rendah).
UJI SELEKTIVITAS EKSTRAK ETIL ASETAT (ETOAC) BIJI PUTAT AIR (BARRINGTONIA RACEMOSA) TERHADAP KEONG MAS (POMACEA CANALICULATA) DAN IKAN LELE LOKAL (CLARIAS BATRACHUS) Musman, Musri; Karina, Sofyatuddin; Melanie, Kavinta
DEPIK Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan Vol 1, No 1 (2012): April 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract. This study examined the selectivity of ethyl acetate extract of putat air (Barringtonia racemosa) in controlling Pomacea canaliculata compared to local catfish (Clarias batrachus). Five concentration of putat air (25, 50, 100, 200, and 400 ppm) with triplicate were tested in this study. The powder of putat air kernel was extracted through increasing the polarity of solvent, i.e. dichloromethane, ethyl acetate, and methanol. The mortality data were analyzed using Trimmed Spearman Karber (TSK) program version 1.5. The selectivity value was calculated based on LC50 values obtained from TSK. The results showed that (1) LC50 values of putat air's kernel extract of putat air to P. canaliculata and C. batrachus were 25.00 and 87.06 ppm, respectively, (2) the selectivity value of putat air's kernel extract as molluscicide of P. canaliculata was 3.48. Key words: Pomacea canaliculata, local catfish (Clarias batrachus), putat air (Barringtonia racemosa).
PENGARUH SALINITAS DAN DAYA APUNG TERHADAP DAYA TETAS TELUR IKAN BANDENG, CHANOS-CHANOS Karina, Sofyatuddin; R, Rizwan; K, Khairunnisak
DEPIK Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan Vol 1, No 1 (2012): April 2012
Publisher : Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (89.55 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/depik.1.1.22

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Abstract. The objective of this research was to study the influence of salinity and buoyancy on hatchability of milkfish eggs (Chanos-chanos). The completely random design was used this study. Two factors i.e. salinity and buoyancy were tested where the salinity with three levels oncentration; 16, 23 and 30 ppt, while the buoyancy with three egg buoyancy categories i.e. floating, drifting and sinking with three replicates respectively. The result showed that the hatchability of floating eggs in tested salinities were 76,7% ; 78,75% ; 91,7%, for 16, 23 and 30 ppt, respectively. Then drifting eggs were 65,3%; 67,0%; 77,0% and sinking eggs were 54,0% ; 55,3% ; 65,0% for 16, 23 and 30 ppt, respectively. In generally, the hatchability was increased with increasing of salinity. In addition, the hatchability of the floating eggs was higher than the sinking eggs. Keyword: Salinity, buoyancy, hatchability, milkfish.
PEMANFAATAN EKSTRAK DAUN INAI (LAWSONIA INERMIS L.) SEBAGAI BAKTERISIDA TERHADAP AEROMONAS HYDROPHILA YANG MENGINFEKSI IKAN LELE SANGKURIANG (CLARIAS GARIEPINUS) Karina, Sofyatuddin; Saputri, Mimie; Naufal, Muhammad
DEPIK Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan Vol 4, No 3 (2015): DECEMBER 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (298.252 KB) | DOI: 10.13170/depik.4.3.3056

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Abstract. The objective of this research was to find out the effectiveness of henna leaf extract (Lawsonia inermis L.) on A. hydrophila in vitro and its effect on the survival rate of Clarias gariepinus that infected by those bacterias in vivo. The research was conducted at chemistry laboratory of Teacher Training and Education Faculty, Syiah Kuala University and at Microbiology laboratory, Brackishwater aquaculture Department Center, Ujong Batee on Avril to September, 2015. The research involved in vitro test with the inhibition zone as measured parameter and in vivo test with the survival rate value as measured parameter. The treated concentrations were 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5% of extract. The result of in vitro test showed that henna leaf extract was effective against A. hydrophila with the inhibition zone for 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5% extract were 5.45; 5.7; 6.5; 7.5; and 9.6 mm, respectively. The result of ANOVA test showed that henna leaf extract has a significant effect on the survival rate of catfish (P 0.05). The best survival rate was obtained at 4% of extract  concentration.  Keywords: Aeromonas hydrophila; henna leaf extract; catfishAbstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui efektivitas ekstrak daun inai (Lawsonia inermis L.) terhadap A. hydrophila secara in vitro dan pengaruhnya secara in vivo terhadap kelangsungan hidup ikan lele sangkuriang (Clarias gariepinus) yang terinfeksi bakteri ini dengan cara perendaman. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Laboratorium kimia, FKIP Unsyiah dan Laboratorium Mikrobiologi Balai Budidaya Perikanan Air Payau (BBAP) Ujong Batee pada dari bulan April hingga bulan September 2015. Penelitian ini meliputi uji in vitro dengan parameter uji berupa zona hambat ekstrak terhadap bakteri dan uji in vivo dengan parameter uji berupa nilai kelangsungan hidup ikan lele sangkuriang pasca perlakuan dengan ekstrak. Konsentrasi perlakuan yang dilakukan adalah 1, 2, 3, 4, dan 5%. Hasil uji in vitro menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak daun inai (Lawsonia inermis L.) terbukti efektif terhadap Aeromonas hydrophila dengan nilai zona  hambat secara berturut-turut terhadap konsentrasi 1, 2, 3, 4 dan 5% adalah 5,45; 5,7; 6,5; 7,5; dan 9,6 mm. Hasil uji ANOVA menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak daun inai berpengaruh nyata (P 0,05) terhadap kelangsungan hidup ikan lele sangkuriang. Tingkat kelangsungan hidup ikan terbaik diperoleh pada konsentrasi ekstrak 4%.Kata kunci : Aeromonas hydrophila; ekstrak daun inai; ikan lele sangkuriang   
INDEKS NILAI PENTING VEGETASI MANGROVE DI KAWASAN KUALA IDI, KABUPATEN ACEH TIMUR Parmadi, Eggy Havid; Dewiyanti, Irma; Karina, Sofyatuddin
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Kelautan Perikanan Unsyiah Vol 1, No 1 (2016): April 2016
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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The purpose of this research for determine to important value index at the mangrove range of area in Kuala Idi fishing port, East Aceh. This research was carried out on July–December 2015. Determine of sampling site used purpose sampling method and quadrate transect. The 6 (six) species of mangrove was found in locate, there are : R. Apiculata, R. Mucronata, R. Stylosa, Sonneratia Alba, Avicennia Lanata and Acanthus Ilicifolius. The results showed the highest in tree types was founded R. Apiculata at station 4 was 300% and the highest for seedling type was founded in R. Mucronata at station 3 was 123,33%.  Keywords : Mangrove, Kuala Idi, Density Type, Frequency Type, Closure Type,  Index of Important Values (IVI). Penelitian ini bertujuaan untuk mengetahui Indeks Nilai Penting (INP) pada area mangrove dipelabuhan Kauala Idi, Aceh Timur. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Juli-Desember 2015. Penetuan titik sampling diambil dengan menggunakan metode purposive sampling dan sampel yang diambil dengan menggunakan transek kuadrat. Ada 6 jenis mangrove yang ditemukan pada lokasi penelitian, yaitu: R. Apiculata, R. Mucronata, R. Stylosa, Sonneratia Alba, Avicennia Lanata, dan Acanthus Ilicifolius. Penelitian ini menunjukan Indeks Nilai Penting tertinggi pada tingkat pohon ditemukan R. Apiculata di stasiun 4  yaitu  sebesar 300%, Indek Nilai Penting tertinggi pada tingkat anakan ditemukan R. Apiculata di stasiun 4 sebesar 191,97%, dan Indek Nilai Penting tertinggi pada tingkat semai ditemukan R. Mucronata di stasiun 3 sebesar 123,33%.  Kata kunci : Kuala Idi, Mangrove, Kerapatan Jenis, Frekuensi Jenis, Penutupan Jenis, Indeks Nilai Penting (INP).  
PENGENDALIAN INFESTASI EKTOPARASIT Dactylogyrus sp. PADA BENIH IKAN PATIN (Pangasius sp.) DENGAN PENAMBAHAN GARAM DAPUR Tarmizi, Tarmizi; Karina, Sofyatuddin; Aliza, Dwinna
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Kelautan Perikanan Unsyiah Vol 1, No 2 (2016): Agustus 2016
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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The objective of this study was to find out the optimum salinity of media to control Dactylogyrus sp. in catfish. This research was conducted at Marine Biology Laboratory, Marine and Fisheries Faculty on January 2016. This research used non factorial completely randomized design (CRD) with 5 treatments and 4 replications I.e (A) 0 ppt, (B) ppt, (C) 8 ppt, (D) 9 ppt and  (E) 10 ppt. The observed parameters were the prevalence and intensity of Dactylogyrus sp. the survival rate of catfish and the water quality of media. The result of this study indicated that the salinity significantly affects the prevalence and intesity of Dactylogyrus, but did not affect the survival rate of catfish. The lower  prevalence  and intesity of Dactylogyrus sp. was obtained  at the treatment of 10 ppt with value 37,50% and 1,00 ind/fish.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui salinitas optimal yang dapat mengendali Dactylogyrus sp. pada ikan patin. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Laboratorium Biologi Laut, Fakultas Kelautan dan Perikanan, Universitas Syiah Kuala pada Bulan Januari 2016. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) non faktorial yang terdiri 5 perlakuan salinitas dan 4 ulangan yaitu (A) 0 ppt, (B) 7  ppt, (C) 8 ppt, (D) 9 ppt, dan (E) 10 ppt. Parameter yang diukur yaitu prevalensi, intensitas Dactylogyrus sp. tingkat kelangsungan hidup ikan patin, serta parameter fisika kimia - kualitas air. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa salinitas berpengaruh nyata terhadap prevalensi dan intensitas Dactylogyrus sp., namun tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap kelangsungan hidup ikan patin. Tingkat intensitas dan prevalensi Dactylogyrus sp. terendah terdapat pada perlakuan 10 ppt dengan nilai 37,50% dan 1,00 ind/ekor.
UJI EFEKTIVITAS ANTI PARASIT EKSTRAK DAUN BIDURI (Calotropis gigantea) TERHADAP LINTAH IKAN (Piscicola geometra) PADA IKAN NILA (Oreochromis nilotcus) Syukur, Muhammad; Karina, Sofyatuddin; Ramelan, Ramelan
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Kelautan Perikanan Unsyiah Vol 1, No 2 (2016): Agustus 2016
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh ekstrak daun biduri (Calotropis gigantea) terhadap mortalitas lintah ikan (Piscicola geometra) pada ikan nila (Oreochromis niloticus). Penelitian ini dilakukan di Balai Perikanan Budidaya Air Payau (BPBAP) Ujung Batee pada bulan Januari 2016.Penelitian ini dilakukan secara eksperimental menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan enam taraf perlakuan dan empat pengulangan. Perlakuan yang diberikan meliputi konsentrasi ekstrak daun biduri dengan konsentrasi 0 (kontrol), 10, 25, 50, 75 dan 100 ppm. Hasil uji ANOVA menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak daun biduri (C. gigantea) berpengaruh nyata terhadap mortalitas lintah ikan pada taraf uji 5% (P<0,05). Konsentrasi optimal ekstrak pada penelitian ini yaitu pada perlakuan E dengan konsentrasi 75 ppm.The objective of this research was to determine the effect of (Calotropis gigantea) leaf extract on the mortality (Piscicola geometra) that infected tilapia fish (Oreochromis nilotucus). This research was conducted at Brackish Water Aquaculture Development Center, Ujung Batee on January, 2016. The research was designed using Completely Randomized Design with six treatments and four trials. The treatments involved the extract concentration of 0, 10, 25, 50, 75 and 100 ppm. The result of ANOVA Showed that the extract of C. gigantea have the significant effect on P. geometra mortality (P< 0,05). The optimum concentration of this extract in this study was at 75 ppm (treatment E).  Keywords: Mortality, Oreochromis niloticus, Piscicola geometra, Calotropis                gigantea ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh ekstrak daun biduri (Calotropis gigantea) terhadap mortalitas lintah ikan (Piscicola geometra) pada ikan nila (Oreochromis niloticus). Penelitian ini dilakukan di Balai Perikanan Budidaya Air Payau (BPBAP) Ujung Batee pada bulan Januari 2016.Penelitian ini dilakukan secara eksperimental menggunakan Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan enam taraf perlakuan dan empat pengulangan. Perlakuan yang diberikan meliputi konsentrasi ekstrak daun biduri dengan konsentrasi 0 (kontrol), 10, 25, 50, 75 dan 100 ppm. Hasil uji ANOVA menunjukkan bahwa ekstrak daun biduri (C. gigantea) berpengaruh nyata terhadap mortalitas lintah ikan pada taraf uji 5% (P<0,05). Konsentrasi optimal ekstrak pada penelitian ini yaitu pada perlakuan E dengan konsentrasi 75 ppm.
STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS MAKROZOOBENTHOS DAN KONDISI SUBSTRAT PADA KAWASAN MANGROVE DI PESISIR PULAU WEH Muliawan, Riski; Dewiyanti, Irma; Karina, Sofyatuddin
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Kelautan Perikanan Unsyiah Vol 1, No 2 (2016): Agustus 2016
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

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This study was conducted in December 2015 at Weh Island. Determination of the station is done by using purposive sampling method. Macrozoobenthos were found as many as 26 species that was on the scene towards the sea, while at the location towards the land there are 23 species were found to consist of three classes : Gastropoda (landward 59% ) (seaward 54% ), bivalves (landward 16% ) (seaward 25% ), and crustaceans  (landward 25%) ( seaward  21%). Makrozobenthos highest density was found in the station 3 with density values of 45,33ind/ m2. Diversity index (H ) landward (2,86 ) and the direction of the sea (2,81), uniformity (E) landward ( 0,91) and the direction of the sea (0,98) and dominance (C) towards the land (0,16 ) and the direction of the sea (0,16). The distribution pattern type is divided into 2 categories: clumped and uniform pattern. Similarity index in the coastal island of Weh in 5 stations ranged 25% - 50%.%.Substrate condition in the can at the study site in the form of sand , silt and argillaceous. The content of the substrate is the highest in the study site in the form of sand in the can at the station 3 towards the land (74 %) and sea (61 %). Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada Bulan Desember 2015 di Pulau Weh. Penentuan stasiun dilakukan dengan menggunakan Metode Purposive Sampling. Makrozoobenthos yang ditemukan sebanyak 26 spesies yang berada di lokasi arah laut, sedangkan di lokasi arah darat terdapat 23 jenis spesies yang ditemukan yang terdiri dari 3 kelas, yaitu Gastropoda (arah darat 59%) (arah laut 54%), Bivalvia (arah darat 16%) (arah laut 25%), dan Crustacea (arah darat 25%) (arah laut 21%). Kepadatan makrozobenthos yang tertinggi ditemukan pada stasiun 3 dengan nilai kepadatan sebesar 45,33ind/m2. Indeks keanekaragaman (H’) arah darat (2,86 ) dan arah laut (2,81), keseragaman (E) arah darat (0,91) dan arah laut (0,98), dan Dominansi (C) arah darat (0,16) dan arah laut (0,16). Pola Sebaran Jenis terbagi kedalam 2 kategori yaitu pola mengelompok dan seragam. Indeks similaritas di Pesisir Pulau Weh di 5 stasiun berkisar antara 25% - 50%. Kondisi substrat yang didapat di lokasi penelitian berupa pasir, lumpur dan berlempung. Kandungan  substrat ditemukantertinggi pasir pada stasiun 3 arah darat (74%) dan arah laut (61%).
PENGARUH EKSTRAK DAUN Avicennia marina TERHADAP DAYA TETAS TELUR IKAN LELE DUMBO (Clarias gariepinus) Rahmi, Dian; Karina, Sofyatuddin; Dewiyanti, Irma
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Kelautan Perikanan Unsyiah Vol 1, No 2 (2016): Agustus 2016
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This research aimed to determine the effect of leaf extract of Avicennia marina on hatching rate of African catfish’s eggs (Clarias gariepinus). This research was conducted in the fish hatchery, BBI (Balai Benih Ikan) Lukup Badak, Pegasing district in regency of Central Aceh, on February 2016. This research used a completely randomized design with six treatments level and four replications. The samples used were African catfish’s eggs. Previously, the health fertilized eggs were infected by the infected eggs by Saprolegnia sp., Each compartment contained of 100 health fertilized eggs and 30 infected eggs. Furthermore, the eggs were immersed in the test solution of Avicenna marina leaf extract, with the concentration treatment: 0; 10; 20; 30; 40; and 50 ppm. The ANOVA test results showed that the addition of Avicenna marina leaf extract significantly effect on the hatching rate of African catfish’s eggs at the significant level of 95%. The further test results of Honestly Significant Difference Test indicated that the percentage of hatching rate of African catfish’s eggs were different between leaf extract treatments. The optimum concentration of Avicennia marina in this research was 50 ppm the hatching rate value was 92%. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh ekstrak daun Avicennia marina terhadap daya tetas telur ikan lele dumbo (Clarias gariepinus). Penelitian ini dilakukan di BBI (Balai Benih Ikan) Lukup Badak, Kec. Pegasing, Kab. Aceh Tengah, pada bulan Februari 2016. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan enam taraf perlakuan dan empat ulangan. Sampel yang digunakan adalah telur ikan lele dumbo. Telur sehat terlebih dahulu diinfeksikan dengan telur yang terserang jamur, setiap wadah perlakuan terdapat 100 butir telur sehat dan 30 butir telur terinfeksi. Selanjutnya telur ini direndam dalam larutan uji ekstrak daun A. marina, dengan perlakuan konsentrasi 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, dan 50 ppm. Hasil uji ANOVA menunjukkan bahwa penambahan ekstrak daun A. marina berpengaruh nyata terhadap daya tetas telur ikan lele dumbo pada taraf kepercayaan 95%. Hasil uji lanjut Beda Nyata Jujur menunjukkan bahwa persentase daya tetas telur ikan lele dumbo berbeda antar perlakuan. Konsentrasi optimum ekstrak daun A. marina pada penelitian ini adalah 50 ppm dengan menghasilkan daya tetas telur sebesar 92%.