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PREDATION OF FIVE GENERALIST PREDATORS ON BROWN PLANTHOPPER (NILAPARVATA LUGENS STÃ¥L) KARINDAH, SRI
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol. 8 No. 2 (2011)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

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Abstract

Two generalist predators of brown planthopper, Metioche vittaticollis and Anaxipha longipennis (Gryllidae) have not been much studied in Indonesia. This research was conducted to study and compare the predatory ability of M. vittaticollis, A. longipennis (Gryllidae) and three coleopterans, Paederus fuscipes (Staphylinidae), Ophionea sp. (Carabidae), and Micraspis sp. (Coccinellidae) against brown planthopper (fourth and fifth instars) under laboratory condition. In total, 20 nymphs of N. lugens were exposed for 2 hour to each predator for 5 consecutive days. Prey consumptions by the predatory crickets, M. vittaticollis and A. longipennis were greater than the other predators and followed by A. longipennis, Micraspis sp., P. fuscipes, and Ophionea sp. respectively Consumption rates of M. vittaticolis and A. longipenis were also higher than other predators. Micraspis sp was more active on predation in the morning, while M. vittaticollis, A. longipennis, P. fuscipes, and Ophionea sp. were more active both in the morning and the night but not in the afternoon. However, all five species of predators were not so active in preying during the afternoon. In conclusion, a major effort should be extended to conserve these predatory crickets especially M. vittaticollis and A. longipennis. KEY WORDS: Prey consumption, Metioche vittaticollis, Anaxipha longipennis
KETERTARIKAN ANAXIPHA LONGIPENNIS SERVILLE (ORTHOPTERA: GRYLLIDAE) TERHADAP BEBERAPA JENIS GULMA DI SAWAH SEBAGAI TEMPAT BERTELUR KARINDAH, SRI; PURWANINGSIH, ARDIYANTI; AGUSTIN, ANIS; ASTUTI, LUDJI PANTJA
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol. 8 No. 1 (2011)
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

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Abstract

Anaxipha longipennis Serville (Orthoptera: Gryllidae) is one of the generalist predator in rice habitat that has a potential as a biological control agents of rice leaf folder eggs and small insects such as rice hoppers. Females insert their eggs in plant tissue. The female?s oviposition site is important for the subsequent distribution of the cricket. Oviposition preference on 17 weeds species from rice habitat were tested in a free choice experiment in the laboratory. There was strong evidence to conclude that the cricket preferred certain plant for laying eggs. In free choice experiment nine species of weeds were preferred by A. longipennis for laying their eggs instead of rice. The preferred species were ranked as follows: rice, Monochoria vaginalis, Cyperus rotundus, C. iria, Echinochloa colonum, E. crusgalli, Eleusine indica, Fimbristylis miliacea, Imperata cylindrica, and Limnocharis flava. Whereas Ageratum conyzoides, Alternanthera sessilis, Commelina diffusa, Leersia hexandra, Leptochloa chinensis, Ludwigia adscendens, Panicum repens, and Sonchus arvensis were not preferred in free-choice test. KEY WORDS: Anaxipha longipennis, oviposition sites, rice, weed
Ketertarikan Anaxipha longipennis Serville (Orthoptera: Gryllidae) terhadap Beberapa Jenis Gulma di Sawah sebagai Tempat Bertelur Karindah, Sri; Purwaningsih, Ardiyanti; Agustin, Anis
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 8, No 1 (2011): April
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5994/jei.8.1.27

Abstract

Anaxipha longipennis Serville (Orthoptera: Gryllidae) is one of the generalist predator in rice habitat that has a potential as a biological control agents of rice leaf folder eggs and small insects such as rice hoppers. Females insert their eggs in plant tissue. The female’s oviposition site is important for the subsequent distribution of the cricket. Oviposition preference on 17 weeds species from rice habitat were tested in a free choice experiment in the laboratory. There was strong evidence to conclude that the cricket preferred certain plant for laying eggs. In free choice experiment nine species of weeds were preferred by A. longipennis for laying their eggs instead of rice. The preferred species were ranked as follows: rice, Monochoria vaginalis, Cyperus rotundus, C. iria, Echinochloa colonum, E. crusgalli, Eleusine indica, Fimbristylis miliacea, Imperata cylindrica, and Limnocharis flava. Whereas Ageratum conyzoides, Alternanthera sessilis, Commelina diffusa, Leersia hexandra, Leptochloa chinensis, Ludwigia adscendens, Panicum repens, and Sonchus arvensis were not preferred in free-choice test.
Parasitoid larva-pupa Tetrastichus howardi (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) pada Pluttella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Yponomeutidae) di pertanaman kubis kecamatan batu dan poncokusumo, kabupaten malang Karindah, Sri; Sutanto, Sutanto; Siswanto, E.; Sulistyowati, L.
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 2, No 1 (2005): April
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5994/jei.2.1.61

Abstract

The surveys of larval parasitiod Plutella xylostella, which have been done in cabbage plantations area in Batu and Poncokusumo, Malang east Java, found other larval parasitoid biside the commonly larval parasitiod Diagdema semiclausum. The parasitoid was Teratichus howardi (Hyminoptera: Eulophidae). The percentage of parasitism was dependent of the altitude of cabbage plantation and developmental stage of crop. The percent of parasitism could reach 82% when parasitized larvae sampled in cabbage plant and the crop stage. Parasitism was also higher at the medium lowland rather than it was that the upland. T. howardi is a gregrarious larval-pupa endoparasitoid. The life cycle of T. howardi was 14-16 days. The longevity of male and female was influenced by the availability of hosts or the change of mating. The longevity of mated female which was offered some host is 14-21 days, but the longevity of mated female without hosts was 38-56 days. The mated male parasitoid lived from 1 to 4 days, but they lived 12-16 days when they were not mated. One female could lay some cluster of egg varied from 35-60 eggs cluster or from 142 to 235 eggs during the lifespan. One eggs cluster consist of ±4 eggs. The parasitoid laid one or two clusters of egg per host. Parasitoid laid eggs soon after mating at day one from eclosion until day 19th. Four to 28 Parasitoids could emerge from one host. One parasitoid was able to parasitize 17-30 larvae of P. xylostella.
Pengaruh Pengelolaan Habitat terhadap Serangan Conopomorpha cramerella dan Kepik Helopeltis antonii pada Kakao Purwaningsih, Ardiyanti; Mudjiono, Gatot; Karindah, Sri
Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar Vol 1, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perkebunan

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Abstract

Pengelolaan habitat dengan menerapkan teknologi budidaya kakao yang baik harus dilakukan untuk memperbaiki kesuburan tanah, meningkatkan keanekaragaman hayati dan meningkatkan kesehatan tanaman. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengetahui pengaruh pengelolaan habitat terhadap serangan penggerek buah kakao (PBK) Conophomorpha cramerella dan kepik pengisap buah Helopeltis antonii. Penelitian dilaksanakan bulan Oktober 2013 sampai April 2014 di kebun kakao rakyat di Kecamatan Sumbermanjing Wetan, Kabupaten Malang, Jawa Timur. Desain penetapan sampel tanaman kakao ditentukan berdasarkan metode kuadran sistematik dua dimensi. Perlakuan terdiri dari petak pengelolaan habitat berupa aplikasi rorak, irigasi tetes dengan teh kompos, penambahan bahan organik, dan biopori cacing, dan petak konvensional yang dikelola berdasarkan kebiasaan petani. Masing-masing blok terdiri dari 24 sub blok pengamatan dan jumlah tanaman per sub blok adalah 4 pohon. Pengamatan meliputi jumlah buah, bobot biji basah, kelimpahan serangga, persentase dan intensitas serangan C. cramerella dan H. antonii. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pengelolaan habitat secara signifikan meningkatkan jumlah buah kakao, meningkatkan keanekaragaman serangga terutama serangga yang menjadi musuh alami, serta menurunkan persentase dan intensitas serangan C. cramerella dan H. antonii.Kata kunci: Pengelolaan habitat, kakao, Conophomorpha cramerella, Helopeltis antoniiHabitat management of cocoa cultivation must be carried out to improve the fertility of soil, increase the biodiversity and the plant’s health. The objective of this study was to elucidate the effect of habitat management on the cocoa pod borer Conophomorpha cramerella and cocoa mirid Helopeltis antonii attack. The research was conducted from October 2013 to April 2014 in Sumbermanjing Wetan District, Malang Regency, East Java. The research was compared cocoa plantation with habitat management and the conventionally managed cocoa plantation as a control. Habitat manipulation techniques used in this research were providing ditch and worm biopores, applying organic matter and compost tea drip irrigation. There were 24 sub blocks for each plot and 4 plants per sub block. The results showed that the habitat management was capable to increase the number of cocoa pods, stimulate an increasing in the diversity of insects, particularly the number of natural enemies, and decrease the percentage and intensity of C. cramerella and H. antonii attack.
Populasi Elaeidobius kamerunicus Faust (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) pada beberapa umur tanaman kelapa sawit Rahardjo, Bambang Tri; Rizali, Akhmad; Utami, Ika Putri; Karindah, Sri; Puspitarini, Retno Dyah; Sahari, Bandung
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 15, No 1 (2018): March
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5994/jei.15.1.31

Abstract

Kumbang Elaeidobius kamerunicus Faust merupakan serangga polinator kelapa sawit yang hidup pada bunga jantan dan mengunjungi bunga betina untuk melakukan penyerbukan karena ketertarikan terhadap senyawa volatil yang dikeluarkan. Kuantitas fruit set kelapa sawit yang dihasilkan berhubungan dengan populasi E. kamerunicus pada suatu lahan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari pengaruh umur tanaman kelapa sawit terhadap populasi kumbang E. kamerunicus. Penelitian dilakukan di perkebunan kelapa sawit yang terletak di Pangkalan Lada, Kotawaringin Barat, Kalimantan Tengah. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah berupa penghitungan populasi E. kamerunicus pada bunga jantan dan pemasangan sticky trap pada bunga betina. Plot pengamatan berukuran 7000 m2 (100 pohon) dengan variasi umur tanaman kelapa sawit, yaitu 6, 10, dan 16 tahun. Setiap plot dihitung jumlah bunga jantan dan betina yang mekar dan ditentukan beberapa bunga untuk pengukuran populasi E. kamerunicus yang dilakukan setiap bulan selama tiga bulan pengamatan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa umur tanaman kelapa sawit berpengaruh terhadap populasi E. kamerunicus pada bunga jantan tapi tidak pada bunga betina. Semakin tua umur kelapa sawit, populasi E. kamerunicus pada bunga jantan semakin meningkat. Rasio jenis kelamin E. kamerunicus yang ditemukan pada bunga jantan dan betina kelapa sawit cenderung bias betina. Berdasarkan perbandingan populasi E. kamerunicus pada bunga jantan dan betina pada setiap plot diperoleh bahwa nilai kunjungan E. kamerunicus paling tinggi ditemukan pada umur kelapa sawit muda. Sebagai kesimpulan, pertambahan umur kelapa sawit mempengaruhi peningkatan populasi E. kamerunicus pada bunga jantan tapi persentase kunjungan ke bunga betina menjadi semakin menurun.
Biology and Predatory Behavior of Metioche vittaticollis (Stal) (Orthoptera: Gryllidae) Karindah, Sri; Yanuwiadi, Bagyo; Sulistyowati, Liliek
Journal of Tropical Plant Protection Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

Metioche vittaticollis (Stal) is one of the generalist predator in rice field habitat. The biology and predatory behavior were studied in the laboratory. The life cycle of M. vittaticollis (Stal) averaged 40–61 days at 26°-28oC. The eggs were inserted singly within the leaf sheath of rice or weeds and hatched in 14.28 days. The nymphal period was varied between 27 and 45 days and passed four nymphal stadia. Female fecundity was averaged 50 eggs during her lifetime. The longevity of the female or male adult was ranged from 20 to 38 days. The average longevity of females and males were 29.24 and 25.00 days, respectively. The longevity of unmated female or male were longer than the mated female or male. The egg and first instar nymph sustained the high mortality of 30% and 25%, respectively, whilst there was less mortality in the third and fourth instar nymph. The adult females of M. vittaticollis survived for 32 days and the rate of survival was high in the young adults but decreased as the cricket aged. The females were more preferred to Brown Plant Hopper (BHP) nymph than the males. The early nymph stage of prey was the most stage to be fed by M. vittaticollis. However, the predation declined when they were given prey of late instar of BPH nymphs. Fewer adult stage of BPH was consumed by both male and female crickets.Key words: biology; generalist predator; prey consumption; Metioche vittaticollis
Growth and Development of Bactrocera carambolae Drew & Handcock (Diptera: Tephritidae) on three artificial diets Himawan, Toto; Karindah, Sri; Hendrawan, Deni
Journal of Tropical Plant Protection Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : University of Brawijaya

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Abstract

AbstractPollard and tofu waste as main component of food for Fruit fly (Bactrocera carambolae) gave better nutrition to support their growth and development than tapioca waste. Pollard, tofu waste and tapioca waste contributed to finish fruit fly life cycles 16, 47, 17, 83 and 18.77 days respectively. Oviposition period of fruit fly on pollard was longer than others. Total number of eggs was laid by fruit fly on pollard about twice to three times higher than others. In addition, longest period of male and female adults was shown by pollard. Net reproduction rate (Ro), mean of life span period (T), intrinsic rate of increase (rm), rate of limit rate of increase (λ) and reproduction value (RVx) shown by life table explained that pollard was suitable material for rearing of B. carambolae as diet.Keywords: artificial diet, B. carambolae, pollard, tofu waste, tapioca waste
Predation of Five Generalist Predators on Brown Planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stål) Karindah, Sri
Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia Vol 8, No 2 (2011): September
Publisher : Perhimpunan Entomologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.5994/jei.8.2.55-62

Abstract

Metioche vittaticollis dan Anaxipha longipennis (Orthoptera: Gryllidae) adalah predator generalis di habitat sawah yang belum banyak diteliti di Indonesia. Pada penelitian ini diamati dan dibandingkan daya mangsa kedua predator tersebut dengan Paederus fuscipes (Staphylinidae), Ophionea sp. (Carabidae) dan Micraspis sp. (Coccinellidae) pada nimfa wereng batang coklat Nilaparvata lugens (instar ke- 4 dan ke- 5) di laboratorium. Sebanyak 20 nimfa N. lugens diberikan pada masing-masing predator selama 2 jam dan pemberian mangsa dilakukan selama 5 hari berturut-turut. M. vittaticollis memangsa nimfa wereng batang coklat paling banyak dan selanjutnya diikuti berturut-turut oleh A. longipennis, Micraspis sp., P. fuscipes, dan Ophionea sp. Daya mangsa M. vittaticollis dan A. longipennis lebih tinggi daripada ketiga predator yang lain. Micraspis sp. lebih aktif memangsa pada pagi hari, sedangkan M. vittaticolis, A. longipennis, P. fuscipes dan Ophionea sp. lebih aktif memangsa pada pagi dan malam hari. Kelima species predator tersebut tidak aktif memangsa pada siang hari. Dengan melihat kemampuan mem-predasinya yang tinggi, suatu usaha yang sungguh-sungguh perlu dilakukan untuk melestarikan predator-predator tersebut, khususnya M. vittaticollis dan A. longipennis.
Three Species of Weeds Enhance The Population of Predator and Parasitoid of Coffee Berry Borers Daniati, Cucu; Karindah, Sri; Puspitarini, Retno
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 10, No 1 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v10i1.12076

Abstract

Flowering weeds can serve as refugia for natural enemies. In coffee plantation, they might has the potential to attract predator and parasitoid of Coffee Berry Borer (CBB), Hypothenemus hampei Ferr. (Coleoptera: Scolytidae). The aim of this research was to elucidate the influence of weeds to the presence of predator dan parasitoid and their impact to the population of CBB. The research was conducted at Ngantang, Malang Regency and in Laboratory of Pest, Faculty of Agriculture, Brawijaya University. Three types of weed used were: Ageratum conyzoides L. (Asteraceae), Synedrela nodiflora(L.) Gaertn. (Asteraceae), and Arachis pintoi Krap. & Greg. (Fabaceae). The research consisted of two experiments (1) coffee plot with single species of weed and (2) coffee plot with two species of weeds. The results of experiment I and II showed that A. conyzoides, S. nodiflora, A. pintoi and its combination in coffee plantation significantly attracted the predator and parasitoid of CBB. The population of CBB was not significantly different between coffee plot with and without weed. The existence of A. conyzoides, S. nodiflora and A. pintoi in coffee plantations could increase the number of predator and parasitoid of CBB around coffee tree. This result showed that the presence of weeds in coffee plantation is an important factor in maintaining the predators and parasitoid of CBB population.