Nieke Karnaningroem
Departement of Environmental Engineering, Sepuluh Nopember Institute of Tecnology, Jl. Raya ITS Keputih Sukolilo, Surabaya 60111

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INVENTARISASI LIMBAH CAIR DAN PADAT PUSKESMAS DI SURABAYA UTARA SEBAGAI UPAYA PENGELOLAAN LINGKUNGAN Putri, Menik Mustika Wahyuningrum Surya; Moesriati, Atiek; Karnaningroem, Nieke
Jurnal Teknik ITS Vol 5, No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat (LPPM), ITS

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (548.117 KB) | DOI: 10.12962/j23373539.v5i2.18144

Abstract

Puskesmas menghasilkan limbah pada setiap aktivitasnya. Limbah yang dihasilkan berbentuk cair dan padat. Limbah yang tidak tertangani dengan baik akan mencemari lingkungan disekitar Puskesmas. Maka, penelitian ini untuk mengetahui bagaimana proses penanganan pengelolaan limbah cair dan padat di Puskesmas Surabaya Utara apakah  sesuai Peraturan Gubernur Jawa Timur No.72 Tahun 2013 tentang Baku Mutu Limbah Cair Untuk Kegiatan Rumah Sakit. Penelitian ini mengunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan studi kasus deskriptif. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara, observasi, pendataan komposisi limbah cair, berat limbah padat,dan cara pengolahannya. Hal ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan kuesioner yang telah dibuat oleh peneliti dan dibacakan  pertanyaan kepada pihak puskesmas. Pengelolaan limbah cair dan padat Pusat kesahatan masyarakat di Surabaya Utara tidak terlalu baik. Beberapa Puskesmas memiliki Instalasi Pengolahan Air Limbah (IPAL). Kuantitas limbah cair Puskesmas sebesar  1,47 m3/hari - 2,57 m3/hari , pada kualitas limbah cair beberapa parameter belum memenuhi baku mutu untuk TSS, NH3-N Bebas, PO4, dan Total Colifrom. Rekomendasi untuk Puskesmas yang telah memiliki IPAL adalah pengecekan proses aerasi, pembersihan media secara teratur  dan penambahan dosis klor. Puskesmas yang tidak memiliki IPAL disarankan membangun IPAL jenis Biofilter dengan proses yang lebih baik dari sebelumnya. Limbah padat di golongkan menjadi 3 jenis yaitu limbah padat medis, basah dan kering. Berat rata ? rata sampah basah mencapai  5625 gr, sampah kering 9439 gr,  2190 gr untuk sampah medis. Rekomendasi limbah padat adalah tempat sampah sesuai dengan jumlah volume sampah, dilengkapi dengan pelabelan, dan warna kantong plastik yang mengacu pada KepMenKes R.I. No.1428/MENKES/SK/XII/2006
RISK ASSESSMENT OF TOTAL COLIFORM IN X WTP’S WATER PRODUCTION USING FAILURE MODE AND EFFECT ANALYSIS METHOD Amanda, Bella Apriliani; Moesriati, Atiek; Karnaningroem, Nieke
TEKNIK Vol 38, No 1 (2017): (Juli 2017)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (394.2 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/teknik.v0i0.15406

Abstract

The greatest risk of drinking water supply is a failure to provide safe drinking water for communities. Based on IPA Kedunguling testing report on March 2016 noted that sample exceeding the quality standart of Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan RI No 492/2010 for the total coliform quality standart. The presence of total coliforms indicating water contamination by pathogen means the water is not safe to consume. The disinfection process has an importance rule in pathogen inactivation. Disinfectant performance is influenced by temperature, pH, turbidity, and the presence of organic materials. One way to control the quality of water produced by using a risk management approach Failure Modes and Effect Analysis (FMEA) methods. The potential risks should be measured to determine causes of the problems and find the appropriate risk reduction. The risk assessment is using Risk Priority Number (RPN) scale as a basis prioritization of remedial action on issues. Based on identification and risk analysis using FMEA known that the greatest risk of failure is the stipulation of chlorine dose and organic substances (category of high risk level); residual chlorine (category of moderate risk level); turbidity and pH (very low risk level category). Improvement proposal that can be done to reduce total coliforms presence in IPA Kedunguling is by increasing residual chlorine to 0.6 mg/l, set a daily chlorine level, controlling DBPs forming by lowering the concentration of organic precursor using granular activated carbon (GAC) or aeration, by lowering the dose of disinfectant, set aside DBPs after the compound is formed using granular activated carbon (GAC), turbidity and pH monitoring, and regularly washing the filters
Evaluation Of Communal Wastewater Treatment Plant Operating Anaerobic Baffled Reactor And Biofilter Hendriarianti, Evy; Karnaningroem, Nieke
Waste Technology Vol 4, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (982.709 KB) | DOI: 10.12777/wastech.4.1.7-12

Abstract

Construction of communal Waste Water Treatment Plant, WWTP in city of Malang since 1998 but until recently had never done an evaluation the performance. Communal WWTP performance evaluation is needed to see how far the efficiency of processing result. Until now, Environmental Agency Malang City only measure effluent from WWTP Communal  to know the suitability  with domestic wastewater quality standards. Effluent quality data in 2014 showed value above the quality standard of domestic wastewater from East Java Governor Regulation No. 72 in 2013 for parameters BOD and COD. WWTP Communal USRI research objects are on a six (6) locations by involving the user community during the planning, construction, operation and maintenance. Technology choice of ABR followed by a biofilter reactor with the stone media proved capable of processing organic matter of BOD and COD with the removal levels respectively by 78% -99% and 71% -99%. As for the parameters of TSS, NO3 and PO4 have the ranges of removal respectively by 56% -100%, (43%) - 72%, (2%) - 13%. Ratio BOD and COD in influent are low and ranged from 0.22 to 0.41. From the evaluation shows that high organic matter concentrations in influent along with the HRT and operation time high will result in a higher removal level
Evaluasi IPAL Komunal Pada Kelurahan Tlogomas, Kecamatan Lowokwaru Kota Malang Pitoyo, Edya; Hendriarianti, Evy; Karnaningroem, Nieke
Purifikasi Vol 17 No 1 (2017): Jurnal Purifikasi
Publisher : Department of Environmental Engineering-Faculty of Civil, Environmental and Geo Engineering. Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.12962/j25983806.v17.i1.44

Abstract

Perda Kota Malang nomor 17 tahun 2001 tentang Konservasi Air, bahwa segala jenis kegiatan yang menimbulkan limbah harus memiliki instalasi pengolahan air limbah. Kebijakan tersebut sedang diterapkan oleh pemerintah Kota Malang dengan melakukan pembangunan IPAL Komunal. Pada penelitian ini dilakukan evaluasi pembangunan terhadap IPAL Komunal yang berlokasi di Kelurahan Tlogomas, Kecamatan Lowokwaru, Kota Malang. Berdasarkan review IPAL Komunal yang dilakukan oleh DEWATS, ternyata mayoritas IPAL Komunal yang dibangun tidak dimonitoring, sehingga perlu dilakukan evaluasi terhadap aspek teknis untuk mendapatkan kesesuaian perencanaan dengan kriteria desain serta tingkat efektivitas dari IPAL Komunal dengan menggunakan Metoda Comprehensive Performance Evaluation. Evaluasi terhadap aspek lingkungan dari dampak operasional IPAL Komunal juga dilakukan dengan metoda  perbandingan baku mutu. Berdasarkan hasil evaluasi aspek teknis didapatkan penyisihan efisiensi, rasio BOD/COD, OLR dan HRT sudah memenuhi kriteria desain tetapi tidak sesuai dengan hasil perhitungan rasio BOD/COD, OLR, dan HRT, Pada perhitungan perencanaan dengan realisasi pembangunan dan pengoperasian, sedangkan aspek lingkungan, hasil efluen BOD, COD, dan TSS masih belum memenuhi baku mutu yang dipersyaratkan oleh Kota Malang.
MODELING MATEMATIK ALIRAN DI SUNGAI DENGAN METODE BEDA HINGGA Karnaningroem, Nieke
Purifikasi Vol 6 No 1 (2005): Jurnal Purifikasi
Publisher : Department of Environmental Engineering-Faculty of Civil, Environmental and Geo Engineering. Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.12962/j25983806.v6.i1.274

Abstract

One way to identify the direction of dispersion pollutant in river and obtains result of research coming near in fact is by using mathematic model. Study from the model was finished by applying finite difference method, what in this case using the Leap frog finite difference method explicit. This is because the method is relatively easy to handle. To make the mathematic model structure besides applying finite difference method, basics law of stream hydrodynamics in river is also required which are equation of continuity and equation of motion or momentum. Without those two equations, scheme of Leap frog cannot be made. As numeric solution, to reach the success of mathematic modeling of flow in river by using the Leap frog finite difference method explicit, it also depends on ratio from scheme of time and space. In this case means the study of numeric stability from model have to be fulfilled by its conditions.
ANALISIS ALIRAN MASSA SAMPAH PADA SISTEM PERSAMPAHAN KOTA SURABAYA Karnaningroem, Nieke
Purifikasi Vol 5 No 2 (2004): Jurnal Purifikasi
Publisher : Department of Environmental Engineering-Faculty of Civil, Environmental and Geo Engineering. Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (197.627 KB) | DOI: 10.12962/j25983806.v5.i2.311

Abstract

To lengthen the life of solid waste final disposal site (TPA) the mass flow of solid should reduced by reduction, recycling and solid waste processings. The mass flow can be determined by surveys of the waste mass at source, at temporary disposal site (TPS) and TPA. The survey was done at markets, commercial, housing areas of high, medium and low income groups. Recycling rate of solid waste in Surabaya City was 16%, 13% at TPA and 3% at TPS. The solid waste generation was 5.655 ton/day and those which enter the was 3.118 ton/day. Solid waste that was deposited at TPA was 2.896 ton/day.
PEMANFAATAN REAKTOR SISTEM ZONA AKAR UNTUK MENYISIHKAN PENCEMAR LIMBAH CAIR DOMESTIK DAN PENGARUHNYA PADA KETAHANAN PADI (Oryza sativa.L) TERHADAP PENYAKIT Karnaningroem, Nieke
Purifikasi Vol 4 No 4 (2003): Jurnal Purifikasi
Publisher : Department of Environmental Engineering-Faculty of Civil, Environmental and Geo Engineering. Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (232.485 KB) | DOI: 10.12962/j25983806.v4.i4.324

Abstract

This research used constructed wetland system. Flow rate variation used 7,5 l/day, 11,25 l/ day and 15 l/ day with 2 controls. The measurement was done to the concentration of BOD5, N-total, P-total, K-total, coliform and percentage of the rice leaves which were infected. Liquid wastewater from septic tank was used for reactor influent. The results showed decreases BOD5 concentration 91,04% at flow rate 11,25 l/day (Hydraulic Loading Rate = 62,5 l/hari.m2) and the wastewater nutrient concentration for N 55,91% at flow rate 11,25 l/day, P 99,61% at flow rate 15 l/day, K 12,59% at flow rate 11,25 l/day and decreases coliform concentration 98,51% at flow rate 7,5 l/day.
UJI EFISIENSI PENURUNAN PERMANGANAT VALUE DAN OIL CONTENT DENGAN PENAMBAHAN SANTABAC CG 603 DI IPAL PT PANTJA MOTOR Karnaningroem, Nieke
Purifikasi Vol 4 No 2 (2003): Jurnal Purifikasi
Publisher : Department of Environmental Engineering-Faculty of Civil, Environmental and Geo Engineering. Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (194.979 KB) | DOI: 10.12962/j25983806.v4.i2.345

Abstract

Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui besarnya efisiensi penurunan PV dan oil content yang dihasilkan pada IPAL PT Pantja Motor dengan dan tanpa penambahan Santabac GC 603, dalam skala laboratorium dan lapangan dengan waktu detensi 1 hari. Hasil yang didapat untuk efisiensi skala laboratorium tanpa penambahan Santabac GC 603 adalah PV 78,1-80%  serta oil content 49-51%, sedangkan dengan penambahan Santabac GC 603 adalah PV 81,9-82,9 % dan 78,2-80 % oil content. Untuk skala lapangan, efisiensi tanpa penambahan Santabac GC 603 adalah 76,6-78,3 % PV dan 47,1- 48,4 % oil content serta dengan penambahan Santabac GC 603 adalah 79,5-81,1 % PVserta 77,1-79,4 % oil content.