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ULAMA, JAWARA, DAN UMARO: STUDI TENTANG ELITE LOKAL DI BANTEN Karomani, Karomani
Sosiohumaniora Vol 11, No 2 (2009): SOSIOHUMANIORA, JULI 2009
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24198/sosiohumaniora.v11i2.5417

Abstract

Elite adalah kelompok orang yang memegang peran penting dalam masyarakat. Ulama, jawara, dan umaro di Banten merupakan elite lokal yang memiliki pengaruh dalam masyarakat. Ulama memiliki pengaruh kuat dalam bidang keagamaan, jawara memiliki pengaruh kuat dalam bidang adat, seni dan budaya, dan umaro memiliki pengaruh kuat dalam jaringan kekuasaan pemerintahan. Dalam perjalanan sejarah elite acapakli terjadi perubahan dominasi elite. Ulama dan umaro dahulu memegang peran penting dan dominan dalam struktur stratifikasi sosial masyarakat Banten dibandingkan dengan elte jawara. Bahkan pendiri kesultanan Banten Syarif Hidayatullah dan anaknya Sultan Hasanudin adalah seorang ulama. Dewasa ini dominasi elite di Banten cenderung bergeser. Ulama bukan lagi elite dominan. Dalam era otonomi daerah, jawara di Banten tampak menjadi elite yang amat berkuasa. Jawara memperoleh lahan bermain di lingkungan pemerintahan yang amat menguntungkan posisi politik dan ekonominya dibandingkan dengan elite ulama.
Pengaruh Ideologi terhadap Wacana Berita dalam Media Massa Karomani, Karomani
Mediator Vol 5, No 1 (2004)
Publisher : FIkom Unisba

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Abstract

Dalam pandangan kritis, individu tidak netral dalam menafsirkan sesuatu, ia amat dipengaruhi kekuatan sosial yang ada di masyarakatnya. Begitu pula dengan wacana berita dalam media, ia sarat pengaruh ideologi tertentu. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa media berbeda dalam melihat fakta. Realitas yang disajikan kepada masyarakat merupakan olahan dari pandangan, ideologi, pemahaman dan pemaknaan wartawan.
Ulama dan Jawara: Studi tentang Persepsi Ulama terhadap Jawara di Menes Banten Selatan Karomani, Karomani
Mediator Vol 6, No 2 (2005): Bagaimana Kita Menjelaskan Penerapan Teknologi?
Publisher : FIkom Unisba

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Abstract

Ulama (religious leader) and jawara (gank leader) become prominent local elites in Menes,South Banten. Long history of those two leaders resulted in amalgamation of both elites:alongside with pure ulama, there is also a group of ulama who is also jawara. Both eliteshave positive perception to each other. Jawara-ulama was perceived by ulama as figures who develop, maintain and preserve Banten cultural art. Jawaras are loyal to ulama and protect ulama as well. On the other hand, jawara from outside of ulama group was negatively perceived, assuming bad habits such as disobedience toward religious principles, bandit, doing many violence act. The perception of ulama toward jawara was affected by a closeness in terms of relationship with jawara, a resemblance of beliefs, values, worldview, religious understanding, prejudice and life experience.
Studi tentang Pengelolaan Kesan Elite Lokal Umaro terhadap Jawara dan Ulama di Banten Selatan Karomani, Karomani
Mediator Vol 9, No 2 (2008): Dari “Starbucks’ hingga Pembebasan Biaya Kesehatan Dasar
Publisher : FIkom Unisba

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Abstract

Umaro, ulama and jawara in Menes Banten are local elites, who have important roles and influence in the society. The umaro has a strong influence in the network power of governance, the ulama has a strong influence in the field of religion, and the jawara has a strong influence in the field of culture and traditional customs. This research was conducted using qualitative approach to the elite of umaro, jawara, and ulama. Data is obtained from informants who played the role of umaro, jawara and ulama in the district of Menes Banten by using circumstantial interview, involves observation and document study. Data analysis used a qualitative method pattern. Research result indicated that communication umaro elites towards jawara and ulama couldnot be avoided from management of impression, verbally or nonverball.
PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN MENULIS CERPEN MELALUI TEKNIK KOLABORASI SISWA KELAS VII SMP Supriadi, Ratin; Karomani, Karomani; Widodo, Mulyanto
J - SIMBOL (Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pembelajarannya) Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Simbol (Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pembelajarannya)
Publisher : J - SIMBOL (Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pembelajarannya)

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Abstract

The background of this problem is that it very low on the student’ writing ability of class VII SMP Negeri 1 Ambarawa academic year 2012/2013. That low ability could be seen from student’ short-story. The students still made mistakes that could be seen from various views. The technique research was collaboration technique Dyadic Essay (Pairing Essay Writing) to increase ability students’ short-story writing. Teacher must be able to grow students’ creativity, motivate, innovation so learning fun. The learnt materials to experience possessed by students so students are able to comprehend. The research result of collaboration technique Dyadic Essay can increase the ability students’ short-story writing. First cycle gained average score 69,66, second cycle 70,12, third cycle 72,14 with learning accomplishment 70,59%, 73,53%, and 76,47%. So, the ability of students writing short-story in every cycles has increased and successful indicator has been achieved.Permasalahan yang melatarbelakangi penelitian ini adalah rendahnya kemampuan menulis siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri 1 Ambarawa tahun pelajaran 2012/2013. Kemampuan menulis siswa yang rendah tersebut dapat dilihat dari hasil kerja siswa dalam menulis cerpen. Siswa masih melakukan kesalahan-kesalahan yang dapat dilihat dalam berbagai segi. Teknik yang digunakan adalah teknik kolaborasi tipe Dyadic Essay (Menulis Esai Berpasangan) untuk meningkatkan kemampuan siswa menulis cerpen. Teknik tersebut dapat menumbuhkan kreativitas, motivasi, dan inovasi siswa sehingga pembelajaran menyenangkan. Materi disesuaikan dengan pengalaman siswa agar dikuasai lebih mendalam. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa teknik kolaborasi tipe Dyadic Essay dapat meningkatkan kemampuan siswa menulis cerpen. Siklus pertama diperoleh nilai rata-rata 69,66; siklus dua70,12; siklus tiga 72,14. Ketuntasan belajar siklus satu 70,59 %; siklus dua 73,53 %; siklus tiga 76,47 %. Dengan demikian, kemampuan menulis cerpen siswa setiap siklus mengalami peningkatan dan indikator keberhasilan telah tercapai.Kata kunci: cerpen, dyadic essay, menulis,.
KEEFEKTIFAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN KOPERATIF TIPE STAD DALAM PEMBELAJARAN MEMBACA PEMAHAMAN Riadi, Bambang; Widodo, Mulyanto; Karomani, Karomani
J - SIMBOL (Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pembelajarannya) Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Simbol (Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pembelajarannya)
Publisher : J - SIMBOL (Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pembelajarannya)

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Abstract

The aim of this research is to examine whether the implementation of STAD cooperative learning model is effective in improving students’ reading comprehension. This research uses a quasi-experimental design. The population and sample in this research is the seventh grade students of SMP Negeri 2 Tegineneng Pesa­waran with VIIA as experimental class, while VIIB as control class. The data collecting technique in this research is done by using test consisting of pre-test and post-test. Moreover, the data analysis technique used is t-test technique. The result of this research shows that the study of reading comprehension by using STAD cooperative learning model is effective in improving students’ reading comprehension of the seventh grade students of SMP Negeri 2 Tegineneng Pesa­waran. Based on t-test result of pre-test and post-test in experimental class shows that the price of tcount is higher than ttable (13,174 > 2,034) which  means that there is significant difference between before and after treatment.Kata kunci: keefektifan model kooperatif tipe STAD, membaca pemahaman, siswa kelas VII.
KEMAMPUAN MENULIS KARANGAN DESKRIPSI SISWA KELAS X SMA PELITA BANGUN REJO LAMPUNG TENGAH TAHUN PELAJARAN 2010/2011 widiawati, cici; widodo, mulyanto; karomani, karomani
JURNAL KATA (Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pembelajarannya) Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Jurnal Kata (Bahasa, Sastra, dan Pembelajarannya)
Publisher : FKIP Unila

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Abstract

The Problem in this research was the abilyty to write a description of the high school students of class X Bangun Rejo Pelita High Scholl Central Lampung Academic Year 2010/2011. This study aims to describe about the students skills in writing essays description.The method used in this reseach is a method of description. The population in this study were high school students of class X Pelita High School of Bangun Rejo Central Lampung Academic Year 2010/2011, amounting to 153 students spread over 4 classes. Samples were taken 15% of each class, so that the sample amounted to 23 students drawn randomly. The data is taken through a written test. Test such as essay writing task description with the experience they have.The results showed that mean score of the overall results of essay writing skills test descriptions Pelita high school students class X Bangun Rejo Central Lampung Academic Year 2010/2011 is 63,5% classified enough. The average capacity of each aspect are (1) the background of the title selection category excellent93,4%, (2) the accuracy of the posts with 60% categorized enough title, (3) similarity of the writing object category less 47,74%, (4) creating the impression readers categorized less 57,39%, (5) uncategorized outline less 58,28%, (6) a description of the facts in the sentence category enough 71,30%, (7) development of a sentence to paragraph 40,87% less uncategorized, (8) the preparation of a compotions paragraph description of 78,26% categorizedgood, (9) 44,35% effective sentence categorized less, (10) 77,39% categoryzed vocabulary good, (11) 70,43% categorized spelling enough, (12) the use of punctuation 69,57% categorized enough. From the results of the study can also be seen that the background for the selection of titles aspects are at the highest percentage is 93,4% and in the category of very good.Based on these results it can be concluded that the ability to write a description of the high scholl students of class X Pelita Bangun Rejo Central Lampung Academic Year 2010/2011 clasified as category enoughwith 63,5% and the percentage of outages drift interval 60%-74%.Keywords:Ability to Write, EssayDescription, Grade Student X.
SIKAP BAHASA SISWA KELAS VII SMP DARMA BANGSA DAN IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP PEMBELAJARAN Apriana, Laili; Karomani, Karomani; Tarmini, Wini
JURNAL KATA (Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pembelajarannya) Vol 1, No 5 (2013)
Publisher : FKIP Unila

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Abstract

The problem research was language attitude of student on Class VII SMP Darma Bangsa Academic Year 2012/2013 and its implications toward Bahasa Indonesia Learning in SMP. The purpose research is to describe language attitude of student on Class VII SMP Darma Bangsa and it implications toward Bahasa Indonesia Learning at SMP. The method used in this research was descriptive qualitative, for solving problems by describing the state of the object of study was based on the facts as they appear. The population study were students of class VII Junior High School Darma Bangsa year 2012/2013, amounting to 34 students spread in two classes. Results of research is implications toward Bahasa Indonesia Learning at SMP concluded that the language attitudes junior class VII on the use of Indonesian in the category of very good or positive.Masalah dalam penelitian ini adalah sikap bahasa siswa kelas VII SMP Darma Bangsa Tahun Pelajaran 2012/2013 dan implikasinya terhadap pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia di SMP. Penelitian ini memiliki tujuan mendeskripsikan sikap bahasa siswa kelas VII SMP Darma Bangsa dan implikasinya terhadap pembelajaran bahasa indonesia.Metode penelitian yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah deskriptif kualitatif, yakni penyelesaian masalah dengan memaparkan keadaan objek penelitian berdasarkan fakta-fakta yang tampil sebagaimana adanya. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas VII SMP Darma Bangsa tahun pelajaran 2012/2013 yang berjumlah 34 siswa yang tersebar dalam dua kelas. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sikap bahasa siswa kelas VII SMP Darma Bangsa Tahun Pelajaran 2012/2013 terhadap pemakaian bahasa Indonesia masuk dalam kategori sangat baik atau positif.Kata kunci: bahasa, pembelajaran, sikap.   
PEMBELAJARAN MENULIS KREATIF PUISI SISWA KELAS VII SMP NEGERI 19 BANDAR LAMPUNG Mardiyana, Mardiyana; Karomani, Karomani; Agustina, Eka Sofia
JURNAL KATA (Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pembelajarannya) Vol 1, No 8 (2013)
Publisher : FKIP Unila

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Abstract

This reseach was aimed at describing the learning process of poetry creative writing of seven grade student at SMP N 19 Bandarlampung in the year of 2012/2013. The method was used qualitative descriptive. Data collecting technique used observation, interview, and documentation study. The result of the reseach showed that the lesson plan by the teacher was formal lesson plan that consists of pre-activity, while activity, and post activity. Teaching-learning process of poetry creative writing in form of teachers activity and students activity in the class. In teaching-learning process, the teacher used explanatory method, task giving method, and recitation. Learning evaluation used by the teacher were process evaluation and task giving evaluation in from of project.Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk mendeskripsikan pembelajaran menulis kreatif puisi siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri 19 Bandarlampung Tahun Pelajaran 2012/2013.Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode deskriptif kualitatif. Teknik yang digunakan dalam pengumpulan data pada penelitian ini adalah teknik observasi, wawancara dan studi dokumentasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkanbahwa RPP yang dibuatguru merupakan RPP formal yang terdiri atas kegiatan awal, kegiatan inti, dan kegiatan penutup. Pelaksanaan pembelajaran menulis kreatif puisi berupa aktivitas guru dan aktivitas siswa di dalam kelas. Pada proses pelaksanaan pembelajaran guru mengunakan metode ceramah, metode pemberian tugas, dan resitasi. Penilaian pembelajaran yang dilakukan oleh guru adalah menggunakan penilaian proses dan penilaian penugasan dalam bentuk projek.Kata kunci: menulis kreatif, proses pembelajaran, puisi.
PEMBELAJARAN MENULIS TEKS NEGOSIASI SISWA KELAS X SMA N 1 PRINGSEWU Eviyana, Kalisa; Hilal, Iqbal; Karomani, Karomani
JURNAL KATA (Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pembelajarannya) Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : FKIP Unila

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Abstract

The problem of this research is the learning about writing negotiation text at X class students of SMA Negeri 1 Pringsewu. The objective is describing the learning of writing negotiation text, especially X class students of SMA Negeri 1 Pringsewu in 2013/ 2014. The method is descriptive qualitative research. The subjects are the teacher and the students. According to the results, it was concluded that lesson plan made by the teacher in overall had been created based on the component expected in Curriculum 2013. The implementation of learning also showed that it had been pointed to the application of Curriculum 2013, that is applying scientific approach. The evaluation from the teacher then consists of non-test evaluation and test evaluation. Therefore, it can be concluded that the learning about writing negotiation text at X class students of SMA Negeri 1 Pringsewu had been implemented well by the teacher and the students.Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini adalah pembelajaran menulis teks negosiasi siswa kelas X SMA Negeri 1 Pringsewu. Tujuan dalam penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan pembelajaran menulis teks negosiasi khususnya siswa SMA kelas X SMA Negeri 1 Pringsewu tahun pelajaran 2013/2014. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode penelitian deskriptif kualitatif. Subjek dalam penelitian ini adalah guru dan siswa. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian disimpulkan bahwa perencanaan pembelajaran yang dibuat guru secara keseluruhan telah dirancang berdasarkan komponen yang dituntut ada dalam Kurikulum 2013. Hasil pelaksanaan pembelajaran juga menunjukkan bahwa pembelajaran telah diarahkan pada pengaplikasian kurikulum 2013, yakni menerapkan pendekatan scientific. Kemudian, penilaian yang dilakukan guru meliputi penilaian nontes dan penilaian tes. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa pembelajaran menulis teks negosiasi pada siswa kelas X SMA N 1 Pringsewu tahun pelajaran 2013/2014 telah dilaksanakan oleh guru dan siswa dengan baik.Kata kunci: menulis, negosiasi, pembelajaran.