Khalil Khalil
Department of Animal Nutrition and Feed Technology, Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Andalas University

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EVALUASI KANDUNGAN ENERGI METABOLISME RANSUM YANG MENGANDUNG BIJI KARET FERMENTASI PADA AYAM PEDAGING Khalil, Khalil; Daulay, A. B.; ., Elihasridas
Media Peternakan Vol. 25 No. 1 (2002): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Evaluasi kandungan energi metabolisme ransum yang mengandung biji karet fermentasi pada ayam pedaging
PERFORMAN TERNAK ENTOG DI PEDESAAN KECAMATAN LINGGO SARI BAGANTI KABUPATEN PESISISR SELATAN Khalil, Khalil; Yuspa, P S; Rizal, Y.
Media Peternakan Vol. 25 No. 2 (2002): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Performan ternak entog di pedesaan kecamatan Linggo sari baganti kabupaten pesisisr selatan
PENINGKATAN EFISIENSI PEMELIHARAAN ANAK AYAM BURAS: SATU CONTOH PENERAPAN ANALISIS EKONOMI DALAM PENELITIAN BIDANG PAKAN DAN NUTRISI Khalil, Khalil; Nurlina, N; Andri, Andri
Media Peternakan Vol. 24 No. 1 (2001): Media Peternakan (Supplement Edition: SocioEconomics)
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

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Abstract

Peningkatan efisiensi pemeliharaan anak ayam buras: Satu contoh penerapan analisis ekonomi dalam penelitian bidang pakan dan nutrisi
THE USE OF LOCAL MINERAL FORMULAS AS A FEED BLOCK SUPPLEMENT FOR BEEF CATTLE FED ON WILD FORAGES Khalil, Khalil; Lestari, M. N.; Sardilla, P.; Hermon, .
Media Peternakan Vol. 38 No. 1 (2015): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (494.053 KB) | DOI: 10.5398/medpet.2015.38.1.34

Abstract

The present research was carried out to study the diversity of mineral contents of wild forages and to evaluate the beneficial effect of mineral feed supplement formulated by using locally available materials on the performances of beef cattle. The present research was initiated by analyzing mineral contents of wild forages grown around Limau Manis campus areas. Forage samples were collected at 9 sampling areas scattered at plantation, conservation and idle lands. Samples were then analyzed for macro minerals of Ca, P, Mg, K, Na, and S and micro minerals of Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Se, and Zn. Feeding trial was then conducted to evaluate the beneficial effect of supplementation of local mineral formulas (LMF) produced by using locally available materials on the performances of cattle. Feeding trial was conducted for 6 weeks by using 9 Simmentals cross bred heifers. The trial consisted of 3 treatments, i.e., P1: only grass without supplementation, P2: grass + LMF and P3: grass + mineral premix enriched LMF. Variables measured were: body weight, feed intake, FCR, feed cost and net return. Results showed that the highest macro mineral content of wild forages was Na of about 13.05±2.22 g/kg, varied from 4.1 to 23.8 g/kg, followed by K (11.09±1.43 g/kg) and Ca (6.10±1.09 g/kg DM). Three minerals of Mg, P, and S were found in relatively small concentrations of 1.34±0.30, 0.83±0.23, and 0.17±0.01 g/kg, respectively. Fe, Mn, Cu and Zn were found in relatively high concentrations. The highest concentration of micro minerals was Fe of about 613.8±128.9 mg/kg, followed by Mn of 143.9±23.3 mg/kg, while Zn and Cu were found in relatively small amount of about 31.3±5.5 and 13.2±2.5 mg/kg, respectively. Heifers supplemented with LMF (P2) and mineral premix enriched LMF (P3) showed higher body weight gain, lower FCR and net return than those cattle fed only grass (P1). The most profitable feeding strategy was by supplementation of heifers with mineral premix enriched LMF.Key words: wild forage quality, local mineral formula, ruminant mineral nutrition
Penanganan Pascapanen dan Kualitas Jagung sebagai Bahan Pakan di Kabupaten Pasaman Barat Khalil, Khalil; Anwar, S.
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 11, No 1 (2006): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jpi.11.1.36-45.2006

Abstract

A rapid survey was carried out to study the quality of corn produced by farmers in relation to post harvest practices in West Pasaman district. Twenty-six corn farmers, which were located in two sub districts of Kinali and Luhak Nan Duo, were selected and interviewed. Data and information collected including: farm size, farming and post harvest practices, quality of product and marketing. During the survey, samples of corn were collected and then analyzed for moisture, protein and crude fiber content, the rate of corn contaminated by fungi and contaminants. The corn contained crude protein and fiber in normal level of 11.8 % and 2,5 %, respectively. The moisture content was however found relatively high of 21.3 % in average and about 34 % of corn contaminated by fungi. Mainly insufficient handling and drying after harvesting caused the poor quality.
Peningkatan Nilai Nutrisi Cangkang Siput Sebagai Sumber Mineral Pada Ransum Ayam Buras Periode Grower Khalil, Khalil
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 12, No 1 (2007): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jpi.12.1.53-59.2007

Abstract

The objectives of the present investigation were to evaluate the effect of using shell of fresh water snails in 3 different processing forms (raw coarse ground, raw and roasted finely ground) as the major source of calcium in the diets on the performance of growing native chickens (12-24 weeks of age). Four dietary treatments were a control diet containing 2 % of oyster shell meal and three others consisted of 2 % of freshwater snail shell in the form raw coarse ground, raw and roasted fine ground. The diets were offered to forty growing native chicks, which were randomly divided into four groups, each amounting of 10 chickens as replication. Parameters measured included: body weight gain, feed intake, FCR, carcass weight and net return. The results showed that roasting of shell of freshwater snail prior to incorporate in the rations could significantly improve the body weigh gain, feed intake and FCR However, the net return was negative mainly due to high feed cost. Chickens fed on diet containing raw coarse grounded shell was found the highest net return.
Potensi Buah Nipah Tua (Nypa Fruticans Wurmb) Sebagai Bahan Pakan Ternak Khalil, Khalil; Hidayat, T.
Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Animal Science) Vol 11, No 2 (2006): Jurnal Peternakan Indonesia
Publisher : Universitas Andalas

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.25077/jpi.11.2.123-128.2006

Abstract

A field survey has been conducted to study the potency of fruit of palm grown in West Sumatra for animal feedstuff. Three coastal areas which were identified as most populated palm plant in West Sumatra were selected as study sites, i.e., Padang city and the districts of Padang Pariaman and Pesisir Selatan. Five clusters of palm were randomly selected in each selected site and then bunches of their fruit were identified. The bunches were divided into 4 groups based on maturity status: very young, young, mature and old fruit bunches. The old fruits were then harvested, weighed and processed to separate their endosperm part. After weighing, the endosperm were then dried and ground for chemical analysis. Parameters measured included: number of bunch, old fruit and their endosperm weigh, nutrient content of endosperm. The data were statistically analysis for variance analysis in completely block design with 3 treatments and 3 blocks as replicates. Results shown that the highest number of bunches was found by the old fruit (6.7 bunches/cluster), followed by the very young fruits (2.7), mature fruit (1.7) and young fruit (1.5). About 22 % of old fruit consisted of endosperm part. The endosperm contains about 16 % crude protein, very low crude fat of 0.6 %, but considerably high crude fiber of about 50.5 %.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN CENDAWAN MIKORIZA ARBUSKULA (CMA) DAN PUPUK N, P DAN K PADA LAHAN BEKAS TAMBANG BATUBARA TERHADAP KANDUNGAN MINERAL MAKRO RUMPUT GAJAH (PENNISETUM PURPUREUM) CV. TAIWAN Evitayani, Evitayani; Khalil, Khalil; Dirgantara, E.; Lidra, M.; Yolanda, Yolanda
Pastura : Jurnal Ilmu Tumbuhan Pakan Ternak Vol 5 No 1 (2015): Pastura Vol. 5 No. 1 Tahun 2015
Publisher : Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (360.572 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/Pastura.2015.v05.i01.p03

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh penambahan CMA dan pupuk N, P dan K terhadap kandungan mineral makro pada lahan kritis bekas tambang batubara. Perlakuan yang diberikan terdiri dari A = 100% pupuk N, P dan K tanpa CMA, B = 100% pupuk N, P dan K + CMA, C = 75% pupuk N, P dan K + CMA, D = 50% pupuk N, P dan K + CMA, dan E = 25% pupuk N, P dan K + CMA. Analisa data menggunakan Rancangan Acak Kelompok (RAK) 5 perlakuan dan 4 ulangan. Parameter yang diamati adalah kandungan mineral makro (P, Ca, Mg dan S). Hasil analisis RAK dalam penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa pengaruh antar perlakuan berbeda tidak nyata (P>0.05) terhadap kandungan mineral makro rumput Gajah CV. Taiwan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa pemakaian pupuk N, P dan K pada perlakuan E (25% pupuk N, P da K + CMA) yang mana kandungan mineral P = 0,30%, Ca = 1,23%, Mg = 1.55% dan S = 0.30% memberikan hasil yang relatif sama terhadap kandungan mineral makro rumput Gajah cv. Taiwan dengan pemberian 100% pupuk N, P dan K tanpa CMA.Keywords : CMA, pupuk N, P dan K, Mineral makro (P, Ca, Mg dan S)
ANALISIS POTENSI DAN KUALITAS PAKAN HIJAUAN YANG TUMBUH LIAR DI LAHAN KAMPUS LIMAU MANIS UNIVERSITAS ANDALAS PADANG Berutu, Romadani; Sardila, Puri; Ifradi, Ifradi; Khalil, Khalil
Pastura : Jurnal Ilmu Tumbuhan Pakan Ternak Vol 5 No 2 (2016): Pastura Vol. 5 No. 2 Tahun 2016
Publisher : Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (718.706 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/Pastura.2016.v05.i02.p13

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mempelajari potensi ketersediaan dan kandungan zat makanan hijauan yang tumbuh di lahan kampus Universitas Andalas di luar lahan UPT Fakultas Peternakan. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan metode survei dan pengamatan langsung ke lapangan, Data hasil penelitian kemudian dianalisis secara statistik menggunakan analisis sidik ragam, yang terdiri atas 3 perlakuan dan 3 ulangan. Sedangkan, parameter yang diukur adalah produksi biomass, komposisi botanis, kapasitas tampung, kandungan zat makanan (Air, BK, PK, SK dan LK) dan kandungan mineral makro (Ca, Na, P, S, Mg dan K) serta mineral mikro (Cu, Zn, Fe, Mn, Co, dan Se). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa kandungan zat makanan, produksi biomass, kapasitas tampung dan kandungan mineral (makro dan mikro) menunjukkan perbedaan yang tidak nyata (P>0,05) pada tiga topografi. Jenis tanaman pada topografi datar dan miring didominasi oleh alang-alang (Imperata cylindrica) masing-masing 69,3% dan 56,2% sedangkan pada topografi gelombang didominasi oleh rumput pahit (Axonopus compressus) yang mencakup sekitar 54,4%. Pada topografi datar kandungan protein kasarnya lebih tinggi 9,8% BK. Pada topografi gelombang PK nya tinggi 9,4% BK sedangkan pada topografi miring PK paling rendah 8,9% BK. Produksi hijauan segar pada daerah yang datar merupakan produksi hijauan segar yang paling tinggi yaitu 65356,9 kg/ha/th. Sedangkan produksi hijauan kering tertinggi adalah pada topografi miring 12180,13 kg/ha/th. Kapasitas tampung per hektar (ST/ha) pada setiap topografi berkisar antara 1,68 (ST/ha) sampai 2,22 (ST/ha). Kapasitas tampung tertinggi adalah pada lahan miring 2,22 (ST/ha) dan disusul oleh lahan yang bertopografi datar 2,13 (ST/ha). Sedangkan pada lahan yang bergelombang memiliki kapasitas tampung terendah yaitu 1,68 (ST/ha). Kandungan mineral pada setiap topografi juga menunjukkan perbedaan yang tidak nyata. Mineral makro tertinggi terdapat pada lahan yang bertopografi datar P 1,03 g/kg BK, Mg 1,53 g/kg BK, K 13,03 g/kg BK, Na 15,84 g/kg BK, S 0,17 g/kg BK kecuali Ca 8,13 g/kg BK. Sedangkan kandungan mineral mikro tertinggi berada pada topografi miring Zn 36,16 mg/kg BK, Fe 804,00 mg/kg BK, Mn 171,52 mg/kg BK kecuali Cu 16,03 mg/kg BK. Dari hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa hijauan yang tumbuh di lahan kampus Universitas Andalas Limau Manis di luar lahan UPT Peternakan berpotensi sebagai pakan ternak ruminan. Rumput yang berasal dari topografi datar relatif lebih baik dari kandungan zat makanan maupun mineralnya.Kata kunci : Produksi hijauan, kapasistas tampung, komposisi zat makanan
PENGGUNAAN FORMULA MINERAL LOKAL DALAM RANSUM AYAM PETELUR Khalil, Khalil
Media Peternakan Vol. 33 No. 2 (2010): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (299.168 KB) | DOI: 10.5398/medpet.2010.33.2.115

Abstract

A mineral formula composed of three locally available materials: limestone originated from Bukit Kamang of West Sumatra, freshwater oyster shell and bone meal and fortified with micro minerals of Cu, Zn and I was investigated as mineral supplement for diet of laying hens. The experimental diets were: P0 (diet contained of 6% commercial mineral), P1 (diet contained of 6% local mineral), P2 (diet contained of 6% Bukit Kamangs' limestone) and P3 (diet contained of 6% fresh water oyster shell meal). The total of four experimental diets was then fed to 120 laying hens. The hens were divided into 3 groups based on body weight: heavy, medium and light. Each group was subdivided into 4 subgroups in accordance with number of treatments, so that each treatment consisted of 3 replicates containing of 10 hens. Parameters measured included: feed intake, hen-day egg production, feed conversion ratio (FCR), eggshell quality, mineral retention and mineral composition of tibia bone. Data were subjected to statistical analysis using variance analysis in a completely block design with 4 treatments and 3 blocks as replicates The results showed that the egg weight and eggshell qualities were found not significantly difference, but different mineral sources gave significant effect on egg production and bone mineralization. The laying performances and tibia bone weight of chickens fed diet mixed with the local mineral formula were found not significantly different with those fed diet mixed with commercial formula, but significantly better (P < 0.05) than those of fed diet mixed with only limestone or oyster shell. Hens fed with diet mixed with Bukit Kamangs' limestone showed better performances and heavier tibia bone than those fed with diet mixed with oyster shell. It was concluded that the local mineral formula could be used as sole mineral source for laying hens. The nutritive value of Bukit Kamangs' limestone was better than that of fresh water oyster shell.