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FAKTOR DOMINAN YANG MEMPENGARUHI EKONOMI RUMAH TANGGA PETANI KARET DI DESA KOTO DAMAI KABUPATEN KAMPAR Khaswarina, Shorea
Sosiohumaniora Vol 19, No 3 (2017): SOSIOHUMANIORA, NOPEMBER 2017
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24198/sosiohumaniora.v19i3.9711

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis faktor yang dominan mempengaruhi perilaku ekonomi rumah tangga petani karet Eks UPP TCSDP di Desa Koto Damai Kecamatan Kampar Kiri Tengah Kabupaten Kampar. Teknik pengambilan sampelnya adalah Stratified Random Sampling. Jumlah responden sebanyak 50 rumah tangga petani karet Eks UPP TCSDP. Untuk menjawab ini menggunakan pendekatan ekonometrika menggunakan model Two Stage Least Square. Hasil dalam penelitian ini adalah faktor yang dominan dan responsif dari aspek produksi adalah alokasi waktu kerja didalam usaha tani karet. Dari aspek alokasi waktu kerja, faktor yang dominan adalah pengalaman kerja, jumlah batang karet produktif, angkatan kerja rumah tangga dan pengeluaran komunikasi. Faktor yang responsif mempengaruhi alokasi waktu kerja adalah angkatan kerja rumah tangga. Dari aspek pendapatan, faktor yang dominan adalah pendidikan petani karet dan alokasi waktu kerja diluar usaha tani karet. Tidak ditemukan faktor yang responsif terhadap pendapatan, namun yang paling besar pengaruhnya adalah pendidikan petani karet. Dari aspek pengeluaran, faktor yang dominan adalah jumlah anggota rumah tangga, tabungan, jumlah anak sekolah, konsumsi non pangan dan pendapatan total. Faktor yang responsif mempengaruhi pengeluaran adalah pendapatan total.
Analysis Income Business Food and Beverage Informal Sector in Kecamatan Tampan City Pekanbaru Sari, Novi Ulya; Khaswarina, Shorea; Muwardi, Didi
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 1 (2014): Wisuda Februari Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

A development is an effort to gain the more and the better life. There are 4 indicators in gaining the development they are economic change, human resources, social inhibition and the high of life needed. A development in the development country likes Indonesia, generally more consider the development of economic sector in the hope of much progressed in production of job vacancy.There are two kinds of economic activities, they are from formal sector and informal one. Formal sector is a sector of educated people inside. The purpose of this study is to the income of the traders from food and beverage enterprises informal sector in Kecamatan Tampan City Pekanbaru and know the problems that are usually faced by food and beverage vendors informal sector businesses. This research method using purposive sampling effort sample size of 30 food and beverage businesses. Results showed revenue traders of food and beverage business is large enough to meet the needs of life and their families, while the problems faced by the traders capital, location and problems of knowledge management is still lacking. Keywords : Informal Sector, Income, Merchant Problems
Analisis Kinerja Sosial dan Keuangan Lembaga Keuangan Mikro (LKM) Usaha Ekonomi Kelurahan-Simpan Pinjam (UEK-SP) Bulan Purnama Kelurahan Padang Bulan Kecamatan Senapelan Kota Pekanbaru Irtanto, Bobby; Rifai, Ahmad; Khaswarina, Shorea
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

The Reseacrh conducted in Microfinance Institution of UEK-SP Bulan Purnama Padang Bulan Village Senapelan Distric Pekanbaru City. The aim of research is to analysis a social performance and financial performance of Microfinance Institution. The social performance using the MIX Market analysis tool comprised of 16 indicators and measure financial performance analysis tools Pearlscon sistsof 17 ratios. Secondary data obtained by the method of documentation in the form of financial statements from 2009 to 2013 which comprises the balance sheet, loan statements, reports results of operations, the general state of the research and inany other information deemed necessary to supportand complement the data as well as data from related agencies among the research. Social performance of UEK-SP Bulan Purnama has achieved the social and social mission seen is out real and the dept of out reach of IMF, UEK-SP. The financial performance of UEK-SP Bulan Purnama showed that 17 rasio indicator PEARLS There are 8 indicators are in an ideal condition while the 9 indicators of the conditions are not ideal protection Ratios (Protection) (P1,P2), the ratio of out standing loans (E1), Delinquency ratio or Non Perfoaming Loan (A1), the ratio ofnetincome (R12), The ratio of current assets ungenerate (L3), Assets growth (S1) , Loangrowth (S2) and the growth of institutional capital (S6).   Keywords: UEK-SP, Social Performance, Financial Performance.
Hubungan Antara Petani Karet Dengan Toke (Patron-client) di Desa Teratak Kecamatan Rumbio Jaya Kabupapen Kampar Dewi, Novia; Khaswarina, Shorea
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

This study aims to determine the shape of the rubber marketing channels, costs, margins, profits and the relationship between the rubber farmers in the village Toke Teratak. This study uses survey and sampling techniques purposive sampling. The population in this study are 208 people with the number of farmers sampled as many as 24 people and 4 samples Toke appropriate criteria. More efficient marketing channels, namely, the marketing channel III. Marketing channel III total marketing costs are smaller and farmers share (Part Farmers received) higher and lower marketing efficiency. The amount of marketing margin analysis contained in the marketing channel of rubber channel 1 and channel Toke In the third, amounting to Rp. 2,500/kg. Marketing efficiency is more efficient (smallest) obtained at the third marketing channel that is Rp. 6.08% with a marketing fee of Rp. 730/kg and the farmer received Rp. 83.33%. The relationship between farmers and the dominant Toke comes to accounts payable, so that farmers have a high dependence on Toke   Keyword: Marketing channels, Patron-Client, Rubber Farmer, Toke
Pola Hubungan Petani Karet Dengan Pedagang Pengumpul di Desa Pulau Busuk Jaya Kecamatan Inuman Kabupaten Kuantan Singingi Indalis, Bamba; Maharani, Evy; Khaswarina, Shorea
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

This study aims to identify patterns of marketing channels made ​​by farmer of rubber at Pulau Busuk Jaya village, analyze the efficiency of the marketing of rubber at Pulau Busuk Jaya village, knowing the social relationship between the Tauke and the farmer of rubberand knowing theinterest and impeller factors of farmers to sell the rubber to the Tauke. The results showed that the marketing channels that occurred in the Pulau Busuk Jaya village consists of two marketing channels, namely channel 1 of the traders ( Tauke ) to wholesalers ( outside the village ) and go directly to the PT. Agrolestari Kuantan Singingi and on channel 2 of the traders ( Tauke ) go to the PT. Agrolestari Kuantan Singingi.Social relations that occur between the farmer of rubberand the Tauke which is a measure of the size of wealth, the size of honor, power and authority, size and knowledge. The interest and impeller factors of rubber farmer sell to the Taukeis influenced by several factors of which the interest factor that is price,provision of capital, social relation between farmer and traders (Tauke) appropriate bargaining system and the trust factor. Then the impeller factor is the relationship of debt, the amount of production and sources of funding ). Keywords: Marketing, efficiency, social relations between traders and farmers.
STRUKTUR DAN TINGKAT PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI KARET DI DESA TERATAK KECAMATAN RUMBIO JAYA KABUPATEN KAMPAR Purnamasari, Sri Sulastri; Khaswarina, Shorea
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 1, No 2 (2014): Wisuda Oktober 2014
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was (1) to analyze the structure of household income in the village rubber farmers Teratak village Rumbio Jaya district Kampar regency, (2) Analyzing household income levels of farmers rubber Teratak village Rumbio Jaya district Kampar regency. The method used in this study is a survey method and sampling technique that the purposive sampling method. The population in this study was 208 people and is sampled 24 people who fit the criteria. The structure of the income of farmers in the village Teratak samples showed that the agricultural sector is the largest contributor to the total income of farm households is equal to 84,76% and from non-agricultural sectors of 15,24%. Revenues from the agricultural sector dominated from rubber farming income that is equal to 57,81%, the rest of the revenue contributed by 23,04% Oil Farming, Rice Farming of 1,91% and Fish Farm of 2,00%. Average income households that received sample Rp.3.196.605/month which is contributed from the main revenue of Rp.1.847.917/month (57.81%) of the household income, additional income of      Rp.1.211.952/month (37,91%) of the income households, while the income of the farmer family members contributed as much as Rp.136.736/month (4,28%) of the total household income. Keyword : Structure, household income, household, rubber farmers, per capita income
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI CURAHAN WAKTU KERJA BURUH TANI WANITA PADA USAHATANI PADI SAWAH DI DESA MANIK RAMBUNG KECAMATAN SIDAMANIK KABUPATEN SIMALUNGUN Siregar, Yemima; Khaswarina, Shorea
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

The purposes of this research are to analyze the influance of age, number of children, wage level, width of, arable land area, work on area, education and experience level towards outporing work hour of women peasant and which factor that has the most dominant effect towards the work hour of women peasant at their lowland rice. The research used a survey method with purposive sampling. The samples of this research are 27 samples. Data analysis using Simple Linier Regression. The result showed that, the average outporing work hour of women peasant at their farm is 19,856 Hkp/growing season, age level variable, education and experience level do not have significant effect towards outporing work hour, meanwhile number of children, width of work on area, and wage level variable have significant effect towards outporing work hour of women peasant at their farm, and the most dominant independent variable in affecting the dependent variable is width of work on area.   Keywords: Farm, Peasant Women, Outporing Work Time
PENGELUARAN RUMAH TANGGA PETANI KARET DI DESA PULAU JAMBU KECAMATAN KUOK KABUPATEN KAMPAR Suganda, Arif; Khaswarina, Shorea
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

The purposes of this research are 1) To determine the pattern of food and non food expenditure of households 2) To determine the ability of farmers to meet the basic needs based on the criteria of BPS. This research was conducted at Pulau Jambu village, Kuok district, Kampar regency in April to July 2014. The method of sampling in this study was randomly and took 60 farmers as respondent. Analysis of the data for the study was by counting household expenditures and based on 14 indicators of basic needs in 2008 according to the BPS. The household expenditure’s average of rubber farmers in Pulau Jambu village is Rp. 3,150,800 per month divided into food and non-food expenditures. The total average of household expenditure across the sample rubber farmers reached Rp. 189,048,000 per month. The fulfillment of basic needs of households that have been analyzed by the 14 criterias for basic needs according to the BPS that indicates the rubber farmers in the Jambu village is not included to the category of near-poor.   Keywords: Expenditure, Households, Rubber Farmers.
ANALISIS USAHA DAN PEMASARAN JAMUR TIRAM PUTIH (Pleurotus Ostreatus) STUDI KASUS DI KELURAHAN TANGKERANG TIMUR KECAMATAN TENAYAN RAYA KOTA PEKANBARU Zikri, Arif Rahman; Khaswarina, Shorea; Maharani, Evy
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

The purpose of this research are: 1) identifying the white oyster mushroom cultivation techniques which are run by farmers King Spora Farm. 2) analyzing the costs and revenue of white oyster mushroom cultivation is carried out by farmers King Spora Farm. 3) analyzing the cost, margin and marketing efficiency of white oyster mushroom business by farmers King Spora Farm. The research was do from January 2015 to April 2015. The method used is the case study method. Results showed white oyster mushroom cultivation techniques the farmers get optimal results after doing research on the experience during to farm. White oyster mushroom farming requires production cost of Rp 16,651,822,- each production cycle. Net income derived from the cultivation of white oyster mushroom Rp 6,298,178,- each production cycle and gross revenue of Rp 22.950.000,- each production cycle. Results of the analysis of white oyster mushroom farming obtained RCR of 1,38. BEP white oyster mushroom farming Rp 13,206,407,- each production cycle or 433,17 kg of white oyster mushroom each production cycle. Thus, white oyster mushroom farming viable and profitable. Marketing white oyster mushroom of King Spora Farm there are two marketing channels, namely channel I (farmer to consumers) and channel 2 (farmer to traders to consumers). Channel I marketing efficiency by 0.62%, while marketing channel II by 1.75%, so that the white oyster mushroom cultivation is more efficient on channel I.   Keywords: cultivation, farming, marketing, white oyster mushrooms.
ANALISIS USAHA DAN PEMASARAN JAMUR TIRAM PUTIH (Pleurotus Ostreatus) STUDI KASUS DI KELURAHAN TANGKERANG TIMUR KECAMATAN TENAYAN RAYA KOTA PEKANBARU Zikri, Arif Rahman; Khaswarina, Shorea; Maharani, Evy
Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2015): Wisuda Oktober 2015
Publisher : Jurnal Online Mahasiswa (JOM) Bidang Pertanian

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Abstract

The purpose of this research are: 1) identifying the white oyster mushroom cultivation techniques which are run by farmers King Spora Farm. 2) analyzing the costs and revenue of white oyster mushroom cultivation is carried out by farmers King Spora Farm. 3) analyzing the cost, margin and marketing efficiency of white oyster mushroom business by farmers King Spora Farm. The research was do from January 2015 to April 2015. The method used is the case study method. Results showed white oyster mushroom cultivation techniques the farmers get optimal results after doing research on the experience during to farm. White oyster mushroom farming requires production cost of Rp 16,651,822,- each production cycle. Net income derived from the cultivation of white oyster mushroom Rp 6,298,178,- each production cycle and gross revenue of Rp 22.950.000,- each production cycle. Results of the analysis of white oyster mushroom farming obtained RCR of 1,38. BEP white oyster mushroom farming Rp 13,206,407,- each production cycle or 433,17 kg of white oyster mushroom each production cycle. Thus, white oyster mushroom farming viable and profitable. Marketing white oyster mushroom of King Spora Farm there are two marketing channels, namely channel I (farmer to consumers) and channel 2 (farmer to traders to consumers). Channel I marketing efficiency by 0.62%, while marketing channel II by 1.75%, so that the white oyster mushroom cultivation is more efficient on channel I.   Keywords: cultivation, farming, marketing, white oyster mushrooms.