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PERBEDAAN PENGARUH BRAINGYM DAN LATIHAN KINESTETIK TERHADAP PROPIOCEPTIVE PADA ANAK USIA 4-6 TAHUN DI TPA AL MUSTAQIM Fatmawati, Veni; Khotimah, Siti; Imania, Dika Rizki
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 3, No.3, 2015
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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The age of 4-6 years are the time for children to play so the best stimulationshould be implemented through games. They have not experienced the sensomotoricmaturation which affects concentration, posture, balance and daily behavior. It isnecessary to perform treatment as early as possible in the form of brain gym andkinesthetic exercises, which usually used both gross motoric skills and sensory. Thestudy aims to determine the effect of brain gym and kinesthetic exercises forproprioceptive in 4-6 years old children. The number of respondents of this study were48 children which were divided into 2 groups: group 1 with brain gym and group 2 withkinesthetic exercises. The treatment was routinely given 3 times a week for one month.The research method is a Quasi experimental research which was designed using preand post-test group design. Paired T test was the statistical test used for brain gym,Willcoxon test was used for kinesthetic exercises and Mann Whitney test was used fordifferent test influences. The results of the data analysis using paired T test shows thatthe p-value was 0.000 (p <0.05). This means that there is an influence of brain gym onproioseptive in 4-6 years old children at TPA Al Mustaqim. The data analysis test usingsig Wilcoxon rank test shows p-value of 0.000 (p <0.05), which means that there is aninfluence of kinesthetic exercises of proioseptive in 4-6 years old children at TPA AlMustaqim. The data analysis result using Mann Whitney Difference Test shows p valueof 0.787 (p> 0.05) which means that the difference in the effect of brain gym andkinesthetic exercises on propioceptive in 4-6 years old children at TPA Al Mustaqim. Itis suggested in 4-6 years old children are given braingym and kinesthetic exercises sothat propioceptive is increased and thus, the concentration, posture and balance of thechild is also improved.
ANALISIS PENDAPATAN DAN KONTRIBUSI PENDAPATAN PENGRAJIN GULA KELAPA TERHADAP PENDAPATAN KELUARGA DI DESA LOJEJER KECAMATAN WULUHAN KABUPATEN JEMBER Khotimah, Siti; Kusmiati, Ati; Agustina, Titin
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 7, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian

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This research aims to know the: income disparity between the palm sugar craftsmen using the sap-sharing system and sugar-sharing system, factors that affect the income of palm sugar craftsmen, and palm sugar craftsmen income contribution on family income. The location of the research is determined by purposive method in the Lojejer Village Wuluhan Subdistrict Jember Regency. The research method used is descriptive method, comparative and analytical. Sampling method used is Disproportionate Stratified Random Sampling method. The Data used are the primary data and secondary data. Data analysis used in this study are:income analysis (π = TR – TC), multiple linear regression analysis (Y = a + b1X1 + b2X2 + b3X3 + b4X4 + b5X5 + b6 D + e), and proportions analysis (p = Pw/Pd x 100%). The results of this research indicate: (1) there are differences in palm sugar craftsmen income using the sap-sharing and sugar-sharing system. (2) factors that significantly influence to the income of palm sugar craftsmen using the sharing system the Lojejer Village Wuluhan Subdistrict Jember Regency, are: fuel costs (Rp), additional material costs (Rp), the selling price (Rp), the amount of production (Kg), labor (Rp), and the sharing system being used, (3) palm sugar craftsmens income contributions on family income in the Lojejer Village Wuluhan Subdistrict Jember Regency is medium, with a value of contribution revenue 69,53%.   Keywords: palm sugar, craftsmens, sharing system, income
SENAM AEROBIK INTENSITAS SEDANG MENURUNKAN RISIKO STROKE PADA PRA LANSIA DI SOROSUTAN UMBULHARJO YOGYAKARTA Khotimah, Siti; Rizki Imania, Dika
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No. 1, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Pendahuluan: Angka penderita stroke di Yogyakarta cukup tinggi, yaitu 5000 pasien pertahun dan menjadi penyebab kesakitan dan kematian utama di Yogyakarta. Sebanyak 80-90% mengalami cacat fisik. Tingkat penyembuhannya masih rendah, 25% dari pasien stroke meninggal dalam tahun pertama setelah terserang stroke. Penyebab utamanya gaya hidup yang tidak sehat : kurang olahraga, merokok, konsumsi makanan berlemak, sehingga berpengaruh terhadap menurunnya produktifitas dan tingkat kemampuan ekonomi keluarga. Tujuan: Untuk menurunkan risiko stroke pada pra lansia di kalurahan Sorosutan Umbulharjo Yogyakarta. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental dengan pre-test dan post-test control group design. Subyek penelitian ini pra lansia di kelurahan Sorosutan Umbulharjo Yogyakarta dengan jumlah subyek 42 orang dibagi 2 kelompok, kelompok perlakuan 21 orang, kelompok kontrol 21 orang. Dilakukan senam 3x seminggu selama 8 minggu. Tehnik pengambilan sampel dengan purposive sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan Form mengukur risiko stroke. Uji kelompok perlakuan dengan Wilcoxon match pair test, Uji kelompok kontrol dengan t-test of related, uji beda dengan Mann Whitney U test. Hasil: Uji Wilcoxon match pair test didapatkan hasil nilai p: 0,000 (p<0,05), uji t-test of related didapatkan hasil nilai p: 0,052 (p>0,05), uji beda hasil uji Mann Whitney U test didapatkan hasil nilai p: 0,000 (p<0,05), ada perbedaan penurunan risiko stroke pada kedua kelompok. Dari rerata kelompok perlakuan hasil nilainya 30,76, kelompok kontrol nilai reratanya 12,24. Simpulan: Ada pengaruh senam aerobik intensitas sedang dalam menurunkan risiko stroke pada pra lansia di kalurahan Sorosutan Umbulharjo Yogyakarta. Saran: Untuk peneliti selanjutnya memperhatikan faktor diit atau pola makan sehari hari.
PENGARUH AROMATERAPI BUNGA LAVENDER TERHADAP KUALITAS TIDUR LANSIA DI RSU Dr. WAHIDIN SUDIRO HUSODO MOJOKERTO Nur So’emah, Eka; Khotimah, Siti
JURNAL KEPERAWATAN BINA SEHAT Vol 11, No 1 (2015): Januari-Juni 2015
Publisher : JURNAL KEPERAWATAN BINA SEHAT

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The fulfillment of people are known from quantity and quality of their sleeping. Sleeping quantity is the timing and sleeping amount person who is calculated by amount of time (hours). Sleeping quality is satisfaction someone to sleep, so that someone does not show a tired feeling, stimulating easily, anxious, lethargic and apathetic, blackish around eyes, swollen eyelids, red conjunctiva, sore eyes, fragmented attention, headaches, and sleepy. Sleeping quality problem is a situation where someone is not satisfied to sleeping needed. One way to overcome sleeping quality problem uses aromatherapy lavender flowers . Lavender contain linalyl acetate which is effective for releases work system, relaxes the nerves, and sinews muscles that are tense. The puspose of this research showed the influence of aromatherapy lavender flower beds to the quality of the elderly. The design was Pre design Experiment one group pre and posttest design. The sample was chosen by Purposive Sampling. The sample of this research was 16 people elderly. Measuring instrument used a questionnaire PSQI (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index). The result of Wilcoxon test statistic indicated P Value = 0.001 was less than α = 0.05 which means there was influence of aromatherapy lavender flower on sleeping quality of elderly.Keyword: Elderly, Sleeping Quality, Aromatherapy Lavender Flowers
Activity of Ketepeng Cina (Cassia alata Linn) Leaves Extract to Cercospora personatum growth Linda, Riza; Khotimah, Siti; Elfiyanti, Elfiyanti
Biopropal Industri Vol 2, No 2 (2011)
Publisher : Balai Riset dan Standardisasi Industri Pontianak

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Ketepeng cina (Cassia alata Linn.) was known as vegetal fungicides because it contains toxic materials to fungi. This study aimed to determined the concentration of ketepeng cina (Cassia alata Linn.) leaves extract that effective in inhibiting the growth of Cercospora personatum and to know the fungicide activity of ketepeng cina (Cassia alata Linn.) leaves extract on the growth of Cercospora personatum. This research was conducted through stage that were manufactured PDA media, isolation of Cercospora sp. and extracting ketepeng cina leaves. Fungicidal activity test was done using poisoning food method with 6 concentration level: 0%, 1%, 2%, 3%, 4%, and 5%. Experiment using Completely Randomized Design with 6 treatments and 3 replications, effect of variance between treatment were analyzed and followed by Duncans test. The results showed that the concentration of 3% effective in inhibiting the growth of Cercospora personatum. Fungicidal activity of leaves extract ketepeng cina against fungi Cercospora personatum categorized as strong in concentrations ≥ 3% and nature fungistatic.
PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN PURSED LIPS BREATHING EXERCISE PADA STATIC CYCLE INTENSITAS SEDANG TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KEBUGARAN PADA PENDERITA PPOK -, Setyawan; Khotimah, Siti
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.2, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Background: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (CPOD) is a chronic lung disease identified which can be identified by the occurrence of a progressive nonreversible or reversible air detention in respiratory. One of the causes of CPOD is smoke. According to a report in Rumah Sakit Paru-paru Respira Yogyakarta, CPOD is the most visited disease in this hospital among other lung diseases. This disease results in inability of doing any activity and affects the level of fitness. Objective: This study aims to investigate the effect of adding pursed lips breathing exercise on a static cycle with moderate intensity toward the fitness enhancement of COPD patients. Method: This research was done using the quasi experimental and administered with pre and posttest for two groups. The researcher involved six respondents who were COPD inpatients and outpatients. The respondents were divided into two different groups which consist of three patients for each group with different treatments. The first group was given moderate intensity static cycle treatment three times a week in three weeks treatment. The second group was given additional pursed lips breathing exercise four times a day consecutively in four days on moderate intensity static cycle. The measurement of the fitness level was done with six-minute walking and put into the VO2 Max formulation. Then the research result was analyzed by using paired sample T-test and Wilcoxon. Result: Hence, the research results in the first hypothesis tested with paired sample T-test was p=0.160 (p>0.05) meaning that there were no effect of moderate intensity static cycle toward the fitness enhancement among the COPD patients. In the second group tested with Wilcoxon, it was found that p=0.109 (p>0.05). This implies that there was no effect of adding pursed lips breathing exercise on moderate intensity static cycle toward the fitness enhancement among the COPD patients. Conclusion: In conclusion, the effect of adding pursed lips breathing exercise on moderate intensity static cycle toward the fitness enhancement among COPD patients is absent. Suggestion: The researcher suggests to future researcher to add the number of respondents, the duration of the research and to equalize the COPD grade.
LATIHAN ENDURANCE MENINGKATKAN KUALITAS HIDUP LEBIH BAIK DARI PADA LATIHAN PERNAFASAN PADA PASIEN PPOK DI BP4 YOGYAKARTA Khotimah, Siti
Sport and Fitness Journal volume 1, no 1, 2013
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Quality of life is an individual state within the scope of capabilities, limitations, symptoms, and psychosocial natures to function in the desired range of roles in society and feel satisfied with that role. Quality of life of COPD patient?s considered very important because it relates directly to the symptoms experienced. In COPD patients increased work causes shortness of breath so that the patients had decreased quality of life. There  has been indication that endurance exercise and breathing exercise improve quality of life in COPD patient. This study was aimed at testing endurance exercise in improving the quality of life of COPD patients. The study is a quasi experiment with pre-test and post-test control group design. The experiment was conducted in BP4 Yogyakarta. The number of samples was 22 patients with COPD who experienced of reducing quality of life. Quality of life in COPD patients measured by SGRQ questionnaires. The number of study subjects were then grouped at random into two groups. Control group one was given diaphragmatic breathing exercise and pursed lip breathing three times a week. Treatment group two was given endurance exercise three times a week. The study was conducted for 12 weeks. SGRQ total value of the data was measured before and after treatment. All data in the analysis using SPSS version 16. Data are destributed normal and homogen, a decrease in the total SGRQ meaningful on breathing exercises and endurance training with a value of p = 0.000 (p <0.05). This means that breathing exercises and endurance exercises at same time can significantly improve the quality of life. The mean total SGRQ values ??after treatment in group one and group two significantly different, where the value of p <0.05, namely p = 0.000, a decrease of group two?s SGRQ total value greater than group one. This means that endurance exercise improves quality of life better than breathing exercises in COPD patients in BP4 Yogyakarta. It is expected to use endurance exercises in patients with COPD who experience mental decline in quality of life.
STRUKTUR ANATOMI BATANG ULIN (Eusideroxylon zwageri Teijsm. & Binnend) VARIETAS TANDO DAN TEMBAGA DI KALIMANTAN BARAT Gusmalawati, Dwi; -, Mukarlina; -, Wahdina; Khotimah, Siti
Saintifika Vol 16, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Jurusan Pendidikan MIPA FKIP Universitas Jember

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membandingkan struktur anatomi batang ulin varietas tando dan tembaga yang terdapat di Kalimantan Barat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa persamaan anatomi batang ulin varietas tando dan tembaga adalah mempunyai sel minyak pada batang, susunan pembuluh bertipe kolateral, penyebaran pori adalah pancar dengan tipe soliter, berganda radial dan penyebaran parenkim apotrakea (sebar) dan paratrakea (aliform dan konfluen).  Perbedaan secara anatomi antara batang varietas tando dan tembaga adalah varietas tando memiliki pori berganda radial 2-5 sel dan tipe berkelompok, penyebaran parenkim apotrakea bertipe pita; varietas tembaga memiliki pori berganda radial 2-3 sel; jari-jari empulur varietas tando bertipe heteroseluler, varietas tembaga bertipe homoseluler. Rerata panjang serat, diameter lumen dan ketebalan dinding serat varietas tando berturut-turut adalah 1647,40 µm, 11,90 µm dan 11,70 µm, sedangkan rerata panjang serat, diameter lumen dan ketebalan dinding serat varietas tembaga berturut-turut adalah  1598,20 µm, 15,20 µm dan 11,20 µm.
PENERAPAN METODE JUST-IN-TIME DENGAN PEMBAKUAN KEGIATAN DAN MINIMASI WAKTU SET-UP PADA BAGIAN PERMESINAN PEMBUATAN PRODUK GT 060 Pratiwi, Indah; Nugroho, Munajat Tri; Khotimah, Siti
Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Industri Vol. 6, No. 1, Agustus 2007
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Membuat produk dalam jumlah banyak menyebabkan pemborosan yang dapat mengurangi efisiensi produksi. Aktivitas yang paling banyak membuang waktu adalah aktivitas set-up mesin, untuk mengatasi masalah ini maka perlu diterapkan metode just-in-time dengan pembakuan kegiatan dan minimasi waktu set-up dengan mengambil kondisi real yang ada pada lantai produksi. Penelitian dilakukan di CV. Roda Jati, data yang digunakan adalah waktu penyelesaian komponen frame ujung produk GT 060 pada bagian permesinan dan waktu set-up mesin. Analisa meliputi : urutan kegiatan sekarang, usulan pembakuan kegiatan, perbaikan pembakuan kegiatan menggunakan minimasi waktu set-up, analisa menggunakan prinsip 5S. Hasil dari pengamatan didapatkan pembakuan kegiatan pada bagian permesinan dan mengurangi waktu set-up mesin. Waktu yang digunakan untuk memproduksi komponen tersebut sebelum dilakukan pembakuan kegiatan sebesar 4655,42 detik dan mengalami penurunan menjadi 4635,08 detik. Setelah dilakukan minimasi waktu set-up maka mengalami penurunan lagi mejadi sebesar 4296,31detik. Agar proses dapat selesai tepat waktu maka operator harus mentaati kegiatan yang telah dibakukan perusahaan dan dilakukan minimasi waktu set-up sebelum melakukan pekerjaan. Mempromosikan program 5S agar pekerja membiasakan diri untuk menjaga kerapian, kebersihan dan kedisplinan pada waktu berkerja. 
ANALISIS ATRIBUT LAYANAN RUMAH SAKIT DENGAN MODEL KANO UNTUK PENENTUAN SKALA PRIORITAS PERBAIKAN LAYANAN Pratiwi, Indah; Nugroho, Munajat Tri; Khotimah, Siti
Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Industri Vol. 6, No. 2, Desember 2007
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta

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Membuat produk dalam jumlah banyak menyebabkan pemborosan yang dapat mengurangi efisiensi produksi. Aktivitas yang paling banyak membuang waktu adalah aktivitas set-up mesin, untuk mengatasi masalah ini maka perlu diterapkan metode just-in-time dengan pembakuan kegiatan dan minimasi waktu set-up dengan mengambil kondisi real yang ada pada lantai produksi. Penelitian dilakukan di CV. Roda Jati, data yang digunakan adalah waktu penyelesaian komponen frame ujung produk GT 060 pada bagian permesinan dan waktu set-up mesin. Analisa meliputi : urutan kegiatan sekarang, usulan pembakuan kegiatan, perbaikan pembakuan kegiatan menggunakan minimasi waktu set-up, analisa menggunakan prinsip 5S. Hasil dari pengamatan didapatkan pembakuan kegiatan pada bagian permesinan dan mengurangi waktu set-up mesin. Waktu yang digunakan untuk memproduksi komponen tersebut sebelum dilakukan pembakuan kegiatan sebesar 4655,42 detik dan mengalami penurunan menjadi 4635,08 detik. Setelah dilakukan minimasi waktu set-up maka mengalami penurunan lagi mejadi sebesar 4296,31detik. Agar proses dapat selesai tepat waktu maka operator harus mentaati kegiatan yang telah dibakukan perusahaan dan dilakukan minimasi waktu set-up sebelum melakukan pekerjaan. Mempromosikan program 5S agar pekerja membiasakan diri untuk menjaga kerapian, kebersihan dan kedisplinan pada waktu berkerja.