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Journal : Sport and Fitness Journal

PERBEDAAN PENGARUH BRAINGYM DAN LATIHAN KINESTETIK TERHADAP PROPIOCEPTIVE PADA ANAK USIA 4-6 TAHUN DI TPA AL MUSTAQIM Fatmawati, Veni; Khotimah, Siti; Imania, Dika Rizki
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 3, No.3, 2015
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

The age of 4-6 years are the time for children to play so the best stimulationshould be implemented through games. They have not experienced the sensomotoricmaturation which affects concentration, posture, balance and daily behavior. It isnecessary to perform treatment as early as possible in the form of brain gym andkinesthetic exercises, which usually used both gross motoric skills and sensory. Thestudy aims to determine the effect of brain gym and kinesthetic exercises forproprioceptive in 4-6 years old children. The number of respondents of this study were48 children which were divided into 2 groups: group 1 with brain gym and group 2 withkinesthetic exercises. The treatment was routinely given 3 times a week for one month.The research method is a Quasi experimental research which was designed using preand post-test group design. Paired T test was the statistical test used for brain gym,Willcoxon test was used for kinesthetic exercises and Mann Whitney test was used fordifferent test influences. The results of the data analysis using paired T test shows thatthe p-value was 0.000 (p <0.05). This means that there is an influence of brain gym onproioseptive in 4-6 years old children at TPA Al Mustaqim. The data analysis test usingsig Wilcoxon rank test shows p-value of 0.000 (p <0.05), which means that there is aninfluence of kinesthetic exercises of proioseptive in 4-6 years old children at TPA AlMustaqim. The data analysis result using Mann Whitney Difference Test shows p valueof 0.787 (p> 0.05) which means that the difference in the effect of brain gym andkinesthetic exercises on propioceptive in 4-6 years old children at TPA Al Mustaqim. Itis suggested in 4-6 years old children are given braingym and kinesthetic exercises sothat propioceptive is increased and thus, the concentration, posture and balance of thechild is also improved.
SENAM AEROBIK INTENSITAS SEDANG MENURUNKAN RISIKO STROKE PADA PRA LANSIA DI SOROSUTAN UMBULHARJO YOGYAKARTA Khotimah, Siti; Rizki Imania, Dika
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No. 1, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Pendahuluan: Angka penderita stroke di Yogyakarta cukup tinggi, yaitu 5000 pasien pertahun dan menjadi penyebab kesakitan dan kematian utama di Yogyakarta. Sebanyak 80-90% mengalami cacat fisik. Tingkat penyembuhannya masih rendah, 25% dari pasien stroke meninggal dalam tahun pertama setelah terserang stroke. Penyebab utamanya gaya hidup yang tidak sehat : kurang olahraga, merokok, konsumsi makanan berlemak, sehingga berpengaruh terhadap menurunnya produktifitas dan tingkat kemampuan ekonomi keluarga. Tujuan: Untuk menurunkan risiko stroke pada pra lansia di kalurahan Sorosutan Umbulharjo Yogyakarta. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental dengan pre-test dan post-test control group design. Subyek penelitian ini pra lansia di kelurahan Sorosutan Umbulharjo Yogyakarta dengan jumlah subyek 42 orang dibagi 2 kelompok, kelompok perlakuan 21 orang, kelompok kontrol 21 orang. Dilakukan senam 3x seminggu selama 8 minggu. Tehnik pengambilan sampel dengan purposive sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan Form mengukur risiko stroke. Uji kelompok perlakuan dengan Wilcoxon match pair test, Uji kelompok kontrol dengan t-test of related, uji beda dengan Mann Whitney U test. Hasil: Uji Wilcoxon match pair test didapatkan hasil nilai p: 0,000 (p<0,05), uji t-test of related didapatkan hasil nilai p: 0,052 (p>0,05), uji beda hasil uji Mann Whitney U test didapatkan hasil nilai p: 0,000 (p<0,05), ada perbedaan penurunan risiko stroke pada kedua kelompok. Dari rerata kelompok perlakuan hasil nilainya 30,76, kelompok kontrol nilai reratanya 12,24. Simpulan: Ada pengaruh senam aerobik intensitas sedang dalam menurunkan risiko stroke pada pra lansia di kalurahan Sorosutan Umbulharjo Yogyakarta. Saran: Untuk peneliti selanjutnya memperhatikan faktor diit atau pola makan sehari hari.
PENGARUH PENAMBAHAN PURSED LIPS BREATHING EXERCISE PADA STATIC CYCLE INTENSITAS SEDANG TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KEBUGARAN PADA PENDERITA PPOK -, Setyawan; Khotimah, Siti
Sport and Fitness Journal Volume 5, No.2, 2017
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Background: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (CPOD) is a chronic lung disease identified which can be identified by the occurrence of a progressive nonreversible or reversible air detention in respiratory. One of the causes of CPOD is smoke. According to a report in Rumah Sakit Paru-paru Respira Yogyakarta, CPOD is the most visited disease in this hospital among other lung diseases. This disease results in inability of doing any activity and affects the level of fitness. Objective: This study aims to investigate the effect of adding pursed lips breathing exercise on a static cycle with moderate intensity toward the fitness enhancement of COPD patients. Method: This research was done using the quasi experimental and administered with pre and posttest for two groups. The researcher involved six respondents who were COPD inpatients and outpatients. The respondents were divided into two different groups which consist of three patients for each group with different treatments. The first group was given moderate intensity static cycle treatment three times a week in three weeks treatment. The second group was given additional pursed lips breathing exercise four times a day consecutively in four days on moderate intensity static cycle. The measurement of the fitness level was done with six-minute walking and put into the VO2 Max formulation. Then the research result was analyzed by using paired sample T-test and Wilcoxon. Result: Hence, the research results in the first hypothesis tested with paired sample T-test was p=0.160 (p>0.05) meaning that there were no effect of moderate intensity static cycle toward the fitness enhancement among the COPD patients. In the second group tested with Wilcoxon, it was found that p=0.109 (p>0.05). This implies that there was no effect of adding pursed lips breathing exercise on moderate intensity static cycle toward the fitness enhancement among the COPD patients. Conclusion: In conclusion, the effect of adding pursed lips breathing exercise on moderate intensity static cycle toward the fitness enhancement among COPD patients is absent. Suggestion: The researcher suggests to future researcher to add the number of respondents, the duration of the research and to equalize the COPD grade.
LATIHAN ENDURANCE MENINGKATKAN KUALITAS HIDUP LEBIH BAIK DARI PADA LATIHAN PERNAFASAN PADA PASIEN PPOK DI BP4 YOGYAKARTA Khotimah, Siti
Sport and Fitness Journal volume 1, no 1, 2013
Publisher : Program Studi Magister Fisiologi Keolahragaan, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

Quality of life is an individual state within the scope of capabilities, limitations, symptoms, and psychosocial natures to function in the desired range of roles in society and feel satisfied with that role. Quality of life of COPD patient?s considered very important because it relates directly to the symptoms experienced. In COPD patients increased work causes shortness of breath so that the patients had decreased quality of life. There  has been indication that endurance exercise and breathing exercise improve quality of life in COPD patient. This study was aimed at testing endurance exercise in improving the quality of life of COPD patients. The study is a quasi experiment with pre-test and post-test control group design. The experiment was conducted in BP4 Yogyakarta. The number of samples was 22 patients with COPD who experienced of reducing quality of life. Quality of life in COPD patients measured by SGRQ questionnaires. The number of study subjects were then grouped at random into two groups. Control group one was given diaphragmatic breathing exercise and pursed lip breathing three times a week. Treatment group two was given endurance exercise three times a week. The study was conducted for 12 weeks. SGRQ total value of the data was measured before and after treatment. All data in the analysis using SPSS version 16. Data are destributed normal and homogen, a decrease in the total SGRQ meaningful on breathing exercises and endurance training with a value of p = 0.000 (p <0.05). This means that breathing exercises and endurance exercises at same time can significantly improve the quality of life. The mean total SGRQ values ??after treatment in group one and group two significantly different, where the value of p <0.05, namely p = 0.000, a decrease of group two?s SGRQ total value greater than group one. This means that endurance exercise improves quality of life better than breathing exercises in COPD patients in BP4 Yogyakarta. It is expected to use endurance exercises in patients with COPD who experience mental decline in quality of life.