TRI KOESOEMANINGTYAS
Departemen Agronomi dan Hortikultura, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Jl. Raya Darmaga, Bogor 16680

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GENETIC PARAMETER ESTIMATION ON UPLAND RICE AGRONOMIC CHARACTERS IN ULTISOLS THROUGH DIALLEL ANALYSIS AGUSTINA, MARIA; SUTJAHJO, SURJONO HADI; KOESOEMANINGTYAS, TRI; JAGAU, YUSURUM
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 12 No. 3 (2005): September 2005
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (58.601 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.12.3.98

Abstract

An estimate of genetic parameters was made to study the types of gene action in rice. A half diallel analysis was performed among seven rice genotypes with different genetical backgrounds, i.e. Situgintung, Jatiluhur, Gajah Mungkur, B8503E-TB-9-0-3, Krowal, CT6510-24-1-3, IR 64, and its 21 progenies. This experimental material was arranged in a complete block design with four replications. All observed characters had highly significant genotypic differences. The genetic parameters were estimated following Hayman method. The simple model of additive-dominance was sufficiently detected through the absence of nonalellic interaction. Productive tillers exhibited partial dominance. Heritability in a narrow sense was high. There was a positive correlation between grain yield and the number of productive tillers.
Parameter Genetik dan Seleksi Sorgum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] Populasi F4 Hasil Single Seed Descent (SSD) Sulistyowati, Yuli; koesoemaningtyas, Tri; Sopandie, Didy; Ardie, Sintho Wahyuning; Nugroho, Satya
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 12, No 2 (2016): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1035.711 KB) | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v12i2.2878

Abstract

The objective of this study were to obtain information about genetic parameters of agronomic characters of sorghum populations derived from Single Seed Descent (SSD) method, and to estimate selection differensial and also to select of F4 population that have a high yield and medium plant height . The experiment was carried out at Leuwikopo Farm, Darmaga, Bogor from January to April 2014. The genetic material were F4 population derived from SSD. The results showed that based on the skewness and kurtosis values, all of the agronomy characters observed in this study were poligenic controlled and influenced by additive gene action. The genetic coefficient of variability values for all parameters varied from intermediate to high in F4 population. Agronomic characters in F4 responded positively to selection because of high broad sense heritability estimates. Correlation analysis showed that plant height, number of leaves, stem diameter, panicle length, panicle weight and 100 seed weight have significant and positive correlation to grain yield/plant. Differential value with selection intensity 10 % based on grain yield/plant will increase grain yield/plant 83.89 % and plant height 8.91 % in the next generation, whereas differensial value based on grain yield/plant and plant height will increase grain yield/plants 68.33 % and plant height 0.26 % in the next generation. It means that selected plant were expected increasing yield 83.89 % or 68.33 % in next generation.Keywords: heritability, cefficient genetic variability, correlation analysis, selection differential
PARAMETER GENETIK DAN SELEKSI SORGUM [SORGHUM BICOLOR (L.) MOENCH] POPULASI F4 HASIL SINGLE SEED DESCENT (SSD) Sulistyowati, Yuli; koesoemaningtyas, Tri; Sopandie, Didy; Ardie, Sintho Wahyuning; Nugroho, Satya
JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA Vol 12, No 2 (2016): JURNAL BIOLOGI INDONESIA
Publisher : Perhimpunan Biologi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/jbi.v12i2.2878

Abstract

The objective of this study were to obtain information about genetic parameters of agronomic characters of sorghum populations derived from Single Seed Descent (SSD) method, and to estimate selection differensial and also to select of F4 population that have a high yield and medium plant height . The experiment was carried out at Leuwikopo Farm, Darmaga, Bogor from January to April 2014. The genetic material were F4 population derived from SSD. The results showed that based on the skewness and kurtosis values, all of the agronomy characters observed in this study were poligenic controlled and influenced by additive gene action. The genetic coefficient of variability values for all parameters varied from intermediate to high in F4 population. Agronomic characters in F4 responded positively to selection because of high broad sense heritability estimates. Correlation analysis showed that plant height, number of leaves, stem diameter, panicle length, panicle weight and 100 seed weight have significant and positive correlation to grain yield/plant. Differential value with selection intensity 10 % based on grain yield/plant will increase grain yield/plant 83.89 % and plant height 8.91 % in the next generation, whereas differensial value based on grain yield/plant and plant height will increase grain yield/plants 68.33 % and plant height 0.26 % in the next generation. It means that selected plant were expected increasing yield 83.89 % or 68.33 % in next generation.Keywords: heritability, cefficient genetic variability, correlation analysis, selection differential