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PAT-7 A NATURAL CASE LIKE DIABETES RAT AS A NEW APPROACH ON UNDERSTANDING ALERT OF GLUCOSE METHABOLISM Winarto, Adi; Komariah, Komariah; Bambang, Kiranadi; Wasmen, Manalu; Handharyani, Ekowati
Hemera Zoa Proceedings of the 20th FAVA & the 15th KIVNAS PDHI 2018
Publisher : Hemera Zoa

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Abstract

Currently, diabetic case as a degenerative disease has widely known that it can be cure by insulin.  A remain puzzle is proliferation do not found in rest Beta cells, so insulin injection has to be applied entire life of diabetic patient. So far, there is no diagnostic approach that expresses such of thing which may indicate an early anomaly on glucose metabolism process. The aim of this research to get case model of hyperglycemic rat that has long period in process.
PREPARASI DAN KARAKTERISASI KITIN YANG TERKANDUNG DALAM EKSOSKELETON KUMBANG TANDUK RHINOCEROS BEETLE (XYLOTRUPES GIDEON L) DAN KUTU BERAS (SITOPHILUS ORYZAE L) Komariah, Komariah; Astuti, Luki
Prosiding Seminar Biologi Vol 9, No 1 (2012): Seminar Nasional IX Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : Prodi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UNS

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Abstract

ABSTRAK   Penelitian ini bertujuan mengkarakterisasi kitin hasil preparasi dari eksoskeleton kumbang tanduk Rhinoceros Beetle (Xylotrupes gideon L) dan kutu beras (Sitophilus oryzae). Penelitian terbagi menjadi penelitian pendahuluan yaitu preparasi dan uji proksimat, dan penelitian utama yang terdiri dari proses pembuatan dan karakterisasi kitin. Proses pembuatan kitin diawali dengan uji demineralisasi (HCL 1 N, 90°C), deproteinisasi (NaOH 3 N, 90°C), dan dekalorisasi (NaOCl 4%, suhu kamar). Karakterisasi meliputi tekstur, rendemen, kelarutan, kadar air, kadar abu, kadar nitrogen, kadar mineral dan derajat deasetilasi. Kadar abu dan kadar air ditentukan dengan gravimetri, kadar protein dengan kjedahl. Uji Kelarutan dengan asam asetat 2%, kadar mineral dengan spektrofotometer, sedangkan derajat deasetilasi dianalisis dengan menggunakan First Derivative Ultra Violet Spektrofotometry. Berdasarkan hasil perhitungan memperlihatkan karakteristik kitin dari eksoskeleton Rhinoceros Beetle (Xylotrupes gideon) menghasilkan kadar abu 0,98%, kadar air 8,37%, kadar nitrogen 3,02%, derajat deasetilasi 44,84%. Karakteristik kitin dari eksoskeleton Sitophilus oryzae menghasilkan kadar abu 2,00%, kadar air 8,00%, kadar nitrogen 3,57%, derajat deasetilasi 28,60 %. Kitin dari kedua sempel tidak larut dalam asam asetat 2%, berwarna putih dan tidak berbau. Hasil yang diperoleh sesuai dengan kriteria mutu kitin.   Kata Kunci: kitin, kadar air, kadar abu, kadar nitrogen, kelarutan dan derajat deasetilasi.
KARAKTERISASI KITIN DAN KITOSAN YANG TERKANDUNG DALAM EKSOSKELETON KUTU BERAS (SITOPHILUS ORYZAE) Komariah, Komariah
Prosiding Seminar Biologi Vol 10, No 2 (2013): Seminar Nasional X Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : Prodi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UNS

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan mengkarakterisasi kitin dan kitosan hasil preparasi dari eksoskeleton kutu beras (Sitophilus oryzae). Penelitian terbagi menjadi penelitian pendahuluan yaitu preparasi dan uji proksimat, dan penelitian utama yang terdiri dari proses pembuatan dan karakterisasi kitin dan kitosan. Proses pembuatan kitin/kitosan diawali dengan uji demineralisasi (HCL 1 N, 90?C), deproteinisasi (NaOH 3 N, 90?C), dekalorisasi (NaOCl 4%, suhu kamar) dan deasetilasi (NaOH 50%, 130?C). Karakterisasi meliputi tekstur, rendemen, kelarutan, kadar air, kadar abu, kadar nitrogen, kadar mineral dan derajat deasetilasi. Kadar abu dan kadar air ditentukan dengan gravimetri, kadar protein dengan kjedahl. Uji Kelarutan dengan asam asetat 2%, kadar mineral dengan spektrofotometer, sedangkan derajat deasetilasi dianalisis dengan menggunakan  First Derivative Ultra Violet Spektrofotometry. Berdasarkan hasil perhitungan memperlihatkan karakteristik kitin dari eksoskeleton Sitophilus oryzae menghasilkan kadar abu 2,00%, kadar air 8,00%, kadar nitrogen 3,57%, derajat deasetilasi 28,60 %. Kitin bersifat  tidak larut dalam asam asetat 2%, berwarna putih dan tidak berbau. Hasil yang diperoleh sesuai dengan kriteria mutu kitin. Untuk karakterisasi kitosan dari eksoskeleton kutu beras menghasilkan kadar abu 2,00%, kadar air 12,00%, kadar nitrogen 3,64%, derajat deasetilasi 68,25 %. Hasil yang diperoleh belum sesuai dengan kriteria mutu kitosan. Kata kunci :  Kutu Beras, Kitin, Kitosan, Derajat Deasetilasi
DAMPAK ERUPSI GUNUNG MERAPI TERHADAP LAHAN DAN UPAYA-UPAYA PEMULIHANNYA Rahayu, Rahayu; Ariyanto, Dwi Priyo; Komariah, Komariah; Hartati, Sri; Syamsiyah, Jauhari; Dewi, Widyatmani Sih
Caraka Tani - Jurnal Ilmu Ilmu Pertanian Vol 29, No 1 (2014): Articles in Press
Publisher : Caraka Tani - Jurnal Ilmu Ilmu Pertanian

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Abstract

EFEKTIVITAS KITOSAN DENGAN DERAJAT DEASETILASI DAN KONSENTRASI BERBEDA DALAM MENGHAMBAT PERTUMBUHAN BAKTERI GRAM NEGATIF (PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA) DAN GRAM POSITIF (STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS) RONGGA MULUT Komariah, Komariah; Wulansari, Noviana; Harmayanti, Wahyu
Prosiding Seminar Biologi Vol 10, No 2 (2013): Seminar Nasional X Pendidikan Biologi
Publisher : Prodi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP UNS

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Abstract

Kitosan adalah derivat deasetil dari biopolisakarida kitin yang  merupakan bioplimer kedua yang melimpah di alam setelah selulosa, dan dapat ditemukan pada eksoskeleton krustasea dan serangga. Kitosan bersifat biokompabilitas, biodegradabilitas, dan tidak beracun, dan memiliki  aktivitas antimikroba yang banyak diaplikasikan  diberbagai bidang seperti industri makanan, industri tekstil, kosmetik, kedokteran dan kedokteran gigi.  Pseudomonas aeruginosa  merupakan bakteri gram negatif penyebab utama infeksi nosokomial dan sering ditemukan di saluran air pada dental unit.    P. aeruginosa  bersifat patogen dan resisten terhadap beberapa bahan antibakteri  yang ada. Staphylococcus aureus merupakan  bakteri gram positif, yang dapat menyebabkan infeksi fasial, periapikal atau periodontal abses dan  denture sore mouth. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui kemampuan kitosan dengan  derajat deasetilasi (DD) dan konsentrasi berbeda dalam menghambat  pertumbuhan     P. aeruginosa   dan  S.  aureus  dalam rongga mulut. Pada penelitian ini digunakan metode difusi cakram, kitosan dengan derajat deasetilasi  89% dan 93%  dimasukkan ke dalam   paper disk   dengan   konsentrasi 0,25%, 0,5%, 0,75%, 1%, 1,25% selama 24 jam dalam suhu 37oC . Zona hambat  yang terbentuk diukur dengan jangka sorong. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan kitosan dengan derajat deasetilasi  dan konsentrasi  berbeda memberikan zona hambat yang berbeda baik pada  P. aeruginosa  dan  S. aureus. Zona hambat  P. aeruginosa   dan  S. aureus   terbesar terbentuk pada konsetrasi 1%, sedangkan kitosan dengan DD 93% memperlihatkan zona hambat lebih besar dibandingkan dengan kitosan DD 89%.   Kata Kunci : Kitosan, Derajat Deasetilasi, Psedomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus
UPAYA HUKUM PERMOHONAN EKSEKUSI TERHADAP PUTUSAN NAFKAH HADHANAH (Studi Pelaksanaan Putusan Terhadap Putusan Pengadilan Agama Nomor : 0957/Pdt.G/2014/PA.MLG) Cahyani, Tinuk Dwi Cahyani; Komariah, Komariah
Legality : Jurnal Ilmiah Hukum Vol 25, No 1 (2017): Maret
Publisher : Faculty of Law, University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (460.238 KB) | DOI: 10.22219/jihl.v25i1.5994

Abstract

The judge's ruling on the provision of a living has to be protected from legal certainty and justice in the decision Number: 0957 / Pdt.G / 2014 / PA.Mlg if the Petitioner (Defendant) is a civil servant (PNS). Implementation of the provision of income by the Petitioner (Defendant Reconciliation) to the Respondent (Plaintiff of Reconstruction) in the decision Number: 0957 / Pdt.G / 2014 / PA.Mlg. The supporting or inhibiting factor in the provision of the provision of income by the Petitioner (Defendant) to the Respondent (Plaintiff) in Decision Number: 0957 / Pdt.G / 2014 / PA.Mlg which has permanent legal force. To know the implementation of the decision, it is necessary to do research which is a sociological juridical research, using Primary data type which is a decision Number: 0957 / Pdt.G / 2014 / PA.Mlg. Data collection using the analysis of the decision that has been legally fixed (inkracht), interviews, documentation and literature study. The study was taken from the decision of the Panel of Judges in the Religious Courts of Malang and the interviews of the Respondent / Plaintiffs of Reconstruction. in order to be a reference for readers. Meanwhile, there are still obstacles in Malang education office that can not be interviewed because it is not willing to be questioned or information on the grounds there has never been a similar case. The result of research has been done by the researcher that the Petitioner / Defendant of Reconstruction does not fulfill its obligation as it existed in the ruling Decision Number: 0957 / Pdt.G / 2014 / PA.Mlg which is the basis of judge consideration already has elements of justice for the parties because it is in accordance with the circumstances and the ability of the parties to perform their respective obligations. Applicant/Defendant Rekonpensi able to carry out its obligations as an educator as well as a Civil Servant (PNS). Since the verdict was read by the Panel of Judges who had been inkracht, the Petitioner / Defendant of the Reconstruction for three years ignored or neglected his obligations (hadhanah's living). No seizure of guarantee or sanction if Petitioner / Defendant Reconcile neglects to its obligation.
ESTIMATION OF SOIL ORGANIC MATTER ON PADDY FIELD USING REMOTE SENSING METHOD Habibi, Luthfan Nur; Komariah, Komariah; Ariyanto, Dwi Priyo; Syamsiyah, Jauhari; Tanaka, Takashi S.T.
SAINS TANAH - Journal of Soil Science and Agroclimatology Vol 16, No 2 (2019): December
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1351.255 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/stjssa.v16i2.35395

Abstract

Soil organic matter (SOM) is one of the important parameters in agriculture management, thus estimating its distribution on the land will be essential. Remote sensing can be utilized to map the SOM distribution in the large-scale area. The objective of this research was to determine the estimation of SOM distribution on the paddy field in Sukoharjo Regency, Indonesia using Landsat 8 OLI imagery. The sampling points were determined by purposive sampling based on an overlay of land use classification map of paddy field, NDSI (Normalized Difference Soil Index) map, and soil type map. The analysis method was used simple linear regression (SLR) and multiple linear regression (MLR) between SOM content and a digital number of Landsat 8 OLI imagery. The SLR analysis resulted that all band except band 1 and 5 of Landsat 8 OLI Imagery have the capability to estimating SOM. The MLR model based on best subset analysis resulted in the combination of bands 3, 4, 6, and 7 was the best model for estimating SOM distribution (R2=0.399).  The MLR model was used to create SOM distribution map on paddy field in Sukoharjo Regency and resulted in the SOM range of the area is distributed from very low (<1%) to moderate (2.1?4.2%) with the largest area was on low level (1?2%) about 11,028 ha. The result indicates that Landsat 8 OLI Imagery could be used for mapping the SOM distribution.
PELINDIAN UNSUR KALIUM (K) DAN NATRIUM (Na) MATERIAL VULKANIK HASIL ERUPSI GUNUNG MERAPI 2010 (Simulasi Laboratorium) Sanjaya, Taufiq Perak; Syamsiyah, Jauhari; Ariyanto, Dwi Priyo; Komariah, Komariah
Caraka Tani - Jurnal Ilmu Ilmu Pertanian Vol 29, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Caraka Tani - Jurnal Ilmu Ilmu Pertanian

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Abstract

This research was conducted at the Greenhouse Laboratory of the Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University Surakarta, in March 2011. The aim of the study was to determine the relationship between the rainfall (synthetic) the number of elements Potassium (K) and Sodium (Na) were leached in volcanic material from the eruption of Mount Merapi. This study used artificial rainfall simulation approach  to treatment is based on the phenomenon of the eruption of Mount Merapi, Yogyakarta, Central Java by examining the leaching elements Sodium (Na) and Potassium (K) are swapped in the above-ground volcanic material Andisol. The experiments in this study using a completely randomized design (CRD) consisting of 3 to 5 treatments the sample depth artificial rain (water sprinkling) in 3 replications, namely 1 (22 mm x 1 day (22 mm)), 2 (22 mm x 10 days (220 mm)), 3 (22 mm x 20 days (440 mm)), 4 (22 mm x 30 days (660 mm)), 5 (22 mm x 45 days (990 mm)), and control ( 45 days field) with 3 replicates each. The variables measured were pH H2O, available K and Na, K and Na total, CEC, texture. Analysis of the data using the F test at the level of 95% or Kruskal-Wallis, to compare the mean between treatments using DMR test at the level of 95% or Mood Median, whereas to determine the relationship between variables used correlation test. The results showed that administration of rainfall of 22 mm / day is able to affect the leaching of potassium and sodium in the volcanic material from day 10. Leaching was significantly visible on day 30 with a decrease in available K and Na volcanic material at a depth of 0-15 cm in diameter (K 23.08%) (23.08% Na) and at a depth of 15-30 cm (K 21, 42%) (23.08% Na), and the addition of K and Na are available at a depth of >30 cm in the form of land Andisol (K 16.67%) (23.53% Na) from the previous treatment.
DAMPAK ERUPSI GUNUNG MERAPI TERHADAP LAHAN DAN UPAYA-UPAYA PEMULIHANNYA Rahayu, Rahayu; Ariyanto, Dwi Priyo; Komariah, Komariah; Hartati, Sri; Syamsiyah, Jauhari; Dewi, Widyatmani Sih
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 29, No 1 (2014): March
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (509.935 KB) | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v29i1.13320

Abstract

The eruption of Merapi mountain has primary and secondary hazard and may damage to the land. In detail, the hazards are land degradation is a loss of some or many of germplasm and changes in plant biodiversity. The others hazard including loss of water catchment areas, the destruction of forests, and even the closing of the water source, as well as the loss of water channels. The burried of soil and soil formation inhibition were caused by the repeated eruptions of Merapi, beside the loss of roads access to agricultural land and loss of land ownerships boundaries by the eruption and cool lava. Materials of eruption are sand and pyroclastic materials, as well as the nature of cementation require special techniques and technology to use the land as new farmland. Land restoration efforts can be done with the land management by reforestation on government-owned land for water catchment function, agroforestry forage grass based, grazing field on land owned by the village and residents, with the use of organic materials in the eruption sandy soil ameliorant.
PENERAPAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN COOPERATIVE-MEANINGFUL INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN (C-MID) TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN KOMUNIKASI MATEMATIS SISWA komariah, Komariah; Rosyid, Abdul; Nuraeni, Zuli
JUMLAHKU: Jurnal Matematika Ilmiah STKIP Muhammadiyah Kuningan Vol 3 No 2 (2017): Edisi Vol 3 No 2 November
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Matematika STKIP Muhammadiyah Kuningan

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Abstract

Application of Cooperative-Meaningful InstructionalDesign (C-MID) Learning Model to Improve Student Mathematical CommunicationSkill. This study aims to examine the improvement of students mathematicalcommunication skills with Cooperative-Meaningful Instructional Design learningmodel. This research involves experimental class and control class which is takenfrom class VII (Seven) SMP Negeri 4 Kuningan academic year 2016/2017. Theinstruments used in this study are test and questionnaire. Through experimentalmethod of pretest result it is known that the average score of mathematicalcommunication ability of control class is 31,36 while experiment class is 27,15. Andresult of posttest known that average score of communication of control class is 37,17and mean score of mathematical communication of experiment class is 43,08. Fromthe calculation of N-Gain score, the average of experimental class is 0,45 and thecontrol class is 0,26, it shows that after being given treatment of improvement ofmathematical ability of experiment class communication better than improvement ofmathematical communication ability of control class. The improvement ofmathematical communication skills of the experimental class is in the mediumcategory. In addition, from the result of questionnaire of student response, it is knownthat the students showed a positive response to the C- Cooperative-MeaningfulInstructional Design (C-MID) learning model.