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EFFECTS OF HEALTH EDUCATION ON KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE OF THE HEALTH CADRES IN PREVENTION OF HIV, DIABETES, AND STROKE Kosasih, Cecep Eli; Solehati, Tetti; Lukman, Mamat
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 4, No 1 (2019): June
Publisher : STIKes Aisyah Pringsewu Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (89.942 KB) | DOI: 10.30604/jika.v4i1.168

Abstract

Pangandaran is one of tourist destinations in West Java which is visited by foreign and domestic tourists that makes Pangandaran is vulnerable for infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS. In addition, unhealthy lifestyles due to increasing of economic value in this area caused an increasing the risk of diabetes mellitus and stroke. Efforts to overcome the problem of infectious diseases caused by Diabetes, Stroke, and HIV AIDS, it required the support of various parties both from the health service center and from community participation, especially the role of cadres who are members of Integrated Healthcare Post (Posyandu). The study aimed to know the effect of health education on knowledge and attitude of the health cadres in prevention of HIV, diabetes mellitus, and stroke. The study was conducted in Pamotan and Bagolo Villages of Pangandaran Regency in 2017. The populations in this study were all health cadres of Posyandu in the two villages with 39 total sampling. Design of the study was quasi experimental with pretest and posttest design. Instruments used questioners. Data analysis used univariate and bivariate analysis. The results showed that there were significant higher of the mean scores about knowledge after intervention of DM (M 3.79), Stroke (M= 4.64), and HIV (M = 3.92), than before intervention DM (M = 3.15), Stroke (M = 3.26), HIV (M = 2.85) (p = 0.00). There were significant higher of the mean scores about attitude after intervention of DM (16.46), Stroke (18.15), HIV (18.51), than before intervention of DM (M = 15.13), Stroke (M = 15.36), and HIV (M = 15.64) (p = 0.00). In this study, there were significantly different of mean scores of knowledge and attitude of health cadres before and after intervention period. It can be suggested for nurses that this method could increase a health promotion especially to increase knowledge and attitude of the cadres.ABSTRAKPangandaran merupakan salah satu tempat wisata di Jawa Barat yang ramai dikunjungi wisatawan mancanegara maupun domestik menjadikannya rentan terhadap penyakit HIV AIDS. Selain itu gaya hidup tidak sehat akibat meningkatnya ekonomi pada masyarakatnya meningkatkan resiko terkena diabetes melitus dan stroke. Diperlukan dukungan dari pusat pelayanan kesehatan dan peran serta masyarakat melalui kader kesehatan posyandu untuk mencegah masalah tersebut. Penelitian bertujuan mengetahui pengaruh edukasi kesehatan  terhadap  pengetahuan dan sikap kader kesehatan dalam pencegahan HIV,diabetes melitus, dan stroke. Penelitian dilakukan di Desa Pamotan dan  Desa Bagolo Kab Pangandaran tahun 2017. Populasi pada penelitian ini adalah seluruh kader kesehatan posyandu di dua desa tersebut berjumlah 39 orang dengan total sampling. Desain penelitian quasi eksperimen dengan rancangan pre test dan post test. Instrumen menggunakan quesioner. Analisis data menggunakan analisis univariat dan bivariat. Hasil penelitian menunjukan terdapat peningkatan rerata tingkat pengetahuan tentang DM (3,15), Stroke (3,26), HIV (2,85) sebelum intervensi menjadi DM (3,79), Stroke (4,64), HIV (3,92) setelah intervensi (p=0,00). Rerata sikap terhadap DM (15,13), Stroke (15,36), HIV (15,64) sebelum intervensi meningkat menjadi DM (16,46), Stroke (18,15), HIV (18,51) setelah intervensi (p=0,00). Edukasi berpengaruh dalam meningkatkan tingkat pengetahuan dan sikap kader kesehatan. Hal ini dapat digunakan perawat sebagai metode promosi kesehatan dalam meningkatkan pengetahuan dan sikap semua kader.
EDUCATIONAL VIDEO OF THE CIGARETTE HAZARD IN INCREASING KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDE AMONG "LITTLE DOCTORS" AT ELEMENTARY SCHOOL Kosasih, Cecep Eli; Solehati, Tetti
Jurnal Aisyah : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Article in Press
Publisher : STIKes Aisyah Pringsewu Lampung

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Abstract

Cigarettes are a big problem in Indonesia. Smoking becomes a habit for adult men, and even extends to children. Children become accustomed to seeing the smoking patterns of adults in their homes. It is risky for children to try smoking. Education in preventing the dangers of smoking can be done in various ways, one of which is using video media. This study aimed to find out the effect of video education on the level of knowledge about the dangers of smoking at little doctor in elementary school students. Quasi-experimental research design with pre-test and post-test design was used in this study. The study was conducted at Bojong Asih Elementary School, Pasawahan Elementary School, Cangkuang Elementary School, and Leuwi Bandung Elementary School in 2017. The population in this study were all 4-6 grade students totaling 323 people. The sample used was total sampling. Students were given questionnaires before the intervention and then were given education about the dangers of smoking through a video, then given a quisioner again to measure the level of knowledge about the dangers of smoking. Data analysis was performed using analysis of the paired t-test. Result this study was found that the average level of knowledge before the intervention was 2.6 (SD = 0.86). After the intervention there was a change in the level of knowledge to 2.87 (SD = 0.48). There was an influence of a video media intervention on students' knowledge (p = 0,000). This study found significant differences in the increase in average knowledge before and after the intervention period (p = 0.001). The local government need support the students, from both the Health Office and the Education Office as well as sub-district officials, village heads and principals for the sustainability of smoke-free programs in schools by using video as a means of educating students.
The impact of clean lifestyle health promotion on the attitude, motivation, and behaviour of village health cadres Solehati, Tetti; Rahmat, Agus; Kosasih, Cecep Eli; Hidayati, Nur Oktavia
Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik Vol 31, No 3 (2018): Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik
Publisher : Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mkp.V31I32018.310-317

Abstract

Pangandaran is a popular tourism destination in West Java, which is annually visited by a high number of foreign and domestic tourists. It has set itself the vision of gaining the title ‘Healthy Village’. However, Pangandaran beach is still fighting the problem of waste, which is easily found along the coast. Thus, disease is mushrooming due to the lack of a Clean Lifestyle (Perilaku Hidup Bersih Sehat/PHBS) and the low awareness of PHBS in the Pangandaran local community. The efforts undertaken to overcome the problem of infectious disease due to the lack of PHBS require great support from various parties such as health service centres and via community participation and the role of cadres, who also manage the Community Health Centres (Pos Pelayanan Terpadu/Posyandu). The study aims to determine the effect of the health promotion of PHBS on the attitude, motivation, and behaviour of the health cadres. The study was quasi-experimental, involving a pre-test and post-test design. The study was conducted in Pangandaran Village, Pangandaran Regency. This research involved the health cadres because they are the closest person to the community and they also run a health program. In addition, they are reliable people when it comes to overcoming health problems in the community. The total population of health cadres in Pangandaran Village amounted to 28 people, via total sampling. The instruments used in this study included a questionnaire, observation sheet, and a checklist. The data analysis used univariate and bivariate analysis. The result showed that the mean score of attitude ranged from 65.11 to 74.71 (p = 0,000), the mean score of motivation was 37.39 to 40.71 (p = 0,000), the mean score of genital hygiene behaviour was 67.96 to 80.61 (p = 0,000) and the mean score of the behaviour of CTPS was significant at 32.25 to 35.71 (p = 0,000). This study found there to be significant difference in the mean attitude, motivation and behaviour of the health cadres before and after the intervention period.
Upaya Peningkatan Gizi Balita Melalui Pelatihan Kader Kesehatan di Desa Cilumba dan Gunungsari Kabupaten Tasikmalaya Kosasih, Cecep Eli; Isabella, Chandra; Sriati, Aat
Media Karya Kesehatan Vol 1, No 1 (2018): Media Karya Kesehatan
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (558.159 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/mkk.v1i1.16945

Abstract

Kesehatan masyarakat khususnya balita menjadi prioritas utama dalam pembangunan kesehatan masyarakat. Balita merupakan kelompok usia yang paling rentan dengan gangguan kesehatan terutama masalah gangguan gizi. Balita mengalami gangguan gizi maka akibat yang akan ditimbulkan  antara lain: gizi buruk, gizi kurang, kwashiorkor, marasmus. Angka kekurangan gizi yang dialami anak di bawah lima tahun (balita) di Kabupaten Tasikmalaya hingga saat ini cukup tinggi. Upaya untuk mengatasi masalah gizi,  perlu dukungan berbagai pihak baik dari pusat pelayanan kesehatan maupun dari peran serta masyarakat dalam bentuk peran kader yang tergabung dalam posyandu. Pengelolaan Posyandu di masyarakat perlu mendapatkan perhatian dari berbagai pihak untuk bisa meningkatkan keberlangsungan pelayanan Posyandu.  Untuk meningkatkan keberlangsungan program tersebut dilakukan berberapa langkah salahsatunya adalah program revitalisasi posyandu dalam upaya peningkatan gizi balita.Kegiatan KKNM-PPMD integratif ini dilaksanakan di Desa Cilumba dan Desa Gunung Sari Kec. Cikatomas Kab. Tasikmalaya yang dilaksanakan sejak bulan Juli sampai dengan bulan September 2012. Khalayak sasaran pada program KKNM-PPMD integratif ini adalah seluruh kader dan ibu-ibu yang memiliki balita yang ada di Desa Cilumba dan Desa Gunung Sari dan tergabung di dalam posyandu di masing masing desa. Kegiatan ini meliputi; Melakukan pendataan tentang kondisi kesehatan yang ada di wilayah Desa Cilumba dan Desa Gunung Sari, Melakukan pelatihan revitalisasi posyandu dan penyuluhan tentang masalah kesehatan di wilayah Desa Cilumba dan Desa Gunung Sari.Kegiatan pemberdayaan kader dan revitalisasi posyandu memerlukan dukungan yang efektif baik dari pemerintahan desa maupun dari puskesmas baik material maupun dukungan moral bagi para kader kesehatan dan posyandu yang berada di daerahnya masing-masingKata kunci: gizi balita, revitalisasi posyandu
GAMBARAN KESADARAN DIRI DIABETES MELITUS MAHASISWA FAKULTAS KEPERAWATAN UNIVERSITAS PADJADJARAN Yudiana, Mila; Kosasih, Cecep Eli; Harun, Hasniatisari
Jurnal Keperawatan Vol 10, No 2 (2019): Juli
Publisher : University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22219/jk.v10i2.6677

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus was a disease that kept increased annually in the world. One of the factors that could prevent the occurrence of diabetes mellitus was self-awareness. The self-awareness for the students of nursing studies was very important to be developed, considering that nursing students were the prospective nurses which soon would become the role models in health and the nursing care givers. Thus, it was expected that the nursing students to have a high awareness. This research aimed to find out the description of self-awareness related to the risk factors of diabetes mellitus to the students of the Faculty of Nursing Universitas Padjadjaran. The method of the research was quantitative descriptive method that involved the population of the students of the Faculty of Nursing year 2014-2016 as much as 853 people, taken by simple random sampling method. The sample obtained was as much as 274 respondents. The data collection was by using self-awareness questionnaire, analyzed by frequency distribution method presented in the form of high, medium, and low self-awareness. The result of the research regarding the risk factors of diabetes mellitus were most of the respondents were included in the high category (55.20%), however, there were also respondents who were included in the medium category (47.44%). It can be concluded that there were respondents who have a medium self-awareness. Therefore, it is necessary to design the program to raise the self-awareness of nursing students related to diabetes mellitus risk factors. 
PERSEPSI MAHASISWA KEPERAWATAN TENTANG PERAWATAN SPIRITUAL (SPIRITUAL CARE) Azzahra, Meza Belindiani; Nur'aeni, Aan; Kosasih, Cecep Eli
Journal Nursing Care and Biomolecular Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : STIKes Maharani Malang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (20.628 KB) | DOI: 10.32700/jnc.v3i2.108

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Perception that received by nursing student can determine their behavior toward spiritual care in nursing practice. It is important to be identified in the academic stage to evaluate whether the learning process is able to support student perception. The purpose of this study was to identify the perception of nursing students about spiritual care. This research was quantitative descriptive. Population were final year and third year nursing student at one of the institution in West Java. Samples were acquired using a proportionate stratified random sampling technique (n=171). Data were collected using a spiritual care giving scale (SCGS). Data were analyzed using frequency distribution, percentage, and mean. Result of this research indicated that all of respondents had a favorable perception about spiritual care. However, there still aspects that had lower mean value comparing other aspects. Based on frequency distribution, there were number respondents who had disagree statement about form of spiritual care (11,1%) and individual’s integrity when having spirituality in theirself (12,3%). The conclusion of this research was all respondents had a favorable perception of spiritual care. Nevertheless, there were aspects that need to be improved, such as spiritual care attitudes and definition of spiritual care. These can be improved through a specific education regarding spirituality and spiritual care.
PENGARUH EDUKASI TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN DAN SKILL GURU SERTA PERSONAL HYGIENE SISWA SD Solehati, Tetti; Susilawati, Sri; Lukman, Mamat; Kosasih, Cecep Eli
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 11, No 1 (2015): JURNAL KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT (KEMAS) JULI 2015
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/kemas.v11i1.3678

Abstract

Banjir sering menimbulkan masalah kesehatan terutama pada anak. Hal ini diperparah dengan buruknya pola Perilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat (PHBS) pada masyarakat. Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui Pengetahuan Dan Skill Guru dan  personal hygiene siswa setelah diberikan edukasi. Penelitian dilkukan pada tahun 2014. Desain penelitian quasi eksperimen dengan rancangan pre test dan post test. Penelitian dilakukan di SDN VII dan X Dayeuhkolot Bandung. Sampelnya adalah 24 guru  dan 288 siswa kelas 3-6 SDN VII dan SDN X Dayeuhkolot. Instrumen menggunakan quesioner, lembar observasi, dan lembar cek list. Analisis data menggunakan analisis univariat dan bivariat. Hasil menunjukan rerata personal hygiene siswa 77,78 sebelum intervensi meningkat jadi 89,54 (pv= 0.001). Rerata tingkat pengetahuan guru sebelum intervensi 52, rerata skill CTPS 64,17. Setelah intervensi mengalami peningkatan rerata tingkat pengetahuan menjadi 97, rerata skill CTPS 97,92 (pv= 0.001). Simpulan penelitian, ada perbedaan bermakna rerata pengetahuan dan skill guru serta personal hygiene siswa sebelum dan setelah periode intervensi. Floods often cause health problems especially in children. This is aggravated by poor pattern Clean and Healthy Lifestyle/ PHBS in the community. The aim is to determine the effect of education on knowledge, skill of  the teachers and hygiene of the elementary school students. The study conducted at 2014. The study was a quasi-experimental of pre-test and post-test design. The study was conducted in elementary school VII and X Dayeuhkolot. The sample is 24 teachers and 288 students in grades 3 to 6. The instrument used quisionare, observation sheet, and a check list sheet. Univariate and bivariate analysis was used to analyze the data. The mean score of personal hygiene students increased from77.78 to 89.54 (pv = 0.001). The mean score of teacher knowledge increased from 52 to 97 (pv = 0.001). The mean score of skill in teacher increased from 64.17 to 97.92 (pv = 0.001). Conclusion: This study found a significant differences of mean the knowledge and skill on teachers and personal hygiene students before and after the intervention (p = 0.001).
GAMBARAN KUALITAS TIDUR PADA PENDERITA HIPERTENSI QUALITY OF SLEEP AMONG HYPERTENSION PATIENTS Sakinah, Putwi Rizki; kosasih, cecep eli; Sari, Eka Afrima
Media Kesehatan Politeknik Kesehatan Makassar Vol 13, No 2 (2018): Media Kesehatan
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (480.412 KB) | DOI: 10.32382/medkes.v13i2.663

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AbstractPeople with hypertension experience symptoms of dizziness, headache, obstructive sleep apnea, shortness of breath, nocturia, and restless legs syndrome which disturb sleep and reduce its quality. This research’s objective was to describe the sleep quality overview of Puskesmas Rancaekek’s hypertension patients. Using descriptive quantitative method with purposive sampling technique, this research aimed at 79 Puskesmas Rancaekek’s patients who had been diagnosed with hypertension for at least one month long. The data were collected using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) questionnaire and analysed using the total score resulted; ≤5 was good while >5 was poor. Results showed 94.6% of respondents had poor sleep quality. The dimensions that contribute to the poor sleep quality included >30 minutes sleep latency, <5 hours sleep duration, <65% of sleep efficiency, sleep disturbance due to waking up at midnight or early morning and waking up to toilet, and activity disturbance at daylight. The conclusion was that Puskesmas need to develop preventive and promotive efforts to minimize the complication of hypertension patients and optimize their quality of life by helping them improve their quality of sleep. Meanwhile, the self-management that should be done by the patients were avoiding the consumption of coffee and cigarettes, limiting physical activities, and doing physical exercise and relaxation therapies. Key Words: Hypertension, Sleep Quality, PSQI  AbstrakPenderita hipertensi mengalami gejala pusing, nyeri kepala, obstructive sleep apnea, sesak napas, nokturia, restless legs syndrome yang mengganggu tidur dan berdampak pada kualitas tidur serta mempengaruhi kualitas hidup dan tekanan darah. Penelitian bertujuan untuk melihat gambaran kualitas tidur pada penderita hipertensi di Puskesmas Rancaekek. Metode penelitian menggunakan deskriptif kuantitatif dengan teknik purposive sampling sebanyak 79 penderita hipertensi di Puskesmas Rancaekek yang telah didiagnosis dokter minimal 1 bulan. Pengambilan data menggunakan kuesioner Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) dan dianalisis menggunakan total skor, jika skor ≤ 5 baik dan skor > 5 buruk. Hasil menunjukan 94,6% responden memiliki kualitas tidur buruk. Dimensi yang berkontribusi terhadap kualitas tidur buruk yaitu latensi tidur tidak dapat tertidur dalam waktu 30 menit, durasi tidur <5 jam, efisiensi kebiasaan tidur <65%, gangguan tidur karena terbangun tengah malam atau pagi sekali dan terbangun karena ingin ke toilet, serta gangguan aktivitas pada siang hari. Puskesmas perlu mengembangkan upaya preventif dan promotif untuk meminimalisir komplikasi penderita hipertensi dan pencapaian kualitas hidup optimal salah satunya dengan membantu meningkatkan kualitas tidur. Dengan mengedukasi penderita untuk menghindari konsumsi kopi dan rokok, membatasi aktivitas fisik, melakukan latihan fisik, dan terapi relaksasi. Kata Kunci: Hipertensi, Kualitas Tidur, PSQI
Pengaruh Edukasi Kesehatan Terhadap Pengetahuan Pasien Stroke dan Keluarga: Peran, Dukungan, dan Persiapan Perawatan Pasien Stroke di Rumah Kosasih, Cecep Eli; solehati, tetti; Purba, Chandra Isabela
Media Kesehatan Politeknik Kesehatan Makassar Vol 13, No 2 (2018): Media Kesehatan
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (375.908 KB) | DOI: 10.32382/medkes.v13i2.662

Abstract

AbstractStroke patients face a number of problems that include physical, social, emotional, psychological, and spiritual which can cause a decrease in their well-being. Strengthening the role of the family, family support, and preparation for care by the family at home is needed. One effort is to increase the knowledge of stroke patients and families through health education. This study aimed to determine the effect of health education on the knowledge of stroke patients and families on the role, support, and preparation of care at home. The research method used a quasi-experimental design with a one group pre-post test design. The study was conducted at Al Islam Bandung Hospital in 2018. Respondents consisted of 16 stroke patients and 16 stroke family families. The instrument uses a questionnaire. Data analysis using univariate and bivariate analysis. The results showed that before and after the intervention there were significant mean differences in the level of knowledge of patients from 7.94 to 10.38 (p = 0.002), but in the variable readiness of stroke patients there was no significant difference in average seen from the mean value of 14.25 became 15.88 (p = 0.411). In the patient's family, it was shown that before and after the intervention there was a significant of mean difference in the level of knowledge from 5.19 to 6.81 (p = 0.012). Conclusion: health education has been shown to be influential in increasing the level of knowledge of patients and their families regarding stroke, readiness, the role of family carers for stroke patients, psychological support, and preparation for the care of stroke patients at home. However,health education does not affect the level of readiness of stroke patients for transition. Suggestion: readiness to accept the transition in stroke patients is not enough only by health education alone but family participation is needed in providing support to these patients therefore it is recommended that nurses always support the family to support stroke patients. AbstrakPasien stroke menghadapi sejumlah masalah yang mencakup fisik, sosial, emosional, psikologis, dan spiritual yang dapat menyebabkan penurunan kesejateraannya. Diperlukan penguatan peran keluarga, dukungan keluarga, serta persiapan perawatan oleh keluarga di rumah. Salah satu upayanya adalah dengan meningkatkan pengetahuan pasien stroke dan keluarga melalui edukasi kesehatan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh edukasi kesehatan terhadap pengetahuan pasien stroke dan keluarga akan peran, dukungan, dan persiapan perawatan. Metode penelitian menggunakan desain quasi eksperiment dengan rancangan one group pre-post test design. Penelitian dilakukan di Rumah Sakit Al Islam Bandung pada tahun 2018. Responden terdiri dari 16 pasien stroke dan 16 keluarga pasien stroke. Instrumen menggunakan kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan analisis univariat dan bivariat. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa sebelum dan setelah intervensi terdapat perbedaan rata-rata yang signifikan tingkat pengetahuan pasien dari 7,94 menjadi 10,38 (p = 0,002), tetapi pada variabel kesiapan  pasien stroke tidak  terdapat perbedaan rata-rata yang signifikan terlihat dari rata-rata nilai 14,25 menjadi 15,88 (p = 0,411). Pada keluarga pasien menunjukan bahwa sebelum dan setelah intervensi terdapat perbedaan rata-rata tingkat pengetahuan yang signifikan dari 5,19 menjadi 6,81 (p = 0,012). Simpulan: edukasi kesehatan terbukti berpengaruh dalam meningkatkan tingkat pengetahuan pasien dan keluarganya mengenai stroke, kesiapan, peran keluarga pengasuh pasien stroke, dukungan psikologis, dan persiapan perawatan pasien stroke di rumah. Edukasi Kesehatan tidak berpengaruh terhadap tingkat kesiapan pasien stroke untuk transisi. Saran : kesiapan untuk menerima transisi pada pasien stroke tidak cukup dengan edukasi kesehatan saja tapi diperlukan peran serta keluarga dalam memberikan dukungan kepada pasien tersebut oleh karena itu disarankan agar perawat selalu mensupport keluarga agar melakukan dukunganpada pasien stroke.
GAMBARAN SUMBER INFORMASI PHBS PADA KADER KESEHATAN Kosasih, Cecep Eli; Solehati, Tetti; Rahmat, Agus
PROMOTIF: Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 8, No 1 (2018): PROMOTIF - JUNI
Publisher : FKM Universitas Muhammadiyah Palu

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1216.155 KB)

Abstract

Desa Pangandaran merupakan salah satu tempat wisata di Jawa Barat memiliki visi menjadi Desa Sehat. Sayangnya kesadaran ber-PHBS masyarakat Pangandaran masih rendah menyebabkan tingginya angka diare dan kecacingan di daerah tersebut kemungkinan karena kurangnya mendapatkan informasi tentag PHBS. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui sumber informasi PHBS pada kader kesehatan. Desain penelitian deskriptif kuantitatif. Penelitian dilakukan di Desa Pangandaran Kecamatan Pangandaran Jawa Barat. Populasi penelitian adalah semua kader kesehatan yang terdapat di Desa Pangandaran sejumlah 28 orang. Sample menggunakan total sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan adalah quisioner yang terdiri dari data karakteristik dan sumber informasi. Analisa yang digunakan deskriptif berupa frekuensi dan prosentase. Seluruh responden pernah mendapatkan informasi PHBS sejumlah 28 orang (100%). Pada variabel genital hygiene diperoleh bahwa sebagian kecil responden mendapatkan informasi dari media cetak sejumlah 6 orang (21,4%), hampir seluruh responden mendapatkan informasi dari petugas kesehatan sejumlah  24 orang (85,7%). Pada variabel CTPS diperoleh bahwa seluruh responden pernah mendapatkan informasi 28 orang (100%), hampir setengahnya responden mendapatkan informasi dari orang tua sejumlah  8 orang (28,6%), sebagian kecil responden mendapatkan informasi dari saudara sejumlah 3 orang (10,7%), sebagian kecil  responden mendapatkan informasi dari teman sejumlah  2 orang (7,1 %), hampir setengahnya responden mendapatkan informasi dari media sosial sejumlah 12 orang (42,9%), hampir seluruh responden mendapatkan informasi dari petugas kesehatan sejumlah 23 orang (82,1%). Kesimpulan: Seluruh responden mendapatkan informasi. Walaupun sumber informasi lebih banyak diperoleh dari petugas kesehatan dan media sosial namun masih ada informasi didapat dari teman. Perlu pendekatan yang lebih kreatif dalam pemberian informasi dari petugas kesehatan misalnya dengan menggunakan media sosial.