Sutrisno Koswara
Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor

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OPTIMASI PEMBUATAN SOHUN UBI JALAR MENGGUNAKAN EKSTRUDER PEMASAK-PENCETAK Muhandri, Tjahja; Subarna, Subarna; Koswara, Sutrisno; Nurtama, Budi; Fatmala, Dewi; Ariefianto, Dimas Imam
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 28 No. 1 (2017): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (572.183 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/jtip.2017.28.1.36

Abstract

Sweet potatoes have a fairly diverse varieties and the difference in varieties is assumed to influence the starch physicochemical properties. The objective of this research was to optimize the sweet potato vermicelli production using a cooking-forming extruder. The starch characterization included proximate analysis, starch content, amylose content and gelatinization profile. Sweet potato vermicelli was made with the starch of sweet potaoto Ace variety. Meanwhile, process and formula optimization was carried out using Response Surface Methodology (RSM). The amount of starch used was in the range of 62.5?69.0 g, the amount of water was 31.0?37.5 g, extruder temperature of 80-90°C and screw rotation of 90-120 rpm. The starch of sweet potato Ace variety had the highest level of carbohydrate, total starch and amylose (99.16, 86.91, and 8.77% db, respectively). It also had the most excellent cooking endurance as shown by the lowest breakdown viscosity (5183.33 cP), and the best tendency of retrogradation as shown by the highest setback viscosity (1328.00 cP). The optimum combination for the vermicelli making was 65.2 g of starch, 34.8 g of water, extruder temperature of 85°C and screw rotation of 115 rpm. The sweet potato vermicelli from the optimum condition resulted in 20.85% actual cooking loss and 164.98% elongation. Process improvement with freezing and fan drying of the vermicelli produced a better quality of vermicelli with 12.90% cooking loss and 196.42% elongation.
THE EFFECT OF HEATING ON PHYSICOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF RICE BRAND OIL Indrasari, S. Dewi; Koswara, Sutrisno; Muchtadi, Deddy; Nagara, L. Mulyati
Indonesian Journal of Agricultural Science Vol 2, No 1 (2001): April 2001
Publisher : Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development - MOA

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Abstract

Rice bran oil has a potential in lowering blood cholesterol. The oil content extracted from rice bran isa influenced by several factors such as raw material and processing method. This research was conducted to study the effect of heating on the physicochemical characteristics of rice bran oil. The study was carried out at the Food Technology and Nutrition Laboratory and Biotechnological Science Laboratory of the Inter University Center, Bogor Agricultural University, from February to MAy 1997. Bran used was from IR64 rice variety obtained from a local milling rice in Tambak Dahan, Binong-Subang, West Java. Rice bran was subjected to different period of heating (0, 15 and 30 minutes) at 121oC by using an autoclave, then the oil was extraxted by using hexane solvent followed by standard processing at room temperature (28-30oC) and 40oC for two hours. The parameters observed were oil content and its quality such as saponification, iodine, acid, peroxide, tiobarbituric acid, and triglyceric acid values as well as oil color. The results showed that oil extracted from rice bran was high, ranging from 9.65 to 11.02%. Heating (sterilizing) of the rice bran for 15 and 30 minutes at 120oC proir to extraction increased the oil content. The Quality of rice bran oil extracted met the standard of AOAC.
EFEKTIVITAS PROGRAM PENINGKATAN MUTU DAN KEAMANAN PANGAN INDUSTRI RUMAH TANGGA PANGAN (IRTP) DI KABUPATEN CIANJUR Purba, Dreitsohn Franklyn; Nuraida, Lilis; Koswara, Sutrisno
JURNAL STANDARDISASI Vol 16, No 2 (2014): Vol 16, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Badan Standardisasi Nasional

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Abstract

Peningkatan mutu dan keamanan pangan produksi IRTP bergantung pada efektifitas pembinaan dan pengawasan mutu dan keamanan pangan IRTP oleh Pemerintah Kabupaten Cianjur. Kajian ini bertujuan 1) mengidentifikasi regulasi yang dirujuk, program dan kegiatan, serta anggaran yang disediakan, 2) mengevaluasi penerapan CPPB IRT oleh IRTP, dan 3) memberikan rekomendasi. Data diperoleh dari berbagai dokumen Pemerintah Kabupaten Cianjur dan dari survei. Jumlah sampel 10% (71 IRTP), diambil dengan cara purposive sampling. Regulasi yang dirujuk cukup memadai tetapi belum lengkap, karena regulasi pokok untuk pembinaan IRTP tidak disosialisasikan seluruhnya. Pemerintah Kabupaten Cianjur belum mengembangkan regulasi mutu dan keamanan pangan IRTP. Program menghasilkan 82% IRTP memenuhi prasyarat dasar operasional, 11% belum memiliki SPP-IRT dan SPKP, dan 7% memiliki SPP-IRT tetapi tidak dapat menunjukkan SPKP-nya. Anggaran program masih kecil dan hanya difokuskan pada kegiatan penyuluhan keamanan pangan dan sertifikasi produksi pangan IRT; belum mencakup seluruh IRTP yang terdaftar pada Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten Cianjur. Hampir 58,94% responden IRTP telah menerapkan beberapa parameter CPPB IRT dengan nilai baik, antara lain lingkungan produksi, peralatan produksi, fasilitas dan kegiatan hygiene dan sanitasi, kebijakan terhadap kesehatan karyawan, praktik sanitasi dan hygiene, dan penyimpanan produk. Hampir 38,78% dinilai masih kurang pada parameter suplai air dan pengolahan, pengendalian hama, praktik sanitasi, serta kemasan dan pelabelan. Berdasarkan analisis, pembinaan dan pengawasan mutu dan keamanan pangan IRTP di Kabupaten Cianjur dinyatakan berada pada tingkat efektivitas sedang. Pemerintah Daerah Kabupaten Cianjur hendaknya menggalakkan sosialisasi regulasi, menajamkan outcome program, memperbesar anggaran, dan meningkatkan mutu dan frekuensi penyuluhan, serta mengadvokasi/mendampingi IRTP.
THE UTILIZATION OF SEAWEED (EUCHEUMA COTTONI) TO INCREASE IODINE AND DIETARY FIBER CONTENTS OF JAM AND DODOL Astawan, Made; Koswara, Sutrisno; Herdiani, Fanie
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 15 No. 1 (2004): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

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Abstract

Indonesia is known as a country rich in species of seaweed. The most important components of seaweed are iodine and dietary fiber. Eucheuma cottoni is one species of seaweed that can be used as a source of iodine and dietary fiber. Iodine deficiency can cause several diseases also known as IDD (Iodine Deficiency Disorder), while deficiency of dietary fiber can cause some degenerative diseases. This research is taken to develop the utilization of Eucheuma cottoni as an ingredient in the making of jam and ?dodol? (Indonesian traditional snack food). The best ratio of seaweed and sugar for jam production was 37:63, while the best ratio of seaweed and glutinous flour in making dodol was 5:2. The addition of seaweed on jam and dodol formula increased their iodine and dietary fiber contents. The iodine content of jam and dodol was 17.79 and 19.57 �µg/g, respectively. The dietary fiber content of jam and dodol was 5.75 and 5.63%, respectively. Key words : Disorder, dietary fiber, dodol, jam, seaweed
Peningkatan Mutu dan Cara Produksi pada Industri Minuman Jahe Merah Instan di Desa Benteng, Ciampea, Bogor Koswara, Sutrisno; Diniari, Astrid
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Vol 1, No 2 (2015): Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/agrokreatif.1.2.149-161

Abstract

Red ginger (Zingiber officinale var. Rubrum) have been processed into several foods and beverages, such as instant beverage, ginger candy, ginger pickle, ginger coffee, etc. This study aimed to study the optimum formulation of red ginger instant drinks and the most effective comparison of solubility with water, implement food security at household industry, and examine the financial aspects in the industrial of red ginger instant drinks at Benteng Village, Ciampea, Bogor. On determining the best formula, tested on 3 formula: formula with ratio sugar and red ginger 1:2 (A), 1:1 (B), and 1:3 (C). The yield of each formula was different which 66.33% ( formula A), 42.67% (formula B), and 69.33% (formula C). The best formula chosen is C because the materials used for the manufacture of the most economical and fast rehydration time. After following several processed of certification, the household industry of Jahe Gunung Leutik got the PIRT number as follow 61232010110099. Feasibility analysis also showed that the domestic industry was declared worthy of financial side. Based on the result of cost calculation of production of instant drink obtained that Rp 4.735.71. The result of instant drinks red ginger feasibility are NPV = Rp 917.725.03, gross B/C = 1.8244, net B/C = 3.8910, and IRR= 53%.
Kesiapan Usaha Mikro Kecil Menengah Pangan dalam Penerapan ISO 9001:2008 (Studi Kasus di Palu, Sulawesi Tengah) Muhandri, Tjahja; Herawati, Dian; Budi, Faleh Setia; Nuraida, Lilis; Koswara, Sutrisno; Agista, Afifah Zahra; Sukmawati, Yuli
Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Vol 2, No 2 (2016): Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/agrokreatif.2.2.61-66

Abstract

Small and Medium Industries of the Food (Food SME’s) needs to have SNI products to be competitive in the free market era. SNI certificate product can be provided by the certification body, on the condition that the industry has to implement ISO 9001. This activity aims to identify the readiness of small industries (food) to meet the clauses of ISO 9001 and assist them in improving the necessary documents. Activities carried out for 2 months with 24 samples of small industries (food) in Palu (Central Sulawesi) were selected purposively. The results showed that all the small industries yet to implement all aspects of GMP. Small industry best only meet 21% of the clauses of ISO 9001. Compliance with the clauses of ISO 9001 increased by between 4586% after mentoring.
Cookies Kaya Serat Pangan dengan Bahan Dasar Tepung Asia (Ampas) Ubi Jalar Muhandri, Tjahja; Septieni, Disty; Subarna, Subarna; Koswara, Sutrisno; Hunaefi, Dase
Jurnal Mutu Pangan (Indonesian Journal of Food Quality) Vol 5, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Jurnal Mutu Pangan (Indonesian Journal of Food Quality)

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Abstract

Sweet Potato Asia Fluor (SPAF) is a by product from starch extraction that contain high level of dietary fiber. In this present studies, this flour (by product) was applied in cookies production as a wheat flour replacer. The aim of the research was to study cookies formulation using sweet potato asia flour in cookies production compliance claiming of high level of dietary fiber. The formulations were fixed using 100 gram of SPAF but with different amount of margarine (75, 65 dan 55% of 100 gram of SPAF) and egg yolk (16, 14, dan 12% of 100 gram SPAF). Dough bulk density, product bulk density, expansion ratio, texture, and pores structure, and also hedonic’s rating test were performed to analyse the cookies quality physically. Selected formula from hedonic test was analized proximate, dietary fiber and AKG. The higher concentration egg yolk and margarine in dough, the lower dough and cookies’ density, and the lower hardness. The selected formula based on sensory evaluation was egg yolk 12% and margarine 55 %. In 20 grams serving size, cookies contained total energy 101kcal, 1% RDA of protein, 9% RDA of fat, 4% RDA of carbohydrate, and 5% RDA of dietary fiber based on a 2150 kcal diet. The selected formula had 6.5% dietary fiber in which comply to the BPOMN regulation of claiming high in dietry fiber (minimum 6%).
Peningkatan Nilai Tambah Usaha Olahan Keripik Pisang di Desa Tenajar, Kabupaten Indramayu, Jawa Barat Hartoyo, .; Koswara, Sutrisno; Sulassih, .
Agrokreatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat Vol 5, No 3 (2019): Agrokreatif Jurnal Ilmiah Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/agrokreatif.5.3.251-257

Abstract

The objectives of this community service activity are to: 1) Increase knowledge and skills in processing banana chips through training for community groups in the Pesantren (Islamic Boarding School) of Syubbanul Yaum, Tenajar Village, and 2) Analyze the added value of banana chips processing. The activities were carried out during July?September 2019 (3 months) with several activities that began with preparation, training on making banana chips, and technical assistances. The results of the training activities showed that there were knowledge improvement of training participants in terms of: selection the quality of material (by 63.16?), innovation in the form of banana chips (by 89.47?), and innovation in the taste of banana chips (by 26.32?). The skills of participants have been improved to apply innovation in the terms of form and flavor of banana chips. The innovations in the form of chips include; wasp nests, elongated, sloped, rounded, jagged and rounded jagged, while flavored innovations include; cheese, chocolate, green tea, palm sugar, spicy and savory. The ability of participants to make banana chips with a thickness of 1?2 mm was increased by 26.32? by using various shapes of knives. The result of value added analysis shows that the processing of banana chips can provide economic added value of IDR 8,000/kg with a value added ratio of 53.30% of the sales value. The profit of banana chips business reached IDR 5,200/kg with a profit ratio of 65%. There is, therefore, the processing of banana chips is a suitable business for community groups in managing Pesantren to foster the economic independence of Pesantren and village communities.
Cookies Kaya Serat Pangan dengan Bahan Dasar Tepung Asia (Ampas) Ubi Jalar Muhandri, Tjahja; Septieni, Disty; Subarna, Subarna; Koswara, Sutrisno; Hunaefi, Dase
Jurnal Mutu Pangan : Indonesian Journal of Food Quality Vol 5, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Jurnal Mutu Pangan : Indonesian Journal of Food Quality

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Abstract

Sweet Potato Asia Fluor (SPAF) is a by product from starch extraction that contain high level of dietary fiber. In this present studies, this flour (by product) was applied in cookies production as a wheat flour replacer. The aim of the research was to study cookies formulation using sweet potato asia flour in cookies production compliance claiming of high level of dietary fiber. The formulations were fixed using 100 gram of SPAF but with different amount of margarine (75, 65 dan 55% of 100 gram of SPAF) and egg yolk (16, 14, dan 12% of 100 gram SPAF). Dough bulk density, product bulk density, expansion ratio, texture, and pores structure, and also hedonic?s rating test were performed to analyse the cookies quality physically. Selected formula from hedonic test was analized proximate, dietary fiber and AKG. The higher concentration egg yolk and margarine in dough, the lower dough and cookies? density, and the lower hardness. The selected formula based on sensory evaluation was egg yolk 12% and margarine 55 %. In 20 grams serving size, cookies contained total energy 101kcal, 1% RDA of protein, 9% RDA of fat, 4% RDA of carbohydrate, and 5% RDA of dietary fiber based on a 2150 kcal diet. The selected formula had 6.5% dietary fiber in which comply to the BPOMN regulation of claiming high in dietry fiber (minimum 6%).