Titik Kuntari
Departemen Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Islam Indonesia

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Determinan Abortus di Indonesia Kuntari, Titik; Wilopo, Siswanto Agus; Emilia, Ova
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 4 No. 5 April 2010
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (205.87 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v4i5.173

Abstract

Abortus menjadi masalah yang penting dalam kesehatan masyarakat karena berpengaruh terhadap morbiditas dan mortalitas maternal. Di Indonesia, belum ada data yang komprehensif tentang kejadian abortus, berbagai data yang ada sebelumnya berdasarkan survei dengan cakupan yang relatif terbatas. Abortus yang tidak aman bertanggung jawab terhadap 11% kematian ibu di Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian abortus di Indonesia. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dengan metode observasional menggunakan disain studi cross sectional. Data penelitian diperoleh dari data Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia 2002-2003. Analisis data dilakukan secara bertahap yaitu: analisis univariat, analisis bivariat dan analisis multivariat dengan regresi logistik. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa risiko abortus meningkat seiring dengan peningkatan usia ibu. Wanita dengan paritas 0-2 berisiko lebih tinggi untuk mengalami abortus dibandingkan wanita dengan paritas 3 atau lebih (OR=5,2, IK 95%=3,49-7,89). Wanita yang bekerja berisiko 2,7 kali lebih tinggi untuk mengalami aborsi daripada wanita yang tidak bekerja (OR= 2,7 , IK 95%= 2,10-3,58). Selain itu, risiko abortus meningkat pada wanita yang menikah pada usia 30 tahun atau lebih (OR=1,8, IK95%= 1,30-2,48). Risiko abortus tidak berhubungan bermakna dengan riwayat abortus sebelumnya, tingkat pendidikan dan tingkat sosial ekonomi.Kata kunci : Abortus, tren abortus, determinan abortus, IndonesiaAbstractAbortion has become a main problem in public health because of its impact on maternal morbidity and mortality. There is no comprehensive data on abortion in Indonesia. So far, data were based on survey with limited coverage. Unsafe abortion is responsible to 11 percent of maternal mortality in Indonesia. This research objective is to determine factors related to abortion in Indonesia. The study was an observational method with cross sectional design. Thesedata are gathered from Indonesian Demography and Health Survey 2002–2003. Data analysis used univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis with logistic regression. The risk of an abortion increased in line with the increasing of maternal age. Women with 0-2 parity have higher risk than multiparity (OR=5.2, IK95%=3.49-7.89). Employed women have higher risk than unemployed (OR=2.7, IK95%=2.10-3.58). The risk of abortion increased among women married at 30 years old or over (OR=1.8, IK95%=1.30-2.48). There is no significant association between history of abortion, education, socioeconomic and risk of abortion.Key words : Abortion, trend of abortion, abortion’s determinant, Indonesia
Alasan Ketidaktepatan Waktu lbu untuk Melakukan lmunisasi Lengkap di Puskesmas Sawit Kabupaten Boyolali Amin, Taufiqurrochman Nur; Kuntari, Titik
JKKI : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Indonesia JKKI, Vol 2, No 5, (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine

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Abstract

The infant mortality rate in Indonesia is generally caused by the disease can be prevented by immunization (PD3I). In 2008 showed decreasing success rates of immunization. The complete success of immunization m Public Health Centers Sawit District Boyolali amounted 70-90%. This study aimed to identify factors that cause mothers to postpone the full immunization for children from birth through age 24 months. The study was non-analytic descriptive, using cross sectional method, the data used primary data obtained from questionnaires completed by respondents. Processed by descriptive statistics with proportion calculations and presented in tables and pie charts. Completed immunization showed number is 100% perfect. The timeliness of the implementation of immunization showed that the mother with right time just 30% while 70% delayed the immunization. The reasons of mother to delay immunization is because that their child had fever, coughing colds without fever, diarrhea, laziness mother to wait a long time, has other activity, and because the child exposed to DHF.
Analisa Faktor Penentu Tingkat Kepuasan Pasien Di Rumah Sakit Pku Muhammadiyah Bantul Lestari, Wijayanti Puji; Sunarto, Sunarto; Kuntari, Titik
JKKI : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Indonesia JKKI, Vol1, No 1, (2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine

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Abstract

Growing of emulation between hospitals that is increasingly tight and sharply, hence every hospital claimed to heighten competitiveness by trying gives satisfaction to all the patients. For the purpose must be known factors which influencing level of satisfaction of the patient. And is a real thing necessary for we to know what which patient we require to fulfill their satisfaction to services which we give. This research aim to know factors determining satisfaction of patient takes care of lodging and installation of emergency, also knows is there is difference of determinant level of satisfaction between patients takes care of lodging, and installation of emergency. This research done in  PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul Hospital. This research applies cross sectional research planning. Sampling method in this research is systematic random sampling.Instrument of research applied is questionair, containing patient characteristic, satisfaction determinant factors of patient, as well as satisfaction of patient. Analysis by using SPSS for windows15. Result show that determinant level of satisfaction most importantly in determining level of satisfaction of responder takes care of lodging and installation of emergency is factor reliability. Determinant level of satisfaction of patient to take care of lodging sorted from most importantly is, reliability, assurance, accessibility, responsiveness, tangible, and last of empathy. Determinant level of satisfaction of patient for IGD sorted from most importantly is, reliability, tangible, responsiveness, accessibility, assurance, and last, empathy. For takes care of lodging responder, men gender, age more than 25 years old, lower education or SMA, and production of Rp.799.999 or less, tends to satisfying to Hospital service, but it doesnt have a meaning statistically. For installation responder of Emergency, men gender, age more than 25 years old, higher education from SMA, and production more than Rp. 799999,- tends to satisfying to Hospital service, but it doesnt have a meaning statistically.Keywords : Satisfaction determinants, PKU MUHAMMADIYAH BANTUL
Perbandingan Peningkatan Pengetahuan Ibu Tentang Pijat Bayi Setelah Mendapat Penyuluhan dan Pemutaran VCD di Kelurahan Widodomartani, Ngemplak, Sleman, Yogyakarta Ningsih, Ayu Widya; Darmawan, MTS; Kuntari, Titik
JKKI : Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Indonesia JKKI, Vol 3, No 8, (2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine

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Abstract

With the many benefits that can be obtained from the habit baby massage performed by the mother, it is necessary once baby massage is used as a habit. But this attitude has been influenced by knowledge of mothers on infant  massage itself. Until now not known how the mothers level of knowledge in the area Widodomartani village, about the benefits of baby massage. The  bjective of this research to obtain the comparative increase in maternalknowledge about infant massage after receiving counseling and VCD playback. This study is a descriptive research approach to the pre test and post test. This study found that the value of significance (p) is smaller then 0.05: On theextension of Ho rejected and Ha accepted means that there are significant differences between mother’s knowledge level of infant massage before and after extension. On playback VCD Ho rejected and Ha accepted. This means that there are significant differences between mother’s knowledge about infant massage before and after the VCD playback. On increasing knowledge is rejected and Ho Ha received. This means there is no significant differencebetween the increase in maternal knowledge about infant massage compared with VCD playback with increased knowledge counseling.This study conclude that there were significant differences between the mother’s knowledgeabout infant massage before and after counseling.There were significant differences between the mother’s knowledge about infant massage before and after VCD playback. There were no significant differences between theincrease of mother’s knowledge after VCD playback and counseling method.Key Words: Knowledge, Infant Massage, VCD, counseling, Widodomartani
Determinan Abortus di Indonesia Kuntari, Titik; Wilopo, Siswanto Agus; Emilia, Ova
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 4 No. 5 April 2010
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (205.87 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v4i5.173

Abstract

Abortus menjadi masalah yang penting dalam kesehatan masyarakat karena berpengaruh terhadap morbiditas dan mortalitas maternal. Di Indonesia, belum ada data yang komprehensif tentang kejadian abortus, berbagai data yang ada sebelumnya berdasarkan survei dengan cakupan yang relatif terbatas. Abortus yang tidak aman bertanggung jawab terhadap 11% kematian ibu di Indonesia. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan kejadian abortus di Indonesia. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan dengan metode observasional menggunakan disain studi cross sectional. Data penelitian diperoleh dari data Survei Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia 2002-2003. Analisis data dilakukan secara bertahap yaitu: analisis univariat, analisis bivariat dan analisis multivariat dengan regresi logistik. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa risiko abortus meningkat seiring dengan peningkatan usia ibu. Wanita dengan paritas 0-2 berisiko lebih tinggi untuk mengalami abortus dibandingkan wanita dengan paritas 3 atau lebih (OR=5,2, IK 95%=3,49-7,89). Wanita yang bekerja berisiko 2,7 kali lebih tinggi untuk mengalami aborsi daripada wanita yang tidak bekerja (OR= 2,7 , IK 95%= 2,10-3,58). Selain itu, risiko abortus meningkat pada wanita yang menikah pada usia 30 tahun atau lebih (OR=1,8, IK95%= 1,30-2,48). Risiko abortus tidak berhubungan bermakna dengan riwayat abortus sebelumnya, tingkat pendidikan dan tingkat sosial ekonomi.Kata kunci : Abortus, tren abortus, determinan abortus, IndonesiaAbstractAbortion has become a main problem in public health because of its impact on maternal morbidity and mortality. There is no comprehensive data on abortion in Indonesia. So far, data were based on survey with limited coverage. Unsafe abortion is responsible to 11 percent of maternal mortality in Indonesia. This research objective is to determine factors related to abortion in Indonesia. The study was an observational method with cross sectional design. Thesedata are gathered from Indonesian Demography and Health Survey 2002–2003. Data analysis used univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis with logistic regression. The risk of an abortion increased in line with the increasing of maternal age. Women with 0-2 parity have higher risk than multiparity (OR=5.2, IK95%=3.49-7.89). Employed women have higher risk than unemployed (OR=2.7, IK95%=2.10-3.58). The risk of abortion increased among women married at 30 years old or over (OR=1.8, IK95%=1.30-2.48). There is no significant association between history of abortion, education, socioeconomic and risk of abortion.Key words : Abortion, trend of abortion, abortion’s determinant, Indonesia
Faktor Risiko Malnutrisi pada Balita Kuntari, Titik; Jamil, Nur Aisyah; Kurniati, Opi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol 7. No. 12 Juli 2013
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (238.461 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v7i12.333

Abstract

Gizi buruk yang merupakan masalah penting di semua negara-negara miskin dan berkembang bertanggung jawab terhadap 60 persen kematian balita. Prevalensi balita gizi buruk di Indonesia tergolong tinggi, pada 2005, berbagai propinsi di Indonesia melaporkan 76.178 balita mengalami gizi buruk. Kasihan adalah salah satu kecamatan di kabupaten Bantul berbatasan dengan Kotamadya Yogyakarta yang menghadapi permasalahan gizi buruk. Tujuan penelitian adalah mengetahui angka kejadian dan faktor risiko gizi buruk di Kecamatan Kasihan, Kabupaten Bantul. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain studi kasus kontrol meliputi kelompok kasus 54 balita malnutrisi dan kelompok kontrol 54 balita gizi baik. Status gizi ditentukan berdasarkan Z score berat badan menurut umur. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat pendidikan ibu yang tinggi (OR = 0,4 ; 95% CI = 0,19 - 0,79), jarang kelahiran lebih dari 60 bulan (OR = 0,3; 95% CI = 0,11 - 0,90), berat lahir normal (OR = 0,2; 95% CI = 0,10 - 0,60), dan riwayat penyakit kronis (OR = 0,3; 95% CI = 0,14 - 0,80) merupakan faktor protektif malnutrisi pada balita. Malnutrisi tidak berhubungan dengan umur ibu, paritas, tingkat pendidikan ayah, pendapatan keluarga, riwayat ASI, anggota keluarga yang merokok dan imunisasi campak.Malnutrition is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality in children under five years of age in developing countries. Malnutrition significantly increases the risk of infant and child death. Although the incidence of malnutrition in Yogyakarta lower than other provinces in Indonesia, the prevalence of severe malnutrition of children under five years of age was 1.14%. the objective of this study were to identify and determine the risk factors for malnutrition in children under the five years of age in Kasihan 1, Bantul District. Case control design was conducted among 54 children under the age of five with malnutrition (z score <-2 Deviation Standart) and 54 comparison children from Kasihan 1. The data were collected using structured questionnaire. The children?s weight and length were measured using standardized and calibrated device. Nutrition state classified using Z score (weight for age) Anthropometry WHO software version 2011. The protective factors for malnutrition were high maternal education (OR = 0.4 ; 95% CI = 0.19 - 0.79), birth space more than 60 months (OR = 0.3; 95% CI = 0.11- 0.90), normal birth weight (OR = 0.2; 95% CI = 0.10 - 0.60), and no history of chronic disease (OR = 0.3; 95% CI = 0.14 - 0.80). There are no relationship between malnutrition with maternal age, parity, paternal education, income, history of breastfeeding, smoking member of family and measles immunization.