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OPTIMASI PROSES PEMBUATAN TEPUNG LABU KUNING MENGGUNAKAN RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY UNTUK MENINGKATKAN AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN Wahyono, Agung; Kurniawati, Elly; Kasutjianingati, Kasutjianingati; Kang-Hyun, Park; Woo-Won, Kang
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 29 No. 1 (2018): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (529.172 KB) | DOI: 10.6066/jtip.2018.29.1.29

Abstract

Yellow pumpkin (Cucurbita moscata) is a popular plant in Indonesia, but its utilization is limited. It has been reported that the antioxidant activity of yellow pumpkin increased by increasing the drying temperature and immersing the pumpkin in bisulfite solution during processing. The aim of this study was to optimize the processing conditions for the manufacturing of pumpkin flour using Response Surface Mothodology (RSM) to enhance its antioxidant activities. The optimization process was done using Box-Behnken construction. The factorial treatments consisted of immersion in metabisulfite solution, drying temperature, and drying time. The results showed that the scavenging activity as measured by DPPH and ABTS corresponded well to the independent variables based on the multiple regression analysis particularly the multivariate quadratic regression (MQR). Based on the MQR, the determination coefficients (R2) of DPPH and ABTS were 0.97 and 0.96, respectively. Based on that model, the optimum conditions of  pumpkin flour manufacturing were 23.05 min immersion in metabisulfite solution, drying temperature of 85°C , and 11.40 h of drying time. This optimum condition was predicted to yield pumpkin flour having DPPH and ABTS scavenging activities of 90.12% and 94.38%, respectively. Based on the validation data, the optimum condition resulted in flour with antioxidant activities of 80.23 (DPPH) and 86.67% (ABTS), respectively. The quadratic models developed were powerful in predicting the actual values of antioxidant activity of DPPH and ABTS. The accuracy of the models in predicting the antioxidant activity by DPPH and ABTS were 89.02 and 91.83%, respectively
Faktor Penyebab Terjadinya Kekerasan Dalam Rumah Tangga Dan Upaya Penanggulangannya Kurniawati, Elly
Jurnal Jatiswara Vol 26 No 3 (2011): Jatiswara
Publisher : Fakultas Hukum Universitas Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (169.848 KB)

Abstract

In practice pukum enforcement in Indonesia, the rules of law which are used in penangulangan domestic violence is not just limited to the provisions in the Book of Criminal Law (Penal Code) and Act No.. 23 Year 2002 on Child Protection. As for the articles about crime in the Penal Code which can be used against perpetrators of domestic violence are the provisions that define the special requirements to be the occurrence of criminal acts such as the relationship of father and son or mother and child, as well as the articles that are not determine the presence of these special requirements. Some of the acts that included the scope of domestic violence and has been formulated as a criminal act in Article 304-309 of the Criminal Code is that it formulates a crime against children, Article 356 Paragraph 1, which regulates criminal acts against women as a wife who is only limited to physical violence. Article 285-296 of the Criminal Code governing rape and lewd acts, not fully accommodate other forms of sexual violence and other forms of outside approval. The violence causes violence in the household is the economic factor, namely the demands of subsistence resulting in frequent occurrence of violence, excessive jealousy of the wife or husband, excessive emotions or the hardness of the husband to his wife, a view which assumes that men males higher degree than women. Besides the lack of legal knowledge as well be the cause of domestic violence as for prevention efforts undertaken is an effort perfentif and prevention efforts are refresif namely prevention efforts undertaken after the occurrence of criminal domestic violence.