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PENDEKATAN PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING DALAM PEMBELAJARAN PRAKTIK KERJA LAPANGAN TERAPI FISIK Kushartanti, Wara
Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan No 1 (2010): Cakrawala Pendidikan Edisi Februari 2010
Publisher : LPPMP Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (82.393 KB) | DOI: 10.21831/cp.v1i1.221

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Abstract: The Problem-Based Learning Approach in Physical Therapy FieldWorks. The objectives of the study are to identify strategic application of Problem-Based Learning (PBL) in physical therapy field works and to improve students?mastery in physical therapy in terms of cognitive, affective, and psychomotordomains. This action research study consisted of three cycles, each of whichincluded four stages, namely planning, implementing the plan, monitoringactivities and progress, and reflection. The participants were 23 seventh semesterstudents taking physical therapy field works in 2007. In the first cycle, students?theoretical mastery was inadequate. In the second cycle they did more extensiveliterature search to expand theories. In the third cycle they learned more aboutempirical cases, not just theories, so that they better skills in implementing thewhole PBL activities and managed to attain the course objectives. PBL is thereforesuitable for advanced students prior to their professional development.Keywords: problem based-learning, physical therapy field works
PENGARUH LATIHAN PERNAPASAN BUTEYKO TERHADAP ARUS PUNCAK EKSPIRASI (APE) PADA PENDERITA ASMA Prastyanto, Dandy; Kushartanti, Wara
MEDIKORA Vol 15, No 2 (2016): Oktober
Publisher : Faculty of Sports Sciences, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Latar belakang dilaksanakannya penelitian ini adalah banyaknya penderita asma berdasarkan prevalensi asma di Indonesia. DI Yogyakarta menempati posisi ketiga terbanyak dan pada usia 15-24 tahun menempati posisi kedua terbanyak penderita asma. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh latihan pernapasan buteyko terhadap Arus Puncak Ekspirasi (APE) pada penderita asma mahasiswa Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pre-eksperimen dengan desain penelitian pretest and posttest. Subjek penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta yang menderita asma. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah mahasiswa yang menderita asma berjumlah 12 orang. Subjek diberikan perlakuan dengan metode latihan pernapasan buteyko, perlakuan (treatment) dilakukan 3 kali sehari (pagi, siang, malam) selama 4 minggu pertemuan, kemudian sebelum dan sesudah perlakuan dilakukan tes APE dengan satuan liter/menit (l/min). Instrumen pengambilan data menggunakan tes peak flow meter. Teknik analisis data menggunakan uji-t, setelah sebelumnya dilakukan uji normalitas dan uji homogenitas.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ada pengaruh yang signifikan latihan pernapasan buteyko terhadap APE dengan p value 0,000 < 0,05. Rerata kenaikan APE setelah mendapatkan perlakuan dengan latihan pernapasan buteyko sebesar 89,17 l/min. Dengan demikian dapat disimpulkan bahwa latihan pernapasan buteyko dapat meningkatkan APE pada penderita asma.
EFEKTIVITAS MANIPULASI “TOPURAK” UNTUK PENYEMBUHAN CEDERA SENDI LUTUT PASIEN LAB /KLINIK OLAHRAGA TERAPI DAN REHABILITASI FIK UNY Rohim, Muhammad Fathur; Kushartanti, Wara
MEDIKORA Vol 16, No 1 (2017): April
Publisher : Faculty of Sports Sciences, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

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Abstract

Cedera lutut yang ditandai dengan rasa nyeri merupakan cedera yang cukup sering. WHO 2008 menyatakan bahwa penderita nyeri sendi sebanyak 151 juta jiwa di dunia, hal ini merupakan sebuah kondisi yang sangat umum dialami oleh banyak orang, terutama bagi mereka yang banyak melakukan aktivitas fisik yang bertumpu pada lutut dan kaki. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat keefektifan manipulasi ?Topurak? (totok, pukul, gerak) untuk penyembuhan cedera sendi lutut.Metode pre-experimental design dengan rancangan One Group Pretest-Posttest Design digunakan dengan populasi pasien cedera sendi lutut di Lab/ Klinik Olahraga Terapi dan Rehabilitasi ? FIK UNY, pada bulan Januari ? April 2017 secara insidental. Dari 75 pasien yang ditangani selama penelitian diambil sebanyak 20 orang yang bersedia sebagai sampel. Setelah dilakukan pretest untuk menilai tanda radang dan fungsional lutut, diterapi dengan manipulasi Topurak sebanyak tiga kali dengan selang-seling hari, dan masing-masing terapi berdurasi 5 menit. Setelah perlakuan terapi ke-tiga dilakukan post test. Semua data dideskripsikan, dan dilanjutkan dengan uji beda antara pretest dan post test untuk mengetahui seberapa efektivitas manipulasi Topurak. Hasil uji normalitas menunjukkan adanya distribusi normal pada data lingkar lutut atas, lingkar lutut tengah, skala nyeri, skala duduk berdiri, dan skala naik tangga, serta distribusi tidak normal pada lingkar lutut bawah, fleksi, ekstensi, dan skala kemampuan jalan. Uji beda dua kelompok berpasangan menggunakan sign test (non-parametrik).Hasil uji beda menunjukkan bahwa manipulasi Topurak efektif (p < 0,05) dalam menyembuhkan cedera sendi lutut yang ditunjukkan dengan menurunnya tanda radang, meningkatnya skala fungsi jalan, naik tangga dan duduk berdiri kecuali pembengkakan di lutut.
EFEK MODIFIKASI JARAK SERVIS DAN TINGGI NET TERHADAP KETERAMPILAN SERVIS BAWAH PADA ATLET PELAJAR BOLA VOLI MINI Widiyatmoko, Putu; Kushartanti, Wara
Jorpres (Jurnal Olahraga Prestasi) Vol 16, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : Departement of Sports Coaching, Faculty of Sports Sciences, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (735.201 KB) | DOI: 10.21831/jorpres.v16i1.25296

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan keterampilan servis bawah pada pembelajaran bolavoli mini siswa kelas 5 SDN Selomoyo Kaliangkrik Kabupaten Magelang melalui modifikasi jarak pelaksanaan servis dan tinggi net. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian tindakan kelas (PTK) yang terdiri dari 2 siklus. Objek pada penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas 5 SDN Selomoyo Kaliangkrik Kabupaten Magelang yang berjumlah 26 siswa. Penelitian berlangsung pada semester pertama yaitu bulan November dan Desember 2015 tahun pelajaran 2015/2016. Instrumen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah lembar pengamatan dan tes. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa modifikasi jarak pelaksaan servis dan tinggi net pada pembelajaran permainan bolavoli dapat meningkatkan keterampilan servis bawah pada siswa kelas 5 SDN Selomoyo Kaliangkrik Kabupaten Magelang. Berdasarkan data hasil tes siklus I rata-rata nilai siswa adalah 70 meningkat dibandingkan sebelum diberikan tindakan yaitu 68. Pada siklus II rata-rata nilai siswa adalah 80 dan 92% siswa dapat mencapai nilai kriteria ketuntasan minimal (KKM) 75. Berdasarkan pada hasil penilaian tersebut bahwa pada siklus II rata-rata nilai kelas 5 SDN Selomoyo, Kaliangkrik, Magelang adalah 82 dan nilai tersebut telah mencapai nilai kriteria ketuntasan minimal (KKM) 75. Dengan demikian dapat disimpulkan bahwa modifikasi jarak pelaksanaan servis dan tinggi net dapat meningkatkan keterampilan servis bawah dalam pembelajaran permainan bolavoli mini. Improving underhand service skill on miniature volleybal learning trough space of service work and the height of net modification AbstractThis study aimed to improve the underhand service skill on the miniature volleyball game learning based on the modification the space of service work and height of net among class 5 Selomoyo Junior High School, Kaliangkrik Subdistrict, Magelang Regency. This was a classroom action research study consisting of two cycles. The object of the research comprised 26 students of class 5 Selomoyo Elementary School, Kaliangkrik Subdistrict, Magelang Regency. The study was conducted from November to December 2015 in the academic years of 2015/2016. The instrument in this study included observation sheet and a test. The result of the study shows that the space of service work and height of net modification method can improve underhand service skills of class 5 Selomoyo Elementary School, Kaliangkrik Subdistrict, Magelang Regency. Based on the test result in cycles I the students? means score is 70, improving than before the action. Before the action students? means score was 68. In cycles II the students means score is 80 and 90% could reach minimum mastery criteria (KKM) 75. Based on the student test result, on cycles II the means score of class 5 Selomoyo Elementary School, Kaliangkrik Subdistrict is 82 and this score fulfills (KKM) 75. The conclusion of the study is that space of service work and the heihgt of net modification could improved underhand service skill on miniature volleyball game learning.
Asupan Cairan dan Vitamin C dengan Tingkat Kecemasan pada Atlet Sepak Bola di Yogyakarta Afriani, Yuni; Puspaningtyas, Desty Ervira; Mahfida, Silvi Lailatul; Kushartanti, Wara; Farmawati, Arta
Media Ilmu Keolahragaan Indonesia Vol 7, No 2 (2017): December 2017
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

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Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini untuk melihat hubungan asupan cairan dan vitamin C dengan kondisi kecemasan atlet sepak bola. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional, desain cross-sectional, dilakukan bulan Mei-Juni 2014 di Stadion Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta (UNY) Indonesia. Subjek penelitian ini adalah 10 atlet sepak bola dari UGM dan 11 atlet sepak bola dari UNY. Data asupan cairan dan vitamin C dilihat dengan wawancara menggunakan form SQFFQ. Kondisi kecemasan atlet diukur dengan kuesioner kecemasan yang dimodifikasi dari State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Data dianalisis menggunakan software statistik. Hasil : Rata-rata asupan cairan pada atlet sepak bola UGM adalah 2.930,92 1.249,26 ml. Asupan vitamin C pada atlet sepak bola UGM adalah 112,33 212,38 mg. Skor kecemasan dari atlet sepak bola UGM adalah 26,9 7,18. Tidak ada hubungan yang signifikan pada asupan cairan dan vitamin C dengan kecemasan pada atlet UGM (p>0,05). Sedangkan rata-rata asupan cairan pada atlet sepak bola UNY adalah 3.250,32 1.055,53 ml. Asupan vitamin C atlet adalah 19,93 12,9 mg. Rata-rata skor kecemasan dari atlet sepak bola UNY adalah 26,18 2,52. Tidak ada hubungan yang signifikan pada skor kecemasan dengan asupan cairan dan vitamin C pada atlet sepak bola UNY (p>0,05). Tidak ada hubungan yang signifikan pada asupan cairan dan vitamin C dengan skor kecemasan atlet sepak bola di Yogyakarta.The aims of the reseach is correlation between fluid intake and vitamin C with anxiety condition of soccer athletes in Yogyakarta is the objects of this study.This was an observational study with cross-sectional design. This research was conducted on May-June 2014 at Yogyakarta State University Stadium (UNY) Indonesia. The subjects of this study were 10 soccer athletes from UGM and 11 soccer athletes from UNY. Data of fluid intake and vitamin C were seen by interview using SQFFQ form. The athletes anxiety condition was measured by a modified anxiety questionnaire from the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Data were analyzed using statistical software.Result: The average fluid intake in UGM soccer athletes is 2,930.92 1,249.26 ml. Vitamin C intake in UGM soccer athletes is 112.33 212.38 mg. Anxiety score from UGM soccer athletes is 26.9 7.18. There was no significant association between fluid intake and vitamin C with anxiety in UGM athletes (p> 0.05). While the average fluid intake in soccer athletes of UNY is 3,250.32 1055,53 ml. Vitamin C intake of athletes was 19.93 12.9 mg. The average anxiety score of a soccer athletes of UNY is 26.18 2.52. There was no significant association in anxiety scores with fluid intake and vitamin C in soccer athletes of UNY (p> 0.05).There is no significant correlation of fluid intake and vitamin C with anxiety scores of soccer athletes in Yogyakarta.
Effect of exercise on lipid peroxidation in student soccer players Puspaningtyas, Desty Ervira; Afriani, Yuni; Mahfida, Silvi Lailatul; Kushartanti, Wara; Farmawati, Arta
Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran) Vol 50, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Journal of the Medical Sciences (Berkala Ilmu Kedokteran)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19106/JMedSci005001201811

Abstract

Training is conducted to improve physiological functions that can support improvementof cardio-respiratory function (O2max). However, intensive training can lead to oxidativestress, which can contribute to health problems. The purpose of this study was to evaluatethe effect of training on serum lipid peroxidation levels in student soccer players. Thestudy was pre-experimental study with a one-shot case design conducted in April 2014.Twelve student soccer players from UGM who chosen by purposive sampling and metthe inclusion and exclusion criteria were involved in the study. Each subject receivedtraining in the form of O2max measurements using the yo-yo intermittent recovery test.Plasma malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were measured using the thiobarbituric acidmethod 30 min after O2max measurement. Pearson correlation was used to analyzethe correlation between O2max and plasma MDA levels. The mean age of subject was19.25±1.06 years old. Subjects had normal nutritional status (body mass index 20.99± 1.65) with mean body weight of 58.13±3.76 kg and mean height of 166.2±3.40cm. The mean O2max score was 49.56±0.61 mL/kg/min. The mean plasma MDA levelwas 4.32±2.09 μmol/L. There was no significant correlation between O2max and plasmaMDA levels (p=0.7717). In conclusion, training does not negatively impact oxidativestress conditions in student soccer players.
Status GAKY, anemia, EYU, dan kesegaran jasmani anak sekolah dasar di Kabupaten Dairi, Sumatra Utara Toruan, Joner Lumban; Kushartanti, Wara; Widodo, Untung
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 5, No 3 (2009): Maret
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (313.442 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17567

Abstract

Background: Iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) and anemia are major health problems in Indonesia. Prevalence of TGR according to the result of IDD survey 2003 in District of Dairi is 33,9%. Prevalence of anemia according to Household Health Survey 2001 is 47% for children of 0–5 years old; 26.5% for school children; and 40% for eligible women. The result of a survey in Jakarta capital city special territory 2004 shows that prevalence of anemia is 26.5% for children under five and 43.5% for pregnant mothers. Thyroid hormone regulates metabolism and plays an important role in calorie production, whereas haemoglobin in the blood may distort metabolism of energy in the muscles leading to fatique.Objective: The objective of the study was to identify the relationship between IDD, anemia, and physical fitness and to assess differences in physical fitness according to endemic level.Method: The study was observational with cross sectional design. Location of the study was District of Dairi, Sumatra Utara. Palpation was used to identify endemic level. Three elementary schools were chosen according to endemic level. Number of samples per district and elementary school was determined using quota, and samples were selected from grade 4–6 using systematic random sampling technique. Data analysis used univariable, bivariable, and multivariable techniques. Chi square (χ2) was used to identify the relationship between independent variable and dependent variable, 2 and ANOVA test (F test) was used to find out differences in physical fitness based on endemic level.Results: The result of statistical test showed that the relationship between IDD and physical fitness was p = 0.675 with OR 0.8 (95% CI: 0.499–1.498). The relationship between anemia and physical fitness was p = 0.003 with OR 2.29 (95% CI: 1.33–3.95). There were differences in physical fitness according to endemic level with p < 0.001.Conclusion: There was no relationship between IDD and physical fitness, but there was relationship between anemia and physical fitness and there was difference in physical fitness according to endemic level.
Status GAKY, anemia, EYU, dan kesegaran jasmani anak sekolah dasar di Kabupaten Dairi, Sumatra Utara Toruan, Joner Lumban; Kushartanti, Wara; Widodo, Untung
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia Vol 5, No 3 (2009): Maret
Publisher : Minat S2 Gizi dan Kesehatan, Prodi S2 IKM, Fakultas Kedokteran UGM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.17567

Abstract

Background: Iodine deficiency disorder (IDD) and anemia are major health problems in Indonesia. Prevalence of TGR according to the result of IDD survey 2003 in District of Dairi is 33,9%. Prevalence of anemia according to Household Health Survey 2001 is 47% for children of 0–5 years old; 26.5% for school children; and 40% for eligible women. The result of a survey in Jakarta capital city special territory 2004 shows that prevalence of anemia is 26.5% for children under five and 43.5% for pregnant mothers. Thyroid hormone regulates metabolism and plays an important role in calorie production, whereas haemoglobin in the blood may distort metabolism of energy in the muscles leading to fatique.Objective: The objective of the study was to identify the relationship between IDD, anemia, and physical fitness and to assess differences in physical fitness according to endemic level.Method: The study was observational with cross sectional design. Location of the study was District of Dairi, Sumatra Utara. Palpation was used to identify endemic level. Three elementary schools were chosen according to endemic level. Number of samples per district and elementary school was determined using quota, and samples were selected from grade 4–6 using systematic random sampling technique. Data analysis used univariable, bivariable, and multivariable techniques. Chi square (χ2) was used to identify the relationship between independent variable and dependent variable, 2 and ANOVA test (F test) was used to find out differences in physical fitness based on endemic level.Results: The result of statistical test showed that the relationship between IDD and physical fitness was p = 0.675 with OR 0.8 (95% CI: 0.499–1.498). The relationship between anemia and physical fitness was p = 0.003 with OR 2.29 (95% CI: 1.33–3.95). There were differences in physical fitness according to endemic level with p < 0.001.Conclusion: There was no relationship between IDD and physical fitness, but there was relationship between anemia and physical fitness and there was difference in physical fitness according to endemic level.
EFEK AKUT LATIHAN ERGOCYCLE PADA TEKANAN DARAH PENDERITA DIABETES MELITUS TIPE 2 ANGGOTA PERSADIA RS JOGJA Harun, Harun; Kushartanti, Wara
JSKK (Jurnal Sains Keolahragaan dan Kesehatan) Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Institut Teknologi Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (173.35 KB) | DOI: 10.5614/jskk.2018.3.2.2

Abstract

Penderita Diabetes Melitus Tipe 2 (DM tipe 2) memiliki risiko tinggi mengalami hipertensi. Latihan fisik diketahui dapat megontrol penderita DM tipe 2 dengan hipertensi melalui perbaikan system kardiovaskuler. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui apakah sekali latihan ergocycle berefek terhadap penurunan tekanan darah penderita DM tipe 2. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian pre-experimental dengan desain satu kelompok, dengan tes awal, saat latihan dan tes akhir. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah anggota Persadia RS Jogja. Pengambilan sampel menggunakan teknik purposive sampling dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 10 orang. Analisis data yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif kuantitatif dan uji t dengan taraf signifikansi 5%. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sekali latihan ergocycle tidak berefek signifikan dalam menurunkan tekanan darah penderita DM tipe 2 (p&lt;0,05). Namun secara tren menunjukkan penurunan tekanan darah rata-rata sebelum dan sesudah melakukan latihan, tekanan sistolik turun sebesar 8,4 mmHg dan diastolic turun sebesar 2,5 mmHg.