Clara M Kusharto
Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia (FEMA), IPB Bogor 16680

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ANALISIS DETERMINAN KELAPARAN Tanziha, Ikeu; Syarif, Hidayat; Kusharto, Clara M; Hardinsyah, Hardinsyah; Sukandar, Dadang
Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol. 29 No. 2 (2005): Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the prevalence and determinants of hunger. The study design was a cross-sectional study. The research was conducted in four areas (Bogor Municipality, Garut, Karawang, and Pandeglang Districts) during July-October 2003. A systematic stratified random sampling was applied to select 400 households consisted of 1351 individuals. The data collected include socio economic and demographic data, perception on hunger, and food expenditure. Logistic regression was applied to analyze determinants of hunger. The results showed that qualitatively, prevalence of hunger was 9.8%, and main determinant of hunger was expenditure per capita.
EFEK PEMBERIAN SUPLEMEN SINBIOTIK DAN ZAT GIZI MIKRO (VITAMIN A DAN ZINC) TERHADAP STATUS GIZI PENDERITA TBC PARU ORANG DEWASA YANG MENGALAMI KEKURANGAN ENERGI KRONIK Hardinsyah, Suparman; Kusharto, Clara M; Sulaeman, Ahmad; Alisjahbana, Bachti
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 34, No 1 (2011): Maret 2011
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.36457/gizindo.v34i1.99

Abstract

Pasien  TB  paru  pada  akhirnya  akan  mengalami  keadaan gizi  buruk  dan  menurunnya  respon  imun. Kemoterapi  dengan  menggunakan  obat-obatan  TB  merupakan  langkah  yang  efektif  untuk  mengobati penyakit ini, tetapi mempunyai pengaruh negatif terhadap keseimbangan mikropola usus inflamasi karena infeksi TB paru, menurunkan pengaturan sintesa zat  gizi dan menurunkan nafsu makan, sehingga terjadi kekurangan  gizi.  Penelitian  bertujuan  untuk  menganalisa  efikasi  symbiotik  dan  suplemen zat  gizi  mikro terhadap status gizi pada pasien dewasa TB paru yang sedang diobati yang menderita kekurangan energi kronik  setelah  2  bulan  menjalani  intervensi.  Desain penelitian  ?a  double-blind  randomized  treatment control trial? dilakukan pada 2 pusat penyembuhan TB paru di Bandung dan Garut. Sejumlah 43 orang yang  menderita  kekurangan  energi  kronik  (KEK)  dipilih  dari  76  pasien  TB  paru  yang  terekrut  dengan variasi umur antara 20?45 tahun. Kelompok ini dibagi 2 kelompok, kelompok pertama diberikan susu yang berisi  protein,  symbiotik  dan  suplemen  micronutrien (MSM)  dan  kelompok  kedua  diberi  susu  yang berbasis protein saja (MO) sebagai kelompok kontrol. Seluruh pasien menerima terapi standar untuk TB paru, parameter status gizi (BB, IMT, masa Lemak, hemoglobin, serum vitamin A dan seng) dikumpulkan pada saat awal setelah 1 bulan, 2 bulan dari pemberian intervensi data di awalnya. Perbedaan antara dan dalam kelompok menggunakan statistik parametrik dannon parametric. Hasil menunjukan bahwa setiap kelompok  pada  akhir  intervensi  parameter  status  gizi  secara  signifikan  mengalami  perbaikan dibandingkan  pada  awal  penelitian  (P<0,05)  tetapi  tidak  ada  perbedaan  signifikan  antara  dua  kelompok (p>0,05). Ada pengaruh potensial dari setiap suplemen dalam meningkatkan status gizi, penelitian yang lebih lama dengan tidak memberikan susu berbasis protein pada kelompok kontrol dibutuhkan. Kata kunci: imunitas, zat gizi mikro, symbiotik, TBparu
PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH IKAN SIDAT INDONESIA (ANGUILLA BICOLOR) SEBAGAI TEPUNG PADA INDUSTRI PENGOLAHAN IKAN DI PALABUHANRATU, KABUPATEN SUKABUMI Widyasari, RA Hangesti Emi; Kusharto, Clara M; Wiryawan, Budy; Wiyono, Eko Sri; Suseno, Sugeng Heri
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 8 No. 3 (2013)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (216.069 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2013.8.3.217-220

Abstract

This research aims to analyze the nutritive value of flour head, liver powder and bone meal as by product of Indonesian eel (Anguilla bicolor) processing. Eel waste flour was made by using a thermal process in the drum dryer fish flouring mill PT. Carmelitha Lestari in Bogor, whereas proximate analysis for chemical tests were performed in the laboratory of Integrated Chemical Laboratory, IPB and direct observation was conducted in PT Jawa Suisan Indah, Palabuhanratu Sukabumi district in October 2012?April 2013. The nutritive value based on proximate analysis showed that head flour, liver flour, and bone flour contained protein 61.78%, 53.92%, and 41.01%; fat 15.55%, 27.28%, 13.07%; carbohydrate 11.48%; 14.96%, 8.13%; water 5.44%, 8.48%, 3.01%; ash 12.95%, 3.62%, 37.49%, and crude fiber 1.33%, 0.04%, 1.11%, respectively.
PENGEMBANGAN MAKANAN PENDAMPING AIR SUSU IBU (MPASI) BERBASIS PUPA MULBERRY (PURY) Astuti, Trina; Kusharto, Clara M; ., Hardinsyah; Firmansyah, Agus
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 32, No 1 (2009): Maret 2009
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

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Abstract

COMPLEMENTARY FOOD DEVELOPMENT BASED ON PUPAE-MULBERRY (PURY)Proper complementary feeding are well recognized as necessary to ensure optimal growth anddevelopment during the early years, however are often inadequate in energy density, protein andmicronutrient concentration. The aim of the study is to develop pury-formula complementary foodsfor infant aged 6-9 moths and to analyze nutrition quality and food safety. A silkworm pupae was amajor constituents used as materials which was processed to be a fine powder, called “PURY”.Methods: mix all ingredients consist of 16.6% red rice flour, 16.6% tempe powder, 16.6% formula milkpowder, 25% fine sugar cane and 25% pury. Results and finding: Per 100 g Pury-formula contain 426kcal energy, 20.0% protein, 11.2% fat included linoleat and linolenat; vitamin A,E, B groups andmineral such as Fe, Ca, Zinc, Iodine and Se. Conclusion: Pury-formula complementary food is betterthan commercial product and as well as Health Department guidance. It has a well balanced amountof energy, protein, carbohydrate, fat included long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) thatare essential for the brain and optimal growth of infants. Recommendation: Pury-formula can be analternate nutritious complementary food for infants undernourished.Keywords: pury, complementary food, growth, infant, undernourished
EFEK PEMBERIAN SUPLEMEN SINBIOTIK DAN ZAT GIZI MIKRO (VITAMIN A DAN ZINC) TERHADAP STATUS GIZI PENDERITA TBC PARU ORANG DEWASA YANG MENGALAMI KEKURANGAN ENERGI KRONIK Hardinsyah, Suparman; Kusharto, Clara M; Sulaeman, Ahmad; Alisjahbana, Bachti
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 34, No 1 (2011): Maret 2011
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Pasien  TB  paru  pada  akhirnya  akan  mengalami  keadaan gizi  buruk  dan  menurunnya  respon  imun. Kemoterapi  dengan  menggunakan  obat-obatan  TB  merupakan  langkah  yang  efektif  untuk  mengobati penyakit ini, tetapi mempunyai pengaruh negatif terhadap keseimbangan mikropola usus inflamasi karena infeksi TB paru, menurunkan pengaturan sintesa zat  gizi dan menurunkan nafsu makan, sehingga terjadi kekurangan  gizi.  Penelitian  bertujuan  untuk  menganalisa  efikasi  symbiotik  dan  suplemen zat  gizi  mikro terhadap status gizi pada pasien dewasa TB paru yang sedang diobati yang menderita kekurangan energi kronik  setelah  2  bulan  menjalani  intervensi.  Desain penelitian  “a  double-blind  randomized  treatment control trial“ dilakukan pada 2 pusat penyembuhan TB paru di Bandung dan Garut. Sejumlah 43 orang yang  menderita  kekurangan  energi  kronik  (KEK)  dipilih  dari  76  pasien  TB  paru  yang  terekrut  dengan variasi umur antara 20–45 tahun. Kelompok ini dibagi 2 kelompok, kelompok pertama diberikan susu yang berisi  protein,  symbiotik  dan  suplemen  micronutrien (MSM)  dan  kelompok  kedua  diberi  susu  yang berbasis protein saja (MO) sebagai kelompok kontrol. Seluruh pasien menerima terapi standar untuk TB paru, parameter status gizi (BB, IMT, masa Lemak, hemoglobin, serum vitamin A dan seng) dikumpulkan pada saat awal setelah 1 bulan, 2 bulan dari pemberian intervensi data di awalnya. Perbedaan antara dan dalam kelompok menggunakan statistik parametrik dannon parametric. Hasil menunjukan bahwa setiap kelompok  pada  akhir  intervensi  parameter  status  gizi  secara  signifikan  mengalami  perbaikan dibandingkan  pada  awal  penelitian  (P<0,05)  tetapi  tidak  ada  perbedaan  signifikan  antara  dua  kelompok (p>0,05). Ada pengaruh potensial dari setiap suplemen dalam meningkatkan status gizi, penelitian yang lebih lama dengan tidak memberikan susu berbasis protein pada kelompok kontrol dibutuhkan. Kata kunci: imunitas, zat gizi mikro, symbiotik, TBparu
CONSUMPTION AND FOOD SECURITY OF TARGETTED HOUSEHOLDS OF EMPOWERMENT FAMILY PROGRAME IN CIKAROYA AND CIWALEN VILLAGE, WARUNG KONDANG SUB-DISTRICT, CIANJUR, WEST JAVA Harefa, Thomas Pahlevi; Kusharto, Clara M; Retnaningsih, .
Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol. 25 No. 1 (2001): Jurnal Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

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Abstract

This research aimed to identify consumption and food security at household level before and after intervention to empower family in Cikaroya and Ciwalen Village, Sub-district Warung Kondang, Cianjur West Java from July until December 2000. �¡�§Experimental Before-After Design�¡�¨ was used in this study. Respondents covered 32 households which consist of poor families (Pra KS family and KS family). The result of this research showed that the average of household size is 6 and the average of household head age is 37,4 years old and housewife is 30,2 years old, with educational achievement, 81,3% household heads and 87,6 % housewives were graduated from elementary school. About 50% household heads have a main job as laborers. The average household�¡�¦s income is Rp 66.297,51/cap/mo and 62,5% respondents are classified under poverty line with spending money for food as about 73,1 % and for non food 26,9%. Energy and protein intake before and after intervention is increased from 60,9% to 71% and 90,5% to 106,.7% , respectively. For rate of Food Security, before intervention all families (100%) are classified as not resistant (SKP < 6), but after intervention there are four families (12.4%) improved to resistant rate (SKP â�žd 6). However, statistical analysis by t-test showed there is no significant difference, therefore it�¡�¦s necessary to prolong the intervention. The results of observation about �¡�§coping mechanism�¡�¨ were, about 69,8% households prefered the way of purchasing foods with instalment credit in groceries, some households borrowed money from their neighbors or close families, or by working as tenants, construction laborers and drivers, or change their animals to a needy foods, or goes to a pawn shop.
PENGEMBANGAN MAKANAN PENDAMPING AIR SUSU IBU (MPASI) BERBASIS PUPA MULBERRY (PURY) Astuti, Trina; Kusharto, Clara M; ., Hardinsyah; Firmansyah, Agus
GIZI INDONESIA Vol 32, No 1 (2009): Maret 2009
Publisher : PERSATUAN AHLI GIZI INDONESIA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

COMPLEMENTARY FOOD DEVELOPMENT BASED ON PUPAE-MULBERRY (PURY)Proper complementary feeding are well recognized as necessary to ensure optimal growth anddevelopment during the early years, however are often inadequate in energy density, protein andmicronutrient concentration. The aim of the study is to develop pury-formula complementary foodsfor infant aged 6-9 moths and to analyze nutrition quality and food safety. A silkworm pupae was amajor constituents used as materials which was processed to be a fine powder, called “PURY”.Methods: mix all ingredients consist of 16.6% red rice flour, 16.6% tempe powder, 16.6% formula milkpowder, 25% fine sugar cane and 25% pury. Results and finding: Per 100 g Pury-formula contain 426kcal energy, 20.0% protein, 11.2% fat included linoleat and linolenat; vitamin A,E, B groups andmineral such as Fe, Ca, Zinc, Iodine and Se. Conclusion: Pury-formula complementary food is betterthan commercial product and as well as Health Department guidance. It has a well balanced amountof energy, protein, carbohydrate, fat included long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFAs) thatare essential for the brain and optimal growth of infants. Recommendation: Pury-formula can be analternate nutritious complementary food for infants undernourished.Keywords: pury, complementary food, growth, infant, undernourished
STATUS GIZI KAITANNYA DENGAN DISLIPIDEMIA PADA PRALANSIA DAN LANSIA Dainy, Nunung Cipta; Kusharto, Clara M; Madanijah, Siti; Nasrun, Martina Wiwie Setiawan
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 11 No. 2 (2016)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (316.94 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2016.11.2.%p

Abstract

The objective of this study was to analyze the association of nutritional status measured by Body Mass Index (BMI) and Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) with lipid profile in pre-elderly and elderly. The study design was cross sectional involving 116 subjects in Poslansia Dahlia Senja, Depok City. Data were collected in September 2014 consisted of weight, height, arm circumference, calf circumference, and blood samples for lipid profile analysis. Blood analysis were conducted at Health Laboratory of Bogor City. The results showed that 61.1% pre-erderly and 54.5% elderly had BMI with category overweight and obese, while nutritional status measured by MNA were 62.7% pre elderly and 70.2% elderly had good nutritional status. There were 54.2% pre-elderly and 63.1% elderly people had dyslipidemia. Statistical analysis with correlation test showed there was significant correlation between BMI with triglycerides (r=0.201; p&lt;0.05) and MNA with total cholesterol (r=0.264; p&lt;0.05).
ANALISIS PEUBAH KONSUMSI PANGAN DAN SOSIO EKONOMI RUMAH TANGGA UNTUK MENENTUKAN INDIKATOR KELAPARAN Tanziha, Ikeu; Syarief, Hidayat; Kusharto, Clara M; Hardinsyah, Hardinsyah; Sukandar, Dadang
Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol. 31 No. 1 (2007): Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (169.879 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRACT. The objective of the study was to analyze determinants of hunger. The study design was  a cross-sectional study. Research  was  conducted  in four  areas (Bogor Municipality,  Garut,  Karawang,  and  Pandeglang  Districts)  in  July-October  2003. A systematic stratified random  sampling was applied to select 400 households. The data collected included socio economic, perception on hunger, food expenditure and food intake. An Individual energy adequacy level was calculated by comparing actual intake to RDA (Recommended Dietary Allowances). Qualitatively, a person was categorized as hunger, if his/her daily meal portion and/or meal frequency decrease, along with body weight loss. The t-test and Mann-Whitney test were applied to analyse mean difference of socioeconomic, demographic and food intake variables between hunger and not hunger groups. Discriminant analysis was used to analyze indicators of hunger. There were mean difference of household head's education and mother's education, household expenditure percapita, and individual's food intakes between hunger and non hunger groups. Based on the discriminant analysis, main indicators of hunger in.this study area were rice consumption frequency and staple food expenditure ratio.A  Person was categorized  as hunger  if his or her rice consumption frequency &lt; 14.76 times/ week or expenditure for staple food&gt;23.15%