Clara Meliyanti Kusharto
Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia (FEMA), Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor 16680

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NUTRITIONAL STATUS, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, OXIDATIVE STRESS, AND COGNITIVE FUNCTION IN PRE ELDERLY AND ELDERLY Dainy, Nunung Cipta; Kusharto, Clara Meliyanti; Madanijah, Siti; Nasrun, Martina Wiwie Setiawan; Turana, Yuda
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 13 No. 3 (2018)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (285.238 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2018.13.3.117-122

Abstract

This study aimed to analyse the relation of nutritional status, physical activity or oxidative stress with cognitive function of pre-elderly and elderly. A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted on 40 pre-elderly and 35 elderly subjects who were admitted to the Integrated Development Post Program (Posbindu) between September 2014 and January 2015. Anthropometric measurements (weight and height), physical activity, and biochemical data (oxidized low-density lipoprotein[Ox-LDL] and serum malondialdehyd [MDA]) were obtained. Nutritional status was assessed through body mass index (BMI), while the cognitive function was measured by Rey Osterrieth Complex Figure (ROCF) and Digit Span Backward. The data were analysed using an independent t-test and Spearman?s test with a confidence level of 95%. The study showed that the prevalence of malnutrition among the pre-elderly and elderly were 60.0% and 80.0%, respectively. Concerning physical activity, those who belonged to inactive-sedentary activity based on physical activity level (PAL) ratio were 55.0% and 45.7%, respectively. There were no significant differences in Ox-LDL, MDA levels and cognitive function (p>0.05). Significant negative correlations existed between Ox-LDL and immediate visual memory function (r=-0.289; p<0.05), as well as between Ox-LDL and delayed visual memory function (r=-0.288; p<0.05). The conclusion that visual memory function was only correlated with Ox-LDL.
INTERVENSI DENGAN PENERAPAN KONSEP MILLENNIUM ECO-VILLAGE DAN PERUBAHAN PERILAKU KONSUMSI PANGAN RUMAH TANGGA DI DESA PETIR, KECAMATAN DRAMAGA, KABUPATEN BOGOR Kusharto, Clara Meliyanti; Amanah, Siti; Tanziha, Ikeu; Fatchiya, Anna; Dainy, Nunung Cipta; Rosmiati, Risti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 7 No. 2 (2012)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (244.208 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2012.7.2.65-72

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ABSTRACTThe research aimed to assess the impact of interventions to the behaviour changes of household food consumption and to search the role of community institutions in accelerating the achievement of the millennium eco-village. The study involved thirty households in Desa Petir, Dramaga Subdistrict, District of Bogor (15 agricultural and 15 non agricultural-households). Pre and post test method was used to analyze the behaviour change, and focused group discussions were conducted to explore initiatives of the community group toward eco-village. The results indicated the changes of expenditure proportion for food and non food. At the agricultural households, changes are from 61.7% to 53.9%, whereas in the non agricultural household, the changes are from 59.9% to 41%. Food consumption for under five children become more diverse, nutritious, and balanced. Life Style on Clean Life and Health (PHBS) on family farmers and non farmers become better. Cooperation between community groups, local leaders, the government, and facilitators could strengthen institution to enable real action towards the millennium eco-village.Key words: food consumption, MDGs, social institutionsABSTRAKTujuan penelitian secara umum adalah untuk mengembangkan model millennium eco-village melalui intervensi prinsip eco-village. Sebanyak 30 keluarga terpilih sebagai subjek yang terdiri dari 15 keluarga petani (KP) dan 15 keluarga non-petani (KNP). Metode penelitian pre dan post digunakan untuk mengukur dampak intervensi terhadap perubahan pengetahuan, sikap, dan perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat (PHBS) dan peran kelembagaan masyarakat dalam percepatan pencapaian MDGs. Hasil menunjukkan perubahan pada proporsi pengeluaran pangan dan non pangan, yakni pada KP dari 61.7% menjadi 53.9%, sedangkan pada KNP dari 59.9% menjadi 41%. Meskipun perubahan antara kedua kelompok tersebut tidak signifikan, namun terdapat peningkatan dalam kesejahteraan petani. Terjadi perbaikan status gizi balita yang signifikan (p=0.009). Terjadi perubahan konsumsi pangan balita menjadi lebih Beragam, Bergizi, dan Berimbang (3B). PHBS pada KP maupun KNP menjadi lebih baik. Kerjasama antara kelompok masyarakat, pemimpin informal, pemerintah desa, dan kader desa dapat memperkuat kelembagaan sosial.Kata kunci: kelembagaan sosial, konsumsi pangan, MDGs
FORMULASI, KANDUNGAN GIZI, DAN DAYA TERIMA KUE-KUE TRADISIONAL MAKASSAR BERBASIS TEPUNG PUPAE–MULBERRY (PURY) SEBAGAI MAKANAN BERGIZI MASA DEPAN Kusharto, Clara Meliyanti; Astuti, Trina; Aisyah, Aisyah; Marliyati, Sri Anna; Rosmiati, Risti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 10 No. 3 (2015)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (509.172 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2015.10.3.%p

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe aims of this research was to formulate and improve the nutrient content and define of makassar traditional snack which was enriched with Pupae-mulberry (Pury) powder. Experimental study was conducted and proximate analysis was used to determine nutrient content of the product and acceptance test was used by hedonic test of 25-32 semi-trained panelists. This research produced three kinds of traditional snacks, namely Rampari sponge cake, Deppatori Pury, and Pury sticks. Based on organoleptic test product Deppatori was selected to develop further by mixing basic substances consist of rice flour, glutinous rice flour, brown sugar, sesame and water with pupae-mulberry (pury) powder. The formulas were F1 (pury powder 5%), F2 (pury powder 10%), and F3 (pury powder 15%). The study showed that by hedonic scale, the panel preferred F2 because the addition more than 10% of Pury powder will make texture harder. Hedonic quality scale indicated that F2 had characteristics yellowish brown color, taste and flavor close to neutral. Nutrient content of Deppatori Pury 10% (per 100 g) was water 7.92 g, ash 1.19 g, protein 5.80 g, fat 25.99 g, carbohydrates 67.02 g, energy 484 kcal, calcium 74.14 mg, iron 1.96 mg, phosporus 97.23 mg, respectively and result of microbiology test was 390 cfu/g. Protein contribution of Deppatori-Pury 10% per 100 g serving size to RDA of elderly was 9.4-10.4%. Therefore, two serving size is recommended for Deppatori-Pury as future food to reach 20% RDA protein.Keywords: acceptability, deppatori, makassar?s snack, pury powderABSTRAKTujuan penelitian adalah melakukan formulasi dan meningkatkan kandungan zat gizi serta daya terima kue-kue tradisional Makassar yang diperkaya tepung pupae-mulberry (Pury). Penelitian ini merupakan studi eksperimental yang melakukan analisis kandungan zat gizi secara proksimat dan uji penerimaan panelis (organoleptik) menggunakan uji hedonik oleh 25-32 orang panelis semi terlatih. Pembuatan kue tradisional menghasilkan tiga jenis produk yaitu bolu-sponge Rampary, Deppatori-Pury, dan Pury-Stick. Berdasarkan hasil uji organoleptik, satu produk perlu dikembangkan lebih lanjut yaitu Deppatori yang memiliki tingkat kesukaan terendah. Formulasi Deppatori-Pury dilakukan dengan mencampurkan bahan dasar yang terdiri atas tepung beras, tepung ketan, tepung pury, gula merah, wijen, dan air. Formula Deppatori-Pury terdiri atas F1 (tepung pury 5%), F2 (tepung pury 10%), dan F3 (tepung pury 15%). Pada uji hedonik, panelis lebih menyukai F2 yakni formula dengan penambahan tepung pury sebesar 10%, karena penambahan tepung pury yang semakin banyak akan membuat tekstur semakin keras. Hasil uji mutu hedonik juga menunjukkan bahwa F2 memiliki karakteristik warna cokelat kekuningan, rasa dan aroma yang netral, serta tekstur yang padat agak keras. Kudapan Deppatori-Pury 10% per 100 g mengandung kadar air 7,92 g, abu 1,19 g, protein 5,80 g, lemak 25,99 g, karbohidrat 67,02 g, energi 484 kkal, kalsium 74,14 mg, besi 1,96 mg, fosfor 97,23 mg. Hasil uji mikrobiologis 390 cfu/g. Kontribusi protein Deppatori-Pury 10% dengan takaran saji 100 g terhadap AKG untuk kelompok lansia sebesar 9,4-10,4%, sehingga untuk mencapai kadar protein 20% dari AKG dianjurkan untuk dikonsumsi sebanyak dua kali takaran saji sebagai makanan masa depan.Kata kunci: daya terima, deppatori-pury, kue makassar, tepung pury
FORMULASI FLAKES PATI GARUT DAN TEPUNG IKAN LELE DUMBO (CLARIAS GARIEPINUS) SEBAGAI PANGAN KAYA ENERGI PROTEIN DAN MINERAL UNTUK LANSIA Amalia, Firda; Kusharto, Clara Meliyanti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 8 No. 2 (2013)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (255.192 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2013.8.2.137-144

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The objective of this study was to produce arrowroot starch flakes with dumbo catfish (Clarias gariepinus) flour, as a rich energy, protein, and mineral food for elderly. Design of this study was complete randomized design with four formulas and each combination was replicated two times. A selected formula was determined based on semi trained panelists preference. Acceptance of selected flakes formula was examined by elderly using hedonic test. Flakes by addition of 33.00% of dumbo catfish flour was the selected formula. The chemical properties for selected flakes were as follows 4.00% of water, 4.84% ash, 16.90% protein, 5.21% fat, 69.06% carbohydrate, 14.48% calcium, and 8.61% phosphor. The selected flakes contain 391 kcals energy per 100 g. The selected flakes had contributed more than 20.00% of energy, protein, calcium, and phosphor for elderly people so it can be claimed as a food product rich in energy, protein and minerals.
PENGARUH SUPLEMEN IODIUM DAN BETA KAROTEN TERHADAP STATUS IODIUM DAN STATUS GIZI IBU HAMIL DI DAERAH ENDEMIK GAKI Lamid, Astuti; Rimbawan, Rimbawan; Khomsan, Ali; Kusharto, Clara Meliyanti; Muhilal, Muhilal
Media Gizi dan Keluarga Vol. 31 No. 2 (2007): Media Gizi dan Keluarga
Publisher : Media Gizi dan Keluarga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

ABSTRACT. Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) prevalence ofpregnant women is 16% and this would have consequence of risk during delivery and  nutritional status of the children. The aims ofthis study was to measure the effect ofiodized oil and beta carotene on the nutritional, iodine and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) status of pregnant women and to determine nutrition, iodine and cyanide intakes from food consumed by pregnant women. Research design ofthe study was quasi experiment. Pregnant women on the first trimester were chosen and divided into three groups. The first group was given iodized oil at 200mg iodine, the second group was treated with iodized oil at 30mg iodine every month for 6 months, and the third group was given as group 2 plus beta-carotene at 30mg each month for six months. Data collected were nutrients, iodine, and cyanide intake from food consumed and the parameter measured were serum TSH, urine iodine excretion (UIE), body weight and upper arm circumference. Chi Square, ANOVA and Kruskall Wallis were applied for statistical analysis. Iodine consumed by pregnant women was closed to the recommended daily allowance (RDA). iodized oil supplement could increase the UIE for 2 times at trimester 3 ofthe pregnancy. Furthermore, the treatment could redure the TSH value during pregnancy. The supplement could supply iodine during pregnancy. Keywords: iodine, hipothyroid, beta caroten, nutritional status
MODEL HUBUNGAN ASPEK PSIKOSOSIAL DAN AKTIFITAS FISIK DENGAN STATUS GIZI LANSIA Rusilanti, Rusilanti; Kusharto, Clara Meliyanti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 1 No. 1 (2006)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (66.59 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2006.1.1.13-22

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The aims of this research was to analyze the correlation of psychosocial and physical aspect with nutritional status of the elderly reside in community dwelling. The site of study was purposively selected at three ?kelurahan? : Budi agung, Baranangsiang, and Situ Gede in Bogor City.  A total of 100 elderly (age range 60 ? 85 years; mean 68.4 year) were actively participated. A Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) Lisrel program was used to analyse the data. The study showed positive correlation of psychosocial (r=0.07) and physical aspect (r=0.04) with nutritional status of the elderly in community.
GAP ANALYSIS PROGRAM GIZI DAN KESEHATAN DI POSYANDU KABUPATEN BOGOR Nikmawati, Ellis Endang; Kusharto, Clara Meliyanti; Khomsan, Ali; sukandar, Dadang; Atmawikarta, Arum
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 4 No. 3 (2009)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (374.405 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2009.4.3.140-150

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Revitalization of Integrated Service Center Post (Posyandu) is successful when  focused to its main function as community institution services. Determine gap analysis program based on tangibles, reliability, responsiveness, assurance, empathy dimension. Exploratory and experimental designs was applied in this study, which was conducted at Darmaga and Ciomas district, Bogor Regency from March to August 2008. The data included primary and secondary data. The respondent in the experiment was 240 mothers of children under five years and 80 cadres. Gap analysis was used to know the expected and the real nutrition and health program of respondent. Totally 96 balita?s mother, pregnancy and reproductive women and 16 cadres were involved in this study. The average of gap realization with standard tool -0,75; Tangibles dimension -0,35; Reliability -0,10; Responsiveness -0,37; Assurance  -0,44, and Empathy -0,47, its mean that a tools accomplisment only 25% (less); tangible dimension 65% (enough); reliability 90% (good); responsiveness dimension 63% (enough); assurance dimension  56% (less) and emphaty 53%  (less), respectively.
TEPUNG PUPA-MULBERRY (PURY) SEBAGAI BAHAN PANGAN ALTERNATIF KAYA GIZI Astuti, Trina; Kusharto, Clara Meliyanti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 4 No. 1 (2009)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (44.974 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2009.4.1.29-32

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Silkworm pupae is immature stage of moth.  It is inner part of the silkworm cocoon shell which usually disposed from yarn silk production, and now has become a valuable ingredient of human food in many countries, however it is not common yet in Indonesia. The purpose of study is to develop a weaning food as nutritious basic formula of complementary food from pupae waste. A silkworm pupae was a major constituents used as materials. There are sixth  steps to get PURY properly: select a fresh, fine and clean pupae, steamed well about 10 seconds, grinded and sifted it  to get liquid, added 10% maize powder, dried in oven at 60ºC for 6 hours, and refine on blender. A fine powder, so called ?PURY?, has a well balanced amount of moisture, protein, fat included PUFA, carbohydrate, amino acids, vitamins and minerals. Through a simple processing, the dry product of fine PURY powder can be obtained and used as a basic formula of complementary food and snacks and has made great contribution to reduce pupae waste. Research is continued to scale up producing PURY based product for more food-technological uses in order to reduce prevalence of malnutrition in Indonesia.
KEBIASAAN MAKAN DAN PENGETAHUAN REPRODUKSI REMAJA PUTRI PESERTA PUSAT INFORMASI DAN KONSELING KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI REMAJA (PIK-KRR) Thamrin, M. Husni; Kusharto, Clara Meliyanti; Setiawan, Budi
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 3 No. 3 (2008)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (138.525 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.124-131

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The aim of this research was to observe food habit and knowledge of reproduction health of female adolescence participants and non participants of Information Centre and Counseling of Adolescence  Reproduction Health (PIK-KRR) at SMU 1 Liwa and SMK 1 Liwa. Reproduction readiness in adolescence is influenced by physical readiness which is reflected from nutrition and health status and mental readiness in the form of adolescence perception about reproduction health. This research used cross sectional design. The site of the research is determined using purposive sampling. The SMU 1 Liwa was choosen because this school has PIK-KRR and most of the graduates continue their study to the higher level of education, and SMKN Liwa Lampung Barat was chosen because this school does not have PIK-KRR yet and most of the graduates do not continue their study. Spearman?s Correlation and t-test utilized to know whether there were any difference in each variable in SMU and SMK students. The results of the study show that, SMU female adolescence have better reproduction readiness than SMK female adolescence. Therefore it is important for female adolescence to get correct information about nutrition,  and reproduction health through formal or informal ways.
KANDUNGAN KLOROFIL BERBAGAI JENIS DAUN TANAMAN DAN CU-TURUNAN KLOROFIL SERTA KARAKTERISTIK FISIKO-KIMIANYA Nurdin, Nurdin; Kusharto, Clara Meliyanti; Tanziha, Ikeu; Januwati, M.
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 4 No. 1 (2009)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (83.899 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2009.4.1.13-19

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The chlorophyll is well known as natural antioxidant which is commonly high  level  in some geen leafy and has potential biological effect for a good  health and  has been proved has antioxidant and antimutagenic activity. In fact, a high content of chlorophyll is available in nature but in contrast its found commercially in Indonesia as imported product with a high price. The objectives of this study were to determine of chlorophyll level  of various leaves (Premna oblongifolia Merr., Saurpus androgynus  Merr. Centella asiatica, and Morus alba L),  to produce copper-chlorophyll derivative powder, and to observe its physico-chemical properties. The research showed that cincau leaf had higher level of chlorophyll than other leaves, meanwhile cincau leaf used as material of copper-chlorophyll derivative. Cincau leaves chlorophyll extract solution with Cu2+  100 mg/l level produce the cincau copper-chlorophyll derivative powder with highest  pH, solubility, and geenness compare to other copper levels. The cincau copper-derivate chlorophyll  powder contained chlorophyll 3986 mg/kg, b-carotene 33.8 mg/kg, and contained alkaloid, saponin, tanin, steroid, and glycoside.