Ati Kusmiati
Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Jember

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FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERPERAN DALAM KELANGKAAN PUPUK BERSUBSIDI Kuadrati, Dita Lina; Kusmiati, Ati
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 4, No 1 (2010)
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The scarcity of subsidized fertilizer in subdistrict of Wonosari, Bondowoso Country affects the farmer’s exertion. Agriculture product decreases and to be hopeless. By this reason, farmers suffer operating loss. This will affect the available of national food. The scarcity of subsidized fertilizer in subdistrict of Wonosari, Bondowoso Country happened on the third of seasonal planting in 2007. This research is aimed to know: (1) Scarcity factors of subsidized fertilizer; (2) The effect of the scarcity of subsidized fertilizer on the farmer’s motivation in maintaining farmer exertion; and (3) The effect of the scarcity of subsidized fertilizer on the productivity of farmer’s exertion, especially on rice plant. This research is conducted conciously (Purposive Method). It is located in subdistrict Wonosari, Bondowoso Country. The research uses descriptive and comparative method. Sample was taken by using Cluster Sampling method consisting 35 respondents. On the other hand, the researcher also used Puposive Sampling method to determine the respondents criteria. Other respondents (beyond farmer) are the commision of subsidized fertilizer’s superintendant, field instructor, legitimated kiosk of subsidized fertilizer, and distributor of subsidized fertilizer. Method the data analysis used descriptive analysis through indicators and stage test analysis of Wilcoxon. The result of the research shows that: (1) Scarcity factors of subsidized fertilizer that is the dependence of farmer on inorganic fertilizer, imbalance of fertilizer and menimizing role recommended by the goverment, extensification of area, and informal distributor of subsidized fertilizer; (2) The farmer’s motivation is still high even the subsidized fertilizer is scarce; (3) The difference of productivity of farmer’s exertion, especially on the rice farming.Key Words: Scarcity of subsidized fertilizer, motivation, productivity exertion, and farmers
ANALISIS WILAYAH KOMODITAS KOPI DI INDONESIA Kusmiati, Ati; Windiarti, Reni
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 5, No 2 (2011)
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This research was intended (1) to map areas of coffee production and land base in Indonesia, (2) to identify the characteristics of the coffee commodity distribution in Indonesia, (3) to identify the roles of coffee in supporting plantation sector in Indonesia. The research area was determined by using purposive method, research was conducted in Indonesia. The method used in this research was descriptive and analytical method. The data used were secondary data in the periods of 2009-2018. Methods of data analysis used were analysis (LQ), analysis of localization and specialization, analysis of Basic Service Ratio (BSR) and Regional Multiplier (RM). The research results showed that: (1) Areas of coffee production bases consisted of: Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, South Sumatra, Bengkulu, Lampung, East Java, Bali, West Nusa Tenggara East Nusa Tenggara and South Sulawesi. Areas of coffee commodity bases based on indicators such as land size were Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, West Sumatera, South Sumatera, Bengkulu, Lampung, East Java, Bali, East Nusa Tenggara and South Sulawesi; (2) Characteristics of the spread of coffee did not lead to the principles of localization and specialization; (3) Coffee commodity was capable of supporting the activities of plantations in Indonesia.Keyword: Areas of coffee production and land bases, localization and specialization, Basic Service Ratio, Regional Multiplier
PENGGANDAAN BASIS DI DALAM LINGKUP PEREKONOMIAN REGIONAL WILAYAH TAPAL KUDA DALAM PERIODE SEBELUM MAUPUN SETELAH PELAKSANAAN OTONOMI DAERAH Supriyono, Agus; Rondhi, Muhammad; Kusmiati, Ati
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 5, No 2 (2011)
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Finding on research result is as follow: First; investment on economic sector of basis in sub- region of Madura Island, sub-region of Madura Gulf and also Kabupaten Sumenep as well as Sidoarjo, either in the period of before and after regional autonomy has relatively good role in encouraging development of regional economy, particularly in encouraging export sector to outer region. Second; investment on economic sector of basis in City of Surabaya, Pasuruan and Probolinggo either in the period of before and after regional autonomy has relatively good role in encouraging development of regional economy, particularly in encouraging the development of export sector to outer region. Third; investment on economic sector of basis in sub-region of Madura strait and also in Kabupaten Bangkalan, Sampang, Pemekasan, Pasuruan, Probolinggo, as well as Situbondo, either in the period of before and after regional autonomy had caused the increase of demand for production in the economic sector of non- basis. Key Words: regional economy, base multiplier, Horse Shoe area, before and after regional autonomy
TREND PRODUKSI DAN PROSPEK PENGEMBANGAN KOMODITAS BUAH NAGA DI KABUPATEN JEMBER Wardani Harvey, Friska Indira; Januar, Jani; Kusmiati, Ati
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 3, No 2 (2009)
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Buah naga atau dragon fruit memang belum lama dikenal, dibudidayakan, dan diusahakan di Indonesia. Tanaman dengan buahnya berwarna merah dan bersisik hijau ini merupakan pendatang baru bagi dunia pertanian di Indonesia dan merupakan salah satu peluang usaha yang menjanjikan dan pengembangan tanaman buah naga sangat bagus dibudidayakan di daerah tropis seperti di Indonesia. Prospek buah naga di pasar domestik cukup baik karena penggemarnya berangsur-angsur meningkat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui: (1) trend produksi dan prospek pengembangan  komoditas buah naga di Kabupaten Jember, (2) efisiensi pemasaran komoditas buah naga di Kabupaten Jember, (3) strategi pemasaran komoditas buah naga di Kabupaten Jember. Metode penelitian adalah dengan analisis deskriptif dan analitis, pengambilan contoh secara Dispropotioned Random Sampling. Data primer diperoleh melalui wawancara dengan petani berdasarkan kuisioner, data sekunder diperoleh dari instansi terkait. Alat analisis yang digunakan adalah trend dengan metode kuadrat terkecil (Least Square Method), analisis SWOT, efisiensi pemasaran dan marjin pemasaran, strategi bauran pemasaran. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1) Trend Produksi buah naga cenderung meningkat, (2) Usahatani buah naga memiliki peluang pasar yang prospektif, (3) Saluran pemasaran buah naga adalah efisien, (4) Strategi pemasaran buah naga di Kabupaten Jember menggunakan strategi bauran pemasaran yaitu dengan menjaga kualitas buah naga yang dihasilkan agar konsumen dapat terus membelinya, memperluas daerah pemasaran di daerah perkotaan, bekerjasama dengan pemerintah untuk melakukan promosi, dan menetapkan harga jual pada kisaran harga Rp. 14.000,00 sampai Rp. 20.000,00.     Kata Kunci: Buah naga, trend produksi, prospek pengembangan, efisiensi pemasaran
ANALISIS PERILAKU KONSUMEN PROLL TAPE DI JEMBER Risaldi, Feri; Widjayanti, Lenny; Kusmiati, Ati
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 3, No 1 (2009)
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Proll tape is a agroindustrial product which used agriculture product as a basic material. It is a diversification product from tape and mixed with some flavour. It can be found in the gift store. Proll tape marketing strategic will influence consumer behaviour in the decision buying. Consumer buy proll tape as a gift as beside on their own consumption. Consumer considers proll tape has a good quality so that it can fill consumer needed. Purpose of the research to find out the influence factors of proll tape consumer behavior, proll tape consumer behavior, and the relationship of income level toward to proll tape purchasing level. The research location use purposive methode with the type is descriptive and correlation methode. The sample extraction use convinience sampling. The analysis tools use factor analysis and chi square. Result of research indicate that : (1) The influence factors of proll tape consumer behavior are quality perception, motivation, promotion, location, supporting facility and packing. (2) the visible consumer behavior consist of purchasing frequency of proll tape between 2 until 3 purchased. Consumer buy proll tape monthly indefinitive. (3) there is not definitely relationship between income level toward to proll tape purchasing level. Key word : Proll tape, consumer behavior, income
KAJIAN PEMASARAN IKAN LEMURU (Sardinella Lemuru) DI MUNCAR – BANYUWANGI Kusmiati, Ati
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 1, No 2 (2007)
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The aim of this research is to analyze lemuru fish marketing in Muncar – Banyuwangi Regency through marketing margin analysis during peak season and lean season. Research location was selected purposively. Method of analysis were descriptive and analytic. Snow ball sampling was used in this research. Both primary and secondary data were collected in this study. Results show that the shorter the marketing chains the smaller marketing margin. Marketing margin during peak season was smaller compared than marketing margin during the lean season, because during the lean season, consumers were unable to get lemuru easily. So, lemuru price become higher. Although the lemuru price was high, consumers still sought to buy it. Therefore, share received by fisherman is higher during the peak season. Key word: marketing margin, peak season and lean season.
ANALISIS PENDAPATAN DAN KONTRIBUSI PENDAPATAN PENGRAJIN GULA KELAPA TERHADAP PENDAPATAN KELUARGA DI DESA LOJEJER KECAMATAN WULUHAN KABUPATEN JEMBER Khotimah, Siti; Kusmiati, Ati; Agustina, Titin
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 7, No 2 (2014)
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This research aims to know the: income disparity between the palm sugar craftsmen using the sap-sharing system and sugar-sharing system, factors that affect the income of palm sugar craftsmen, and palm sugar craftsmen income contribution on family income. The location of the research is determined by purposive method in the Lojejer Village Wuluhan Subdistrict Jember Regency. The research method used is descriptive method, comparative and analytical. Sampling method used is Disproportionate Stratified Random Sampling method. The Data used are the primary data and secondary data. Data analysis used in this study are:income analysis (π = TR – TC), multiple linear regression analysis (Y = a + b1X1 + b2X2 + b3X3 + b4X4 + b5X5 + b6 D + e), and proportions analysis (p = Pw/Pd x 100%). The results of this research indicate: (1) there are differences in palm sugar craftsmen income using the sap-sharing and sugar-sharing system. (2) factors that significantly influence to the income of palm sugar craftsmen using the sharing system the Lojejer Village Wuluhan Subdistrict Jember Regency, are: fuel costs (Rp), additional material costs (Rp), the selling price (Rp), the amount of production (Kg), labor (Rp), and the sharing system being used, (3) palm sugar craftsmens income contributions on family income in the Lojejer Village Wuluhan Subdistrict Jember Regency is medium, with a value of contribution revenue 69,53%.   Keywords: palm sugar, craftsmens, sharing system, income
PENINGKATAN PENDAPATAN KELUARGA MELALUI PEMANFAATAN PEKARANGAN RUMAH DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN TEKNIK VERTIKULTUR Kusmiati, Ati; Solikhah, Ummi
Asian Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship Vol 4, No 2 (2015): May 2015
Publisher : UII

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20885/ajie.vol4.iss2.art4

Abstract

Along with the increasing of population led to the conversion of agricultural land into residential. Urban settlements in the Tegalgede village especially in areas caused a high density of houses and each house has a narrow yard. Until now, the yard is not used optimally so that the views of the houses in the village seem barren. One cause of the narrowness of the land and yard is limited family income. Based on the condition and situation, the problem of community are: (1) The level of education and knowledge on verticulture techniques  is low, and (2) The level of education and knowledge about farming and marketing management are limited, and (3)People are not able to manage their yard optimally. Some approaches were used to solve the problem, such as socialization, counseling, and mentoring, demoplot on organic vegetable cultivation using verticulture technique, business management and marketing management. Results shows that: (1) housewife who are members of households in the group of Rose and Jasmine achieved education and new knowledge about how organic green mustard cultivation, management and cost analysis of farm business, (2) housewife has positive activities every day, (3) yard house become more green and lush, (4) Families can consume healthy organic vegetables and free of pesticides as well as save expenses, and (5) There is an additional income for housewives who sold organic green mustard (Brassica rapa) crops. Keywords: Verticulture, organic vegetable, business management, marketing management
HUBUNGAN ANTARA PELATIHAN DENGAN PRODUKTVITAS WAKTU BAKU DAN TINGKAT KEBENARAN PEKERJAAN TENAGA KERJA WANITA DI GUDANG PENGOLAH (Studi Kasus di PTPN X Kebun Ajong Gayasan Jember) Syarif, Deti Rushilani; Kusmiati, Ati; Hani, Evita Soliha
Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 8, No 3 (2015): JSEP
Publisher : Jurnal Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian

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PTPN X Ajong Gayasan Plantation Jember is a company that cultivates Down Shade Tobacco ( TBN ) in a large scale. The processing in the warehouse processor or so-called warehouse zinc is a product processing opstapel from drying warehouse to be used as cigar tobacco. This processing is done to obtain a product in the form of a product ready for sale or export of which is carried by the female labor force. This study aims to determine: (1) the correlation between work training with the level of labor productivity in the warehouse processing woman PTPN X Kebun Ajong Gayasan Jember, (2) the standard time and the amount of labor required optimal effective tobacco sorting passage in accordance with the calculation of standard time, and (3) the degree of truth employment of women workers in the warehouse sorting processing section PTPN X Kebun Ajong Gayasan Jember. The research conducted in PTPN X Ajong Gayasan Plantation Jember by purposive method. The determination of sample using Slovin Methodwith samples acquired by 42 respondents from women workers of sorting tobacco section. The data used were primary and secondary data. Data analysis tools used were: (1) Rank Spearman Method; (2) Standart Time; (3) The Level of Jobs Truth (Descriptive Method). The survey results revealed that: (1) there is a relationship between training and productivity of female workers in processing warehouses PTPN X Kebun Ajong Gayasan Jember, (2) the measurement of working time women workers sorting tobacco section PTPN X Kebun Ajong Gayasan obtained Jember cycle time (on average) is 38.968 hours/week, rating factor is 1.12, the normal time is 43.644 hours/week, the value of allowance is 29.5% and the standard time is 56.518 hours/week. While the optimal amount of labor for the efficient sorting each group average is 40 peoples/group or 20 pairs/group, and (3) The level of employment of women workers truth sorting tobacco section PTPN X Kebun Ajong Jember Gayasan is ± 95 % for the first strand of tobacco leaves, on average only 1-2 pieces of leaf tobacco that is not in accordance with the assessment indicators.Keywords : labor women, productivity, standard time, the degree of truth work, training
RANTAI PASOKAN DAN NILAI TAMBAH EDAMAME GORENG VAKUM DI UD. RAJA KERIPIK KABUPATEN JEMBER aninnas, nur afina; Kusmiati, Ati; Hapsari, Triana Dewi
JSEP (Journal of Social and Agricultural Economics) Vol 11 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : University of Jember

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.19184/jsep.v11i2.6907

Abstract

 The success of the supply chain of vacuum fried green soybean can be seen from the supply chain flow of the raw materials and the continuity of the resulting product. Agro-industry activities that convert primary products into new processed products with higher economic value can provide higher added value and greater benefits when compared without going through the processing. The research aim to know: (1) product flow, finance flow, and information flow; (2) marketing margin of the supply chain; and value added of vacuum fried green soybeans in UD. Raja Keripik, Jember. The research was conducted in UD. Raja Keripik, Jember. Purposive method was used to determine the research location. Snawball technique was used as sampling technique based on information of UD Raja Keripik’s owner. The first aim was answered with descripton method, the second aim was answered by margin formula, and the last aim was answered by the analysis of Hayami value added. The result proves that (1) there are three flows in the supply chain of the vacuum fried green soybeans such as product flow, finance flow, and information flow (2) The margin distribution of marketing in supply chain shows that profit in each link is not equally. It can proved by the value of provit that are 51.90%; 6.78%; and 38.79%. (3) The value added of processing of one kilogram of vacuum fried green soybeans is Rp. 18.619,49