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Alleviation of oxidative stress, carcass fat and plasma cholesterol in broiler chickens consuming antanan (Centella asiatica) and vitamin C Kusnadi, Engkus
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 13, No 1 (2008)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (124.483 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v13i1.588

Abstract

Oxidative stress (a condition where oxidant -free radical- activity dominates the antioxidant activity) in poultry may be caused by heat stress from high environmental temperature. In this research, antanan (Centella asiatica) and vitamin C was utilized as anti heat-stress agents for broilers. One hundred and twenty male broilers of 2 – 6 weeks of age were kept at 31.98 ± 1.940C poultry house temperature during the day and 27.36 ± 1.310C at night. The treatments consist of two kinds: two levels of vitamin C (0 and 500ppm) and three levels of antanan (0, 5 and 10% of diets). The data colected was analized for variance with a factorial in completely randomized design of 2 x 3 (2 levels of vitamin C, 3 levels of antanan) and continued with contrast-orthogonal test when applicable. The results indicated that the treatments of antanan 5% without vitamin C (A5C0), antanan 10% without vitamin C (A10C0), vitamin C 500ppm without antanan (A0C500), combination of A5 and C500 (A5C500), and combination of  A10 and C500 (A10C500) significantly (P<0.05) decreased the level of liver malonaldehida (MDA), carcass lipid and plasma cholesterol. Key Words: Oxidative Stress, Centella Asiatica, Vitamin C
Supplementation of vitamin C as anti heat-stress agen of broilers Kusnadi, Engkus
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 11, No 4 (2006)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (64.87 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v11i4.533

Abstract

High environmental temperatures may cause heat stress in poultry. This may increase water consumption, decrease feed consumption and in turn, decrease production level.  This experiment was conducted to study the supplementation of vitamin C as anti heat-stress agent of broilers. In this research, were used 72 broilers 21 days old. The treatment are two kinds. The first, two poultry house temperatures (32 and 240C as warm temperature and cool temperature respectively) and second, four levels suplementation of vitamin C (0, 250, 500 and 750 ppm of ration as C0, C250, C500 and C750 respectively). Variables measured are feed consumption, body weigh gain, content of abdominal lipid and feed convertion. The data collected were analized with a split plot design in completelly random design and continued with the contrast-orthogonal test when significantly different The result indicated that vitamin C significantly (P<0.05) increased feed consumption and body weigh gain. The warm temperature significantly (P<0.05) decreased feed consumption and body weigh gain. Feed convertion of C250, C500 and C750 in warm temperature were significantly (P<0.05) lower than C0. The supplementation of 250 ppm vitamin C (C250) was most efective as anti heat-stress agent in broilers kept at warm temperature. Key Words: Vitamin C, Broiler, Heat-Stress
Supplementation of vitamin C as anti heat-stress agen of broilers Kusnadi, Engkus
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 11, No 4 (2006): DECEMBER 2006
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (64.87 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v11i4.533

Abstract

High environmental temperatures may cause heat stress in poultry. This may increase water consumption, decrease feed consumption and in turn, decrease production level.  This experiment was conducted to study the supplementation of vitamin C as anti heat-stress agent of broilers. In this research, were used 72 broilers 21 days old. The treatment are two kinds. The first, two poultry house temperatures (32 and 240C as warm temperature and cool temperature respectively) and second, four levels suplementation of vitamin C (0, 250, 500 and 750 ppm of ration as C0, C250, C500 and C750 respectively). Variables measured are feed consumption, body weigh gain, content of abdominal lipid and feed convertion. The data collected were analized with a split plot design in completelly random design and continued with the contrast-orthogonal test when significantly different The result indicated that vitamin C significantly (P<0.05) increased feed consumption and body weigh gain. The warm temperature significantly (P<0.05) decreased feed consumption and body weigh gain. Feed convertion of C250, C500 and C750 in warm temperature were significantly (P<0.05) lower than C0. The supplementation of 250 ppm vitamin C (C250) was most efective as anti heat-stress agent in broilers kept at warm temperature. Key Words: Vitamin C, Broiler, Heat-Stress
Alleviation of oxidative stress, carcass fat and plasma cholesterol in broiler chickens consuming antanan (Centella asiatica) and vitamin C Kusnadi, Engkus
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 13, No 1 (2008): MARCH 2008
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (124.483 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v13i1.588

Abstract

Oxidative stress (a condition where oxidant -free radical- activity dominates the antioxidant activity) in poultry may be caused by heat stress from high environmental temperature. In this research, antanan (Centella asiatica) and vitamin C was utilized as anti heat-stress agents for broilers. One hundred and twenty male broilers of 2 – 6 weeks of age were kept at 31.98 ± 1.940C poultry house temperature during the day and 27.36 ± 1.310C at night. The treatments consist of two kinds: two levels of vitamin C (0 and 500ppm) and three levels of antanan (0, 5 and 10% of diets). The data colected was analized for variance with a factorial in completely randomized design of 2 x 3 (2 levels of vitamin C, 3 levels of antanan) and continued with contrast-orthogonal test when applicable. The results indicated that the treatments of antanan 5% without vitamin C (A5C0), antanan 10% without vitamin C (A10C0), vitamin C 500ppm without antanan (A0C500), combination of A5 and C500 (A5C500), and combination of  A10 and C500 (A10C500) significantly (P<0.05) decreased the level of liver malonaldehida (MDA), carcass lipid and plasma cholesterol. Key Words: Oxidative Stress, Centella Asiatica, Vitamin C
Kadar Gula Darah Sebelum dan Sesudah Melaksanakan Senam Diabetes pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe II Nugraha, Andri; Kusnadi, Engkus; Subagja, Sigit
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan (JIK) Vol 9, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan (JIK)

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Abstract

Angka Kejadian diabetes mellitus di Indonesia terus meningkat dan merupakan salah satu penyakit yang paling banyak di derita oleh masarakat Indonesia.Penatalaksanaan diabetes mellitus dengan caralima pilar utama, diantaranya senam diabetes. Tujuan umum penelitian ini adalah mengetahui perbedaan kadar gula darah sebelum dan sesudah melaksanakan senam diabetes pada pasien DM Tipe II di Poliklinik penyakit dalam RSUD dr. Slamet Garut. Senam diabetes adalah latihan fisik aerobik bagi penderita diabetes dengan serangkaian gerakan yang dipilih secara sengaja dengan cara mengikuti irama musik yang dipilih sehingga melahirkan ketentuan ritmis, kontinuitas dan durasi tertentu untuk mencapai tujuan tertentu.Desain penelitian quasi eksperimen.. Teknik pengambilan sampel purposive sampling, dengan jumlah sampelberjumlah24 orang. Dalam penelitian ini dilakukan 2 kali pengukuran gula darah yaitu sebelum (data medrec) dan sesudah melaksanakan senam diabetes.Alat yang digunakannyaGluco Meter.Hasil penelitian didapatkan rata-rata kadar gula darah sebelum senam diabetes  164,50mg/dl dan sesudah senam diabetes 145,13  mg/dl. Hasil uji statistik memperlihatkan bahwa nillai P-value sebesar 0,0005 yang lebih kecil dari nilai α (0,05). Hal ini memberi informasi untuk menolak H0, sehingga disimpulkan terdapat perbedaan kadar gula darah sebelum dan sesudah senam diabetes.Penelitian diharapkan menJadi tambahan informasi untuk tetap menjadwalkan senam yang sudah rutin dilaksanakan.
The Relationship Between Fluid Intake Restrictions and Hemodialysis Adequacy for Chronic Renal Failure Patients During Hemodialysis Treatment In Hemodialysis Unit at Dr. Slamet District General Hospital Kusnadi, Engkus; Wulan, Siti Ratnasari
Jurnal Medika Cendikia Vol 3 (2015): Proceedings International Conference (Culturally Sensitive Intervention in the Deliver
Publisher : STIKes Karsa Husada Garut

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Abstract

Restriction of fluid intake is a &nbsp;factor of the hemodialysis adequacy, which is very important in the hemodialysis success therapy for &nbsp;patients with chronic renal failure. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between fluid intake restriction and &nbsp;hemodialysis adequacy for &nbsp;chronic renal failure patients during hemodialysis therapy. This study used descriptive correlational design. The independent variable was fluid intake restriction and the dependent variable was the hemodialysis adequacy. The sample in this study was 52 patients with chronic renal failure during hemodialysis therapy in hemodialysis units dr.Slamet Garut Hospital. The result showed that most of patient (73.1%) had appropriate fluid restriction. Out of this number, 78.9% was adequate and 21.9% was inadequate. The rest (26.9%) was inappropriate fluid restriction. Out of this number, 42.9% was adequate and 57.1% was inadequate. The contingenci coefesien test showed p.value = 0.012 which was less than ? (0.05). Thus, H0 was rejected and it can be concluded that there was a significant relationship between fluid intake restriction and hemodialysis adequacy. For nurses in Hemodialysis Unit dr. Slamet Garut, the result &nbsp;can be used to promote health education using banner as a media, so that the patients and families can enhance their attention about fluid intake that consumed by the patient.
Kadar Gula Darah Sebelum dan Sesudah Melaksanakan Senam Diabetes pada Pasien Diabetes Melitus Tipe II Nugraha, Andri; Kusnadi, Engkus; Subagja, Sigit
Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan (JIK) Vol 9, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan
Publisher : Jurnal Ilmiah Kesehatan (JIK)

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Abstract

Angka Kejadian diabetes mellitus di Indonesia terus meningkat dan merupakan salah satu penyakit yang paling banyak di derita oleh masarakat Indonesia.Penatalaksanaan diabetes mellitus dengan caralima pilar utama, diantaranya senam diabetes. Tujuan umum penelitian ini adalah mengetahui perbedaan kadar gula darah sebelum dan sesudah melaksanakan senam diabetes pada pasien DM Tipe II di Poliklinik penyakit dalam RSUD dr. Slamet Garut. Senam diabetes adalah latihan fisik aerobik bagi penderita diabetes dengan serangkaian gerakan yang dipilih secara sengaja dengan cara mengikuti irama musik yang dipilih sehingga melahirkan ketentuan ritmis, kontinuitas dan durasi tertentu untuk mencapai tujuan tertentu.Desain penelitian quasi eksperimen.. Teknik pengambilan sampel purposive sampling, dengan jumlah sampelberjumlah24 orang. Dalam penelitian ini dilakukan 2 kali pengukuran gula darah yaitu sebelum (data medrec) dan sesudah melaksanakan senam diabetes.Alat yang digunakannyaGluco Meter.Hasil penelitian didapatkan rata-rata kadar gula darah sebelum senam diabetes  164,50mg/dl dan sesudah senam diabetes 145,13  mg/dl. Hasil uji statistik memperlihatkan bahwa nillai P-value sebesar 0,0005 yang lebih kecil dari nilai ? (0,05). Hal ini memberi informasi untuk menolak H0, sehingga disimpulkan terdapat perbedaan kadar gula darah sebelum dan sesudah senam diabetes.Penelitian diharapkan menJadi tambahan informasi untuk tetap menjadwalkan senam yang sudah rutin dilaksanakan.
PENINGKATAN KINERJA GURU MELALUI PEMBINAAN IMPLEMENTASI MANAJEMEN DALAM PROSES PEMBELAJARAN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PRESTASI SISWA SMK NEGERI 1 CISARUA KABUPATEN BANDUNG BARAT Kusnadi, Engkus
P2M STKIP Siliwangi Vol 6, No 2 (2019): Volume 6 Nomor 2 November 2019
Publisher : IKIP Siliwangi Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1223.679 KB) | DOI: 10.22460/p2m.v6i2p%p.1417

Abstract

Abstrak: Penelitian Tindakan Sekolah (PTS) merupakan suatu cara bagi seorang kepala sekolah dalam meningkatkan kompetensi profesinya. Penulis  melakukan penelitian di SMK Negeri 1 Cisarua Kabupaten Bandung Barat, dengan menggunakan pendekatan  kualitatif  dengan metode action research  dalam mata pelajaran Pmelakukan pembinaan terhadap guru tentang implementasi manajemen dalam proses pembelajaran di sekolah. Implementasi dari konsep di atas terlihat pada perkembangan kemampuandan aktivitas guru dari tiap siklus yang dilaksanakan. Hal ini tampak pada awal pembelajaran pada siklus I,  khususnya pada tahap eksplorasi, yaitu pemberian pengetahuan kognitif tentang manajemen terhadap guru untuk menunjang proses pembelajaran, kemudian pada siklus II, pendalaman materi dilaksanakan dengan cara pemahaman lebih dalam terhadap konsep-konsep manajemen, dalam hal ini kepala sekolah berperan sebagai falisitator, selanjutnya pada siklus III, kepala sekolah  sebagai pendorong kreativitas guru dengan peningkatan pemahaman pada pelaksanaan praktek dilapangan, mulai dari tahap perencanaan, pengorganisasian, pelaksanaan dan pengevaluasiaan dalam proses belajar mengajar. Perubahan yang signifikan terlihat dari tahap perencanaan yang awal persiapan mengajar hanya 20 % tetapi pada tahap berikutnya meningkat menjadi 60 % dan di siklus III sampai mencapai 80%.  Pada tahap pelaksanaan juga ada peningkatan dari mulai tahap apersepsi, kemudian penyampaian kegiatan inti dan kegiatan penutup, setelah melalui pembinaan pada siklus I, siklus II dan siklus III, mengalami peningkatan terutama dalam praktek pelaksanaan pembelajaran, dari 40 % dari 5 orang jumlah guru yang mempraktekkan prinsip-prinsip manajemen, menajdi 80 % melaksanakannya. Penelitian ini membuktikan bahwa pembinaan oleh kepala sekolah terhadap peningkatan kinerja guru berpengaruh, dan pada akhirnya akan mempengaruhi peningkatan mutu sekolah secara keseluruhan.Kata Kunci: manajemen, pembelajaran, prestasi siswa Abstract: School Action Research (PTS) is a way for a school principal to improve his professional competence. The author conducted research at SMK Negeri 1 Cisarua, West Bandung Regency, using a qualitative approach to the action research method in the subject of conducting coaching to teachers about the implementation of management in the learning process at school. The implementation of the above concept looks at the development of the ability and activities of the teacher from each cycle carried out. This can be seen at the beginning of learning in the first cycle, especially in the exploration stage, namely the provision of cognitive knowledge about management to teachers to support the learning process, then in the second cycle, the deepening of the material is carried out by means of deeper understanding of management concepts, in this case the principal acts as the falisitator, then in cycle III, the principal acts as a teacher's creativity with increased understanding of the practice implementation in the field, starting from the planning, organizing, implementing and evaluating stages in the teaching and learning process. Significant changes were seen from the planning stage where the initial preparation for teaching was only 20% but in the next stage it increased to 60% and in cycle III it reached 80%. At the implementation stage there was also an increase from the start of the apperception stage, then the delivery of core activities and closing activities, after going through coaching in cycle I, cycle II and cycle III, experiencing an increase especially in the practice of learning implementation, from 40% of the 5 number of teachers practicing management principles, become 80% implement them. This research proves that coaching by the principal on improving teacher performance is influential, and in the end it will affect overall school quality improvement.Keywords: management, learning, student achievement
MODEL FUNGSI PRODUKSI DAN ANALISA USAHA PADA PENANGKAPAN IKAN PANCING TONDA (TROLING LINE) DENGAN BANTUAN RUMPON DIDARATKAN DI PELABUHAN PERIKANAN NUSANTARA PALABUHANRATU Suherlan, Asep; Kusnadi, Engkus
AGROSCIENCE (AGSCI) Vol 1, No 2 (2011): December
Publisher : Universitas Suryakancana

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Abstract

Hasil penelitian ini adalah; model fungsi produksi usaha penangkapan pancing tonda ada di PPN Palabuhanratu adalah sebagai berikut Y = 3.737 X3 2.4321 X4 3.0551 X5 0.5494 atau secara persamaan linier menjadi Log Y = 3.737 + 0.386 Log X3 + 0.485 Log X4 ? 0.261 X5.Secara simultan faktor-faktor produksi yang ada pada penangkapan pancing tonda seperti: jumlah ABK (X1), pengalaman kerja ABK (X2), pengalaman kerja nakhoda (X3), biaya operasi penangkapan (X4), dan jarak setting terhadap posisi rumpon (X5), sangat berpengaruh signifikan terhadap produksi hasil tangkapan (Y) pada selang kepercayaan 95% (P-value (0.026) < 0.05). Akan tetapi secara parsial hanya faktor produksi pengalaman kerja nakhoda (X3), biaya operasi penangkapan (X4), dan jarak setting terhadap posisi rumpon (X5)yang berpengaruh signifikan terhadap produksi hasil tangkapan (Y) pada selang kepercayaan 90% (P-value < 0.10).Sehingga disarankan bahwa kegiatan usaha penangkapan pancing tonda dengan menggunakan rumpon laut dalam di PPN Palabuhanratu sudah layak untuk diteruskan dan dikembangkan ke arah yang lebih baik dan profesional.
HUBUNGAN DUKUNGAN KELUARGA DENGAN POLA AKTIFITAS PADA PASIEN GAGAL JANTUNG DI RUANG PENYAKIT DALAM KELAS 3 RSUD DR. SLAMET GARUT Sulastini, Sulastini Sulastini; Kusnadi, Engkus; Rismawati, Rina; Nugraha, Bambang Aditya
Jurnal Keperawatan 'Aisyiyah Vol. 5 No. 2 (2018): Jurnal Keperawatan 'Aisyiyah
Publisher : Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Kesehatan 'Aisyiyah Bandung

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Abstract

Gagal jantung bukan merupakan suatu penyakit yang berdiri sendiri melainkansebuah sindrom klinis yang dikarakteristikan dengan kelebihan volume darah,tidak adekuatnya perfusi jaringan, dan penurunan toleransi aktivitas sehari- hari.Pola aktifitas pada pasien dengan gagal jatung sangat terbatas, pola aktifitas akanberubah terutama pada saat pasien mengalami sesak nafas yang cukup berat.Intoleransi aktivitas pada penderita gagal jantung satu dengan yang lain dapatberbeda tergantung dari kapasitas fungsional. Dukungan keluarga sangatlahpenting bagi pasien dengan gagal jantung, selain membantu dalam hal perawatandiri dan terapi, dalam kaitanya dengan kualitas hidup pasien dukungan keluargajuga sangat diperlukan dalam hal psikologis. Penelitian ini menggunakan metodedeskritif korelasi. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Ruang Penyakit Dalam Kelas 3 RSUDdr. Slamet Garut. Populasi adalah semua pasien gagal jantung dan keluarga yangdirawat di Ruang Penyakit Dalam Kelas 3 RSUD dr. Slamet Garut. Sampel ditentukandengan Non Probability Sampling yaitu quota sampling dengan jumlah sampel96 orang. Hasil penelitian didapatkan bahwa pasien gagal jantung yang dirawatsebagian pasien mendapatkan dukungan keluarga yang tinggi sebanyak 50%dan lebih dari sebagian responden tidak melakukan aktivitas secara berlebihansebanyak 55,2%. Terdapat hubungan bermakna antara dukungan keluarga denganpola aktivitas pasien gagal jantung dengan nilai p-value 0,00 (&lt;0,05) dan dengankoefisien korelasi (r) 0,466. Mengingat terdapat beberapa temuan dalam penelitianserta keterbatasan dalam penelitian ini, maka diharapkan pada masa mendatangberbagai pihak dapat meneliti lebih lanjut faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi padaproses penyembuhan pasien gagal jantung.