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Mikroenkapsulasi Mineral Besi dan Seng dalam Pembuatan Makanan Tambahan untuk Balita Gizi Kurang Kustiyah, Lilik; Anwar, Faisal; Dewi, Mira
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia Vol. 16 No. 3 (2011): Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Indonesia
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

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Abstract

As a health problem, prevalence of severe underweight in Indonesia is still high. Riskesdas 2008 indicate that prevalence of severe underweight and underweight in Indonesia are 5.5% and 13.0%, respectively. Effort to overcome that problem are still focused on severe underweight children, so need to anticipate of getting worse of underweight ones of being fell into severe underweight. The aim of this research is to make RUF fortified by encapsulated iron and zinc to overcome underweight balita (under five of age children). First step of this research is making flour from rice, soybean, cassava, sweet potato and taro with proceeded by two kinds of treatment, i.e. physic method (using high temperature and pressure) and soaking in solution of Na2HC03 (1.5% and 2.0%). Drum dryer was applied to dry the ingredient (rice, soybean, cassava, sweet potato and taro) and then milled using disc mill. Microencapsulation of iron and zinc was using arabic gum and maltodextrin (80:20 and 70:30) and concentration of iron or zinc each is 5.0% and 7.5%. Then, assays of stability of microencapsulated iron and zinc, and their bioavailability (in vitro and in vivo). Before mixed with minerals, 12 combinations of flour (3 kinds of tuber x 2 cooking time x 2 concentration of Na2C03) are tested by hedonic test to choose the best preferences of that combination of ingredients of porridge. Based on technical, economical, and technological considerations, and acceptability, mixed of rice, soybean, and sweet potato is selected as based ingredients of porridge. There is no color and odor change or even crystalline forming during more than one month of storing of microencapsulated iron and zinc. Bioavailability (in vitro) of Fe is around 15,48% to 17,05% and Zn is around 6.05% to 6,36%. 
PERCENT FAT MASS AND BODY MASS INDEX AS CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS PREDICTORS IN YOUNG ADULTS Dewi, Mira; Kustiyah, Lilik; Kuswari, Mury
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 10 No. 3 (2015)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (324.674 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2015.10.3.%p

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe present study aimed to analyze the association between body fatness measures, i.e. body mass index (BMI) and percent fat mass (% FM) with cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in young adults. Seventy five undergraduate students aged 19-21 years were included in this cross sectional study. Body composition was assessed by tetra polar Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis method, and CRF was determined as VO2 max level by conducting Balke test and flexibility by sit-and-reach test. Regression tests were performed to assess the associations between the body fatness measures and CRF. The mean (SD) % FM and BMI were 25.6 (8.3) % and 22.4 (4.2) kg/m2, respectively. Both BMI and % FM were inversely associated with VO2 max and flexibility. The associations of % FM with each CRF measure were stronger (% FM-VO2 max: R2=0.45, p<0.0001; % FM-flexibility: R2=0.16, p<0.0001) than those of BMI (BMI-VO2 max: R2= 0.12, p=0.002; BMI-flexibility: R2=0.07, p<0.0001). Including gender as a variable predictor greatly improved almost all associations. We suggest that %FM is a better predictor for VO2max than BMI. Further studies are needed to elucidate the relationships of body fatness measures adjusted for potential confounding factors with CRF measures other than VO2 max.Keywords: body mass index, cardiorespiratory fitness, percent fat massABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan hubungan antara persentase lemak tubuh (PLT) dan indeks massa tubuh (IMT) dengan kebugaran kardiorespiratorik (KKR) pada dewasa muda. Penelitian menggunakan desain potong lintang dengan melibatkan 75 orang mahasiswa usia 19-21 tahun. PLT ditentukan dengan metode tetra polar Bioelectrical Impedance dan KKR ditentukan dengan VO2max berdasarkan uji Balke dan fleksibilitas dengan uji sit-and-reach. Hubungan antara PLT dan IMT dengan KKR dianalisis dengan uji regresi. Rata-rata (standar deviasi) dari PLT dan IMT berturut-turut adalah 25,6 (8,3)% dan 22,4 (4,2) kg/m2. Baik PLT maupun IMT berbanding terbalik dengan nilai VO2 max dan fleksibilitas. Korelasi antara PLT dengan kedua komponen KKR lebih kuat (PLT-VO2 max: R2=0,45 p<0,0001; PLT-fleksibilitas: R2=0,16 p<0,0001) dibanding IMT (IMT-VO2 max: R2=0,12 p=0,002; IMT-fleksibilitas: R2=0,07 p<0,0001). Memasukkan gender sebagai prediktor variabel memperkuat semua korelasi kecuali antara PLT dan fleksibilitas. Diperlukan studi lebih lanjut untuk mempelajari hubungan antara komposisi tubuh termasuk faktor perancu potensial dengan fleksibilitas dan komponen KKR lainnya.Kata kunci: indeks massa tubuh, kebugaran kardiorespiratorik, persen lemak tubuh
PERUBAHAN STATUS GIZI BALITA PADA PROGRAM EDUKASI DAN REHABILITASI GIZI Ariska, Yusi; Kustiyah, Lilik; Widodo, Yekti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 10 No. 3 (2015)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (329.763 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2015.10.3.%p

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study was aimed to analyze factors that influence the change in nutritional status of children under-five years who participated in Nutrition Education and Rehabilitation Program. This research used secondary data with a pre-post intervention study (one group before and after intervention design) of 141 subjects. Six months intervention program which applied to the children consisted of provision of complementary feeding and supplement of zinc along with nutrition and health education for the mothers. This research conducted at District of East Kutai, Province of East Kalimantan. The average WAZ score of subjects after participating had increased significantly (-1.9±0.6) compared before participating in this program (-2.3±0.5) (p<0.05). Subjects with a good appetite tended to increase WAZ score four times than the worse one, while diarrhea subjects tended to have 0.3 times smaller WAZ score increase than non-diarrhea subjects.Keywords: children under-five years, diarrhea, nutrition education, rehabilitationABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap perubahan status gizi balita pada Program Edukasi dan Rehabilitasi Gizi. Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder. Desain yang digunakan adalah pre-post intervention study dengan jumlah subjek sebanyak 141 balita. Intervensi yang diberikan pada balita berupa pemberian makanan tambahan bersama, suplemen zink, dan penyuluhan gizi dan kesehatan bagi ibu balita. Intervensi tersebut diberikan selama 6 bulan dan dilaksanakan di Kabupaten Kutai Timur, Provinsi Kalimantan Timur. Rata-rata z-score BB/U balita setelah mengikuti Program Edukasi dan Rehabilitasi Gizi adalah nyata lebih tinggi (-1,9±0,6) dibandingkan sebelum mengikuti program tersebut (-2,3±0,5) (p<0,05). Anak balita yang memiliki nafsu makan yang baik cenderung mengalami kenaikan status gizi (BB/U) empat kali lebih besar daripada balita yang nafsu makannya kurang baik. Balita yang mengalami diare memiliki kecenderungan 0,3 kali lebih kecil mengalami kenaikan status gizi (BB/U) dibandingkan yang tidak mengalami diare.Kata kunci: balita, diare, edukasi gizi, rehabilitasi
POLA KONSUMSI, STATUS KESEHATAN DAN HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN STATUS GIZI DAN PERKEMBANGAN BALITA Rohimah, Engkun; Kustiyah, Lilik; Hernawati, Neti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 10 No. 2 (2015)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (355.512 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2015.10.2.%p

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study was aimed to analyze relationship between patterns of consumption and health status with nutritional status and development of children under five years. The design of this study was cross sectional. Subject in this study were 63 children under five years. Food consumption data was collected using Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and child development data using Bina Keluarga Balita instruments. The results showed severe wasting and wasting existed in the under three years children but not in preschool. Under three years children had an average growth rate greater than preschool. There is a significant relationship between maternal employment and health caregiving pattern with nutritional status (WHZ) (p=0.015), income with nutritional status (HAZ) (p=0.009), and disease history within a month with nutritional status (WAZ) (p=0.022). Mothers should pay more attention to children’s health caregiving pattern and provide sufficient time for the children.Keywords: consumption, development, health, nutritional statusABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan pola konsumsi dan status kesehatan dengan status gizi dan perkembangan balita. Desain penelitian adalah cross sectional dengan subjek sebanyak 63 balita. Data pola konsumsi diambil menggunakan Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) dan data perkembangan balita diambil menggunakan instrumen Bina Keluarga Balita. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa status gizi sangat kurus dan kurus masih ada pada usia batita tetapi tidak ada di usia prasekolah. Sebagian besar subjek yang berusia batita memiliki rata-rata nilai perkembangan lebih besar dibandingkan subjek yang berusia prasekolah. Terdapat hubungan yang signifikan antara pekerjaan ibu dan pola asuh kesehatan dengan status gizi (BB/TB) (p=0,015), pendapatan per kapita dengan status gizi (TB/U) (p=0,009), dan riwayat penyakit sebulan dengan status gizi (BB/U) (p=0,022). Ibu sebaiknya lebih memperhatikan pola asuh kesehatan anak dan menyediakan waktu yang cukup untuk anak.Kata kunci: kesehatan, konsumsi, perkembangan, status gizi
HUBUNGAN ASUPAN SERAT DENGAN STATUS GIZI DAN PROFIL LIPID DARAH PADA ORANG DEWASA DISLIPIDEMIA Kustiyah, Lilik; Widhianti, Maya Utami; Dewi, Mira
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 8 No. 3 (2013)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (299.516 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2013.8.3.195-200

Abstract

The objective of this study was to analyze the association of fiber consumption with nutritional status and blood lipid profile in dyslipidemic adults. The design study was cross sectional survey involving 79 subjects. The results showed that there were significant correlations between energy intake with High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and total cholesterol, fat intake with BMI (Body Mass Index), and BMI with Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and total cholesterol (p<0.05). There was no significant correlation between consumption of fiber with nutritional status and blood lipid profile (p>0.05). In conclusion, most of the dyslipidemia subjects were obese. Dyslipidemia subjects should keep their intake of energy and fat in recommended ranges in order not to be obese and keep the BMI in normal range to avoid abnormalities of blood lipid profile.
THE ETHYL ACETATE FRACTION OF TORBANGUN (COLEUS AMBOINICUS L.) LEAVES INCREASING MILK PRODUCTION WITH UP-REGULATED GENES EXPRESSION OF PROLACTIN RECEPTOR Iwansyah, Ade Chandra; Damanik, Rizal Martua; Kustiyah, Lilik; Hanafi, Muhammad
Journal of Tropical Life Science Vol 9, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Life Science

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Abstract

This study aim was to determine lactagogue effect of torbangun leaves to plasma levels of lactogenic hormone and gene expression of their receptors in mammary glands of lactation rats. Lactagogue activity was evaluated by volume of milk was produced by the rats treated with commercial milk booster contained ?katuk' leaves extract (AF), ethyl acetate fraction of torbangun leaves (EA), water extraction of torbangun leaves (AQ) and kaempferol (KP). Lactating rats (n=5) of Sprague dawley with six pups were fed with AF, EA, AQ, and KP in the amount of 50 mg/kg, 30 mg/kg, 80 mg/kg and 60 mg/kg body weight, respectively. The feed was given orally every two days and starting from day 2 after giving birth until day 28. The volume of milk was estimated by the increment pup weight after breastfed. The levels of serum lactogenic hormones were determined by ELISA methods. Moreover, in order to measure the gene expression of the lactogenic hormone's receptors in the mammary gland a real time - reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method was performed. The results showed that ethyl acetate fraction of torbangun leaves (EA) (a) was not significantly stimulating the synthesis of serum prolactin and estradiol at day 14 and day 28 lactation period, (b) down-regulated the gene expression of estradiol receptor (ER?) at day 28, and (c) up-regulated the gene expression of prolactin receptor (PRLR) in mammary gland at day 14 and day 28. This study indicated that ethyl acetate fraction of torbangun leaves was induced milk production, within up-regulated the gene expression of prolactin receptor (PRLR) in the mammary gland of lactation rats.
PENGENDALIAN KADAR GLUKOSA DARAH OLEH TEH HIJAU DAN ATAU TEH DAUN MURBEI PADA TIKUS DIABETES Efendi, Rusman; Damayanthi, Evy; Kustiyah, Lilik; Kusumorini, Nastiti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 5 No. 2 (2010)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (198.237 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2010.5.2.87-94

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Diabetes mellitus is degeneratif disease with high prevalence that happens in many countries. Several studies had been done to control diabetes by using green tea, mullberry leaf  tea, and their mixture. The aim of this research was to analyze the influence of the administration green tea, mullbery leaf tea, and their mixtures to blood glucose level of diabetic rats both during 120 minutes after administration. This research had four phases, first to determine the best mullberry leaf tea, second to fourth phases respectively, determine turnover of blood glucose level on normal rats; attempt during 120 minutes on diabetic rats.  The result of research during 120 minutes have showed that blood glucose level on diabetic rats which were administered by green tea, mullberry leaf tea and their mixture is significantly difference with diabetic rats which were administered by water. Blood glucose level at baseline increased at 30th minutes and showed the difference significantly and then until 60th and 120th minutes and relatively stable. During 120 minutes after feed consumption, inhibition of blood glucose level occured increasingly on diabetic rats which were administered by green tea, mullberry leaf tea, and their mixture compared to diabetic rats which were administered by water.
FOOD HABIT AMONG ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN URBAN BOGOR Damayanthi, Evy; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti; Kustiyah, Lilik; Briawan, Dodik
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 5 No. 3 (2010)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (205.625 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.158-163

Abstract

Food habit strongly predicts individual nutritional status. It is largely influenced by family food habit and family socioeconomic, partly by nutrition education learning in the school.  Objectives of this study were to analyze elementary school children eating habit and examine whether it relates to family socioeconomic and nutritional status.One hundred elementary school children, and their mother, from one school in urban Bogor were chosen purposively according to SIBERMAS Program criteria (i.e. grade 4th and 5th, morning school, having UKS program and not havingcanteen). Self administered, structured pre-coded questionnaire were used to collect the data. Nutritional status was assessed using weight and height, and body mass index for age (BAZ) and height for age (HAZ) were then calculated using AnthroPlus software developed by WHO (2009). School children were 8-11 years old (mean 9.37 + 0.66 years), more girls (54%), and mostly had normal nutritional status using both indexes (72% for BAZ and 95% for HAZ). School children were commonly from middle class as indicated by father education (sarjana) and mother (senior high school).  Almost all school children (99%) knew breakfast was important and 81% of them ate breakfast. Only 32% school children brought lunch box everyday although 92% stated their habit to bring lunch box to school. Buying snack in school was also common among school children. Generally school children ate rice 3 times a day (2.95 + 0.97) with fish, meat, chicken (2.47 + 1.14), tempe and tofu (2.22 + 1.10), vegetables (2.25 + 0.76) and fruits (2.37 + 1.31). There was a tendency overweight and obese school children eat more rice although statistically not significant.  On average, school children drank milk more than twice daily (2.34 + 0.98), plain water more than 7 glasses daily (7.34 + 4.10), exercise 3 times weekly (3.02 + 2.16) and no difference were observed between nutritional status and family socioeconomics. School children food habit were strongly supported by mother behavior especially in providing breakfast, lunch box and guiding their children in choosing snack food. School children from middle class in urban Bogor had relatively good food habits which weresupported by mother behavior. This study found no relationship between family socioeconomic and nutritional status on school children food habit.
AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN BEKATUL LEBIH TINGGI DARIPADA JUS TOMAT DAN PENURUNAN AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN SERUM SETELAH INTERVENSI MINUMAN KAYA ANTIOKSIDAN Damayanthi, Evy; Kustiyah, Lilik; Khalid, Mahani; Farizal, Henry
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 5 No. 3 (2010)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (113.137 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.205-210

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Recently, many foods were identified contain high antioxidant substances such as tomatoes and rice bran. The objectives of this research were to observe their total antioxidant activity values and the effect of intervention of high-antioxidant beverages (tomato juice and rice bran beverage) to total antioxidant activity on breast cyst women patient’s blood serum. Subject consumed each of the beverages for 14 days. Blood samples were taken before the intervention, at the end of tomato juice intervention period and at the end of rice bran beverage intervention period. Total antioxidant activity on serum was determined by DPPH method. The ascorbic acid equivalent antioxidant capacity (AEAC) of rice bran greater than tomato juice is 28.74 mg/100g and 1.87 mg/100g respectively. The total antioxidant activity on serum was decreasing after tomato juice intervention (p>0.05) but the decreasing of it was significantly shown after rice bran intervention (p<0.05).
HUBUNGAN ANTARA KONSUMSI PANGAN DAN TINGKAT ASUPAN GIZI DENGAN STATUS GIZI ANAK CEREBRAL PALSY Indriasari, Marina; Hardinsyah; Kustiyah, Lilik; Hadipoetro, Ferial
Majalah Kedokteran Indonesia Vol 68 No 6 (2018): Journal of the Indonesian Medical Association Majalah Kedokteran Indonesia Volum
Publisher : PENGURUS BESAR IKATAN DOKTER INDONESIA (PB IDI)

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Pendahuluan: Permasalahan gizi pada anak Cerebral Palsy (CP) dapat terjadi karena asupan makanan yang tidak adekuat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi konsumsi pangan dan kecukupan asupan gizi kaitannya dengan status gizi anak CP di Jakarta, Depok, dan Bogor. Metode: Desain potong lintang pada penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Sekolah Luar Biasa (SLB) dan Yayasan Pembinaan Anak Cacat (YPAC). Subjek sebanyak 45 dipilih secara purposive sampling. Data dikumpulkan melalui pengisian kuesioner, konsumsi pangan dengan metode food record 1 x 24 jam. Status gizi dinilai dari indeks massa tubuh (IMT) berdasarkan umur. Hasil: Frekuensi makan utama sebanyak tiga kali sehari dengan frekuensi makan selingan satu kali mempunyai korelasi positif kuat dengan status gizi anak CP sebesar 0,636. Tingkat asupan zat gizi makro yang terpenuhi hanya protein dengan korelasi positif kuat sebesar 0.729 terhadap status gizi anak CP. Korelasi positif paling kuat sebesar 0,885 pada jenis buah yang dikonsumsi dengan status gizi. Terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara tingkat asupan seng (p=0,037) dan vitamin C (p=0.008) dengan status gizi. Kesimpulan: Semakin tinggi tingkat kecukupan seng dan vitamin C, semakin baik status gizi anak CP. Semakin banyak frekuensi makanan selingan dan jenis makanan mengandung protein serta buah, semakin baik status gizi anak CP.