Heny Kusumayanti
PSD III Teknik Kimia fakultas Teknik Universitas Diponegoro

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INOVASI BROWNIES “BeeTofu” EMPAT SEHAT LIMA SEMPURNA SEBAGAI CEMILAN YANG RENDAH KALORI BAGI PENDERITA DIABETES MELLITUS Pritayanti, Amalia; Hidayanti, Herlani Siti; Syuhada, Thoyib Hanifan; Kusumayanti, Heny
Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains Dan Teknologi Fakultas Teknik Vol 1, No 1 (2013): PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI 4 2013
Publisher : Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains Dan Teknologi Fakultas Teknik

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Abstract

Pada  masa  modern  ini,  kue merupakan  makanan  pengganjal  perut  di  sela-sela  jam  makan yang banyak digemari. Banyak macam kue yang sudah ada di pasaran, seperti kue kering dan kue  basah.  Salah  satu  dari  kue  basah  yang  popular  adalah  brownies.  Sekarang  brownies sudah dimodifikasi menjadi bermacam-macam rasa dengan penambahan bahan-bahan seperti keju,  strawberry,  blueberry,  kacang,  kopi,  dan  lain-lain. Brownies  merupakan  makanan  yang cukup  digemari,  namun  memiliki  tingkat  kalori  yang  cukup  tinggi.  Sehingga  brownies merupakan salah satu makanan yang tidak dikonsumsi oleh penderita diabetes mellitus.  Untuk menghilangkan pandangan buruk tentang brownies tersebut, kita membuat brownies sehat dari buah  bit  dan  tofu/tahu  yang  juga  rendah  kalori  dengan  penambahan  bahan  bahan  baku lainnya,  seperti  gula  jagung  dan  minyak  jagung.  Komposisi  dari  buah  bit  itu  sendiri  terdiri dari  asam  folat  34%,kalium  14,8%,  serat  13,6%,  vitamin  c  10,2%,  magnesium  9,8%.  Tahu  memiliki kandungan energi 318 Kj,lemak 4,8 g, protein 8,1 g, serta menggunakan gula jagung yang rendah kalori.Hasil pembuatan brownies “Beetofu” dengan inovasi rasa baru dan memiliki kandungan 4 sehat 5 sempurna yang ini dalam satu kue yang nikmat diharapkan juga dapat menambah macam/pilihan brownies yang rendah kalori bagi konsumen.   Kata Kunci :  Kue, brownies, diabetes mellitus, buah bit, tahu/tofu.
ASIDOLISIS ENZIMATIK MINYAK IKAN TUNA( THUNNUS THYNNUS) MENJADI PRODUK ASAM LEMAK KAYA OMEGA-3 DENGAN PEMANFAATAN LIPASE GETAH PEPAYA (CARICA PAPAYA LATEX) Wahyuningsih, Wahyuningsih; Pudjihastuti, Isti; Kusumayanti, Heny
METANA Vol 7, No 01 (2011): Juli 2011
Publisher : Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (93.7 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/metana.v7i01.4031

Abstract

ABSTRACT Incorporation of omega-3 polyunsaturated acids (n-3 PUFA) into Tuna (Thunnus thynnus) fish oil was investigated by using acidolysis enzimatis Process. The product of this modification is expected to be used as an ingredient nutrifition food products, especially in milk and baby food as well as pregnant and lactating The purpose of this study was to optimizing the used of lipased papaya latex (Carica papaya latex) in the product to incorporation fatty acids rich in omega-3.Bioreactor acidolysis enzematik development and Optimization of process the productivity of fatty acids rich in omega-3. Reaction Acidolysis was conducted between tuna (thunnus thynnus) fish oil by microbial lipase (5% of the weight of the substrate mixture) or vegetable lipased (Carica papaya latex) (6-10% by weight subtract mixture) as biocatalist.Acidolysis mixture the bioreactor at 40 o C for (2-6 hours) and the stirring speed of 200 rpm, pH (4.5 to 6.5). to eliminate free fatty acids from the product acidolysis performed neutralization with NaOH The results are expected to show that the lipase papaya latex (Carica papaya latex) can be used as biocatalyst incorporated omega-3 fatty acids in   tunaIthunnus thunnyl) fish oil . In this study sought conditions for optimum incorporation rate, ie the use of papaya latex lipase concentration of 8%, the ratio of concentrations of omega-3 fatty acid and palm oil (1:1), pH = 5.5, Optimal time of 4 hours and the temperature (40oC) . The results were analyzed incorporation of omega-3 (EPA and DHA) with GC.EPA generated: 3.57% and DHA = 3.91% Key word:Acidolysis,Tuna fish oil
ASIDOLISIS ENZIMATIK MINYAK IKAN TUNA( THUNNUS THYNNUS) MENJADI PRODUK ASAM LEMAK KAYA OMEGA-3 DENGAN PEMANFAATAN LIPASE GETAH PEPAYA (CARICA PAPAYA LATEX) Wahyuningsih, Wahyuningsih; Pudjihastuti, Isti; Kusumayanti, Heny
METANA Vol 8, No 01 (2012): Juli 2012
Publisher : Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (142.392 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/metana.v8i01.4909

Abstract

Incorporation of omega-3 polyunsaturated acids (n-3 PUFA) into Tuna (Thunnus thynnus) fish oil was investigated by using acidolysis enzimatis Process. The product of this modification is expected to be used as an ingredient nutrifition food products, especially in milk and baby food as well as pregnant and lactating The purpose of this study was to optimizing the used of lipased papaya latex (Carica papaya latex) in the product to incorporation fatty acids rich in omega-3.Bioreactor acidolysis enzematik development and Optimization of process the productivity of fatty acids rich in omega-3. Reaction Acidolysis was conducted between tuna (thunnus thynnus) fish oil by microbial lipase (5% of the weight of the substrate mixture) or vegetable lipased (Carica papaya latex) (6-10% by weight subtract mixture) as biocatalist.Acidolysis mixture the bioreactor at 40 o C for (2-6 hours) and the stirring speed of 200 rpm, pH (4.5 to 6.5). to eliminate free fatty acids from the product acidolysis performed neutralization with NaOH The results are expected to show that the lipase papaya latex (Carica papaya latex) can be used as biocatalyst incorporated omega-3 fatty acids in   tunaIthunnus thunnyl) fish oil . In this study sought conditions for optimum incorporation rate, ie the use of papaya latex lipase concentration of 8%, the ratio of concentrations of omega-3 fatty acid and palm oil (1:1), pH = 5.5, Optimal time of 4 hours and the temperature (40oC) . The results were analyzed incorporation of omega-3 (EPA and DHA) with GC.EPA generated: 3.57% and DHA = 3.91% Key word:Acidolysis,Tuna fish oil
PRODUKSI SABUN CUCI PIRING SEBAGAI UPAYA PENINGKATKAN EFEKTIVITAS DAN PELUANG WIRAUSAHA Amalia, Rizka; Paramita, Vita; Kusumayanti, Heny; Wahyuningsih, Wahyuningsih; Sembiring, Maranatha; Rani, Dina Elvia
METANA Vol 14, No 1 (2018): Juni 2018
Publisher : Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (903.694 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/metana.v14i1.18657

Abstract

Sabun cuci piring merupakan salah satu kebutuhan dalam rumah tangga yang berfungsi sebagai penghilang kotoran dan lemak pada peralatan makan dan masak. Konsumsi sabun cuci piring yang  terus menerus setiap harinya, menyebabkan kebutuhan pengadaan sabun dengan biaya yang tidak sedikit, terlebih pada ibu-ibu kelompok pembuat jajan pasar sederhana di RT 4 RW 7 Kelurahan Pedalangan Kecamatan Banyumanik. Tujuan dilaksanakannya pengabdian kepada masyarakat ini adalah untuk memberi pengetahuan dan pelatihan kepada ibu-ibu RT 4, RW 7, Kelurahan Pedalangan, Kecamatan Banyumanik tentang pembuatan sabun cuci piring cair guna mengurangi pengeluaran masyarakat terhadap pembelian sabun sekaligus untuk menciptakan peluang usaha baru. Dalam kegiatan pengabdian, akan dijelaskan bahan baku, prosedur kerja dan perhitungan biaya produksi pembuatan sabun cuci piring. Dari  kegiatan yang dilakukan,  mitra dapat menghasilkan luaran produk barang berupa sabun cuci piring cair sesuai dengan metode yang diberikan dalam pelatihan. Production of Dish Washer Soap as Efforts to Increase Effectiveness And Entrepreneurial Opportunity Dishwashing liquid is one of household stuff that used for removing grease and dirt from dishes. Using the dishwashing liquid continuously cause the need of its stuff at a high enough cost. The purpose of this activity is to provide knowledge and training to the making of dishwashing liquid soap in order to reduce cost as well as to create new business opportunity. In this activities, the raw materials and procedure of producing dishwashing liquid will explained, and the production costs of dishwashing manufacture will calculated. From the activities undertaken, can produce the dishwashing liquid soap in accordance with the methods given in the training.  
MANFAAT LIMBAH BATANG JAGUNG DALAM PEMBUATAN PULP Kusumayanti, Heny; U, Karismawan P; Nila W, Tri Murti
METANA Vol 5, No 2 (2007): Desember 2007
Publisher : Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4721.435 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/metana.v5i2.1813

Abstract

Absract Existence of paper in human life is important, because paper has function to record science, commerce promotion, medium to extend opinion and idea, and etc. However substance of paper in this time is become thin. For that, we try making pulp from waste of corn?s stem with use soda process and the tool is digester. The colour of product pulp is brown, but after the washing the colour pulp is shine brown because of impurity in the pulp is solute after been washed. The pulp is analyzing more further, between bleaching process, analyses of number permanganate, analyses grade of a cellulose, and grade of ash. The colour of product pulp after bleaching is white brown, grade of ? cellulose 48.32%, grade of ash 8.8%, number permanganate 8.184.   Key word : corn?s stem, soda process, bleaching
PRODUKSI BIOGAS DARI LIMBAH KOTORAN SAPI PERAH DENGAN REAKTOR BIOGAS SISTEM BATCH DI DESA LEREP KABUPATEN UNGARAN Widjajanto, Didik Wisnu; Kusumayanti, Heny; Rejeki, Sri
METANA Edisi Khusus Februari 2011
Publisher : Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4708.634 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/metana.v0i0.1643

Abstract

Abstract   Biogas is mixed gas of methane(CH4),  carbondioxide (CO2) and others which is produced as a result of moterial degradation of organic material such as animal and humon feces or plant byproduct by methanagen bacterial activity in biodigester. The present work is aimed to produce biogas fromfeces of milk cow. Biogas reactor used is built by IbM team of "IbM Peternak sapi Perah Penghasil Biogas di larep-Ungaran" (batch system). Result of present work revealed that 4 m3 biogas reactor with batch system is able to produce biogas starting doy 4. ln the following day, the biogas production increase and reach peak on day seven which is produce 42,85 liter of mix gas or 25,71 liter of methana gas   Keywords : biogas. batch system, cow feces http://ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/metana/editor/viewMetadata/1643
PENENTUAN PROSES PRETREATMENT UNTUK PEMANFAATAN LIMBAH KULIT SINGKONG SEBAGAI BAHAN BAKU BIOETANOL MELALUI HIDROLISA ENZIMATIS MENGGUNAKAN ASPERGILLUS SPP. Ariyanti, Dessy; Purbasari, Aprilina; Kusumayanti, Heny; Handayani, Noer Abyor
METANA Vol 15, No 1 (2019): Juni 2019
Publisher : Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (785.67 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/metana.v15i1.22965

Abstract

Ketergantungan terhadap bahan bakar fosil ini menjadi masalah besar yang sangat mendesak untuk segera diselesaikan. Salah satu langkah solusi yang bisa dilakukan adalah memanfatkan bioetanol lignoselulosa dari limbah kulit singkong sebagai alternatif pengganti. Permasalahan utama yang menghambat penggunaan kulit singkong sebagai bahan baku utama pembuatan bioetanol adalah belum adanya proses pretreatment dan hidrolisa yang terbukti efektif secara teknis maupun ekonomis untuk mengkonversi lignoselulosa yang terkandung dalam kulit singkong menjadi bentuk gula sederhana. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan untuk mengetahui efektifitas proses pretreatment dan hidrolisa untuk mengkonversi lignoselulosa yang terkandung dalam kulit singkong menjadi bentuk gula sederhana. Metode pretreatment asam (H2SO4) dan organosolv (Etanol + CH3COONa) terbukti dapat meningkatkan yield gula tereduksi hingga 50% dibandingkan dengan proses hidrolisa tanpa pretreatment. Yield hingga 78% dapat diperoleh pada proses pretreatment asam suhu 30oC, waktu 30 menit yang dilanjutkan dengan hidrolisa enzimatik dengan Aspergillus niger selama 48 jam. Peningkatan yield pada proses pretreatment organosolv (optimum 74% pada suhu 30oC, waktu 90 menit) masih dapat dilakukan dengan meningkatkan waktu operasi dan meningkatkan suhu operasi. Namun peningkatan suhu maupun penambahan waktu operasi berpengaruh terhadap analisa teknis dan ekonomis dari proses. Secara teknis, pretreatment organosolv lebih mudah dilakukan terutama pada proses dengan kondisi operasi atmosferik dibandingkan dengan pretreatment asam karena sifat bahan kimia yang digunakan dan penanganannya. Secara ekonomis, pretreatment asam lebih baik untuk diaplikasikan dibandingkan pretreatment organosolv, hal ini dikarenakan yield yang dihasilkan lebih tinggi pada kondisi proses atmosferik. Lignocellulose material derived from cassava peel can be utilized as raw material for bioethanol production. The utilization of this material can be part of solution in order to maintain Indonesia?s energy security which still majority covered by the fossil fuel. The main problem of lignocellulose conversion into bioethanol is their crystalline structures those make them really difficult to be converted into monomeric sugar prior fermentation to produce ethanol. The objective of this research is to find out the effectiveness of pre-treatment process prior enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulose contained on cassava peel. The result shows pre-treatment methods both acid (H2SO4) and organosolv (Etanol + CH3COONa) proved to be effective in order to increase the yield of total reducing sugar (TRS) until 50% after enzymatic hydrolysis compared to the sample without pre-treatment. Highest yield 78% can be achieved by applying acid pre-treatment under temperature 30oC and 30 minutes of process prior enzymatic hydrolysis by Aspergillus niger under temperature 35oC for 48 hours. Further optimization in organosolv pre-treatment can be conducted by increasing the temperature and prolong the process into certain extent. It should be noted that the above action could influence the feasibility of the organosolv pre-treatment technically and economically. From technical point of view, organosolv pre-treatment can be more feasible compared to acid pre-treatment (under atmospheric condition) as the reagents are easy to handle in terms of safety consideration. However, from economic side acid pre-treatment is more preferable as higher yield of the process and lower volume of chemical can be used in order to achieve the same amount of product. 
PEDOMAN PENULISAN NASKAH JURNAL METANA Kusumayanti, Heny
METANA Vol 10, No 02 (2014): Desember 2014
Publisher : Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (12.889 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/metana.v10i02.11052

Abstract

PEDOMAN PENULISAN NASKAH JURNAL METANA
APLIKASI RHIZOPUS OLIGOSPORUS, RHIZOPUS ORYZAE, ISI TUBUH KEPITING DAN ENZIM BROMELIN PADA BIOEKSTRAKSI KRIM SANTAN KELAPA MENJADI VIRGIN COCONUT OIL Kusumayanti, Heny; Susanti, Margaretha Tuti; Yulianto, Mohamad Endy
METANA Vol 3, No 2 (2006): Juli 2006
Publisher : Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3478.871 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/metana.v3i2.1856

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Abstract   Oil production process with fermentation is one of method to produce virgin coconut oil (VICO). In this research, fermentation process done with coconut extract fermentation method as substrate, with biocatalysator, are Rhyzopus oligosporus, Rhyzopus orizae, body of crab and bromelin enzyme from raw pineapple. Design which used is a completed blocked random design. Source of variation is comparison of starter and substrate. From research which has done by biocatalysator, the most effective is Rhyzopus oligosporus with comparison starter and substrate 0,75 : 1, with velocity agitation 150 rpm, produce efficiency 90,23 % test of peroxide number until five weeks keep is 2,7-4,4, acid number 0,02, iod number 8,1, this result is comformable with food oil standard.   Key words : coconut extract ? fermentation ? Virgin coconut oil (VICO)
PERBAIKAN SISTEM PEMANASAN DENGAN MEMODIFIKASI TUNGKU PEMANAS YANG DILENGKAPI DENGAN CEROBONG ASAP Kusumayanti, Heny; Astuti, Widi; Broto, R.TD Wisnu
METANA Edisi Khusus Februari 2011
Publisher : Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1975.103 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/metana.v0i0.1650

Abstract

Abtract   The empowerment of micro industries, in emping?s chip micro industry to the member of group which is enterprise Batang speciallized is give suitable solution to consument for giving natural culinary with high nutrition value independently and cheap. The development of micro industries is a circular activity that consist of briefing about the usage of furnace completely by stack gas as pilot plan, assitancy when the producer makes sweet emping?s chip system more delicious and better performance than product?s previous   Key word: micro industries emping?s chip.