Articles

Found 31 Documents
Search

PENGARUH KONSUMSI BUAH KURMA TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KADAR HEMOGLOBIN PADA IBU HAMIL TRIMESTER III Sugita, Sugita; Kuswati, Kuswati
Jurnal Kebidanan dan Kesehatan Tradisional Vol 5 No 1 (2020): Jurnal Kebidanan dan Kesehatan Tradisional
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.37341/jkkt.v5i1.138

Abstract

Background: Anemia in pregnant women is a condition of the mother with hemoglobin levels in her blood <11.0% gr. Prevention of anemia in pregnant women can be through various ways including the fulfillment of nutrients in the body obtained from fruits and vegetables, one of them by consumption of dates. Dates contain 1.02 mg of iron per 100 grams. This study aims to determine the effect of consumption of dates on the increase in hemoglobin levels in third trimester pregnant women in the Klateng Community Health Center.  Method:  This type of research is a quasy experiment with a non equivalent control group design pre-test-post test design. A population of 57 third trimester pregnant women The sampling technique used was purposive sampling, a sample of 30 respondents from third trimester pregnant women was obtained in the working area of ??the Central Health Center in Klateng. The data analysis technique used is the Wilcoxon Sign Rank Test. Results: The average level of hemoglobin in the treatment group of hemoglobin levels pre (before) the administration of dates by 10.793 gr / dL and post (after) the administration of dates occurred an increase of 11,933 gr / dL and seen an increase (difference) from the average value of pre and post of 1,140 gr / dL with a standard deviation of 0.6643. Statistical test results obtained p value <0.05 (0.002 <0.05) so that Ho is rejected, Ha is accepted then consumption of dates has a statistically significant effect on increasing hemoglobin levels. Conclusion: From the results of these studies indicate the influence of consumption of dates to increase hemoglobin levels in third trimester pregnant women in the work area of ??the Central Health Center.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA TINGKAH LAKU SEKSUAL DENGAN PRODUKSI SPERMATOZOA SAPI BRAHMAN Sholikah, Nisa'us; Sutomo, Aris; Widiasmoro, Ndaru Pranowo; Wahjuningsih, Sri; Yekti, Aulia Puspita Anugra; Kuswati, Kuswati; Susilawati, Trinil
Jurnal Agripet Vol 18, No 2 (2018): Volume 18, No. 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v18i2.12036

Abstract

ABSTRAK. Pejantan untuk program inseminasi buatan adalah pejantan unggul yang diseleksi berdasarkan libido dan produksi spermatozoa. Penelitian bertujuan untuk menganalisa hubungan antara tingkah laku seksual dengan produksi spermatozoa sapi Brahman. Materi penelitian adalah 3 pejantan sapi Brahman yang ditampung menggunakan vagina buatan. Metode penelitian adalah observasional dengan mengamati waktu reaksi dan lama ejakulasi. Observasi laboratorium dengan mengamati volume, konsentrasi, dan motilitas individu untuk menghitung total spermatozoa (TS) dan total spermatozoa motil (TSM). Pengamatan dilakukan sebanyak 10 ulangan. Data dianalisa secara deskriptif serta hubungan antara tingkah laku seksual dan produksi spermatozoa dihitung dengan korelasi Pearson. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat variasi tingkah laku seksual dan produksi spermatozoa pada sapi Brahman. Individu Cipta mempunyai waktu reaksi dan lama ejakulasi paling singkat serta produksi spermatozoa paling rendah. Hubungan signifikan antara waktu reaksi dengan TS serta TSM pada individu Bizzyard dengan koefisien determinasi (R2) sebesar 14 % dan 20%. Hubungan sangat signifikan antara lama ejakulasi dengan TS serta TSM pada individu Cipta dengan R2 sebesar 46% dan 58%. Kesimpulan penelitian adalah terdapat hubungan antara tingkah laku seksual dengan produksi spermatozoa pada sapi Brahman, dengan koefisien korelasi (r) tertinggi sebesar 0,72 dan R2 sebesar 58% antara lama ejakulasi dan total spermatozoa motil pada individu Cipta.  (The relationship between sexual behavior and semen production in Brahman bulls) ABSTRACT. Bulls for artificial insemination must be selected based on libido and sperm production. The study aimed to analyze the relationship between sexual behavior with sperm production on Brahman bulls. The material was 3 Brahman bulls collected using artificial vagina. The method was observational by observing reaction time and ejaculation duration. Laboratory observations by observing volume, concentration, and motility to calculate total sperm (TS) and total motile sperm counts (TMSC). Observations were replicated 10 times. The data were analyzed descriptively, the relationship between behavior and sperm production was examined using Pearson correlation. The results showed that there were variations in sexual behavior and sperm production in each bull. Cipta have the shortest reaction time and ejaculation duration and the lowest sperm production. A significant relationship between reaction time and TS and TMSC in Bizzyard with coefficient of determination (R2) of 14% and 20%. A very significant between ejaculation duration with TS and TMSC in Cipta with R2 of 46% and 58%. In conclusion, there was a relationship between sexual behavior and sperm production in Brahman bulls, with the highest correlation coefficient (r) of 0.72 and R2 of 58% between ejaculation duration and the total motile sperm counts in Cipta.
DISTRIBUSI KASUS LEPTOSPIROSIS DI KABUPATEN DEMAK JAWA TENGAH kuswati, Kuswati; Suhartono, Suhartono; Nurjazuli, Nurjazuli
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 15, No 2 (2016): Oktober 2016
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (534.519 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.15.2.56-61

Abstract

Title: Distribution of Leptospiosis Incidence in Demak District, Central JavaBackground: Leptospirosis is zoonotic disease caused by Leptospira bacteria and transmitted to human through contact with animal urine into contaminated environment. Demak District is one of the endemic area in Central - Java. The number of cases is fluctuative  over the year 2011-2016 with the peak of 20 cases in 2011, and It decreased at low number in 2016. Many factors may contributed such as water puddle, rat, and behaviour. Nowdays,the information about the distribution and spreading of cases was lacking. The purpose of this study was to describe the leptospiroses incidence based on the epidemiological variable and  spatially in Demak District.Method: It was an observational research using cross sectional design. The subjects were 89 cases over the year 2011-2016. The variables studied consisted of epidemiological variabels (man, place, and time), physical and biological environment factors, and behaviour aspects. Interviews and observation were conducted as the data collection  techniques.The collected data would be analysed descriptively and spatially.Result: The results of this research showed that the lepstospirosis incidence was ?suffered more by male (66%) compared to female. Most of them (67,4%) were farmers. The peak of leptospirosis incidence occured in 2011. The existence of water puddle around the house, and drainage functioning as the media where the rat died. There were rats in the house where the cases occured (98,7%). Most of the subjects (66,7%) stated that they did their activities everyday in bare foot. Spatial analysis showed that Mranggen and Karangawen sub district had high numbers of leptospirosis cases.Conclusion: Most of the leptispirosis cases were suffered more by male compared to female and the subjects worked as  farmers. Mranggen and Karangnawen were two districts  with  high incidence of leptospirosis relatively. These areas  held a history as flooding areas in previous time.
UJI AKURASI PIRANTI SENSOR TRANSDUSER UNTUK MENENTUKAN WAKTU TERJADINYA BERAHI PADA SAPI Suyadi, Suyadi; Kuswati, Kuswati; Susilo, B.; Noor, J. A. E.
Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Peternakan Vol 20, No 1 (2010)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1232.913 KB)

Abstract

The success of estrus detection ensure the correct time of insemination so the high conception rate can be resulted. This research was objected to design an electronic equipment as sensor transducer for measuring the change of circular pressure of vaginal wall of the cows. A sensor used was Load cell type M322. The sensor was connected to microcontroller and a display. The results showed that the applied sensor on a stainless steel transducer steak with a diameter of 2.5 cm and length of 40 cm measured a sensitive change of pressure attach it. This sensitivity was tested to measure the change of pressure of different dept of water i.e. 0, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 cm. Two equations was resulted from this measurement, while a linear regression was Y= -36.412+197.53X a quadratic equation was Y= 253.3+84.09X+5.09X2. The sensor was then applied in estrus beef cow, not estrus beef cow and estrus dairy cow for 10 days. The same pattern was observed in estrus of both beef and dairy cows: a high values were detected in the non estrus phase while during estrus phase the values were in basal. In contrast, anestrus cow showed high value during 10 days observation, and 5 min application of each. In conclusion, this designed estrus detector was possible to be developed toward application in the farmers after some modifications were created. (JIIPB 2010 Vol 20 No 1: 11-21). Key words : sensor transducer, uterine wall pressure, estrus-non estrus cows
KORELASI UKURAN TUBUH TERHADAP BOBOT BADAN SAPI ACEH UMUR SAPIH DAN UMUR SATU TAHUN Ikhsanuddin, Ikhsanuddin; Nurgiartiningsih, Veronica Margareta Ani; Kuswati, Kuswati; Zainuddin, Zainuddin
Jurnal Agripet Vol 18, No 2 (2018): Volume 18, No. 2, Oktober 2018
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v18i2.12355

Abstract

ABSTRAK. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghitung nilai korelasi antara bobot badan dengan ukuran tubuh serta mengestimasi bobot badan (BB) berdasarkan ukuran tubuh. Materi penelitian ini adalah 159 ekor sapi Aceh umur sapih dan umur satu tahun. Metode penelitian adalah studi kasus berdasarkan data bobot sapih dan bobot satu tahun beserta ukuran tubuh sapi Aceh. Hasil penelitian pada sapi Aceh umur sapih menunjukkan korelasi bobot badan dengan lingkar dada, panjang badan, dan tinggi pundak berturut-turut 0.65, 0,56 dan 0,64, sedangkan nilai determinasinya adalah 0,42, 0,30 dan 0,41. Model regresi untuk estimasi bobot badan umur sapih yaitu BB= -30,23 + 0,47LD + 0,13PB + 0,50TP. Untuk sapi Aceh umur satu tahun nilai korelasi bobot badan dengan lingkar dada, panjang badan, dan tinggi pundak berturut-turut 0.69, 0,58 dan 0,55, nilai determinasinya adalah 0,47, 0,34 dan 0,30. Persamaan garis regresi untuk sapi Aceh umur satu tahun yaitu BB = -44,96 + 0,72LD + 0,46PB + 0,24TP. Berdasarkan hasil analisis korelasi menunjukkan bahwa korelasi lingkar dada dengan bobot badan memiliki hubungan paling kuat dibandingkan dengan panjang badan dan tinggi pundak.  (Correlation between body size and body weight of Aceh Cattle at weaning and yearling age) ABSTRACT. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between body weight and body size, as well to estimate body weight based on body size. A total of 159 Aceh cattle at weaning and yearling age were used in this study. The method used was a case study based on the data on weaning weight, yearling weight, and body size of Aceh cattle. The results showed that at the weaning age, the correlation values between body weight (BW) with chest circumference (CC), body length (BL), and shoulder height (SH) were 0.65, 0.56, and 0.64, respectively, while the determinant values were 0.42, 0.30, and 0.41, respectively. Regression model for estimating body weight at weaning age was BW = -30.23 + 0.47CC + 0.13BL + 0.50SH. At the yearling age, the correlation values of body weight with chest circumference, body length, and shoulder height were 0.69, 0.58, and 0.55, respectively, while the determinant values were 0.47, 0.34, and 0.30, respectively. The regression equation for yearling Aceh cattle was BW = -44.96 + 0.72CC + 0.46BL + 0.24SH. This study showed that the highest correlation was observed on the body weight with chest circumference compared to those with either body length or shoulder height.
HUBUNGAN KONSUMSI EKSTRAK DAUN KENTANG MANIS DENGAN PRODUKSI ASI DI LAKTASI IBU DI KABUPATEN KLATEN Suwanti, Endang; Kuswati, Kuswati
JURNAL KEBIDANAN DAN KESEHATAN TRADISIONAL Vol 1 No 2 (2016): Jurnal Kebidanan dan Kesehatan Tradisional
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Absctract : Sweet Potatoes Leaf - Breast Milk Production. Breast Milk is a good nutrition for baby. Breast milk important for growing babies. To increase breast milk it is important for mother to consume food like: Katu leaf (sauropus androgynus), sweet potatoes leaf (Ipomoe batatas), Kelor Leaf ( moringa oleifera), fread corn etc. The composition of sweet potatoes leaf is low fat and cholesterol. This leaf is source of proteins, calcium, niacin and iron. Sweet potatoe leaf also contain high fibre, pro vitamins A, vitamin C, riboflamin, vitamin B6, folat, magnecium fosfor, potassium and mangan. It increases breast milk because this leaf contains lagtagagum. The goal of this research is to know the relationship between the consumption sweet potatoes leaf wit breast milk production on lactation mother at Independent Midwife Practice Indarwati, Mranggen and Siti Sujalmi, Socokangsi, Jatinom, Klaten. Methods : Pre=Post test with Control Group. Design : this research measure the influence between experiment and control group during September 2014 until February 2015. Population in this research is all breastfeeding mothers. Sample was taken wih quota sampling wit 15 mothers for intervention group and 15 mothers for control group with inclusive criterion is mothers with normal delivery and healthy newborn babies. Univariat analysis performed to describe the variable with the result is 73.3 % intervention group more produced breast milk compared to control group 13.3%. Bivariat analize to know the relationship between independent and dependent variable by using Pearson Correlation with the statistic result p value= 0.000. Conclusion, There was significant relationship between the consumption sweet potatoes leaf for increasing breast milk production
PENINGKATAN KECEPATAN PENGELUARAN KOLOSTRUM DENGAN PERAWATAN TOTOK PAYUDARA DAN PIJAT OKSITOSIN PADA IBU POST PARTUM Kuswati, Kuswati; Istikhomah, Henik
Interest : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 6 No 2 (2017): INTEREST : JURNAL ILMU KESEHATAN
Publisher : Interest : Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Abstract: Totok Payudara, Oxytocin Massage And Colostrum. The purpose of this study was to determine differences in time of leaking colostrums in mothers post partum in doing oxytocin massage with totok payudara. This study design used is quasiexperimental design with the design Nonequivalent Control Group Design. Reserch conducted at the midwives (BPM) at health centers working area Klaten who were divided into 2 groups, i.e an experimental group consisting of 30 respondens to whom oxytocin massage was given and a control group consisting of 30 responden to whom totok payudara was given. Bivariate data analysis using statistical test used is t ?test. Results of the study showed the average time of leaking colostrums in experimental and control groups were 152,67 minutes and 137,23 minutes. The result of hypothesis test using T-test obtained the value of p= 0.668 (p>0.05). Conclusion: there is no difference time between oxytocin massage and totok payudara to the leaking colostrum
PRODUKTIVITAS SAPI RAMBON DI BANYUWANGI Kuswati, Kuswati; Nugroho, Eko; Widiastutik, Andra
TERNAK TROPIKA Journal of Tropical Animal Production Vol 7, No 2 (2007): Ternak Tropika
Publisher : Jurusan Produksi Ternak, Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (21.923 KB)

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui produktivitas sapi Rambon diKecamatan Glagah Kabupaten Banyuwangi yang meliputi aspek produksi danreproduksi. Penelitian dilaksanakan di Desa Kemiren, Olehsari dan Kampunganyardi Kecamatan Glagah Kabupaten Banyuwangi pada bulan Maret-April 2006.Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah studi kasus. Materi penelitianyang digunakan adalah 59 peternak sapi Rambon dengan jumlah sapi 126 ekor.Data dianalisis secara deskriptif. Komposisi ternak jantan dan betina masing–masing sebesar 20,63 % dan 79,37 %; tingkat kelahiran dan kematian ternakmasing-masing sebesar 23,81 % dan 0,79 %; pertambahan populasi sebesar23,02 %; mutasi ternak yang masuk dan keluar masing-masing sebesar 29,37 %dan 19,05 % antar peternak. Penampilan reproduksi sapi Rambon antara lainmeliputi umur pertama kawin 24,80 ± 2,21 tahun; service per conception untukperkawinan alami, IB dan campuran masing-masing sebesar 1,68 ± 0,95; 1,50 ±0,65 dan 1,40 ± 0,89; calving interval sebesar 12,38 ± 0,59 bulan; estrus postpartum sebesar 60,25 ± 5,66 hari; service post partum 84,48 ± 7,96 hari.Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa produktivitas sapi Rambondalam kategori baik dengan persentase kelahiran 65,22% dari populasi induk;22,81 persen dari total populasi dan persentase kematian 0,79 persen dari totalpopulasi, sehingga diperoleh pertambahan populasi 23,02 persen. Sedangkan dariaspek reproduksi menunjukkan bahwa calving interval berada dalam kondisi ideal.Program untuk meningkatkan angka panenan pedet hendaknya perlu diperhatikanmanajemen reproduksi terutama betina produktif dengan meningkatkan kelahiran.Kata kunci: Produktivitas, Sapi RambonABSTRACTThe study was conducted at the Village Kemiren, Olehsari and Kampunganyar inGlagah District-Banyuwangi Regency from March to April 2006. The Objectives of theresearch were to study about the productivity of Rambon cattle throughout the productionand reproduction performance. Fifty nine farmers who keep 126 head of Rambon cattlewere selected and interviewed using purposive sampling method. Descriptive andstatistical analyses were applied to the data available. It was found that the compositionpercentage of bull and steer were 20,63 and 79,37 percent; the birth percentage of thecattle was 22,81% while the mortality was 0,79%; natural increase was 23,02%; thepercentage of mutation including inside and outside research area were 29,37% and19,05% gradually; the first age for mating was 24,80 ± 2,21 year; service per conceptiontoward natural mating, artificial insemination and combination of both were 11,68 ± 0,95;1,50 ± 0,65 and 1,40 ± 0,89; calving interval was 12,38 ± 0,59 month; estrus post partumwas 60,25 ± 5,66 days; service post partum was 84,48 ± 7,96 days. Based on thestatements above, the conclusion of the study state that the productivity of Rambon cattlewas good. From the study, in order to increase the calf harvest, it is suggested to paymore attention to the reproduction management, especially the productive cows byincreasing natality.Key words: Productivity, Rambon Cattle
PERBEDAAN TINGKAT KECEMASAN IBU BERSALIN PADA KELAS IBU HAMIL DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS TULUNG Nugraheni, Intan; Kuswati, Kuswati
JURNAL KEBIDANAN DAN KESEHATAN TRADISIONAL Vol 2 No 2 (2017): Jurnal Kebidanan dan Kesehatan Tradisional
Publisher : Poltekkes Kemenkes Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Abstract: Class Pregnant Women; Levels Of Anxiety. Anxiety is one of the main factors that influence whether or not an action smoothness of delivery. Pregnant women with sufficient knowledge proved to have a low risk of the occurrence of complications of childbirth. Educational intervention in the form of counseling mothers on maternal class. Purpose is to knowing the differences in levels of maternal anxiety on the class of pregnant woman in the Puskesmas Tulung. Type of quasi-experimental research design with a static group comparison. The population is pregnant women PHC Tulung region. Samples are 36 pregnant women who meet the criteria cadre, which consisted of 18 pregnant women who attend classes pregnant women and 18 pregnant women who donot attend classes pregnant women with purposive sampling technique. Respondents who attend classes maternal anxiety has a value of at least 6, the maximum value of 20 with an average of 15.4 and the majority of respondents (61.1%) had anxiety medium category. Those who do not attend classes anxiety mother has a value of at least 14, the maximum value of 27, with an average of 20.67 and a majority of respondents have anxiety was (88.9%). There are differences in the level of maternal anxiety that follows and that pregnant women do not attend classes in the Puskesmas Tulung, with significant differences in anxiety score (p value = 0.000).
Centella asiatica increases B-cell lymphoma 2 expression in rat prefrontal cortex Kuswati, Kuswati; Prakosa, Djoko; Wasita, Brian; Wiyono, Nanang
Universa Medicina Vol 34, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine, Trisakti University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.18051/UnivMed.2015.v34.10-16

Abstract

BACKGROUNDStress is one of the factors that cause apoptosis in neuronal cells. Centellaasiatica has a neuroprotective effect that can inhibit apoptosis. This studyaimed to examine the effect of Centella asiatica ethanol extract on B-celllymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) protein expression in the prefrontal cortex of rats.METHODSAn experimental study was conducted on 34 brain tissue samples from maleSprague Dawley rats exposed to chronic restraint stress for 21 days. Thesamples were taken from following groups: non-stress group K, negativecontrol group P1 (stress + arabic gum powder), P2 (stress + C.asiatica at150 mg/kgBW), P3 (stress + C.asiatica at 300 mg/kg BW), P4 (stress +C.asiatica at 600 mg/kg body weight) and positive control group P5 (stress+ fluoxetine at 10 mg/kgBW). The samples were made into sections thatwere stained immunohistochemically using Bcl-2 antibody to determine thepercentage of cells expressing Bcl-2. Data were analyzed using one wayANOVA test followed by a post - hoc test.RESULTSThere were significant differences in mean Bcl-2 expression between thegroups receiving Centella asiatica compared with the non-stress group andstress-only group (negative control group) (p<0.05). The results werecomparable to those of the fluoxetine treatment group.CONCLUSIONThe Centella asiatica ethanol extract was able to increase Bcl-2 expressionin the prefrontal cortex of Sprague Dawley rats exposed to restraint stress.This study suggests that Centella asiatica may be useful in the treatment ofcerebral stress.