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Journal : Aceh International Journal of Science

CALCIUM OXIDE DECOMPOSED FROM CHICKEN’S AND GOAT’S BONES AS CATALYST FOR CONVERTING DISCARDED COOKING OIL TO BE BIODIESEL Lesbani, Aldes; Susi, Yosine; Verawaty, Marieska; Mohadi, Risfidian
Aceh International Journal of Science and Technology Vol 4, No 1 (2015): April 2015
Publisher : Graduate School of Syiah Kuala University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.13170/aijst.4.1.2124

Abstract

Thermal decomposition of calcium oxide from chicken?s (Gallus gallus domesticus) and goat?s (Capra Hircus Aegragus) bones was prepared at temperature variations of 400, 500, 800, 900, 1000, and 1100 oC respectively. X-ray diffractometer (XRD), FT-IR and SEM were used for calcium oxide characterization. XRD diffraction pattern of the bone?s after thermal decomposition at 1100oC has similarity to the XRD standard diffraction pattern from Joint Committee on Powder Diffraction Standard (JCPDS). Diffractions of 2q values being used are 34.2o, 37.3o, 58.3o, 64.1o, and 67.3 o.  Ca-O presence in the samples was detected by FT-IR characterization at wavenumber of 354,90 cm-1. SEM profile show reducing size of bones after decomposition in both chicken?s and goat?s bones. Furthermore, the prepared calcium oxide was applied for biodiesel synthesis from discarded cooking oil through transesterification reaction. By applying the catalysts decomposed from chicken?s and goat?s bones, the biodiesel product showed characteristics as follows: biodiesel applied the chicken?s bone catalyst has fatty acid number of 0.56 mg/KOH, iod number of 22.41 g I2/100 g KOH, density of 0.88 g/cm3 and viscosity of 5.91 mm2/s, while biodiesel applied the goat?s bone catalyst has 0.56 mg/KOH, iod number of 21.57 g I2/100 g KOH, density of 0.88 g/cm3 and viscosity of 6.34 mm2/s. Those biodiesel?s characteristic values meet the National Standard of Indonesia (SNI) for biodiesel.
Co-Authors A. Agnes, A. Addy Rachmat, Addy Adi Saputra Ahmad Fatoni Andreas, Roy Andriani Azora Arianti Marpaung Arison Musri Aslihati Aslihati, Aslihati Aslihayati Aslihayati, Aslihayati Christina, Mikha Meilinda Dedi Rohendi Dian Monariqsa Dormian A N Haloho, Dormian A N Eiffel Ostan Jeski Gultom, Eiffel Ostan Jeski Elfita . Elfita Elfita Eliza . Eliza Eliza Ema Veronika Turnip Eriza Sativa, Eriza Fahma Riyanti, Fahma Fahmariyanti Fahmariyanti Fatmawati Fatmawati Ferlinahayati Ferlinahayati Fitriliana Fitriliana Hermansyah Hermansyah Hesti A. Harahap, Hesti Hesti Rizki Amalia Hilda Zulkifli Hiroshi Nishihara Hitoshi Kondo intan permata sari Irianty, Yunita Jasantri, Didi Kiki Anggraini, Kiki Leni Sinaga, Leni Lestari Simanjuntak Lora Vitanesa, Lora Lucyanti Lucyanti, Lucyanti Lusi Teresia, Lusi Marieska Verawaty Mariska Verawaty, Mariska MIKSUSANTI MIKSUSANTI Muhammad Imron, Muhammad MUHAMMAD SAID Najma Annuria Fithri, Najma Annuria Narsito Narsito Neza Rahayu Palapa, Neza Rahayu Niken Oktora Nurlisa Hidayati Oktriyanti, Melantina Melan Palita Tamba Poedji Loekitowati Hariani R.A. Mika Melviana, R.A. Mika Radja Nardo Purba, Radja Nardo Rahayu, Bakri Rio Ramadhan, Jeri Randi O. Saragih, Randi O. Risfidian Mohadi Risma Kurniawati M Samat Samat, Samat Setiawan Yusuf, Setiawan Setiawati Yusuf, Setiawati Setyowati, Menik Sherly Agustina, Sherly Sri Juari Santosa Sueb, Abi Suheryanto Suheryanto, Suheryanto Tarmizi Taher Welinda Me, Welinda Winda Fitriana, Winda Yeni Iswanti, Yeni Yoshinori Yamanoi Yosi Saria Yosine Susi Yosine Susie Zazili Hanafiah