Daru Lestantyo
Bagian Keselamatan dan Kesehatan Kerja FKM UNDIP

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ANALYSIS OF SHIFT WORKING SYSTEMS ON THE WORK FATIGUE LEVEL AT GAS STATION OPERATOR USING BOURDON WIERSMA METHOD Meireza, Dita; Suroto, Suroto; Lestantyo, Daru
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Shift work is a system applied by companies to maximize and maintain productivies for 24 hours which is divided into morning, afternoon and night works. Fatigue is a condition of reduced efficiency, performance and reduced strength or endurance of the body to continue activities. The implementation of shift work that causes work fatigue have to be controlled considering fatigue can cause workplace accidents. The purpose of this research is to analyze the correlation between shift work with the fatigue of work on the gas stations operator using Bourdon Wiersma methods. This research type is a cross-sectional analytical descriptive research. The population and sample in this study are 33, operators ?gas station 44 502 23 and gas stations 44 502 02 Semarang. The instrument that use in this research were Bourdon Wiersma test form to evaluate speed, accurary and constancy. The results showed that there was a correlation between shift work and fatigue (sig 0.032). Most operators feel heavy fatigue when working on the night shift (63.6%) compared to day shifts (36.4%) and morning shifts (18.2%) To reduce the fatigue of work on the operator, management should replace the regulation of ?shift work system? to ?quick rotation pattern? that is 2-2-3 and 3-3-2 systems so the operators can adapt to their work schedule.
HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK PEKERJA DENGAN PRAKTIK PENERAPAN PROSEDUR KESELAMATAN KERJA DI PT. BINA BUNA KIMIA UNGARAN Kurniawan, Bina; Lestantyo, Daru; Murtiningsih, Dewi
Jurnal Promosi Kesehatan Indonesia Volume 1, No. 2, Agustus 2006
Publisher : Master Program of Health Promotion Faculty of Public Health Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (65.34 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpki.1.2.35-45

Abstract

Background : Occupational health and safety procedures have been developed by Environmental Health and Safety Department in PT. Bina Buna Kimia Ungaran Safety procedures were developed in order to control the potential hazards and minimize occupational accidents which caused by human factors. Unfortunately, many workers have neglected tooperate the procedures correctly. This study identifies the relationships between worker?s characteristics such as age, sex, educational level, working period, knowledge, attitudes, and the practice of workers.Method : Thirty eight temporary workers from production section have participated in this study. They were selected using a simple random sampling. A scheduled-structured questionnaire with a face to face interview has been used to collect the data. Meanwhile, anobservation using check lists has also been used to observe worker?s behaviour in operating safety health procedures.Results : The study found that there are no associations between sex, working period and the practice of safety procedure of the respondents. However, age and education level of workers have significant relationships. Likewise, knowledge and attitudes of respondents have alsoassociations with the practice of safety procedures of the respondents. This study suggests that the information of safety procedures including the positive and negative effects of these should be conducted regularly to motivate the workers.Keywords: Worker, occupational health, Safety procedures, Behaviour
KELELAHAN PADA PEKERJA BAGIAN PENGEPAKAN DI PT. X SEMARANG Jamaludin, Jejen; Lestantyo, Daru; Wahyuni, Ida
MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 11, No 1 (2012): MKMI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (224.028 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/mkmi.11.1.25-33

Abstract

Pengeluaran keringat yang banyak tanpa diimbangi denagn asupan cairan yang cukup akan mengakibatkan dehidrasi yang juga bisa berakibat pada timbulnya kelelahan. Tuiuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan antara konsumsi cairan dan sodium dengan kelelahan pada pekerja wanita bagian pengepakan PT. X Semarang. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian explanatory research dengan pendekatan cross sectional. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian menggunakan uji korelasi Kendall's Tau dengan taraf signifikansi (?=0,05, menuniukkan ada hubungan antara konsumsi cairan dengan kelelahan (p=0,001), dan ada hubungan antar akonsumsi Sodium dengan kelelahan (p=0,005). Kata Kunci : konsumsi cairan, konsumsi sodium, kelelahan, pekerja  Relation of Fluid and Sodium Consumption with Fatigue in the Packing Workers on PT X Semarang; Perspiring body without being balanced by adequate fluid intake may cause dehydration which may also cause fatigue against worker. The purpose of this research was to analyze the correlation between fluid and Sodium intake with fatigue on women employees in packaging division PT X Semarang. This research used explanatory research type with cross sectional approach. Based on statistic test result using Kendall's tau test, 5% of level of signification, it showed that there were correlation between fluid consumption and fatigue (p=0,001), and there were correlation between sodium consumption with fatigue (p=0,005). Key words : fluid consumption, sodium consumption, fatigue, workers
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN STRES KERJA PADA KARYAWAN BAGIAN KEPESERTAAN DI BADAN PENYELENGGARA JAMINAN SOSIAL (BPJS) KESEHATAN UNGARAN Mayang S., Feby Ansari; Lestantyo, Daru; Kurniawan, Bina
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 4 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Occupational Stress are the condition of physical or mental that came under pressure due to task demands that not compatible with worker?s ability. Any work have occupational stress as hazard including working as employees in health care security. The purpose of this research was to analyze factors that related to occupational stress. The design of this study was explanatory research with cross-sectional approach. Population in this research was 30 employees of National Health Care Security (BPJS) Ungaran. Questionnare was used as an instrument in this research. The measurement of occupational stress was assessed by GHQ-12 questionnnare. Statistical analysis used was chi-square test. The result of the research showed that there was a relation between task demands (p=0,011) and individual role in organization (p=0,010) with occupational stress, while there was no relation between age (p=0,526), work period (p=0,151) career development (p=0,127), organizational structure and climate (p=0,825), and occupational relations (p=0,351) with occupational stres. Researchers suggest company to provide socialization of risk and transparency of decision making in problem solving to their employees.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KESIAPSIAGAAN TANGGAP DARURAT DI PT. APAC INTI CORPORA SEMARANG (STUDI PADA BAGIAN SPINNING IV OE) Fitriani, Zahra Nurdina; Lestantyo, Daru; Wahyuni, Ida
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Preparedness is an activity carried out before a disaster occurs with the aim of facilitating an effective response and developing operational capacity when a disaster occurs. PT. Apac Inti Corpora Semarang is a textile company that produces yarn, fabric and jeans. The number of production processes results in various activities such as the use of electric tools and the use of spinning machines so that they have a high risk and increase the risk of fire. This study aims to analyze the factors related to preparedness of PT. Apac Inti Corpora especially in the Spinning IV OE in the face of fire. The type of research used is quantitative by using a cross-sectional study. The population in this study was 107 workers in the Spinning IV OE section. The sample used in this study was 40 people with purposive sampling taking technique. The research instruments used were questionnaires and observation sheets. The observation sheet is used to see the suitability of fire protection facilities that exist with the standards that apply in Indonesia. The statistical analysis used was the chi-square test. The results showed that there were variables related to workers' preparedness in the face of fire, namely age (p-value 0.003) and gender (p-value 0.007), while unrelated variables were knowledge (p-value 1,000), attitude (p- value 0.721), protection facilities (p-value 0.761), implementation of training (p-value 0.196), and supervision of K3 officers (0.525). Researchers suggest repairing and adding fire protection facilities, implementing a system of rewards or rewards for workers who have obeyed the rules regarding fire hazards.
FAKTOR-FAKTOROYANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIANOKECELAKAAN KERJAOPADAOKARYAWAN NON MEDIS DI INSTALASIOGIZI RSOX DI PURWODADI Waoma, Lela Vista Atrika Sari; Widjasena, Baju; Lestantyo, Daru
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Hospital nutrition installationzis a vulnerable place that has high accident risk because there are manyzdangerous types ofzequipment and environmental conditions that couldzjeopardized the worker. The objective of this research was to analyzed the relations between variables of accident, zexhaustion, occupational safety and health training, occupationalzsafety and health procedure, workplace environment, room temperature and type of education with workplace accident. This research waszanalytic descriptive with a cross-sectional approach. The population of this research was food handler of X hospital in Purwodadi amounting to 22 peoplezused total sampling technique. The data collection was done by fulfilling the accident, exhaustion, occupational safety and health training, occupational safety and healthzprocedure, workplacezenvironment, zroom temperature and type of education questionnaire and also assessing the room temperaturezusing heatzstresszmonitors. Data analysis using the chi-square test. The result shows that there was  relationship between exhaustion (p-value = 0,003), occupational safety and health training (p-value = 0,03), zoccupational safetyzand health procedure (p-value = 0,003), zworkplace environmentz (p-value = 0,001), room temperaturez (p-value = 0,003), type of education (p-value = 0,003) with workplace accident on foodzhandler in nutrition installation. The management should hold briefing routinely, hold an appropriate occupationalzsafetyzand health training, and do supervisionzto improve the employeezskills and the employee could obeyzthe occupational safety and healthzprocedure. 
HUBUNGAN PERSONAL HYGIENE, LAMA KONTAK, DAN MASA KERJA DENGAN GEJALA DERMATITIS KONTAK IRITAN PADA PENGRAJIN TAHU MRICAN SEMARANG Pradaningrum, Sinta; Lestantyo, Daru; Jayanti, Siswi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 4 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Irritant contact dermatitis is an inflammatory response unrelated to the immune reaction due to direct exposure of the irritant agent to the skin. The disease is characterized by clinical abnormalities of poliformic effluence ie edema, papule, erythema, vesicles, skuama, and itching complaints. The tofu industry Mrican Semarang is a home-based business with limited workers. The tofu production process has several steps including soaking, milling, cooking, sifting, agglomeration, molding / hardening and cutting by using acetic acid (CH3COOH). The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship between personal hygiene, working period, and duration of contact with symptoms of irritant contact dermatitis. The type of this study  is an analytic observasional with cross sectional research approach. The subjects of this study are all the workers who contact with chemicals as much as 33 people. The variable data are duration of contact, working period and personal hygiene practice are taken by interview, while practices and facilities related to Personal Hygiene with observation. Irritant contact dermatitis is determined on the basis of physical examination of the skin by the doctor. The result of chi square statistic test get the working period (p value = 0,001), duration of contact (p value = 0,001), and personal hygiene (p value = 0,026). Advice for business owners should be cooperation with the nearest health center for early and periodic checks and for workers should keep their personal hygiene from before until finish work.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERILAKU TIDAK AMAN PEKERJA BAGIAN LAMBUNG GALANGAN KAPAL PT X Sangaji, Jessica; Jayanti, Siswi; Lestantyo, Daru
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

One of the causes of accidents is unsafe behavior. Unsafe behavior can be caused by 3 factors: predisposing factors, enabling factors, and reinforcing factors. Percentage of accidents due to the most unsafe behavior in PT X is in hull section. The purpose of this study was to analyze the correlation between age, work period, education, knowledge, attitude, OHS training, availability of OHS facilities, supervision with unsafe behavior of PT X shipyard hull section. The type of this study is an analytic observasional with cross sectional research approach. The subjects of this study were 40 workers of PT X shipyard in hull section. Data collection was carried out using a questionnaire instrument. Statistical analysis using the Spearman test. The test results show that there is a correlation between knowledge (p = 0.037), attitude (p value = 0.044), supervision (p value = 0.037), OHS training (p value = 0.030) and availability of OHS facilities (p value = 0.043) with unsafe behavior. There was no correlation between age (p value = 0.504), work period (p value = 0.211), education level (p value = 0.186) and unsafe behavior. Suggestions for the owner of the company are to conduct socialization about OHS regularly every month, improve OSH training programs for workers, immediate replacement of damaged PPE to the newest one.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KELELAHAN PADA PEKERJA BURUH ANGKUT DI PASAR BALAI TANGAH KECAMATAN LINTAU BUO UTARA, SUMATERA BARAT Dewi, Puti Andam; Lestantyo, Daru; Widjasena, Baju
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Fatigue means a condition where there is a decreased on someone?s performance because of some factors such as physical workload, length of work, age, and the sleep quality. Carrier in Balai Tangah Market have a complaints or fatigue symptoms like drowsiness, back pain, feeling dizzy and feeling heavy in the head, feeling thirsty, and excessive yawning. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors (physical workload, length of work, age, sleep quality) related to fatigue at work. This type of research was quantitative with Cross-Sectional design. The population and sample in this study were 32 people. Fatigue at work data collection was carried out using the application of the deary-liewald reaction timer tester, pulse measurement using pulse oximetry, sleep quality measurement instruments using the pittsburgh sleep quality index (PQSI), and other data based on interview with respondents. Data analyzed using chi-square with ? = 0,05. The results of the statistical test showed that there was correlation between length of work (p= 0,001) and sleep quality (p= 0,001). Whereas those who were unrelated were physical workload (p= 0,581) and age (p= 0,419).
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KESIAPSIAGAAN PETUGAS DALAM MENGHADAPI BAHAYA KEBAKARAN (STUDI PADA INSTALASI PEMELIHARAAN SARANA RUMAH SAKIT DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM DAERAH KOTA SALATIGA) Qirana, Muhammad Qifran; Lestantyo, Daru; Kurniawan, Bina
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Preparedness is part of the developing disaster management process, the importance of preparedness efforts is one of the most important elements of proactive disaster risk prevention. Hospital buildings are at risk of fire, the use of electrical equipment, short-circuit, pressurized gas cylinders and chemicals can cause a fire. Hospital Facilities Maintenance is one of  Installation that has high risk of fire because it is in charge of facilities maintenance and repairment such as electrical maintenance, repairment of electronic equipment and incelerator. This study aims to analyze factors related to fire emergency preparedness of the Installations of Hospital Facilities and Infrastructure Maintenance (IPSRS) at Salatiga Public Hospital. It was quantitative research with cross-sectional approach. This study involved all IPSRS officers. Data collected by questionnaires and observation checklists as supporting data of fire protection facilities. Based on result of research by using chi-square test, the related variables were knowledge (p-value = 0,011), attitude (p-value = 0,011) and supervision of SHE officer (p-value = 0,002). While unrelated variables were age (p-value = 0,329), gender (p-value = 1,000), work period (p-value = 1,000), education level (p-value = 0,700) and fire protection facility (p-value = 0,089). Researcher suggests employer to complete the fire protection facilities and socialize them to all officers.