Asih Widi Lestari
Faculty of Administrative Science Brawijaya University

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PENGARUH AKUNTABILITAS DAN TRANSPARANSI PENGELOLAAN ALOKASI DANA DESA (ADD) TERHADAP PARTISIPASI MASYARAKAT DESA Lasa, Yohanes Antonius; Lestari, Asih Widi
JISIP: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik Vol 7, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : JISIP: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (562.948 KB)

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Abstract: To avoid abuse in implementing the Village Fund Allocation Policy (ADD), it is necessary to have accountability and transparency in the village administration's management of Village Fund Allocation, and to involve the village community as a whole so that it can guarantee ADD management well in implementing government activities and empowerment society. This type of research uses a quantitative descriptive approach, the main data source is primary data with a data collection tool that is a questionnaire or questionnaire that refers to the Likert Scale, the sample technique used is purposive sample, data analysis using multiple regression analysis. The results of the study were that the management of Village Fund Allocation had an effect on community participation of 0.549, and the transparency of the management of Village Fund Allocation had an effect on community participation of 0.443, while the influence of accountability and transparency in the management of Village Fund Allocation in community participation in Tulungrejo Village was 89.8%. The conclusion of the study shows that accountability and transparency have a positive and significant effect on community participation in the management of Village Alocation Funds (ADD) in Tulungrejo Village. Keywords: Accountability, Transparency, Community Participation ABSTRAK: Untuk menghindari terjadinya penyalahgunaan dalam mengimplementasikan kebijakan Alokasi Dana Desa (ADD), maka diperlukan adanya akuntabilitas dan sikap transparansi pemerintahan desa dalam pengelolaan Alokasi Dana Desa, serta melibatkan masyarakat desa secara keseluruhan agar dapat menjamin pengelolaan ADD dengan baik dalam pelaksanaan kegiatan pemerintahan dan pemberdayaan masyarakat. Jenis penelitian menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif kuantitatif, sumber data utama adalah data primer dengan alat pengambilan data yaitu kuesioner atau angket yang mengacu pada Skala Likert, teknik sampel yang digunakan adalah sampel purposive, analisis data menggunakan analisis regresi ganda. Hasil penelitian yaitu akuntabilitas pengelolaan Alokasi Dana Desa berpengaruh terhadap partisipasi masyarakat sebesar 0,549, dan transparansi pengelolaan Alokasi Dana Desa berpengaruh terhadap partisipasi masyarakat sebesar 0,443, sementara pengaruh antara akuntabilitas dan transparansi pengelolaan Alokasi Dana Desa terhadap partisipasi masyarakat di Desa Tulungrejo sebesar 89,8%. Kesimpulan penelitian menunjukkan bahwa akuntabilitas dan transparansi berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap partisipasi masyarakat dalam pengelolaan Alokasi Dana Desa (ADD) di Desa Tulungrejo. Kata Kunci: Akuntabilitas, Transparansi, Partisipasi Masyarakat
Peran pemerintah Kota Batu dalam implementasi kebijakan pembangunan pariwisata berdasarkan paradigma pembangunan berkelanjutan (sustainable development) Lestari, Asih Widi; Firdausi, Firman
Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik Vol 30, No 3 (2017): Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik
Publisher : Faculty of Social and Political Science, Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mkp.V30I32017.260-265

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Indonesia is a country with rich and diverse natural resources. Batu is a city in Indonesia which popular because of its tourism potential. In the effort to develop the tourism, the Government of Batu designed several tourism policies. In tourism development, Government of Batu refer to sustainable development. This article tries to describe and analyze the role of Government of Batu to implement the tourism development policy based on the sustainable development paradigm. Research method used is descriptive qualitative using primary and secondary data. Data gathered through observation, interview, and documentation. This research found that the implementation of tourism policy in Batu has met the principles of sustainable development namely, economic welfare, sustainable environment, social justice, and living environment oriented. The Government of Batu plays significant role in creating the policy in general and regulating permissions, implementing prosociety policy and controlling private sectors investment in Batu.
Implementation of Compulsory Study 12 Year Policy to Increase Education Quality in Kudus Regency Lestari, Asih Widi; Wijaya, Andy Fefta; Rochmah, Siti
WACANA, Jurnal Sosial dan Humaniora Vol 18, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Pascasarjana Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1023.002 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.wacana.2015.018.01.1

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Education is an important instrument in improving the human resources quality. Kudus Regency has implemented compulsory study since 2010 through Kudus Regency Regional Regulation Number 2/ 2010 about Compulsory Study 12 (Twelve) Years. While, Central Government issued compulsory study 12 year policy in June 2013 through Ministry of Education and Culture Regulation Number 80/2013 about Universal Secondary Education. Obviously, this is a bold step of Kudus Regency Government in improving the education quality at Kudus Regency. The research objectives are: to know, analyze, and describe about Implementation of compulsory study 12 years policy to increase education in Kudus Regency; and to know, analyze, and describe about supporting and inhibiting factors toward implementation of compulsory study 12 years policy to increase education quality in Kudus Regency. This research resulted that the implementation compulsory study 12 years policy in Kudus Regency has been successfully, viewed from the actor that completely carry out their duties and responsibilities; the existence of funding and programs from Kudus Regency Government and Central Government is supporting the mechanism implementation in accordance with the provisions. The compulsory study 12 years policy in Kudus Regency had positive impact in improving the education quality at Kudus Regency, it is seen from the increase of Gross Enrollment Ratio (GER) for secondary education from 60% in 2008 to 80,59% in 2013. The success in improving the education quality is also seen from achievement of Kudus Regency in obtained champions in various championships. The supporting factors are The content of the Kudus Regency Regional Regulation Number 2/ 2010 about Compulsory Study 12 Years and the Minister of Education and Culture Regulation Number 80/ 2013 about Universal Secondary Education which clear and easy to understand; the willingness of Kudus Society in receiving the compulsory study 12 years policy; the support funding and scholarships provided by Kudus Regency Government and Central Government. And the inhibiting factors are lack of quality and quantity of human resources (teachers) in Kudus Regency; lack of facilities and infrastructure in supporting the education; the facilities and infrastructure referred is the practice equipments for students that expensive; inequality in educational development at Kudus Regency, especially in rural area; the mindset of Kudus Regency society who ignore the education, especially in rural area; unpredictable conditions such as flood that rather frequently in Kudus, so that damage the education infrastructure. Keyword: Compulsory Study 12 Year Policy, Education Quality, Kudus Regency
Implementasi Peraturan Menteri Keuangan Nomor 214/PMK.01/2011 (Studi pada Kantor Pelayanan Perbendaharaan Negara Kudus) Lestari, Asih Widi
JKMP (Jurnal Kebijakan dan Manajemen Publik) Vol 3, No 2 (2015): September
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21070/jkmp.v3i2.189

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The purpose in this research is to describe and analyze implementation of Finance Ministry Regulation Number 214/PMK.01/2011 about Discipline Enforcement Based on Remuneration/ Special allowance of State Financial Guidance at Finance Ministry Area, the support and inhibitor factors, and impact of this regulation to increase discipline civil servants in KPPN Kudus. This research is using descriptive qualitative method. The implementation of Finance Ministry Regulation Number 214/PMK.01/2011 in KPPN Kudus was successfully, it viewed from actors, mechanism and handkey. This regulation has positive impact to increase discipline civil servants in KPPN Kudus. The support factors is the contents of the regulation is detail; the attitude civil servants in KPPN Kudus is willing to receive all provisions contained in regulation; and the comfortable conditions in KPPN Kudus. Inhibitor factors is a outside factors is alleged happened to civil servants; and the workload of a caretaker is too overload. But still there was a cleft in this Finance Ministry Regulation Number 214/PMK.01/2011, this is no regulated about rest hours in this regulation, so needed improvement in this regulation with make provision of electronic absent in rest hour.
IMPLEMENTASI KEBIJAKAN PROGRAM REHABILITASI SOSIAL RUMAH TIDAK LAYAK HUNI TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KESEJAHTERAAN MASYARAKAT DI DESA SUMBERGONDO KECAMATAN BUMIAJI KOTA BATU Nawi, Ahmad; Lestari, Asih Widi
JISIP: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik Vol 7, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : JISIP: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Ilmu Politik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (248.928 KB)

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Abstrack: Development in the desire by the community basically is the fulfillment of all the necessities of life. This is the condition felt by Indonesia. One of them does not fulfill the habitable living quarters. This research used descriptive method. The research aimed to find the results of research on the implementation of house program policies unfit for the improvement of people's welfare in Sumbergondo Village with various indicators in it, as well as the main elements that must be found in accordance with the points of the problem. The results showed; (1) Implementation of Policy of RS-RTLH on Improvement of Welfare Society produces policy system, good communication, Human Resources are qualified to accommodate all aspect, Dispotion society to such programs are responding positively and others are responding negatively, and a good Bureaucratic Structure ensures that all Sumbergondo Village programs are implemented; (2) Supporting factors of RS-RTLH for Community Welfare Improvement; (3) Inhibiting factors of the RS-RTLH for Increasing Community Welfare, were found. Lack of funding and lack of timeliness in implementation. Keywords: Implementation, Social Rehabilitation, Welfare. Abstrak: Pembangunan yang diinginkan oleh masyarakat pada dasarnya adalah terpenuhinya semua kebutuhan hidup. Inilah kondisi yang dirasakan oleh Indonesia. Salah satunya tidak terpenuhinya tempat tinggal yang layak Huni. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Penelitian bertujuan menemukan hasil implementasi kebijakan program rumah tidak layak huni terhadap peningkatan kesejahteraan masyarakat di Desa Sumbergondo dengan berbagai indikator di dalamnya, serta unsur-unsur pokok yang harus ditemukan sesuai dengan butir-butir masalah. Hasil penelitan menunjukkan; (1) Implementasi Kebijakan Program RS-RTLH Terhadap Peningkatan Kesejahteraan Masyarakat menghasilkan sistem kebijakan, komunikasi yang baik, Sumber Daya Manusia yang mampu mengakomudir segala aspek, Disposisi masyarakat terhadap program tersebut ada yang menanggapi positif dan ada juga yang menanggapi secara negatif, dan Struktur Birokrasi yang baik menjamin terselenggaranya seluruh program Desa Sumbergondo; (2) Faktor pendukung Program RS-RTLH Terhadap Peningkatan Kesejahteraan Masyarakat; (3) faktor penghambat Program RS-RTLH Terhadap Peningkatan Kesejahteraan Masyarakat adalah kurangnya dana yang diberikan dan ketidak tepatan waktu dalam pelaksanaan. Kata Kunci: Implementasi, Rehabilitasi Sosial, Kesejahteraan.
EKSISTENSI ‘WHITE COLLAR CRIME’ DI INDONESIA: KAJIAN KRIMINOLOGI MENEMUKAN UPAYA PREVENTIF Firdausi, Firman; Lestari, Asih Widi
REFORMASI Vol 6, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Tribhuwana Tunggadewi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (79.095 KB) | DOI: 10.33366/rfr.v6i1.680

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Abstract: This paper discusses about the existence of ‘white collar crime’ in Indonesia. The ‘white collar crime’ will always exist because of many factors, such as: culture, learning-process about corruption, and human element to do a mistake and greed. It is an extra-ordinary crime in Indonesia that needs holistic and extra-ordinary actions from the government, citizens, and apparatus to combat. Key Words: white collar crime; criminology; preventive actions Abstrak: Tulisan ini membahas tentang kejahatan kerah putih (WCC) yang sampai saat ini terus ada karena faktor budaya, pembelajaran dan unsur dari manusia itu sendiri yaitu potensi untuk melakukan kesalahan dan sifat keserakahan. Kejahatan kerah putih terlalu halus bagi masyarakat awam untuk menyadarinya. WCC termasuk jenis kejahatan luar biasa di Indonesia yang juga memerlukan upaya yang luar biasa yang dapat dilakukan dengan upaya holistik dengan bergeraknya seluruh elemen sistem hukum mulai dari pemerintah, aparat dan juga masyarakat. Kata Kunci: kejahatan kerah-putih; kriminologi; upaya preventif
PELAKSANAAN SISTEM REWARD DAN PUNISHMENT DI LINGKUNGAN KEMENTERIAN KEUANGAN DALAM UPAYA MENINGKATKAN KEDISIPLINAN PEGAWAI (Studi pada Kantor Pelayanan Perbendaharaan Negara/KPPN, Kudus) Lestari, Asih Widi; Firdausi, Firman
REFORMASI Vol 6, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Tribhuwana Tunggadewi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (61.893 KB) | DOI: 10.33366/rfr.v6i1.678

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Abstract: This paper is aimed to describe and to analyze the reward and punishment system in order to increase Kudus State Treasury Offices employee’s discipline. The discussions show that Kudus State Treasury Offices employee’s discipline is greater on time and/or act after reward and punishment system implemented. The increasing Kudus State Treasury Offices employee’s discipline on time and/or act is seen from their greater regularity of works and their accuracy and speed of doing tasks. Key words: reward and punishment; employee discipline Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan dan menganalisis sistem pemberian reward dan punishment dalam meningkatkan kedisiplinan pegawai di Lingkungan Kementerian Keuangan, terutama di Kantor Pelayanan Perbendaharaan Negara/KPPN Kudus. Hasil pembahasan menunjukkan bahwa setelah adanya pelaksanaan pemberian reward dan punishment, kedisiplinan pegawai KPPN Kudus semakin meningkat, baik dalam disiplin waktu maupun disiplin perbuatan. Adapun peningkatan disiplin waktu maupun disiplin perbuatan pegawai KPPN Kudus terlihat dari meningkatnya disiplin dan keteraturan kerja pegawai KPPN Kudus, serta ketepatan dan kecepatan waktu pegawai KPPN Kudus dalam melaksanakan pekerjaan. Kata Kunci: reward dan punishment; kedisiplinan pegawai
PENGEMBANGAN KAPASITAS KELEMBAGAAN (CAPACITY BUILDING) DALAM UPAYA MENINGKATKAN KINERJA PEGAWAI (STUDI PADA KANTOR PELAYANAN PERBENDAHARAAN NEGARA/KPPN KUDUS) Lestari, Asih Widi; Wicaksono, Dhika Bagus
REFORMASI Vol 9, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Tribhuwana Tunggadewi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (161.369 KB) | DOI: 10.33366/rfr.v9i1.1325

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Abstract: The purpose of this research is to describe and analyze capacity building in order to improve the employee performance at KPPN Kudus Regency, The restrictingfactors ofcapacity building in order to improve the employee performance at KPPN Kudus Regency.This research uses descriptive research methods with qualitative approaches.The result of research iscapacity building in order to improve employee performance in KPPN Kudus is strong through leadership that done by the head of KPPN Kudus,the program increased discipline that is just right from the Ministry of Finance in improving discipline employees through the giving of reward and punishmen, and facilities that are in KPPN Kudus that was already complete and comfortable.The restricting factors of capacity building in order to improve the employee performance at KPPN Kudus Regency is the existence of some employees who don't know the development of rules and some employees were not disciplined. Keywords: Development; Institutional Capacity; Employee Performance Abstrak: Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mendiskripsikan dan menganalisis Pengembangan Kapasitas (Capacity Building) Kelembagaan dalam Upaya Meningkatkan Kinerja Pegawai di Kantor Pelayanan Perbendaharaan Negara/KPPN Kabupaten Kudus, Faktor penghambat Pengembangan Kapasitas (Capacity Building) Kelembagaan dalam Upaya Meningkatkan Kinerja Pegawai di Kantor Pelayanan Perbendaharaan Negara/KPPN Kabupaten Kudus. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian deskriptif dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Hasil dari penelitian adalah upaya pengembangan kapasitas kelembagaan (capacity building) dalam meningkatkan kinerja pegawai di Kantor Pelayanan Perbendaharaan Negara/KPPN Kabupaten Kudus dirasa sudah baik melalui kepemimpinan yang dilakukan oleh Kepala KPPN Kudus, program peningkatan kedisiplinan yang sudah tepat dari Kementerian Keuangan dalam meningkatkan kedisiplinan pegawai melalui pemberian reward dan punishment, dan fasilitas yang ada di KPPN Kudus yang sudah lengkap dan nyaman. Adapun faktor penghambat pengembangan kapasitas kelembagaan (capacity building) dalam upaya meningkatkan kinerja pegawai di Kantor Pelayanan Perbendaharaan Negara/KPPN Kabupaten Kudus adalah adanya beberapa pegawai yang tidak mengetahui perkembangan aturan dan beberapa pegawai tidak disiplin. Kata Kunci: Pengembangan; Kapasitas Kelembagaan; Kinerja Pegawai
STRATEGI KOMISI PEMILIHAN UMUM DALAM UPAYA MENINGKATKAN PARTISIPASI POLITIK MASYARAKAT PADA PEMILIHAN UMUM KEPALA DAERAH Gleko, Petrus; Suprojo, Agung; Lestari, Asih Widi
JISIP: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 6, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : JISIP: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (240.645 KB)

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Abstract: People political participation in regional leader election is an important aspect so General Election Comission (KPU) use special strategy to improve people participation in regional leader election application. The research uses qualitative research method with data collection technique in form of interview, observation, and documentation. It took place in General Election Commission (KPU) of Malang Regency. Informer in this research are KPU commissioner, with purpossive sampling technique. To review data validity. Research result are: 1. KPU of Malang Regency strategy in improving people participation in regional leader election of 2015, seen from three phases, they are formulation, which shown a clear socialization plan from KPU. Second phase is election, KPU do socialization to eight voters segments by their socialization method, which is direct meetup face by face, also mass media usage with their application adjusted with segment characterization. Third phase is resource allocation, which is by doing technical guiding to ad hoc committee. 2. Obstacles faced by KPU are the minimum budget, people aphaty responses, and limited KPU?s personnels amount. Keywords: Strategy, Political participation, Regional leader election Abstrak: Partisipasi politik masyarakat pada pelaksanaan pemilukada merupakan suatu aspek yang sangat penting sehingga Komisi Pemilihan Umum menggunakan strategi khusus untuk meningkatkan partisipasi masyarakat pada pelaksanaan pemilukada. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian kualitatif dengan teknik pengumpulan data berupa wawancara, observasi, dan dokumentasi. Informan dalam penelitian ini adalah Komisioner KPU, dengan penarikan sampel menggunakan purposive sampling. Hasil penelitian ini adalah: 1.Strategi KPU Kabupaten Malang dalam meningkatkan partisipasi politik masyarakat pada pemilukada Tahun 2015 dilihat dari tiga tahapan yaitu tahapan formulasi menunjukan ada kejelasan perencanaan sosialisasi dari KPU. Kedua tahap pemilihan tindakan, KPU melaksanakan sosialisasi kepada delapan segmen pemilih dengan metode sosialisasinya yaitu berupa tatap muka serta penggunaan media massa dengan pola pelaksanaanya disesuaikan dengan karakteristik segmen yang dituju. Ketiga tahap alokasi sumber daya yaitu dengan melakukan bimbingan teknis kepada panitia ad hoc. 2.Kendala yang dialami oleh KPU yaitu berupa minimnya anggaran, sikap apatis masyarakat, serta jumlah personil KPU yang terbatas. Kata Kunci: Strategi, Partisipasi Politik, Pemilukada
HUBUNGAN PEMBANGUNAN TEMPAT PENGOLAHAN SAMPAH TERPADU TERHADAP TINGKAT PARTISIPASI MASYARAKAT DIBIDANG KEBERSIHAN LINGKUNGAN Marchita, Yulita Atik; Lestari, Asih Widi
JISIP: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik Vol 5, No 3 (2016)
Publisher : JISIP: Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik

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Abstract: Development means something changed to be better, which related with environment. Reconstruction of people which relation with environment cleaned was still orientation to the rubbish-handling, so cleaned of environment have to always be attention. The aim of this research is recognizing the relationship between the integrated rubbish location concerning to the people attention about cleanliness environment. The research was descriptive qualitative. The data source were primary also secondary data. The data collecting were observation, interview and documentation. The technique of sample-taking was snowball sampling. Then the data was analyzed by reduce the data, data presentation and verification or resume the conclusion. To prove the valid data was used the triangulasi. The result of this research showed that the reconstruction concept of the rubbish location must be changed and based on reconstruction-planning, the discussion forum must be held, in which the village government and the cleanliness department work together in building it. It must be supported by the other departement. There were direct and indirect significancy between the reconstruction of rubbish location and cleanliness environment also people consideration in keeping their environment. Keywords: the reconstruction, people consideration, cleanliness environment. Abstrak: Pembangunan merupakan suatu perubahan menuju kearah lebih baik, yang saling berkaitan dengan lingkungan. Pembangunan masyarakat yang berhubungan dengan kebersihan masih berorientasi pada penanganan masalah sampah, sehingga kebersihan harus selalu diperhatikan. Bentuk partisipasi dalam menjaga kebersihan lingkungan sangat diharapkan lahir dari kesadaran masyarakat membuang sampah pada tempatnya. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan pembangunan tempat pengolahan sampah terpadu terhadap tingkat partisipasi masyarakat dibidang kebersihan lingkungan. Jenis penelitan yang digunakan yaitu kualitatif, dengan sumber data: data primer dan data sekunder. Kemudian teknik pengumpulan data: observasi, wawancara dan dokumentasi sedangkan teknik penentuan responden: snowball sampling. Selanjutnya data dianalisi dengan reduksi data, penyajian data dan verifikasi atau penarikan kesimpulan. Untuk menguji keabsahan data menggunakan triangulasi. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa: pertama konsep pembangunan TPST melalui perencanaan, musyawarah maupun rapat dalam bentuk swadaya masyarakat beserta pemerintah desa dan Dinas Cipta Karya bekerja sama dalam pembangunan TPST. TPST mendapat dukungan dari masyarakat serta mendapat dukungan dari berbagi lembaga. Kedua ada hubungan antara pembangunan tempat pengolahan sampah terpadu terhadap tingkat partisipasi masyarakat dibidang kebersihan lingkungan baik secara langsung maupun secara tidak langsung, serta partisipasi masyarakat dalam menjaga kebersihan lingkungan mengalami peningkatan. Kata kunci: Pembangunan, Partisipasi Masyarakat, Kebersihan lingkungan.