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Journal : Ilmu Gizi Indonesia

Relationship between calcium and magnesium intake and blood pressure in adulthood Lestari, Dwi
Ilmu Gizi Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2019): Agustus
Publisher : Universitas Respati Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (69.193 KB) | DOI: 10.35842/ilgi.v3i1.112

Abstract

Background: Hypertension occurs due to environmental factors, genetic factors and interactions between them. Environmental factors affected the most on blood pressure are food or dietary, which it plays the most important role in blood pressure homeostasis. Calcium and magnesium levels in the blood are important because calcium makes the heart contract, while magnesium functions to help the heart muscle for relaxation. Objective: This study aimed to determine the relationship between calcium and magnesium intake and blood pressure at age 18 ? 44 years in Kedungkandang, Malang. Methods: This was cross-sectional study with consecutive samplingon the sample of 90 people. Calcium and magnesium intakeswere obtained using weighing food record and 24-hours food recall. Blood pressure was measured using a mercury sphygmomanometer. Bivariate analysis was performed by Spearman Rank Correlation test. Results: There was no significant relationship between calcium intake and systolic and diastolic blood pressure (p>0.05). Between magnesium intake and systolic blood pressures showed a significant relationship (p=0.005, r=0.207), butfor diastolic blood pressure had nosignificant relationship (p>0.05). Daily average of calcium intakewas 208.5±123 mg and magnesium intake was 226.2±110.2 mg. Conclusion: There was a significant relationship between magnesium intake and systolic blood pressure, but the closeness of the relationship was weak and positive, meaning that the higher magnesium intake the higher systolic blood pressure. On the other hand, there was no significant relationship between calcium intake and systolic and diastolic blood pressure.
Co-Authors ., Murwati Abdillah, Moch. Fery Adi Widarma, Adi Agung Yulianto Albertus Djoko Lesmono, Albertus Djoko Anggara, Bayu Putra Anik Nuryati, Anik Arta Farmawati Asih Rohmani, Asih Atmini Dhoruri Bambang Susilo Burhan Barid, Burhan Dian Kresnadipayana, Dian Donny Fransiskus Manalu, Donny Fransiskus E. L. Widiastuti, E. L. Edy Purnomo Eka Siswanto Syamsul, Eka Siswanto Elin Yulinah Sukandar Eminugroho Ratna Sari Endah Retnowati, Endah Eva Marliana, Eva Fitriana Yuli S, Fitriana Gusmelia Testiana, Gusmelia Haryanti, Titik Umaiyah Heliani, Leni Sophia Hisyam, Giffari Ibnu Hisyam, Giffari Ibnu I Wayan Suardana Ikhsan, Fahrudi Ahwan Isnaini, Een Lujainatul Isnaini, Fatimah Noor Istiqomah, Nusaibah Al Jumnahdi, Muhammad Karina, Yunia Dwi Kartikaningdyah, Ely Kartikasari, Ratih Indah Ketut Sukiyono Khoiroh, Aisyah Widatul Khomariyah, Nur Lailatul Komang Januartha Putra Pinatih Krahayon, Metri Utami Kurnianto, Fahmi Arif Lily Arsanti Lestari Marianne Marianne Marlina, Eva Maryani Maryani Mila Karmila Mohammad Muktiali Muniroh Munawar Musthofa Musthofa N. Nurcahyani, N. Neng Fisheri Kurniati Novidariyanti, Evira Nugroho, Krishna Fitranto Nurdin Nurdin Nurdin, Elan Artono Nurrohmat Widjajanti, Nurrohmat Parseno Parseno Pratama, Cecep Pratiwi, Inti Nur Tirta Putri Kusumawati Priyono Redy Badrudin, Redy Rini Yulianingsih Riza Agustiani, Riza Rminugroho Ratna Sari Rosnani Nasution Rozaq, Dimas Abdur Rudi Kartika, Rudi Safitri, Hana Ika Sahid Sahid Sanyoto, Nugroho Tri Sanyoto, Nugroho Tri Sari, Rizki Iman Setyaningtyas, Eunice Widyanti Siallagan, Dorsinta Siti Heldyana, Siti Siti Nuryani, Siti Sri Haryani Sudarmin Sudarmin Sugiyono Sugiyono Surakhman, Surakhman Surakhman, Surakhman Susanto, G. N. Triyanto, Lilik Turtiantoro . Ulinnuha, Hilmiyati Utami, Arum Cahyaning Wahida, Iqni’a Fajril Wiryatun Lestariana, Wiryatun Yulaikhah Yulaikhah