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HUBUNGAN ANTARA BAYI BERAT LAHIR RENDAH DENGAN KEJADIAN REFLUKS GASTROESOFAGUS DI PUSKESMAS KECAMATAN MALALAYANG Yuliantari, Kadek Rani; Manoppo, Jeanette I.Ch.; Lestari, Hesti
e-CliniC Vol 4, No 2 (2016): Jurnal e-CliniC (eCl)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35790/ecl.4.2.2016.14401

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Abstract: Low birth weight (LBW) is one of the causes of infant mortality in Indonesia. One of the problems related to the maturity of digestive tract function in LBW infants is gastroesophageal reflux (GER) due to dysfunction of lower esophageal sphincter (LES). Gastroesophageal reflux is a physiological condition among infants under the age of 12 months. Albeit, it requires a special attention for LBW infants in order not to suffer from gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) which will affect growth and development. This study was aimed to determine the correlation between LBW and GER. This was an analytical observational study with a case-control design; each group consisted of 30 respondents. Respondents were mothers of children aged 0-2 years obtained by using purposive sampling at three primary health cares at Malalayang from September until November 2016. Infant gastroesophageal reflux questionnaire (I-GERQ) was used as instrument in this study. The result showed a significant correlation between LBW and GER groups (p=0.034) and OR 2.615. Conclusion: There was a significant correlation between LBW and GER. Low Birth Weight had a higher risk to suffer from GER. Woman are expected to give more attention for their health and nutrition during pregnancy to prevent LBW births.Keywords: BBLR, RGE, SEB, children Abstrak: Bayi berat lahir rendah (BBLR) ialah salah satu penyebab kematian bayi di Indonesia karena kondisi tubuh yang belum stabil sehingga menimbulkan masalah pada sistem atau organ tubuh. Salah satu masalah terkait kematangan fungsi saluran cerna ialah refluks gastroesofagus (RGE) dimana terjadi disfungsi sfingter esofagus bawah (SEB). RGE merupakan kondisi fisiologik pada usia <12 bulan. Pada BBLR dibutuhkan perhatian khusus agar tidak berlanjut menjadi penyakit refluks gastroesofagus (PRGE) yang akan memengaruhi tumbuh kembang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara BBLR dan kejadian RGE. Jenis penelitian ialah analitik observasional dengan studi kasus control, masing-masing terdiri dari 30 responden. Responden ialah ibu yang memiliki anak berusia 0-2 tahun diperoleh dengan metode purposive sampling pada tiga puskesmas di Kecamatan Malalayang bulan September hingga November 2016. Instrumen penelitian berdasarkan Infant-Gastroesophageal Reflux Questionnaire (I-GERQ). Hasil penelitian dari kelompok kasus dan kontrol menunjukkan terdapat hubungan bermakna antara BBLR dan kejadian RGE (p=0,034) dengan Odds Ratio 2,615. Simpulan: Terdapat hubungan bermakna antara BBLR dan kejadian RGE. BBLR memiliki risiko 2,6 kali mengalami RGE. Ibu hamil diharapkan lebih memperhatikan kesehatan dan asupan gizi untuk mencegah kelahiran BBLR. Kata kunci: BBLR, RGE, SEB, anak
PENGARUH PENDEKATAN PROBLEM POSING TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN PEMAHANAN KONSEP MATEMATIS SISWA Lestari, Hesti; Bharata, Haninda; Noer, Sri Hastuti
Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Unila Vol 3, No 5 (2015): JURNAL PENDIDIKAN MATEMATIKA UNIVERSITAS LAMPUNG
Publisher : Universitas Lampung

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This quasi experimental research aimed to know the effectiveness of problem posing viewed by student's ability of understanding of mathematical concepts. This research used post-test only control design. The population of this research was all grade 7th students of SMPN 8 Bandar Lampung in academic year of 2014/2015. By purposive random sampling technique, it was chosen students of VII.L and VII.I class as research samples. Based on the result of testing hypothesis, it was obtained that the average of the students ability of mathematical concepts with problem posing approach was higher than average of students ability of mathematical concepts with conventional learning. Thus,problem posing approach affects towards students ability of mathematical concepts.Penelitian eksperimen semu ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pendekatan Problem Posing terhadap kemampuan pemahaman konsep matematis siswa. Desain penelitian ini menggunakan posttest only control design. Populasi penelitian adalah seluruh siswa kelas VII SMP Negeri 8 Bandar Lampung tahun pelajaran 2014/2015. Dengan teknik purposive random sampling terpilih kelas VII L dan VII I sebagai sampel penelitian. Berdasarkan hasil pengujian hipotesis diperoleh bahwa rata-rata kemampuan pemahaman konsep matematis siswa dengan pendekatan pembelajaran problem posing lebih tinggi daripada rata-rata kemampuan pemahaman konsep matematis siswa dengan pembelajaran konvensional. Dengan demikian, pendekatan pembelajaran problem posing berpengaruh terhadap kemampuan pemahaman konsep matematis siswa.Kata kunci: pemahaman konsep matematis, pendekatan, problem posing
STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN PARIWISATA DI KABUPATEN PURWOREJO Vimastalia, Rika Mandhega; Hariani, Diah; Lestari, Hesti
Journal of Public Policy and Management Review Volume 2, Nomor 3, Tahun 2013
Publisher : Jurusan Administrasi Publik, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (88.335 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jppmr.v2i3.2991

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Purworejo tourism sector is supported by the availability of natural and other potential. Purworejo government has set a Regional Regulation No. 4 of 2009 where there are six tourist attractions that are a priority for development, among others: Jatimalang Beach, Seplawan Cave, Gegermenjangan Hill Resort, The Sign of WR. Soepratman, Keburuhan Beach, and Museum Tosan Aji. The problem faced are the condition of tourism that are not experiencing significant development, what factors inhibiting and supporting the development of tourism and how the strategy of tourism development in Purworejo. This research uses theories of strategic management, and SWOT analysis to identifying strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats, and strategic issues. The type of this research is qualitative descriptive. In conclusion, there are eight strategic issues of Purworejo tourism development. By using Litmus Test to evaluate these issues, there are six development strategies. The most strategic issue is cooperation with various business sectors.
IMPLEMENTASI KEBIJAKAN PAJAK AIT TANAH DI KOTA TEGAL (KAJIAN PERDA NOMOR 2 TAHUN 2011 TENTANG PAJAK AIR TANAH) Ovani, M. Izur Rifki; Suwitri, Sri; Lestari, Hesti
Journal of Public Policy and Management Review Volume 3, Nomor 1, Tahun 2014
Publisher : Jurusan Administrasi Publik, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (78.818 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jppmr.v3i1.4374

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Groundwater tax is one type that is managed by the local tax . Tax groundwater previously managed by the provincial government then managed entirely by local governments as a form of decentralization . Implementation of tax policy at Tegal ground water is fully regulated in Regulation No. 2 of 2011 About Tax Groundwater . Authorized agency in terms of tax collection and management of ground water is Revenue Service, Management, Finance and Public Asset ( DPPKAD). Local regulations governing the issuance of tax policy groundwater is one of the efforts to preserve and control of groundwater use , so that it can be used on an ongoing basis and the tax function as a source of income to finance a useful area for regional development. This study aims to explain how tax policy implementation groundwater management in Tegal and identify aspects that support and hinder the implementation of tax policy groundwater managed by DPPKAD Tegal and is expected to become an input for implementing this policy.Supporting and inhibiting aspects identified aspects of the phenomenon of financial resources, economic conditions, social and political society, communication, and characteristics of the implementing agency. This is a descriptive qualitative study, using snowballing sampling technique. This study shows that the implementation of the groundwater tax already well proven with the successful achievement of the groundwater tax revenue , but there are some obstacles in its implementation. Many inhibiting factors that affect the implementation of groundwater tax collection, there are limited budget, yet comprehensive level of consciousness by taxpayer, and the lack of participation of the taxpayer and lack of socialization because DPPKAD has never held a formal socialization.
MANAJEMEN RUANG TERBUKA HIJAU DI KOTA SEMARANG Harianja, Ferdinand; Lestari, Hesti
Journal of Public Policy and Management Review Volume 6, Nomer 4, Tahun 2017
Publisher : Jurusan Administrasi Publik, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (191.475 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jppmr.v6i4.17584

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The problems encountered in Open Green Space Management in the city of Semarang is the absence of good planning, organizing and mobilization in the field of human resources. This study aims to determine the management of open green space of Semarang City which includes planning, organizing, mobilizing and supervision as well as knowing the obstacles faced by the Office of Housing and Settlement Area of Semarang City in managing open green space. This research use desciptive qualitative approach. Data collection techniques used were interview, observation and document study. The results showed that Semarang open green space management is not optimal yet. This is because there is still a problem in planning where the shortage of expert experts lanskape so that without a lanskape expert of park development will be less adequate, organizing where the placement of employees is still less appropriate with the educational background and positions are diemban and mobilization that is the potential development of subordinates are still rare do. Recommendations that can be done to improve Poen Green Space Management in Semarang City is to plan by looking for experts of landscape planning of garden development, organizing by improving coordination with local government related to human resource problem and recruiting employees in accordance with competence, The development of potential employees through the provision of educational opportunities.
ANALISIS KINERJA DINAS KEBUDAYAAN DAN PARIWISATA PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH Sianipar, Agahari Abadi; Lestari, Hesti; Hidayat, Zainal; Kurniawan, Landjar
Journal of Public Policy and Management Review Volume 5, Nomor 2, Tahun 2016
Publisher : Jurusan Administrasi Publik, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (292.65 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jppmr.v5i2.10879

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Currently tourism become one of five sectors which giving highest contribution to Indonesia economic side. Hence, our country trying to maximize the role of tourism stakeholders. One of it is The Department of Tourism and Cultural Department Central Java. According to findings, the performance to achieve the vision is not maximum, one of the reasons are human resources factor. This study attempts to analyze the performance especially employee performance and the resistor and supporter factor. The assessment conducted with research the performance indicators that writer is use which are quality of work, quantity of work, timing, and independence of work. While the resistor factor and the supporter factor are seen from the research that writer did. This study using descriptive qualitative research methods with described the outcome of the findings and the interviews. Based on the research, the employee performance in Central Java Tourism and Cultural Department is not optimal. It is provable by the problems in all performance indicators. Then, the resistorfactor also not support the performance become optimal, so that organization should form a competitive work environment, improves the ability of employee, and coordinated with the government to solve those problems.
ANALISIS JABATAN PEGAWAI NEGERI SIPIL DI BIDANG MUTASI BADAN KEPEGAWAIAN DAERAH PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH Preistia, Preistia; Mustam, Mochammad; Lestari, Hesti
Journal of Public Policy and Management Review Volume 4, Nomor 2, Tahun 2015
Publisher : Jurusan Administrasi Publik, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (77.237 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jppmr.v4i2.8344

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The aims of this research are present the result of job information and the result of job analysis that are included job description and job specification. This research used qualitative research approach with descriptive-analysis method. Collected the data?s used questionnaire and depth interview with the actor that has examined. Theories that had used to answers the problems and the aims are public administration theories, management theories, and human resources management theories. Research instruments is the position that are, top manager, middle manager, data processor, and financial administrator. The result shows that every position has different job description and job specification. Job specification included requirements that must be filled by the employees to get the position. The result of job analysis shows that some of the positions have the requirements that should have filled by the employees. Job analysis is important to do in the government sector to know about job description and job specification of a position. Job description and job specification used to determine prospective employees that will be in that position. Employee must filled job specification that required.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KETERLAMBATAN PERKEMBANGAN BAYI USIA 9 BULAN Tilaar, Stephanie K.I.; Lestari, Hesti; Runtunuwu, Ari L.
e-CliniC Vol 4, No 2 (2016): Jurnal e-CliniC (eCl)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35790/ecl.4.2.2016.13879

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Abstract: Children are the next generation of a nation, therefore, to achieve a better future, the children must have qualified growth and development. During the infant and toddler stages (0-3 years old), children growth depends on the environment. This stdy was aimed to obtain the risk factors of developmental delay in infant of 9 months old. This was an analytical survey study with a cross sectional design. This study was conducted at Bahu Health Centre in Manado from October until December 2015. Samples were all infants of 9 months old obtained by using consecutive sampling technique. Data were analyzed by using bivariate analysis with the chi square test. The results showed that health care, breast-feeding, and the number of siblings had no relationship with the developmental delay in infant 9 month old (p > 0.05). The family income showed 29.333 times of risk that an infant would have developmental delay (p=0.006) meanwhile low education showed 14.000 times of risk for that (p=0.016). Conclusion: There is a relationship between parent education and family income with the developmental delay in infants of 9 month olds. Keywords: developmental delay, infant 9 month old. Abstrak: Anak merupakan generasi penerus suatu bangsa dan agar tercapai masa depan bangsa yang baik. Untuk mencapai hal tersebut harus dipastikan bahwa tumbuh dan kembangnya juga baik. Pada masa bayi dan masa anak dini (usia 0-3 tahun) terjadi perkembangan bayi sesuai dengan lingkungan yang memengaruhinya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor risiko terjadinya keterlambatan perkembangan bayi usia 9 bulan. Jenis penelitian ialah survei analitik dengan desain potong lintang. Penelitian dilakukan di Puskesmas Bahu Kota Manado pada bulan Oktober sampai Desember 2015 dengan populasi semua bayi 9 bulan yang datang di puskesmas. Penentuan sampel menggunakan teknik konsekutif sampling. Analisis data bivariat menggunakan uji statistik chi-square. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa perawatan kesehatan, pemberian ASI, dan jumlah saudara tidak memiliki hubungan bermakna terhadap perkembangan bayi usia 9 bulan (p>0,05). Pendapatan keluarga berisiko 29,333 kali lebih banyak untuk mengalami keterlambatan perkembangan (p=0,006) dan pendidikan rendah berisiko 14,000 kali lebih banyak untuk mengalami hal tersebut (p=0,016). Simpulan: Terdapat hubungan antara pendidikan dan pendapatan orang tua dengan keterlambatan perkembangan pada bayi 9 bulan. Kata kunci: perkembangan, bayi 9 bulan
FAKTOR – FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PEMBERIAN SUSU FORMULA PADA BAYI YANG DIRAWAT DI RUANG NIFAS RSUP PROF. DR. R. D. KANDOU MANADO Susanto, Hery; Wilar, Rocky; Lestari, Hesti
e-CliniC Vol 3, No 1 (2015): Jurnal e-CliniC (eCl)
Publisher : Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35790/ecl.3.1.2015.6758

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Abstract: Increased formula feeding was caused by lack of knowledge about the benefits of breastfeeding, low education, aggressive promotion of infant formula, and support from health care professionals. The are several cases where the infants given formula due to several conditions, like mother is unable to produce milk, small amount of milk production, absence of nipple appearance, post-op pain, pain during breastfeeding. The following study aims to determine what factors affecting Giving Infant Formula Milk Treated in Postpartum Room Prof. Dr. R. D. Kandou Hospital Manado. This study is a descriptive design with direct interview approach. The population in this research were all treated in the maternal postpartum Prof. Dr. R. D. Kandou Hospital Manado. Conclusion: The results obtained from 50 respondents show that 66% has a good knowledge about the benefits of breastfeeding, 66% says that health care professional support given infant formula, 100% says that their closest relatives support given breastfeeding, 34% is affected the promotion of infant formula, and 34% are women without complaints of breastfeeding hindrance factor. This study recommends that mothers / parents cooperate with health care professionals cooperation in order to increase the success rate of breastfeeding.Keywords: infant formula, breastfeedingAbstrak: Meningkatnya pemberian susu formula disebabkan pengetahuan kurang mengenai manfaat ASI, pendidikan yang rendah, agresifnya promosi susu formula, dukungan petugas kesehatan. Adapun bayi yang diberikan susu formula karena beberapa kondisi ibu yang mengeluh tidak keluarnya ASI, ASI kurang, puting tidak muncul, sakit bekas operasi, nyeri saat menyusui. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui Faktor-Faktor Apa yang mempengaruhi Pemberian Susu Formula pada Bayi yang Dirawat di Ruang Nifas RSUP Prof Dr. R. D. Kandou Manado. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif dengan pendekatan wawancara langsung. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah seluruh ibu melahirkan dirawat di ruang nifas RSUP Prof Dr. R. D. Kandou Manado. Kesimpulan: Hasil penelitian yang diperoleh dari 50 responden diketahui bahwa 66% pengetahuan baik mengenai manfaat ASI, 66% petugas kesehatan mendukung pemberian susu formula, 100% orang terdekat mendukung pemberian ASI, 34% terpengaruh promosi susu formula, 34% kondisi ibu dengan tanpa keluhan. Penelitian ini merekomendasikan agar ibu/orang tua dengan petugas kesehatan adanya kerjasama dalam keberhasilan pemberian ASI.Kata kunci: susu formula, ASI
PEMBERDAYAAN PERAJIN BATIK DI KABUPATEN KEBUMEN Iriani, Wahyu; Warsono, Hardi; Lestari, Hesti
Journal of Public Policy and Management Review Volume 2, Nomor 3, Tahun 2013
Publisher : Jurusan Administrasi Publik, Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (195.395 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jppmr.v2i3.3025

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One of the concepts of community development to reduce poverty is community empowerment. Kebumen regency has sought to empower the batik artisans in Kebumen regency. The purpose of this study are explaining the effort that have been made by the Government in empowering batik artisans in Kebumen regency, identifying the inhibiting and supporting factors of empowering batik artisans in Kebumen, and formulating the empowernment strategies of batik artisans in Kebumen regency. SWOT analysis is used to answer the research objectives. This research used descriptive qualitative methode. The informants are Service employees of Kebumen Cooperatives and Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs); employees of Industry, Trade and Market Kebumen; and Batik artisans in Kebumen regency. The result explain that the government have tried to provide batik equipment, involving batik artisans in various exhibitions, and improving the skills of batik artisans by providing education and training program. There are 10 inhibiting factors and 10 supporting factors of empowering batik artisans in Kebumen regency. Based on the analysis, obtained 8 strategic issues in this research. Litmus Test is used to measure the strategic program that has been identified previously. Finally, 5 empowerment strategies formulated to empower batik artisans in Kebumen regency.
Co-Authors A, Halen Adhitya Putra Nugroho Adrian Umboh Agahari Abadi Sianipar, Agahari Abadi Agus Ananto Widodo, Agus Ananto Agus Susilo Ahmad Putra Utama, Ahmad Putra Aloysius Rengga Amalia, Rizka Nur Andre Inigo, Andre Anindita Ulfa Hadini Anita Anita Ari L. Runtunuwu Arif Wijaksono ARINA PRAMUDITA Arsyad Fathon, Arsyad As’ad, Suryani Atika Sari Ayu Verawati Bogar, Analysa Margaretha Cahyo Subarkah Candra, Pricilia Dwi Dewi Rostyaningsih Diah Hariani Diana Yuliani Suryanto, Diana Yuliani Didik Nugroho, Didik Dwi Okta Nugroho Dwi Puji Lestari, Dwi Puji Dyah Hariani Dyah Lituhayu Eka Yulia Rahmawati Ningsih, Eka Yulia Rahmawati Ela Indriani, Ela Elisabet Ayu Maharani Elyna Nur Fadhilathul Rohmah, Elyna Nur Fadhilathul Endang Larasati Erni Ismawati Eva Nur Cahyaningsih, Eva Nur Febriani, Andi Dwi Bahagia Febrianna Chadijah, Febrianna Febrilia Laita Saputri Fernandez, Rae Fitriza, Rozi Haninda Bharata Hardi Warsono Harianja, Ferdinand Hartuti Purnaweni Hasmawati Hasmawati Helena Anneke Tangkilisan, Helena Anneke Herwanto Herwanto Hery Susanto Hosang, Kevin H. Ida Hayu Dwimawanti Ilma Navik Irawan Yusuf Iroth, Villi Monicha Iskandar, Elisa Izhar Aduardo Raisid, Izhar Aduardo Jane Metusala, Jane Jeanette I.Ch. Manoppo Joharman Joharman Johnny Rompis Julius Lolombulan, Julius Kalensang, Priscilla Cantia Landjar Kurniawan Listanti Listanti Lita Listyoningrum M. Izur Rifki Ovani Maesaroh Maesaroh Mahfudloh, Mahfudloh Mandei, Jose Margaretha Suryaningsih Melati Putri Mochammad Mustam Mona Agisa Widia Gutama, Mona Agisa Widia Najidah, Nurul Nelly Mayulu Nina Widowati Nita Haryanti, Nita Novie Rampengan Noviyanto, Muhammad Ari Nurhayati Masloman Nurohman, Aji Ima Paendong, Boy A.I. Pondagitan, Alpinia S. Praevilia M. Salendu Preistia Preistia R., Munna Rafika Rahmahayati, Nafisa Rampengan, Tonny H. Raynald Takumansang, Raynald Retno Setyaningsih Rika Mandhega Vimastalia Rini Sekartini Ristiawan, Muhammad Ibnu Rocky Wilar Sarah M. Warouw Sentot Darmodjo setiatri, Regita tias Siti Fatimah Slamet Santoso Sri Hastuti Noer Sri Suwitri Sriandayani, Sriandayani Suciningati Suciningati Sundarso Sundarso Suryadi N.N. Tatura, Suryadi N.N. Suryadi Nicolaas Napoleon Tatura, Suryadi Nicolaas Napoleon Susi Sulandari Tilaar, Stephanie K.I. Usman, Misnawaty Wahyu Iriani Wildan Ardiansyah William Stephenson Tjeng, William Stephenson Youke Faradhilla Nasution, Youke Faradhilla Yuliantari, Kadek Rani Yurita Kusuma Wardani Zainal Hidayat