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PENGGUNAAN XILANASE STREPTOMYCES SP. 45 I-3 AMOBIL UNTUK HIDROLISIS XILAN TONGKOL JAGUNG [IMMOBILIZATION OF EXTRACELLULAR XYLANASE FROM STREPTOMYCES SP. 45 I-3 FOR HYDROLYSIS OF CORNCOB XYLAN ] Sunarti, Titi Candra; Mutia, Ferry; Gusmawati, Niken Financia; Lestari, Yulin; Meryandini, Anja
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan Vol. 20 No. 1 (2009): Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan
Publisher : Departemen Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan, IPB Indonesia bekerjasama dengan PATPI

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Abstract

Xylan extraction from corncob is done by using alkaline as solvent. Xylan extraction from corncob could give the yields as 10.9%. One percent of corncob xylan is used as substrate to produce the xylanase, compared to oatspelt xylan. Immobilization of xylanase was performed using 1% EudragitTM S100 solution (w/v), with 5:1 volume ratio of xylanase and 1 % EudragitTM S100 (w/v). Activity of the immobilized xylanase was decreased to 23.97% compared with free xylanase. Immobilized xylanase have optimum pH and temperature at 6.0 and 40°C  respectively, have also thermal stability at 30?40°C for an hour. Immobilized xylanase could be reused, but its activity decreased to 52.38% after 3 times application.
STUDI MIKROBIOLOGI DAN SIFAT KIMIA MIKROORGANISME LOKAL (MOL) YANG DIGUNAKAN PADA BUDIDAYA PADI METODE SRI (System of Rice Intensification) Suhastyo, Arum Asiyanti; Anas, Iswandi; Santosa, Dwi Andreas; Lestari, Yulin
SAINTEKS Vol 10, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Sainteks Volume X No 2 Oktober 2013
Publisher : LPPM UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH PURWOKERTO

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Abstract

Penggunaan larutan mikroorganisme lokal (MOL) dalam metode SRI budidaya padi yang dikembangkan di Indonesia dimulai awal sejak persiapan bibit fase vegetatif, pembentukan malai dan pengisian bulir padi. MOL adalah cairan yang dapat dibuat dari bahan yang tersedia di sekitar kita seperti sisa sayuran, rebung, keong mas, buah maja, daun gamal, bonggol pisang, nasi, urine kelinci, dan lain-lain. Cairan umumnya diberikan 10, 20, 30, 40 dan 60 hari setelah tanam (HST ) atau sesuai kebutuhan. Penelitian ini menggunakan larutan MOL yang terbuat dari bonggol pisang, keong mas dan urin kelinci. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk menentukan mikrobaa, identifikasi mikrobaa dan sifat kimia dalam MOL bonggol pisang, keong mas dan urin kelinci. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Laboratorium Bioteknologi Tanah IPB. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan satu faktor (waktu) dan tiga kali pengulangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan MOL bonggol pisang memiliki rata-rata nilai pH terendah (4,2-4,5) dan nilai EC tertinggi (10,44-12,82 mikrodetik/cm) selama proses fermentasi. MOL keong emas memiliki rata-rata pH tertinggi (4,5-6,55) dan dan yang paling oksidatif - reduktif nilai Eh [ 269-(-381) mV ] selama proses fermentasi. MOL urin kelinci memiliki nilai rata-rata terendah dari EC (2,18-2,23 mikrodetik/cm) dan mengandung lebih banyak unsur K, Ca, Mg, Cu, Zn, Fe dan Mg dari kedua jenis MOL lainnya. Selanjutnya, Bacillus sp., Aeromonas sp. dan Aspergillus niger diidentifikasi dalam MOL dari bonggol pisang. MOL dari keong mas mengandung Staphylococcus sp. dan Aspergillus niger, sedangkan MOL urin kelinci memiliki Bacillus sp. , Rhizobium sp. , Pseudomonas sp. , Aspergillus niger dan Verticillium sp.Kata kunci : SRI, MOL, sifat kimia MOL, identifikasi mikrobaa
THE EXISTENCE OF ENDOPHYTIC ACTINOBACTERIA FROM RHODODENDRON ZOELERRI REVEALED BY CULTURE-DEPENDENT AND CULTURE-INDEPENDENT APPROACHES Lestari, Yulin; Murdini, Lia Aseptin; Solihin, Dedy Duryadi
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 25 No. 2 (2018): April 2018
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (559.98 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.25.2.54

Abstract

Endophytic actinobacteria from medicinal plant may play a significant role in producing bioactive compounds. The information regarding their diversity is an important.  Rhododendron are traditionally used for treating human disorders. One of the selected Rhododendron used in this study was R.  zoelleri from Papua origin, which has been conserved and grown in Cibodas Botanical Garden, West Java, Indonesia. The aim of this study was to assess the existence of endophytic actinobacteria from R. zoelleri based on a culture-dependent and their community structure based on a culture-independent approach. Culturable actinobacteria were isolated and cultured on HV medium. Polymerase Chain Reaction-Denaturing Gradient Gel Electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE) targeting the metagenomic 16S rRNA was used to analyse the structure of the actinobacterial community. Six culturable endophytic actinobacteria (200 cfu/g fresh weight) from R. zoelleri were successfully isolated, three isolates from leaf, and the other isolates were obtained from stem. The six culturable isolates were RZP 1.3, RZP 1.1, RZP 2.2, RZPB 1.1, RZPB 7.1, RZPB 4.1. Based on their morphological characteristics, the endophytes have Streptomyces characters. The existence of Streptomyces spp. were also confirmed with molecular analysis based on 16S rRNA gene. The phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene to the reference strains available in EzTaxon-e database showed that six isolates were closely related to S. djakartensis strains of NBRC 15409?(99.19%), S. tritolerans strains of DAS 165T(99.90%), S. coelicoflavus strains of NBRC 15399T(99.59). However, they showed differences in morphological characteristics as compared with the reference strains. The metagenomic analysis of the DGGE profile based on 16S rRNA gene showed the community structure of endophytic actinobacteria from R. zoelleri which was represented by 13 DGGE bands. The bands were closely related to Agromyces, Gordonia, Microbacterium, Micromonospora, Propionibacterium, Saccharomonospora, Streptomyces which have 93.18%-100% similarity. Based on the data, it showed diversity of endophytic actinobacteria from R. zoelleri which may be further assess for their novelty and bioprospecting.
LIPASE ACTIVITY OF ENDOPHYTIC ACTINOBACTERIA FROM MEDICINAL PLANTS Lestari, Yulin; Wirawan, Budi; Budiarti, Sri; Rahminiwati, Min
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 25 No. 1 (2018): January 2018
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (385.91 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.25.1.1

Abstract

Endophytic bacteria are known to reside within host plant tissue without giving a harmfull effect. The endophytes may play an important role, as they may produce similar bioactive compounds as produced by the host plant. Various medicinal plants have long been used to cure diseases. Traditionally, leaves extract of Guazuma ulmifolia, Psidium guajava, or the rhizome of Curcuma xanthorrhiza can be used to treat disease, e.g. hyperlipidemic. The mechanism can be through lipase activity, where the lipase catalyzes the hydrolysis of triacylglycerol to fatty acids and acylglycerol. The objective of this research was to assess potency of endophytic bacteria as anti-hyperlipidemic compounds producer through their lipase activity. Sixty nine endophytic bacteria which comprised of 22, 27 and 20 isolates were isolated from the leaves of G. ulmifolia, P. guajava, and the rhizome of C. xanthorrhiza, respectively. Eight out of the 69 isolates showed lipase activity, and the two selected isolates, i.e. DPG 3(2) and AJB 4(4) were considered as good lipase producers. The highest specific lipase activity of DPG 3(2) isolate was observed for 0.874 units per mg at 38 h, whereas AJB 4(4) isolates had the specific lipase activity at 1.139 units per mg after 72 h observation. These data indicate that the two selected isolates have the potency as antihyperlipidemic compounds producer through their lipase activity.
METAGENOMIC OF ACTINOMYCETES BASED ON 16S RRNA AND NIFH GENES IN SOIL AND ROOTS OF FOUR INDONESIAN RICE CULTIVARS USING PCR-DGGE Mahyarudin, .; Rusmana, Iman; Lestari, Yulin
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 22 No. 3 (2015): July 2015
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1377.267 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.22.3.113

Abstract

The research was conducted to study the metagenomic of actinomycetes based on 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and bacterial nifH genes in soil and roots of four rice cultivars. The denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis profile based on 16S rRNA gene showed that the diversity of actinomycetes in roots was higher than soil samples. The profile also showed that the diversity of actinomycetes was similar in four varieties of rice plant and three types of agroecosystem. The profile was partially sequenced and compared to GenBank database indicating their identity with closely related microbes. The blast results showed that 17 bands were closely related ranging from 93% to 100% of maximum identity with five genera of actinomycetes, which is Geodermatophilus, Actinokineospora, Actinoplanes, Streptomyces and Kocuria. Our study found that Streptomyces species in soil and roots of rice plants were more varied than other genera, with a dominance of Streptomyces alboniger and Streptomyces acidiscabies in almost all the samples. Bacterial community analyses based on nifH gene denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis showed that diversity of bacteria in soils which have nifH gene was higher than that in rice plant roots. The profile also showed that the diversity of those bacteria was similar in four varieties of rice plant and three types of agroecosystem. Five bands were closely related with nifH gene from uncultured bacterium clone J50, uncultured bacterium clone clod-38, and uncultured bacterium clone BG2.37 with maximum identity 99%, 98%, and 92%, respectively. The diversity analysis based on 16S rRNA gene differed from nifH gene and may not correlate with each other. The findings indicated the diversity of actinomycetes and several bacterial genomes analyzed here have an ability to fix nitrogen in soil and roots of rice plant.
XANTHOMONAS ORYZAE PV. ORYZAE (XOO), A CAUSAL AGENT OF BACTERIAL LEAF BLIGHT (BLB), IS ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT PATHOGENS OF RICE. THE EFFECTIVENESS OF TEN STREPTOMYCES SPP. ISOLATES IN SUPPRESSING XOO DISEASE WAS ASSESSED IN PLANTA AND IN VITRO. IN PLANTA EXPERIMENTS WERE CARRIED OUT IN A GREENHOUSE AND ARRANGED IN A RANDOMIZED COMPLETELY BLOCK DESIGN (RCBD) WITH THREE REPLICATIONS. TWENTY TREATMENTS WERE TESTED WHICH INCLUDED PLANTS INOCULATED WITH BOTH STREPTOMYCES SPP. AND XOO, AND PLANTS I HASTUTI, RATIH DEWI; LESTARI, YULIN; SUWANTO, ANTONIUS; SARASWATI, RASTI
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 19 No. 4 (2012): December 2012
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.19.4.155

Abstract

Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), a causal agent of bacterial leaf blight (BLB), is one of the most important pathogens of rice. The effectiveness of ten Streptomyces spp. isolates in suppressing Xoo disease was assessed in planta and in vitro. In planta experiments were carried out in a greenhouse and arranged in a randomized completely block design (RCBD) with three replications. Twenty treatments were tested which included plants inoculated with both Streptomyces spp. and Xoo, and plants inoculated with only Streptomyces spp. Plants inoculated with Xoo and sprayed with a chemical bactericide, and plants inoculated with only Xoo served as positive controls, whereas plants not inoculated with either Streptomyces spp. or Xoo were used as negative controls. The results showed that the effect of endophytic Streptomyces spp. on BLB disease expressed as area under disease progress curve (AUDPC) was not significantly different to that on control plants (P > 0.05). However, plants inoculated with endophytic Streptomyces spp. were significantly taller and produced higher tiller number than control plants (P < 0.05). Streptomyces spp. isolate AB131-1 gave the highest plant height. In vitro studies on biocontrol mechanisms of selected Streptomyces spp. isolates showed that isolate LBR02 gave the highest inhibition activity on Xoo growth, followed by AB131-1 and AB131-2. Two isolates (AB131-1 and LBR02) were able to produce chitinase, phosphatase, and siderophore which included biocontrol characteristics. Morphological and colonization studies under SEM and light microscopy confirmed that the three isolates were endophytic Streptomyces spp. from different species. These studies found that the paddy plant which was inoculated with endophytic Streptomyces spp. AB131-1 and infected by Xoo could increase the height of plant and number of tillers.
POTENTIAL PSEUDOMONAS ISOLATED FROM SOYBEAN RHIZOSPHERE AS BIOCONTROL AGAINST SOILBORNE PHYTOPATHOGENIC FUNGI SUSILOWATI, ARI; WAHYUDI, ARIS TRI; LESTARI, YULIN; SUWANTO, ANTONIUS; WIYONO, SURYO
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 18 No. 2 (2011): June 2011
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (105.133 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.18.2.51

Abstract

Plants are liable to be attacked by soilborne fungal pathogens which are responsible to reduce plant growth and losses in yield. In Indonesia, indigenous soybeans? rhizobacteria such as antifungal producing Pseudomonas sp. have not many been reported yet. Therefore, the potential of the Pseudomonas sp. as biocontrol agent should be deeply explored. The aim of this study was to screen the indigenous soybeans? rhizobacteria Pseudomonas sp. that possessing biocontrol characters against soilborne mainly i.e. Sclerotium rolfsii, Fusarium oxysporum, and Rhizoctonia solani, in vitro and in planta. Eleven isolates identified Pseudomonas sp. CRB numbered by CRB-3, CRB-16, CRB-17, CRB-31, CRB-44, CRB-75, CRB-80, CRB-86, CRB-102, CRB-109, and CRB-112 were affirmed to be candidates of biocontrol agents toward the soilborne fungal pathogens. Pseudomonas sp. CRB inhibited growth of the pathogenic fungi approximately 11.1-60.0% in vitro. Among of them, 7 isolates were also produced siderophore, 2 isolates produced chitinase, and 4 isolates produced hydrogen cyanide. Seed coating with the Pseudomonas sp. CRB accomplished disease suppression in planta about 14.3-100% in sterile soil condition and 5.2-52.6% in non sterile soil condition. Consistency in high performance more than 30% of disease suppression in non sterile soil condition suggested that 5 isolates i.e. CRB-16, CRB-44, CRB-86, CRB-102, and CRB-109 isolates have great promising to be developed as biocontrol agents of soilborne pathogenic fungi.
Isolation of actinomycetes from maize rhizosphere from Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara Province, and evaluation of their antibacterial, antifungal, and extracellular enzyme activity Fatmawati, Umi; Lestari, Yulin; Meryandini, Anja; Nawangsih, Abdjad Asih; Wahyudi, Aris Tri
Indonesian Journal of Biotechnology Vol 23, No 1 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2623.079 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ijbiotech.33064

Abstract

Actinomycetes are the one of the components of the rhizospheric microbial population and useful for producing secondary metabolites such as lytic enzymes, antibiotics, and antifungal. The aim of the study was to isolate the actinomycetes from maize rhizosphere collected from Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara. The screening was focused on the actinomycetes that showed the ability to produce antibacterial, antifungal, and extracellular enzymes such as amylase, cellulase, and protease. The actinomycetes were isolated using Humic-Acid Vitamin B (HV) agar media. The antagonistic assay was tested against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Sclerotium rolfsii and Fusarium oxysporum. Isolate JKP-8 was an isolate that showed the highest activity in inhibiting the growth of E. coli and S. aureus bacteria. Isolate JKP-5 showed the highest activity in inhibiting the growth of F.oxysporum. There were no actinomycetes isolates that showed an ability to inhibit the growth of S. rolfsii fungus based on dual culture assay. JKP-3 and JKP-4 isolates exhibited the highest ability to hydrolyze amylum, while JKP-5 and JKP-8 isolates exhibited the highest ability to hydrolyze CMC. The results of the amplification of 16S rRNA gene in selected potential isolates JKP 5 and JKP 8 indicated that both isolates belong to the genus Streptomyces.
EFFECT OF POVIDONE IODINE TREATMENT ON BACTERIAL COMMUNITY ASSOCIATED WITH WHITE SHRIMP (LITOPENAEUS VANNAMEI) LARVAE Pangastuti, Artini; Suwanto, Antonius; Lestari, Yulin; Suhartono, Maggy T.
Marine Research in Indonesia Vol 34, No 2 (2009)
Publisher : Research Center for Oceanography - Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14203/mri.v34i2.471

Abstract

The efficacy of povidone iodine as a surface disinfectant was assessed in white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) eggs and larvae. Eggs and nauplii were exposed to povidone iodine 20 ppm for 20 seconds. Culture-based method and Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (T-RFLP) were used to monitor the total number of bacteria and diversity of the bacterial community associated with shrimp eggs and larva at each developmental stage. Povidone iodine reduced the total culturable bacteria, especially Vibrio, on eggs and nauplii, as well as the total bacteria in the whole community as estimated by T-RFLP results. Povidone iodine also reduced the diversity of bacterial community and altered the evenness of phylotypes distribution suggesting that the use of povidone iodine as a surface disinfectant in shrimp aquaculture should be reconsidered.
Characterization of Ethanolic Extract of Streptomyces sp. as a Pancreatic Lipase Inhibitors Produced by Endophytic Streptomyces sp. AEBg12 Fitri, Lenni; Meryandini, Anja; Iswantini, Dyah; Lestari, Yulin
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 9, No 2 (2017): August 2017
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v9i2.8907

Abstract

Endophytic Streptomyces sp. AEBg12 isolated from Zingiber cassumunar (Bangle) is known to produce pancreatic lipase inhibitory compound. However, the characteristics of this active compound has not been reported yet. This study aimed to determine the characteristics of pancreatics inhibitory compound produced by Streptomyces sp. AEBg12 and to assess the role of endophytic actinobacteria in producing pancreatic lipase inhibitor using endophytic-free bangle tissue culture, wild bangle and compared with the activity of Streptomyces sp. AEBg12 endophytes. Supernatant of Streptomyces sp. AEBg12 was extracted using ethanol, ethyl acetate, and n-hexane solvents. Toxicity test was performed using larvae of shrimp Artemia salina. The results showed that the best solvent to obtain pancreatic lipase inhibitor compounds was ethanol. Phytochemical analysis showed that ethanolic extract of endophytic Streptomyces sp. AEBg12 contained flavonoids. IC50 value of ethanol extract was 180.83 g/ml. The result of TLC showed that ethanolic extract of Streptomyces AEBg12 had a blue luminescence band indicated that there were either flavone, flavanones, flavonols or isoflavones. Inhibitory activity of Streptomyces sp. AEBg12 was higher than wild bangle and bangle tissue culture. The information from this study can be be used as a basic data for further characterization of the active compound, which might be developed as an antiobesity agent through its pancreatic lipase inhibitory activity.