Iskandar Lubis
Departemen Agronomi dan Hortikultura, Fakultas Pertanian, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Jl Meranti, Kampus IPB, Darmaga Bogor 16680, Telp 0251 8629353

Published : 25 Documents
Articles

Found 25 Documents
Search

KARAKTERISASI MORFOLOGI DAN FISIOLOGI UNTUK MENDAPATKAN MARKA MORFOLOGI DAN FISIOLOGI PADI SAWAH TAHAN KEKERINGAN (-30 KPA) DAN PRODUKTIVITAS TINGGI (> 8 T/HA) Sulistyono, Eko; -, Suwarno; Lubis, Iskandar
Agrovigor Vol 6, No 2 (2013): September
Publisher : University of Trunojoyo Madura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21107/agrovigor.v6i2.1484

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan galur-galur padi tahan kekeringan dan produktivitas 8 ton/ha,  mendapatkan titik kritis kelembaban tanah untuk seleksi padi tahan kekeringan  dan mendapatkan marka morfologi dan fisiologi  untuk padi tahan kekeringan.  Penelitian tahun pertama terdiri dari 2 percobaan yaitu percobaan pertama disusun dalam Rancangan Acak Kelompok terdiri dua faktor dengan tiga ulangan. Faktor pertama adalah frekuensi irigasi yaitu irigasi setiap 4, 8, 12 dan 16 hari sekali.  Faktor kedua adalah 5 galur padi sawah.  Percobaan kedua disusun dalam rancangan Petak Terpisah. Faktor pertama sebagai petak utama adalah cekaman kekeringan terdiri control (irigasi setiap 2 hari sampai tinggi genangan 2.5 cm) dan cekaman kekeringan (diirigasi jika potensial air tanah mencapai  antara - 30 kPa sampai ? 35.9 kPa). Faktor kedua sebagai anak petak adalah 100 galur padi sawah yang akan diseleksi ketahanannya terhadap cekaman kekeringan. Penelitian tahun kedua sebagai petak utama adalah cekaman kekeringan terdiri kontrol (irigasi seperti biasanya petani lakukan) dan cekaman kekeringan ( diirigasi jika potensial air tanah mencapai ? 30 kPa) sedangkan sebagai anak petak adalah 8 galur padi hasil selekdi tahun pertama dan 4 varietas pembanding. Hasil penelitian adalah  titik kritis potensial air tanah sebesar -35.9 kPa,  Galur yang toleran kekeringan dan produksi ? 8 ton/ha sebanyak 8 galur yaitu galur B12493C ?MR-11-4-4, B11598C-TB-2-1-7-MR-4, TB155J-TB-MR-3, TB155J-TB-MR-3-2, B12476G-MR-20, B 12498C?MR-1-1-6, B12825E-TB-1-24, dan B11598C-TB-4-1-1.  Jumlah anakan dan kandungan prolin  merupakan marka morfologi dan fisiologi padi sawah tahan kekeringan. Galur toleran kekeringan dengan produktifitas 8 ton/ha pada kondisi lahan petani adalah   B11598C-TB-2-1-7-MR-4, TB155J-TB-MR-3, dan TB155J-TB-MR-3-2.Kata Kunci: padi sawah, tahan kekeringan, marka morfologi, marka fisiologi, prolin
ASSESSMENT OF MORPHOLOGICAL ATTRIBUTES OF SAGO PALM ACCESSIONS OF AIMAS, SORONG, WEST PAPUA, INDONESIA Fathnoer, Veronica; Bintoro, Mochamad Hasjim; Lubis, Iskandar
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 7 No 01 (2020): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Sago palm has the highest starch content compared to the other source of carbohydrate crops such as cereal and tuberous crops. Sago palm can produce about 200-400 kg per trunk after 7 to 10 years. This research aimed to characterize several sago palm accessions in Aimas, Sorong District, West Papua Province, Indonesia. Eight sago palm accessions were studied, Waruwo, Wasulagi, Wasenan, Wayuluk, Wagelik, Wanegles, Wawun and Wafabala. Among these accessions, there were many diff erences based on trunk morphological characteristics which includes trunk height, diameter, circumference, and bark thickness, leaf number, length of rachis, length of petiole, and spine. Five accessions with potential yield of more than 200 kg dry starch per sago trunk are Waruwo, Wasulagi, Wasenan, Wayuluk and Wagelik. Stem morphological characters aff ect palm sago production, because the starch is located in the pith of the stem.
AKUMULASI DAN DISTRIBUSI BAHAN KERING PADA BEBERAPA KULTIVAR KACANG TANAH Purnamawati, Heni; Poerwanto, Roedhy; Lubis, Iskandar; Yudiwanti, ,; Rais, Sri Astuti; Manshuri, Ahmad Ghozi
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol. 38 No. 2 (2010): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy (PERAGI) and Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (202.307 KB) | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v38i2.1793

Abstract

<!-- /* Font Definitions */ @font-face {font-family:Calibri; panose-1:2 15 5 2 2 2 4 3 2 4; mso-font-charset:0; mso-generic-font-family:swiss; mso-font-pitch:variable; mso-font-signature:-1610611985 1073750139 0 0 159 0;} /* Style Definitions */ p.MsoNormal, li.MsoNormal, div.MsoNormal {mso-style-parent:""; margin-top:0cm; margin-right:0cm; margin-bottom:10.0pt; margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:Calibri; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:IN; mso-no-proof:yes;} @page Section1 {size:612.0pt 792.0pt; margin:72.0pt 90.0pt 72.0pt 90.0pt; mso-header-margin:36.0pt; mso-footer-margin:36.0pt; mso-paper-source:0;} div.Section1 {page:Section1;} --> This research was carried out in April–September 2007. The research objective was to study the dry matter distribution pattern of several peanut cultivars. Twenty cultivars were planted at two different locations, Cikarawang and Sawah Baru Experimental Field but at the same elevation (250 m above sea level). The cultivars were scored according to morphological and physiological characters, total N and total non-structural carbohydrates (TNC), yield and yield components.  There were no statistically differences in pod yield, seed yield and harvest index between the cultivars, but there were differences in dry matter distribution between cultivars. TNC content in stem correlated positively with pod ?  lling. Carbohydrates for pod ?  lling presumed were derived from dry matter accumulation in early pod ?  lling stage. It was concluded that the ideal growing type of peanut are early accumulated dry matter but almost no increase of dry matter accumulation in upper part of plant during seed development. Keywords:  dry matter distribution, pod ? lling, peanut
Response of Corn Varieties under Saturated Soil Culture and Temporary Flooding in Tidal Swamp Maulana, Arlingga Ichwan; Ghulamahdi, Munif; Lubis, Iskandar
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 6 No 01 (2019): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Crop Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (513.173 KB)

Abstract

Corn is one of the important food crops and feeds in the world. Conversion of agricultural land into non-agricultural land is one of the major causes of the decline in corn production. Saturated soil culture (SSC) is a cultivation technology that gives continuous irrigation and maintains water depth constantly and makes soil layer in saturated condition. This technology can prevent pyrite oxidation in the tidal swamp. This research aimed to study the effect of temporary fl ooding under saturated soil culture on the growth and productivity of corn. The research was conducted at Karya Bhakti village, Rantau Rasau, Tanjung Jabung Timur, Jambi Province, Indonesia. The experiment used a split plot design with three replications. The main plot is fl ooding condition, consisted of 1) saturated soil condition continuously, from planting until harvesting time (as control), and 2) saturated soil condition from 0 to 10 DAP (Days after Planting) + fl ooding from 11 to 13 DAP + saturated soil condition from 14 to 28 DAP + fl ooding from 29-31 DAP + saturated soil condition from 32 DAP until harvesting time. The subplot is corn variety, “Sukmaraga”, “Bisma”, “Pioneer 27”, and “Bima 20”. “Pioneer 27” had the highest productivity of 9.33 t.ha-1. Corn varieties with moderate tolerance to temporary fl ooding were “Sukmaraga” and “Bisma”, whereas “Pioneer 27” and “Bima 20” are sensitive to fl ooding.
Evaluation of Growth and Physiological Responses of Three Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Varieties to Elevated Temperatures Kurniawan, Dede Yudo; Junaedi, Ahmad; Lubis, Iskandar; Sunarti, Titi Candra
Journal of Tropical Crop Science Vol 6 No 01 (2019): Journal of Tropical Crop Science
Publisher : Journal of Tropical Crop Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (358.944 KB)

Abstract

Temperature is a primary factor that affects the rate of plant development and has great impacts on plant growth, metabolism, and yield. A study was conducted to analyze the effects of elevated temperature on rice morphological and the physiological growth. The research was arranged in a nested randomized block design consisting of two factors, temperatures and rice varieties. Elevated temperatures were provided through the uses of different materials of plastic roof and walls to have an average and maximum temperature of 27.6 °C and 41.6 °C (T1); 28.1°C and 43.8 °C (T2), and 29.5°C and 47.1 C (T3), respectively. The study used three varieties of rice, “Ciasem”, “Ciherang”, and “IR64”. All rice varieties showed signifi cant increases in tiller number per hill and shoot dry weight, but had a decrease in the stomatal conductance, transpiration rate, and SPAD values at grain fi lling stage with the increasing temperatures. The number of tiller per hill increased when temperature was elevated from 27.6 to 28.1 and 29.5°C by about 29.9 and 21.3%, respectively.
MAPPING OF SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION AND SPATIAL AUTOCORRELATION PATTERNS OF POVERTY IN ALL REGENCIES/CITIES IN INDONESIA Santi, Erika; Pravitasari, Andrea Emma; Lubis, Iskandar
Journal of Applied Geospatial Information Vol 4 No 1 (2020): Journal of Applied Geospatial Information (JAGI)
Publisher : Politeknik Negeri Batam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30871/jagi.v4i1.1565

Abstract

Abstract Poverty alleviation programs in Indonesia are the same and uniform in all regions. Of course this ignores the characteristics and causes of poverty that vary in each region. The uniformity of poverty alleviation programs affects the slow pace of decline in the poor population. Spatial influence on poverty can be identified by spatial autocorrelation; there is a relationship of poverty in one region with other regions that are closed together. This study was aimed to analyzing poverty spatial distribution in all regencies/cities in Indonesia; analyzing the spatial distribution patterns of poverty in all regencies/cities in Indonesia; and knowing local spatial autocorrelation of poverty in all regencies/cities in Indonesia. The research methods used are Moran Index analysis, Moran?s scatterplot analysis, and Local Indicators of Spatial Autocorrelation (LISA) analysis. The analysis results show that the highest average of poor population percentage was in Papua and the lowest one was in Kalimantan. The results of analysis of Moran Index showed that the spatial distribution pattern of poverty in regencies/cities in Indonesia was clustered, it was called by poverty pocket. Pockets of poverty that occured do not correspond to government administrative boundaries, therefore poverty alleviation needs an integrative approach.  In addition, this study also results that not all regencies/cities have significant spatial autocorrelation. This means that not all poverty conditions in a regencies/cities have a relationship with other regencies/cities. The fact that there are heterogeneity of poverty characteristics like this shows that poverty alleviation programs must vary in each regency/city.   Keywords: City, LISA, Moran, Povety, Regency, Spatial           
KARAKTER MORFOLOGI DAN FISIOLOGI YANG BERKAITAN DENGAN EFISIENSI PEMAKAIAN AIR PADA BEBERAPA VARIETAS PADI GOGO Munawaroh, Laili; Sulistyono, Eko; Lubis, Iskandar
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol. 44 No. 1 (2016): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy (PERAGI) and Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (354.473 KB) | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v44i1.12470

Abstract

ABSTRACTUpland rice cultivation required specific cultivation, particularly the use of crop varieties that have good water-use efficiency or varieties that are able to adapt to the conditions of limited water availability. The aim of this study was to describe characters of morphology and physiology related to water use efficiency of upland rice varieties. The research was conducted from October 2013 to April 2014 in the greenhouse IPB Experimental Station Cikabayan, Bogor. The research was arranged in randomized block design with two factors. The first factor was 5 upland rice varieties (Inpago 5, Batutegi, Jatiluhur, Inpago 8 and Sarinah). The second factor was 4 irrigation intervals which were 3, 6, 9, and 12 days. Characteristics assosiated with water saving of upland rices were higher plant height, longer panicle, larger roots volume, narrower leaves, higher evapotranspiration, faster flowering phase, greener leaves, higher number of leaves and tillers, heavier dry matter, higher number of grains, heavier 100 grain weight and dry weight of grains. The fraction of available absorbed water at panicle  initiation,  flowering  and  harvesting  were 83.36%, 137.14% and 116.65%, respectively, to obtain dry grains of 3.39 ton ha-1.Keywords: evapotranspiration, water fraction, WUE
RESPON PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL PADI (ORYZA SATIVA L.) TERHADAP CEKAMAN SUHU TINGGI Khamid, Miftakhul Bakhrir Rozaq; Junaedi, Ahmad; Lubis, Iskandar; Yamamoto, dan Yoshinori
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol. 47 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy (PERAGI) and Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (396.021 KB) | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v47i2.23854

Abstract

Global climate change will imply to increase in atmospheric temperature, which can affect the sensitive stadia and decrease rice yield. The objective of this research was to study the growth and production of rice varieties under hightemperature stress. This research was conducted using a split-plot design under partitioned polyethylene house in order to create temperature differences among main-plots. The partitioned treatment successfully increased by 1.7 °C of average temperature with a maximum temperature of 35.0 °C (T1) and 37.6 °C (T2). Rice varieties, namely IR64, Ciherang, IPB-3S, Way Apo Buru, Jatiluhur, Menthik Wangi and Silugonggo were randomized as sub-plot. The results showed that increasing temperature had no significant effect on plant height, tiller number, SPAD-value, leaf area index, and crop growth rate, but significantly decreased 1,000 grains weight by 4.57% and harvest index by 20%. The interaction between temperature and varieties significantly affected a percentage of a productive tiller and partially filled spikelets. Ciherang variety produced the lowest percentage of productive tillers on T2 by 57.6%. Way Apo Buru variety produced the lowest percentage of partially filled spikelets on T2 by 3.01%.
GROWTH AND YIELD OF SIX SOYBEAN GENOTYPES ON SHORT-TERM FLOODING CONDITION IN THE TYPE-B OVERFLOW TIDAL SWAMPS Sagala, Danner; Ghulamahdi, Munif; Trikoesoemaningtyas, Trikoesoemaningtyas; Lubis, Iskandar; Shiraiwa, Tatsuhiko; Homma, and Koki
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol. 47 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy (PERAGI) and Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (322.781 KB) | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v47i1.21604

Abstract

A study to explore the agronomic response of some soybean genotypes to temporary flooding in the type-B overflow tidal swamp and to obtain the adaptive genotype to the environment was arranged in a split-plot design at coordinates 2°64?46.77? S and 104°75?27.75? E with an altitude of 3.5 m above sea level. The main plot was subject to short-term flooding with a variety of cultivation technologies consisting of saturated soil culture (SSC) for one month without flooding, SSC for one month with flooding, SSC during plant growth without flooding, SSC during plant growth with flooding and non-SSC/dry cultivation. The subplot was soybean genotype consisting of 6 genotypes: Tanggamus, Karasumame (Naihou), M652, Anjasmoro, M100-47-52-13, and Tachinagaha. The result showed that impaired soybean growth at the beginning of the growth stage caused pressure on the later growth stage and decreased soybean yield. Short-term flooding reduced the soybean yield. The non-tropical genotypes of Karasumamae (Naihou), M652 and Tachinagaha produced the lowest yield of seeds; 20% lower than the tropical genotypes of Anjasmoro, M100-47-52-13 and Tanggamus with SSC during plant growth without flooding treatment. The Karasumame (Naihou) genotype produced the highest seed yield of the three non-tropical genotypes. Anjasmoro and M100-47-52-13 produced the highest seed yield at temporary flooding.
Response of Temperate, Subtropical and Tropical Soybean Genotypes to Type-B Overflow Tidal Swamp of Indonesia Sagala, Danner; Ghulamahdi, Munif; Trikoesoemaningtyas, Trikoesoemaningtyas; Lubis, Iskandar; Shiraiwa, Tatsuhiko; Homma, Koki
AGRIVITA, Journal of Agricultural Science Vol 40, No 3 (2018): OCTOBER
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture University of Brawijaya in collaboration with PERAGI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17503/agrivita.v40i3.1968

Abstract

Twenty-nine soybean genotypes originating from various countries were evaluated on the tidal swamp of Indonesia to obtain information of agronomic character diversity as the soybean response to the environment and to obtain adaptive genotypes that can be used to develop soybean genotypes for the land. This study was conducted in a complete randomized block design with 3 replications. Diverse genetic backgrounds, countries and climatic regions of the 29 soybean genotypes were responsible for the difference in agronomic responses among the genotypes. All temperate and sub-tropical genotypes were able to produce seeds in the tropical type-B overflow tidal swamp. Adaptability based on seed yield resulted in 1 highly adaptive, 17 adaptive, 5 moderately adaptive and 6 non-adaptive genotypes. Adaptive and highly adaptive genotypes produced 1.56 - 2.58 tons ha-1 of seeds. Karasumame (Naihou), a subtropical genotype, produced the highest seed yield which was 65% higher than Indonesia average soybean productivity and 225% higher than soybean productivity with non-saturated soil culture technology on the tidal swamp. This study concluded that temperate and subtropical genotypes could be used as germplasm sources for soybean development in the tropical type-B overflow tidal swamp in Indonesia.