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Journal : Jurnal Veteriner

INDIRECT ENZYME LINKED IMMUNOSORBENT ASSAY SEBAGAI METODE UNTUK MELACAK BRUSELOSIS PADA SAPI PERAH (INDIRECT ENZYME IMMUNOSORBENT ASSAY (I-ELISA) AS METHOD FOR DETECT BRUCELLOSIS IN DAIRY COW) Ghurafa, Rinaldi; Lukman, Denny Widaya; Latif, Hadri
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 20 No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (117.425 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2019.20.1.30

Abstract

Brucellosis has become a zoonotic disease that received attention in efforts to prevent and eradicate strategic infectious animal diseases in Indonesia. Brucellosis can be detected early by the rose bengal test (RBT), followed by complement fixation test (CFT) and by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The aims of this research was to study the indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay test (I-ELISA) as an alternative test for detecting brucellosis in dairy cattle. The method was used by conducting tests of RBT, CFT, I-ELISA and commercial I-ELISA to test brucellosis. The test results were calculated sensitivity and specificity, as well as analyzed by calculating the kappa value. The method was used by conducting tests of RBT, CFT, I-ELISA and commercial I-ELISA to test brucellosis. The test results were calculated for sensitivity and specificity, as well as analyzed by calculating the Kappa statistical value. The results of the sensitivity and specificity calculation showed that the indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (I-ELISA) test developed a higher sensitivity (100%) compared to RBT test (93.75%) and commercial I-ELISA (93.75%). The developed I-ELISA specificity (74.68%) was still lower than RBT (89.87%), but higher than commercial I-ELISA (70.52%). The calculation of the statistical value of kappa RBT with CFT showed the kappa value 0.7120 which meaned it had a good agreement, commercial I-ELISA with CFT showed kappa value 0.6165 which meaned it had good suitability, whereas I-ELISA developed with CFT showed kappa value 0.4984 which meaned having a moderate agreement.In conclusion, the indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (I-ELISA) which had been developed had low specificity, but the sensitivity was the highest compared to the commercial I-ELISA test and RBT, so this test was appropriate to be used as a screening test, especially in dairy cows movement into brucellosis-free areas or regions.
CROSS REACTION OF SERUM IN SALMONELLA ENTERITIDIS- VACCINATED CHICKEN TO SOME SALMONELLA ENTERICA SEROTYPES (REAKSI SILANG SERUM AYAM YANG DIVAKSIN DENGAN SALMONELLA ENTERITIDIS TERHADAP BEBERAPA SEROTIPE SALMONELLA ENTERICA) Arnafia, Wyanda; Ningrum, Siti Gusti; Puspita, Erfiandini Eka; Lukman, Denny Widaya; Pasaribu, Fachriyan Hasmi; Wibawan, I Wayan Teguh
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 17 No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

Salmonella spp. has been recognized as the major cause of food-borne illness in humans worldwidecausing remain relevant to public health. Poultry vaccination is one promising strategy to mitigateSalmonella infection in poultry and, in turn, in humans as well. The objective of this study was to assessthe potential of cross-reaction of serum in Salmonella enteritidis-vaccinated chicken to some serotype ofSalmonella enterica. Four female, Isa Brown layer chickens (20 weeks old), were vaccinated with S. enteritidisstrain Sm24/Rif12/Ssq (intra vena) to induced the production of specific antibodies in serum. Crossreactionof serum in S. enteritidis-vaccinated chicken were assess with agar gel immunodiffusion test(AGID) with S. enteritidis, S. pullorum, S. typhimurium, S. typhi, and Escherichia coli antigens. Serumcould react with S. enteritidis and all types of S enterica used in this study (S. pullorum, S. typhimurium,S. typhi), but could not react with E. coli. The potential of cross-reaction of serum in S. enteritidis-vaccinatedchicken to some serotypes of S. enterica may play a role in reducing the infection caused by that serotype.
KEBERADAAN BAKTERI LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES PADA KEJU GOUDA PRODUKSI LOKAL DAN IMPOR (PRESENCE OF LISTERIA MONOCYTOGENES IN LOCAL AND IMPORTED GOUDA CHEESES) Pazra, Debby Fadhilah; Purnawarman, Trioso; Lukman, Denny Widaya
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 15 No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

Listeria monocytogenes is included in the foodborne pathogen, which has been associated with severaloutbreaks of human listeriosis especially in high risk groups. Listeria monocytogenes could be found inGouda cheeses because of poor hygienic and sanitation practices. In addition, this bacteria could surviveduring the making of cheese and cheese ripening process. The purpose of this study was to identify thepresence of L. monocytogenes in local and imported Gouda cheeses and how the safety level of the Goudacheese against contamination of L. monocytogenes. This study used the conventional method in accordancewith the Bacteriological Analytical Manual, US Food and Drug Administration and Bergey?s Manual ofDeterminative Bacteriology to detect the presence of L. monocytogenes at 15 samples of local Gouda cheeseand 15 samples of imported Gouda cheese sold in supermarkets in Jakarta and Bogor. The results of thisstudy showed that was not found L. monocytogenes in local and imported Gouda cheese. It could be concludedthat is Gouda cheese relatively safe from L. monocytogenes and meets Indonesian National Standard.
SEROPREVALENSITRICHINELLOSISPADABABI DI KOTA KUPANG, PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR (SEROPREVALENCE OF TRICHINELLOSIS ON PIG AT KUPANG CITY, PROVINCE OF NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR) Angi, Andrijanto Hauferson; Satrija, Fadjar; Lukman, Denny Widaya; Sudarwanto, Mirnawati; Sudarnika, Etih
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 16 No 3 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

Trichinellosisis is a zoonotic disease caused by infection of Trichinella spp. and is found world-wide.The seroprevalence of trichinellosis in pig population has never been reported in East Nusa TenggaraProvince particularly Kupang City. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence oftrichinellosis in pig at Kupang City, East Nusa Tenggara. A cross-sectional study was conducted byexamining 376 blood samples of pigs collected from slaughterhouses in Oeba, Kupang using simplerandom sampling method. Blood samples were tested by indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) using Screen®Trichinella indirect multi-species ELISA kit. Test results showed that 3 (0.8%)serum samples were positive of trichinella antibody. In conclusion ,some pigs in the city of Kupang hasbeen infected by Trichinella sp. and could be a threat for human health.
RESISTENSI ANTIBIOTIK PADA SALMONELLA ISOLAT SAPI BAKALAN ASAL AUSTRALIA YANG DIIMPOR MELALUI PELABUHAN TANJUNG PRIOK JAKARTA (ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE OF SALMONELLA ISOLATES FROM AUSTRALIAN IMPORTED FEEDER CATTLES THROUGH TANJUNG PRIOK PORT JAKARTA) Kurniawati, Anindya; Lukman, Denny Widaya; Wibawan, I Wayan Teguh
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 17 No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

Importation of feeder cattle from farms constantly using antibiotics in feed could result in the occurrenceof antibiotic resistant bacteria. A study was therefore conducted to investigate the possible use antibioticsand the antibiotic resistance of commensal Salmonella sppagainst several antibiotics. Salmonella spp.bacteria (n=50)were isolated from 100 samples of feeder cattlesfaeces. Total of 50 Salmonella spp. isolateswere subjected for Salmonella spp. examination and the isolated Salmonella spp. was tested for theantibiotic resistance using 10 antibiotics (ampicillin, cephalotin, erythromycin, tetracycline, streptomycin,chloramphenicol, trimethoprim, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, nalidixic acid, and enrofloxacin) usingdisk diffusion method on Muller-Hinton agar following Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI)guidelines for interpretation. The isolated Salmonella showed resistance towards erythromycin 98%,ampicillin 34%, streptomycin 22%, nalidixic acid 8%, cephalotin 6%, tetracycline 4%, and chloramphenicol2%. There was no resistance against enrofloxacin, trimethoprim, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Salmonella spp. bacteria derived from imported feeder cattle which have been resistant to antibiotics arepotential for spreading the antibiotic resistant bacteria to other susceptible animals. Such bacteria canalsotransfer the antibiotic resistant gene to other bacteria in Indonesia which ould be a potential threatfor public and animal healths.
PENGEMBANGAN ENZYME-LINKED IMMUNOSORBENT ASSAY PARATUBERKULOSIS DENGAN ANTIGEN PROTOPLASMIK MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM SUBSPECIES PARATUBERCULOSIS ISOLAT LAPANG (DEVELOPMENT OF PARATUBERCULOSIS ENZYME-LINKED IMMUNO-SORBENT ASSAY WITH PROTOPLASMIC ANTIGEN OF MYCO Adji, Rahmat Setya; Teguh Wawan, I Wayan; Lukman, Denny Widaya; Setiyaningsih, Surachmi
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 16 No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is a serological test method most widely used for thediagnosis of paratuberculosis, because it has a better sensitivity compared to other serological test.Protoplasmic antigen (PPA) or cellular extract is still the main choice for the diagnosis of paratuberkulosisdevelopment. The aim of research was to use the PPA Mycobacterium avium subspeciesparatuberculosis(MAP) field isolates for the development of paratuberculosis ELISA (ELISA PPA-L). As many as 322cattle sera (300 negative and 22 positive) were tested using this method and compared with IDEXXcommercial kit. The sensitivity and specificity of ELISA PPA-L test results were 68.18% and 97.0%,whereas for the IDEXX kit were 63.64% and 97.33%respectively. ELISA PPA-L had higher sensitivity andlower specificity compared to the IDEXX commercial kit. ELISA test using protoplasmic antigen of MAPfield isolates has good ability for paratuberculosis serological test and can be used for screening test of thedisease in Indonesia.
THE DAYA HAMBAT AKTINOMISETES TERHADAP ISOLAT ESCHERICHIA COLI TAHAN ANTIBIOTIK ASAL DAGING AYAM YANG DILALULINTASKAN MELALUI PELABUHANTANJUNG PERAK SURABAYA Sari, Rakhmi Ros; Sudarwanto, Mirnawati; Lukman, Denny Widaya
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 20 No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (139.961 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2019.20.2.163

Abstract

The emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacteria is a common problem nowadays. This problem has led to more difficult treatment of infectious diseases and the higher cost of treatment for the diseases. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a new type of antimicrobial that has ability to control the pathogenic bacteria without causative resistence. The aim of this research was to measure the actinomycetes ability which produced antimicrobial againts antibiotic-resistant E. coli taken from poultry meat in Tanjung Perak Port Surabaya. The actinomycetes isolates used in this study were Streptomyces genus, Streptomyces 3 (Sp 3), Streptomyces 44 (Sp 44), Streptomyces 46 (Sp 46), Streptomyces 47 (Sp 47) and Streptomyces 413 (413). Two isolates of actinomycetes, Sp 47 and Sp 413, were found to have an inhibitory effect on the growing of antibiotic-resistant E. coli. Based on the average affect of inhibition ability, actinomycetes InaCC was the strongest while InaCC 47 was weak.
CEMARAN ESCHERICHIA COLI PADA TEPUNG TELUR YANG DIIMPOR MELALUI PELABUHAN TANJUNG PRIOK, DAN RESISTENSINYA TERHADAP ANTIBIOTIK (ESCHERICHIA COLI CONTAMINATION ON EGG POWDER IMPORTED THROUGH PORT OF TANJUNG PRIOK AND ITS RESISTANCE AGAINST ANTIBIOTICS) Sidik, Kamil Riski; Lukman, Denny Widaya; Wibawan, I Wayan Teguh
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 17 No 2 (2016)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

Eschericia coli contamination was found on egg powder imported to Indonesia during microbialexamination. The study was conducted to describe the presence of E. coli and its resistance to antibioticsin egg powder imported to Indonesia through The port of Tanjung Priok. Samples was determined usingcross sectional study and the sample size was calculated based on assumption of confidence level of 95%with margin of error of 10% and predicted prevalence of 50%. Total of 100 egg powder samples wascollected in August 2014 from two exporting countries, Ukraine (whole egg powder, n=30) and India (wholeegg powder, n=40 and egg yolk powder, n=30). Examination was performed by packaging and label inspectionof the product followed by samples collection and testing for bacterial contamination using rapid test andconventional isolation and identification methods. Detected E. coli was isolated and then tested forantibiotic resistance. Examination results showed that 4 samples were positive to E. coli. E. coli isolatesshowed resistance against 6 types of antibiotics and 75% of the isolates had resistance against minimumof 3 types of antibiotics. These conditions should be taken into consideration since antibiotic resistance inE. coli would cause negative impacts on human, animal and environmental health.
PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP, DAN PRAKTIK PEMILIK ANJING TERKAIT RABIES DI KABUPATEN SUKABUMI, JAWA BARAT (KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE, AND PRACTICE STUDY OF DOG OWNERS RELATED TO RABIES IN SUKABUMI DISTRIC, WEST JAVA) Wicaksono, Ardilasunu; Ilyas, Abdul Zahid; Sudarnika, Etih; Lukman, Denny Widaya; Ridwan, Yusuf
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 19 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (107.73 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2018.19.2.230

Abstract

Sukabumi District is one of the districts in West Java Province that has not been rabies-free since there are still reported rabies dog bites and rabies-positive cases in humans. The aim of the study was to measure the knowledge, attitude and practice of dog?s owner towards rabies which will then be useful for designing the appropriate rabies control programs. A total of 141 dog owners were selected as samples/ respondents. Respondents were taken from two sub-districts in Sukabumi District, which were 66 people from Jampang Tengah Sub-district and 75 people from Cisolok Sub-district. The data were taken using structured questionnaire. The result showed that most of respondent?s level of knowledge (51.1%) was in moderate category, meanwhile the respondent?s level of attitude related to rabies control program mostly (69.5%) was in positive category. But the positive attitude was not reflected with their practice towards rabies control program which many of them (63.1%) was in bad category of rabies control practices. From analytical result showed that only one characteristic variablewhich was the information access about rabies that had significant correlation (c2=9.959, p=0.006) towards respondent?s level of knowledge. Furthermore, another result showed that there was a significant relationship between knowledge variable with respondent?s attitude level (p= 0.000, r= 0.275). 
SEROPREVALENSI POSITIF SISTISERKOSIS PADA BABI HUTAN DI KABUPATEN WAY KANAN, PROVINSI LAMPUNG (POSITIVE SEROPREVALENCE OF WILD BOAR CYSTICERCOSIS IN WAY KANAN DISTRICT, LAMPUNG PROVINCE) Yulianto, Heri; Satrija, Fadjar; Lukman, Denny Widaya; Sudarwanto, Mirnawati
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 16 No 2 (2015)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

Wild boar is also an intermediate host of Taenia solium, besides domestic pig which is the mainsource of Cysticercus infection in human. Cysticercosis in wild boar has not been reported in Indonesia.The aim of this study was to determine wild boar?s cysticercosis in Way Kanan District. One hundred serasamples consisting of 41 male wild boars and 59 female wild boars were collected. Eighty seven of boarscome from Banjit Subdistrict, while 13 of wild boars come from Blambangan Umpu Subdistrict in WayKanan District. The serum were tested serologically to determine antigen of parasite cycles. The test usedmonoclonal antibody-base sandwich Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (Moab-ELISA). There is asero positive reaction of cysticercosis(1%) which is female wild boar from Banjit sub district. Controllingof meat inspection should be conducted to prevent cysticercosis transmission to human.