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Journal : Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan Hidup

APLIKASI STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODEL (SEM) DALAM PENENTUAN ALTERNATIF PENGELOLAAN LINGKUNGAN INDUSTRI KOMPONEN ALAT BERAT BERBASIS PARTISIPASI DAN KEMITRAAN MASYARAKAT Utomo, Budi Setyo; Maarif, Syamsul; Sutjahjo, Surjono Hadi; Sumardjo, Sumardjo
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management) Vol 2, No 1 (2012): Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (JPSL)
Publisher : Graduate School Bogor Agricultural University (SPs IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.2.1.17

Abstract

As a company engaged in the industrial sector by producing certain components and localized in an industrial area, there will be an impact on the environment. These impacts can be positive in the form of employment, reducing dependence on imported heavy equipment, increase in foreign exchange due to reduced imports and increased exports, increased government revenue from taxes, public facilities improvement and supporting infrastructure, and opening up opportunities for other related industries. These impacts can also be negative in the form of environmental degradation such as noise disturbance, dust, and micro climate change, and changes in social and cultural conditions surrounding the industry. Data analysis was performed descriptively and with the Structural Equation Model (SEM). SEM is a multivariate statistical technique which is a combination of factor analysis and regression analysis (correlation), which aims to test the connections between existing variables in a model, whether it is between the indicator with the construct, or the connections between constructs. SEM model consists of two parts, which is the latent variable model and the observed variable model. In contrast to ordinary regression linking the causality between the observed variables, it is also possible in SEM to identify the causality between latent variables. The results of SEM analysis showed that the developed model has a fairly high level of validity that is shown by the minimum fit chi-square value of 93.15 (P = 0.00029). Based on said model, it shows that the company's performance in waste management is largely determined by employee integrity and objectivity of the new employees followed later by the independence of the employees in waste management. The most important factor that determines the employee integrity in waste management in the model is honesty, individual wisdom, and a sense of responsibility. The most important factor in the employee objectivity in waste management is the support of accurate data in each report of waste management by the company and transparency on reports of the company’s activity. While the factors that determine the employee independency is the company's interests, a sense of employee volunteering, and openness between the company and employees. Keywords : heavy equipment industry, management, environment, Structural Equation Model (SEM)
APLIKASI ANALITYCHAL HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP) DALAM PENENTUAN ALTERNATIF PENGELOLAAN LINGKUNGAN INDUSTRI KOMPONEN ALAT BERAT BERBASIS PARTISIPASI DAN KEMITRAAN MASYARAKAT Utomo, Budi Setyo; Maarif, Syamsul; Sutjahjo, Surjono Hadi; Sumardjo, Sumardjo
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management) Vol 1, No 2 (2011): Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (JPSL)
Publisher : Graduate School Bogor Agricultural University (SPs IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.1.2.56

Abstract

As a company engaged in the industrial sector by producing certain components and localized in an industrial area, there will be an impact on the environment. These impacts can be positive in the form of employment, reducing dependence on imported heavy equipment, increase in foreign exchange due to reduced imports and increased exports, increased government revenue from taxes, public facilities improvement and supporting infrastructure, and opening up opportunities for other related industries. These impacts can also be negative in the form of environmental degradation such as noise disturbance, dust, and micro climate change, and changes in social and cultural conditions surrounding the industry. This research was conducted to support increasing effectiveness and efficiency of corporate management, by determining alternative forms of managing the heavy industrial equipment components environment (PLIKAB)-based on participation and society partnerships. The determination of alternative uses analytical hierarchy process (AHP) with the help of the Criterium Decision Plus v3.04 software. These results indicate that according of experts, the environmental management of industrial waste heavy equipment components must consider the technological aspects of its management. This can be seen from the weighting of each element that indicates the technology element has the greatest weight, which is 0.456. Besides that, elements of human resources is also quite important (weight 0.289) as the manager and the supporting policies (0.140) as a boost to management regulations. Aspect Capital (0.075) and marketing (0.042) is currently not perceived as barriers. While the most influential actor in the management is the company (0.451), other stakeholders have enough role is the community (0.234). Jababeka (0.211) and cooperative business (0.104) has a smaller role in the management. The purpose element in relative management has a weight that is relatively balanced with elements of revenue (0.336) is the primary consideration in determining management strategies, although it should not ignore the aim of maintaining environmental quality (0.299), the purpose of minimizing conflict (0.194), and the purpose of increasing competitiveness (0.170). The best alternative for the management of industrial waste components of the heavy equipment is to form managers based on partnerships by different stock ownership (0.791). It is considered much better than by forming managers based on partnerships by the same stock (0.209). Key words : heavy equipment industry, management, environment, analitycal hierarchy process (AHP)