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IDENTIFIKASI DAN EVALUASI RISIKO MANAJEMEN RANTAI PASOK KOMODITAS JAGUNG DENGAN PENDEKATAN LOGIKA FUZZY Suharjito, Suharjito; Marimin, Marimin; Machfud, Machfud; Haryanto, Bambang; Sukardi, Sukardi
Jurnal Manajemen dan Organisasi Vol. 1 No. 2 (2010): Jurnal Manajemen dan Organisasi
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (542.692 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jmo.v1i2.14157

Abstract

To meet the needs of the national corn on the feed industry that requires a continuous supply of raw materials with a definite quantity throughout the year, in the national maize production conditions that is not continuous and fluctuating, it is necessary supply planning and storage methods to avoid the risk of maize corn supply crisis form of food shortages or rising feed prices. One method is to apply the concept of supply chain risk management. The high level of dependence and complexity of networks makes supply chain of agricultural products supply chain is becoming more vulnerable to interference. The risk of supply chain disturbance can occur internally (the relation between the organization with a network of suppliers) and external (between network suppliers with the environment). Therefore it is necessary to identify and evaluate supply chain risks in order to avoid continuing problems that can occur at any point in the supply chain network. The objective of this study is to describe the model of identification and evaluation for maize supply chain risk. This model can be used to identify the dominant risk factors and variables at each level of supply chain so that it will be obtained appropriate recommendations action to anticipate them. Risk identification will be conducted with fuzzy AHP approach and risk evaluation would be done by using fuzzy logic with data input form the opinion of several experts maize supply chain.
MANAJEMEN PEMELIHARAAN PENCEGAHAN PADA KOMPONEN PERALATAN REBUSAN PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE MANAGEMENT FOR STEW EQUIPMENT Hasanah, Ina Siti; Machfud, Machfud; Sukardi, Sukardi; Hambali, Erliza
Jurnal Ilmiah Ekonomi Bisnis Vol 17, No 3 (2012)
Publisher : Universitas Gunadarma

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Pemeliharaan pencegahan pada suatu sistem sangat diperlukan untuk menjaga agarkegiatan produksi tidak berhenti. Kehandalan suatu sistem yang baik terlihat darijarangnya terjadi kerusakan pada sistem. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk merencanakanpemeliharaan pencegahan komponen peralatan rebusan. Untuk itu pertama sekalididentifikasikan distribusi kerusakan komponen menggunakan uji kebaikan suai.Perencanaan pemeliharaan pencegahan kemudian disimulasikan. Hasil simulasimenunjukkan bahwa tindakan pemeliharaan pencegahan untuk komponen Seal pinturebusan sebaiknya dilakukan setiap 356 jam dengan kehandalan meningkat sebesar29,08% pada t = 1039,9207. Tindakan pemeliharaan pencegahan untuk komponen VBeltsebaiknya dilakukan setiap 1205 jam dengan kehandalan meningkat sebesar37,813% pada t = 1969,613.
IMPACT OF BIODIESEL AGROINDUSTRY ON THE ACHIEVEMENT OF NATIONAL ENERGY SECURITY Firdaus, Alfa; Machfud, Machfud; Suryani, Ani; Achsani, Noer Azam
SINERGI Vol 24, No 2 (2020)
Publisher : Universitas Mercu Buana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22441/sinergi.2020.2.009

Abstract

The National Energy General Plan (RUEN) has set 11.6 million kiloliters of biodiesel production target in 2025. The determination of biodiesel production targets in RUEN is part of the objectives mandated in the National Energy Policy (KEN), which is to achieve energy security and independence. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the impact of biodiesel agroindustry on the achievement of national energy security in 2025. The simulation conducted in this study uses Long-range Energy Alternatives Planning (LEAP) software, which based on the accounting model. The model has run on Business as Usual (BAU) scenario, using four dimensions and 12 indicators of energy security in the context of biodiesel agroindustry. Model simulation results show a decreasing energy security trend in the period of 2022-2025, while the biodiesel production target, which was set at RUEN, cannot be achieved in 2025. This is mainly related to availability and affordability, which experienced a decline in the period. Further research needs to be done on the strategy of developing biodiesel agroindustry by considering scenarios of increasing production capacity and productivity as well as its impact on national energy security.
Peningkatan Produktivitas Proses Budidaya Karet Alam dengan Pendekatan Green Productivity: Studi Kasus Di PT. XYZ Marimin, Marimin; Darmawan, Muhammad Arif; Machfud, Machfud; Putra, Muhammad Panji Islam Fajar
Agritech Vol 33, No 4 (2013)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (737.065 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agritech.9539

Abstract

Indonesia is the second largest natural rubber producer in the world with 28% of the total world production in 2010. In line with the growth of the world’s automotive industry, the needs of natural rubber as a complementary synthetic rubber products will also increase. The main objective of this research was to find the best alternative strategy to increase the productivity of the natural rubber plantations through the green productivity (GP) approach. The case study was conducted at PT. XYZ, a private company which runs the plantation and processing of natural rubber businesses. The material flow analysis was performed to identify the seven green wastes. The best alternative strategy was determined by using the  analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) model developed into several improvement scenarios. The measurement of  the alternative strategy performance was rated as the future Green Productivity Index (GPI) and compared with the value of current GPI, which had been calculated in the PT. XYZ, as the case study. The results of this research was  able to provide the best productivity improvement strategy, the level of company’s productivity which has been achieved, and the productivity levels of the implementation of the strategy chosen.ABSTRAKIndonesia merupakan negara kedua penghasil karet alam terbesar di dunia dengan produksi sebesar 28% dari total produksi dunia di tahun 2010. Sejalan dengan bertumbuhnya industri otomotif dunia, kebutuhan karet alam sebagai produk komplementer karet sintetik akan turut mengalami peningkatan. Tujuan utama penelitian ini adalah untuk merumuskan alternatif strategi terbaik pada peningkatan produktivitas proses budidaya karet alam melalui pendekatan konsep Green Productivity (GP). Studi kasus dilakukan di PT. XYZ, perusahaan swasta yang bergerak dibidang usaha perkebunan dan pengolahan karet alam. analisis aliran material dilakukan dengan menggunakan peta aliran material hijau untuk menganalisa tujuh jenis sumber pembangkit limbah hijau (seven green wastes).  Alternatif strategi terbaik ditentukan dengan menggunakan model Analytical Hierarchy Process (aHP) yang kemudian dikembangkan menjadi beberapa rancangan skenario perbaikan. Pengukuran kinerja alternatif strategi ini selanjutnya dinilai sebagai indeks produktivitas hijau (GPI) perbaikan (future) dan dibandingkan dengan nilai indeks GPI saat ini (current), yang telah dihitung pada studi kasus yang dilakukan. Hasil penelitian ini  mampu memberikan informasi strategi peningkatan produktivitas terbaik, tingkat produktivitas yang telah dicapai perusahaan, dan tingkat produktivitas hasil penerapan strategi terpilih.
PROFIL RESIDU INSEKTISIDA ORGANOFOSFAT DI KAWASAN PRODUKSI BAWANG MERAH (ALLIUM ASCALONICUM L.) KABUPATEN BREBES JAWA TENGAH Nining, Euis; Nazli, Rizal Sjarief Sjaiful; Mas?ud, Zainal Alim; Machfud, Machfud; Sobir, Sobir
Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan (Journal of Natural Resources and Environmental Management) Vol. 9 No. 4 (2019): Jurnal Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Alam dan Lingkungan
Publisher : Graduate School Bogor Agricultural University (SPs IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jpsl.9.4.999-1009

Abstract

Excessive use of pesticides can have an impact on the environment, including the loss of pesticide residues in soil and agricultural products. The purpose of this study was to determine the spreading of organophosphate pesticide residues in the shallot production area of  Brebes Regency, Central Java. Research locations were two districts selected by purposive sampling based on production area, namely Kersana and Wanasari Districts. Organophosphate compounds analyzed include chlorpyrifos, paration, profenofos, diazinon, fenitrotion, metidation and malation. Organophosphate residue analysis was carried out on seven soil samples and seven shallot products. Pesticide residue analysis was carried out using the standard method by using a gas chromatography device with an electron capture detector. Based on analysis, seven residues of organophosphate pesticides were chlorpyrifos, paration, profenofos, diazinon, fenitrotion, metidation and malation, spread in Kersana District, and six  pesticides residues (except profenofos) spread in Wanasari District. In soil samples, the highest residues obtained in two districts were chlorpyrifos compounds, chlorpyrifos compounds in Kersana District was higher than Wanasari District. In the shallot sample, the highest residues in two districts are diazinon compounds, diazinon compounds in the sample of Kersana District was  higher than Wanasari District. There were  several samples of shallot product contained organophosphate residue  exceed the maximum concentration of residual limit (RML).
PENILAIAN POTENSI LAHAN KRITIS UNTUK PENGEMBANGAN HUTAN TANAMAN ENERGI DI LOMBOK TIMUR Narendra, Budi Hadi; Widiatmaka, Widiatmaka; Kusmana, Cecep; Karlinasari, Lina; Machfud, Machfud
Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam Vol 16, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hutan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/jphka.2019.16.2.119-131

Abstract

Meningkatnya penggunaan energi terbarukan yang bersumber dari biomassa kayu sudah seharusnya dipenuhi melalui pengembangan hutan tanaman energi. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis potensi lahan kritis untuk pengembangan hutan tanaman energi di Kabupaten Lombok Timur. Tingkat kesesuaian lahan kritis yang tersedia dianalisis berdasarkan 20 kriteria menggunakan metode fuzzy linguistic ordered weighted averaging (FLOWA) berbasis sistem informasi geografis (SIG). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan dari 52.623 ha lahan kritis di Lombok Timur, luasan yang tersedia untuk pengembangan hutan tanaman energi adalah 8.422 ha. Pada skenario sangat optimis, keseluruhan lahan kritis tersedia tersebut sangat sesuai untuk dikembangkan. Sebaliknya pada skenario sangat pesimis, 70% luas lahan kritis tersebut kurang sesuai untuk dikembangkan, sedangkan sisanya tidak sesuai. Pada skenario netral, 6.416,9 ha atau 76% dari lahan kritis yang tersedia sangat sesuai untuk dikembangkan, sedangkan sisanya dapat dikategorikan cukup sesuai. Dalam pengembangan hutan tanaman energi, harus diutamakan pada lokasi-lokasi dengan tutupan semak belukar atau lahan terbuka, dengan skema pengembangan disesuaikan dengan status lahannya
Marine fuel efficiency for oil and gas offshore operation support activity by application of technology based speed control and contractor performance management Kelana, Alang; Ligafinza, Audra; Machfud, Machfud; Saipullah, Safri; Soedadi, Suryaningsih
Sustinere: Journal of Environment and Sustainability Vol 2 No 2 (2018): pp 65-107 (August 2018)
Publisher : Centre for Science and Technology, IAIN Surakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (638.171 KB) | DOI: 10.22515/sustinere.jes.v2i1.32

Abstract

PHE ONWJ is an upstream oil and gas company performing exploration and production of oil and gas. PHE ONWJ is subsidiary of Pertamina Hulu Energy (PHE) under PERTAMINA Group with working areas of 8.300 km2 covering offshore and onshore sites.  As response to the declining of global oil price, PHE ONWJ is required to reduce its operating costs. One of them is marine operation that accounted for 10% of the total operating cost, 53% of  which is the cost of energy (fuel). The marine fuel efficiency program is a technology based on approach through series of interconnecting activities namely determination of vessels’ economical speed, vessel control by Fuel Monitoring System (FMS) and Vessel Tracking System (VTS), and improvement of contractor performance management. This program has saved diesel fuel consumption for approximately 10,000 kiloliter or equivalent to savings by 34%. Financially it has saved Rp 80 billion and reduce emission by 40 ktons of CO2e during the year 2016. The keys of success of this program are strong commitment to implement economical speed, contractor  partnership, capacity building and awareness to raise contractor’s competence also behaviour towards energy efficiency.
Status Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Ikan Demersal Sekitar Pantai di Kabupaten Indramayu, Jawa Barat Yulianto, Gatot; Suwardi, Kadarwan; Adrianto, Luky; Machfud, Machfud
Journal Omni-Akuatika Vol 12, No 3 (2016): OmniAkuatika special edition Kripik SCiFiMaS
Publisher : Fisheries and Marine Science Faculty - Jenderal Soedirman University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (752.129 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.oa.2016.12.3.113

Abstract

The status of fish resources in management fisheries context is important to be known for settingresources policy in order to ensure continuity of fish stock and harvest. Estimating the level ofsustainable catches and economic rent by  using surplus production approach and Gordon-Schaeferbioeconomic analysis then comparing the actual condition, it will point to level of resource exploitationand level of resource degradation. The management of demersal fish around the beach in IndramayuRegency which is characterized by open access resource indicate the status of the fish resource in astate of overfishing and degraded. Therefore, it is important for designing fisheries managementpolicy by regulating the amount of fishing effort.Keywords: demersal fish, bioeconomic analysis, overfishing, degradation
Contextual-Based Knowledge Creation for Agroindustrial Innovation Anggraeni, Elisa; Machfud, Machfud; Maarif, Mohamad Syamsul; Harjomidjojo, Hartrisari
Gadjah Mada International Journal of Business Vol 19, No 2 (2017): May-August
Publisher : Master in Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (730.087 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/gamaijb.23287

Abstract

This paper discusses the knowledge creation process in one department, in a higher educational context, and the possible actions to take to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the knowledge creation system in it. We conducted a case study at one department of a university that strives to improve its innovations, in terms of their quantity and quality.We used a soft system methodology to investigate the knowledge creation system in the chosen department. From the study, we conclude that the department can be considered as a learning organization, within which its staff continually create, acquire and transfer knowledge. This department has a learning environment which is conducive, concrete learning processes, and leadership that reinforces learning. In the context of producing agroindustry innovations, the knowledge creation system in this department is considered to be less effective since it frequently happens more at individual or small group levels. To improve its effectiveness, the management may facilitate the institutionalization of knowledge creation processes at every phase of the interactions between tacit and explicit knowledge.
Pemodelan Optimasi Mitigasi Risiko Rantai Pasok Produk/Komoditas Jagung Suharjito, Suharjito; Machfud, Machfud; Haryanto, Bambang; Sukardi, Sukardi; Marimin, Marimin
Agritech Vol 31, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (147.396 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agritech.9747

Abstract

Besides more complexes, the agricultural product supply chain also was probabilistic, dynamic and higher dependencies. This happened because of the agricultural product was easy broken, the process of planting, the growth and the harvesting depended the season, the yield had variety form and measurement, and the agricultural product was bulky so that the agricultural product was difficult to be handled. The height of the dependency level and the complexity from the supply chain network of the agricultural product made this chain to be more susceptible to the disturbance. The risk of failure for the supply chain could be happen internally (the relations between the organization and the network of the supplier) and externally (between the network of the supplier and its environment). Therefore, the needs for supply chain risk management to avoid a result that can continuously occur at any point in the supply network. The purpose of this study was to describe a model of evaluation and risk management supply chain of agricultural products. Model could identify risks of every level of supply chain and provide solutions that can be done to minimize them. The index value of risk on farm level was 26 % higher than the risk at the level of collector (8.78 %) and distributors (8.31 %). The model can optimize farmers’ planting schedules to reduce supply risk and price, while also optimizing the selection of suppliers at the level of collectors and distributors with the consideration of minimizing risk and optimizing profits. ABSTRAKSelain lebih kompleks, rantai pasok produk pertanian juga bersifat probabilistik, dinamis dan kebergantungan yang tinggi. Hal ini terjadi karena produk pertanian bersifat mudah rusak, proses penanaman, pertumbuhan dan pemanenan tergantung musim, hasil panen memiliki bentuk dan ukuran yang bervariasi, dan produk pertanian bersifat kamba sehingga produk pertanian sulit untuk ditangani. Tingginya tingkat kebergantungan dan kompleksitas dari jaringan rantai pasok produk pertanian menjadikan rantai pasok lebih rentan terhadap gangguan. Risiko ganguan rantai pasok dapat terjadi secara internal (relasi antara organisasi dengan jaringan pemasok) dan eksternal (antara jaringan pemasok dengan lingkungannya). Oleh karena itu perlu pengendalian risiko rantai pasok agar dapat menghindarkan akibat berkelanjutan yang dapat terjadi pada setiap titik dalam jaringan pasokan. Tujuan dari kajian ini adalah menjelaskan suatu model evaluasi dan manajemen risiko rantai pasok produk pertanian. Hasil validasi model dapat mengidentifikasi risiko setiap tingkatan rantai pasok dan memberikan usulan tindakan yang dapat dilakukan untuk meminimalkan risikonya. Nilai indeks risiko pada tingkat petani sebesar 26 % yang lebih tinggi daripada risiko pada tingkat pengumpul (8,78 %) dan distributor (8,31 %). Model dapat mengoptimalkan jadwal tanam petani untuk mengurangi risiko pasokan dan harga, selain itu juga telah dimodelkan optimasi pemilihan pemasok pada tingkat pengumpul dan distributor dengan pertimbangan minimalisasi risiko dan optimalisasi keuntungan.
Co-Authors Achmad Fahrudin Agus Maulana Alfa Firdaus Alhori, Alhori Amzul Rifin Ani Suryani Arief Daryanto Arifin, Hadi S Asrol, Muhammad Bambang Haryanto Budi Hadi Narendra Budi Susetyo CECEP KUSMANA Daniel Djokosetiyanto Djumali Mangunwidjaja Elisa Anggraeni, Elisa Eriyatno Eriyatno Erliza Hambali Ernan Rustiadi Gatot Yulianto Hartrisari Harjomidjojo Henny Fitri Nawati, Henny Fitri Heny Kuswanti Daryanto I WAYAN RUSASTRA Ina Siti Hasanah Janthy Trilusianthy Hidajat, Janthy Trilusianthy JM Munandar, JM Kadarwan Suwardi Kelana, Alang Ligafinza, Audra Lina Karlinasari Luky Adrianto M. A. Chozin M. Joko Affandi M. Syamsul Maarif M. Zein Nasution Marimin Marimin Mas?ud, Zainal Alim Megawati Simanjuntak Mohamad Syamsul Maarif Muhammad Arif Darmawan Muhammad Panji Islam Fajar Putra Muhammad Romli Nababan, Dody Alexander Nabhani, Irfan Nastiti S.Indrasti Nazli, Rizal Sjarief Sjaiful Nining, Euis Noer Azam Achsani Nofi Erni Nunung Nurhasanah Nurhayati H.S. Arifin Priyono, Sigit Rika Ampuh Hadiguna Ristianingrum, Anita Rohmatulloh Rohmatulloh Rokhani Hasbullah S Nur, S Safari, Arief Safari, Arief Saipullah, Safri Santosa, Nanang S. Santoso, Paulus Basuki Kuwat Santoso, Paulus Basuki Kuwat SANTUN R.P SITORUS Santun R.P. Sitorus Sobandi, Ramalis Sobir Sobir Soedadi, Suryaningsih Soeharto Honggokusumo Soetara, Aminudin Sri Mulatsih Sugiyanta Sugiyanta Suharjito Suharjito, Suharjito Sukardi Sukardi Supiandi Sabiham Supiham, Supiandi Surya, Mulyana Tarigan, Chandra Adiputra Widiatmaka Widiatmaka Widiatmika, Widiatmaka