Articles

STUDI EKSPERIMENTAL PENURUNAN TAKANAN ALIRAN MELEWATI BELOKAN PIPA HORIZONTAL DENGAN VARIASI RASIO R/D Mahmuddin, Mahmuddin
Teknik Mesin "TEKNOLOGI" Vol 18, No 1 Apr (2018): Jurnal Teknik Mesin TEKNOLOGI
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Makassar

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Abstract

Penelitian ini membahas bagaimana karakteristik penurunan tekanan melalui belokan pipa horizontal dengan R/D adalah 19, 26 dan 33 dan sudut belokan (SD) 180°, 120°, 60°, dan 20°. Penurunan tekanan dapat diketahui dengan mengukur beda tinggi cairan manometer U, sedangkan debit aliran dengan flowmeter. Variasi debit aliran sebesar 0,00015 sampai 0,00030 m³/s. Seksi uji adalah belokan pipa dengan diameter 2,63, 1,92 dan 1,5 cm.  Kurva penurunan tekanan pada R/D besar menunjukkan meningkat dengan bertambahnya debit aliran, karena perubahan kecepatan aliran terhadap gesekan permukaan pipa dan efek viskos yang lemah. Selain itu, penurunan tekanan dengan SD besar meningkat dengan peningkatan debit aliran.Kata kunci : Penurunan tekanan, sudut belokan dan rasio R/D. 
IDENTITAS POLITIK KAUM BERSARUNG : RELASI THALIBAN DAN HUDA DALAM PROSES DAMAI ACEH Mahmuddin, Mahmuddin
Al-Ijtima`i: International Journal of Government and Social Science Vol 4 No 2 (2019): Al-Ijtima`i: International Journal of Government and Social Science
Publisher : LP2M UIN Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh

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Abstract

This study discussed the involvement and the ideology of politics of Taliban, HUDA in the Aceh peace process. Since the emergence of the Rabithah Thaliban Aceh movement (which later briefed as RTA) on April 7, 1999, was inseparable from social and political turmoil when the issues of referendum developed widely in the community. The power built by Thaliban and HUDA has been able to bring considerable influence in the event of political accumulation when the issues of referendum and independence became a requisite for the process of resolving the Aceh conflict. The peace process realized in Aceh in 2004 by involving international parties to the realization of the peace agreement in Helsinki. Thaliban and HUDA again voiced and gave political ideas in the arena of social and political development in Aceh. The struggle was intensified when the wishes of the people were not the same as the needs of the State.
FORMALISME AGAMA DALAM PERSFEKTIF GERAKAN SOSIAL: Prospek dan Tantangan di Masa Depan Mahmuddin, Mahmuddin
Jurnal Diskursus Islam Vol 3, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Jurnal Diskursus Islam

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Abstract

  Gejala formalisme agama di Indonesia lebih sering diidentikkan dengan formalisasi syariat. Formalisasi syariat Islam yang dilakukan oleh beberapa kalangan umat Islam tidak hanya dipandang dalam satu sisi yaitu sebagai perwujudan pelaksanaan kewajiban-kewajiban agama. Kemunculan kembali ide penerapan syariat Islam merupakan reaksi terhadap kelemahan yang menimpa umat Islam saat ini. Sebagian kalangan meyakini bahwa jika umat Islam kembali ke ajaran agamanya, maka akan dapat keluar dari masalah yang dihadapi dan kembali menjadi pemimpin dunia. Munculnya berbagai gerakan keagamaan dalam konteks sosial maupun aliran keagamaan, tentu saja bukan disebabkan pemahaman yang keliru terhadap ajaran Islam melulu, tetapi juga sebagian besar karena didorong oleh faktor kemiskinan dan ketidak-berdayaan umat Islam. Peran kaum terdidik dari umat Islam adalah salah satunya memberi pencerahan (al-Tanwir) bukan pemalsuan (al-Tazwir) dengan mengedepankan politik yang santun dan jujur, serta ajaran Islam yang benar dan damai (rahmat lil Alamin), sehingga dapat menciptakan masyarakat muslim yang berkualitas di masa depan.
PARTISIPASI PEREMPUAN DALAM PENGELOLAAN BUMG DI GAMPONG BLANG KRUENG KECAMATAN BAITUSSALAM KABUPATEN ACEH BESAR Mahmuddin, Mahmuddin; Zalikha, Siti Nur; Fatmawati, Fatmawati
Al-Ijtima`i: International Journal of Government and Social Science Vol 5 No 1 (2019): Al-Ijtima`i: International Journal of Government and Social Science
Publisher : LP2M UIN Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh

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Abstract

The village is the foremost and closest government agent and is able to directly touch the interests of the community. One of its efforts is through the establishment of Village-Owned Enterprises (BUMDes), which in Aceh are called the Village-Owned Enterprises (BUMG). In its management, BUMG has several management principles, one of which is participation. Therefore, women also have the right to participate in the management of BUMG. Blang Krueng Village is one of the villages that has the best BUMG in Aceh and the 2016 National level of participation category. This study aims to look at the participation of women in the management of BUMG in Blang Krueng Village and the factors that influence women's participation in the management of BUMG in Blang Krueng Village. In this study, researchers used descriptive qualitative research. Based on the results of the study, it was found that the management of BUMG Blang Krueng Village has involved women in the planning process, delivery of aspirations, implementation and evaluation. In organizing, women are also involved as managers. It can be seen from 11 (eleven) business units that have been established, there are 5 (five) Blang Krueng BUMG business units which are chaired by women
BUDAYA KEKERASAN DALAM GERAKAN ISLAM : Studi tentang Penegakan Doktrin Amar Makruf Nahi Mungkar pada Ormas Front Pembela Islam (FPI) Kota Makassar Mahmuddin, Mahmuddin
Jurnal Diskursus Islam Vol 1, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Pascasarjana UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Studi ini dilakukan dalam rangka menjawab sejumlah permasalahan yang berkaitan dengan sepak terjang Front Pembela Islam (FPI). Kajian ini difokuskan pada pemahaman kelompok ini tentang Amar Makruf Nahi Mungkar. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif (descriptive research), Penelitian deskriptif memberikan gambaran yang lebih mendalam tentang gejala-gejala sosial tertentu atau aspek kehidupan tertentu pada masyarakat yang diteliti. Amar Ma’ruf Nahi Mungkar adalah istilah yang diperkenalkan dari al Qur’an untuk menjelaskan kewajiban seorang muslim melakukan perbuatan baik dan sekaligus mencegah untuk melakukan perbuatan yang jahat. Front Pembela Islam (FPI) merupakan ormas Islam yang dikenal cukup luas di masyarakat. Hal ini disebabkan oleh tindakan-tindakannya yang mengesankan kekerasan seperti dalam memberantas kemaksiatan atau merasia tempat-tempat hiburan. FPI didirikan sebagai respon terhadap kondisi sosial-politik Indonesia, yang tidak berpihak kepada kepentingan umat Islam. Diterapkannya syariat Islam di Indonesia, baik secara substansial maupun formalistis, merupakan visi yang ingin dicapai FPI. Dari berbagai alternatif cara untuk mewujudkan visi tersebut, maka strategi yang dipilih FPI adalah melalui penegakan amar ma’ruf nahi munkar, yaitu upaya-upaya sistematis untuk mengajak umat Islam agar menjalankan perintah agamanya secara komprehensif, dan mencegah umat Islam agar tidak terjerumus pada kegiatan-kegiatan yang merusak moral dan akidah Islamnya. Tuntutan FPI untuk memberlakukan syariat Islam mendapat tantangan dari berbagai kalangan. Rizieq menga-takan bahwa penentang syariat Islam terbagi dua. Pertama, mereka yang memang fobi terhadap Islam. Dan kedua, mereka yang menolak karena ketidaktahuannya. Dalam rangka menghindari citra negatif terhadap organisasi Front Pembela Islam (FPI) sebagai gerakan atau kelompok radikal perlu memsosialisasikan faham jihad yang benar dan sesuai dengan ajaran Islam serta melakukan pembacaan terus-menerus terhadap sirah Nabi saw.ABSTRACTThis study aims at answering a series of problems related to the Islamic defenders front (FPI) actions. This paper focuses on group’s understanding of amar makruf nahi mungkar . This is a descriptive research that has goal to giving the deep picture of the particular social phenomenon or the certain aspects of life in the communities studied.  The Amar makruf nahi mungkar is a term that is introduced by al-Qur’an which means the explanation of Muslim’s obligation to conduct good deeds as well as to avoid for doing misconducts. The Islamic defenders front (FPI) is a Muslim community organization which is widely known in Indonesian society. This is due to their impressive acts of violence in combating immorality and sweeping entertainment venues. The establishment of FPI is as a response toward social and political circumstances in Indonesia, which not in line with Muslim’s interests. The implementation of syari’ah in Indonesia, either substantially or even formalistically, is the main goal FPI wants to gain. From various ways in applying the objectives, FPI tends to advocating the amar makruf nahi mungkar way, that is, systematic efforts on asking Muslim in order to obey the religious commends comprehensively, and to prevent Muslim from falling into activities damaging moral and Islamic belief. FPI demands to impose syari’ah has been challenged from many elements in society. Rizieq argues that the challengers of syari’ah may be divided into two typologies. The first is people who is phobia with Islam and secondly, those who reject due to their ignorance of syari’ah. To avoid the negative image, FPI as a radical movement should promote the notion of jihad correctly and in accordance with Islamic thoughts as well as doing the continuous reading of the prophet’s history.
TIME-COST TRADE-OFF MODEL FOR TIE BEAM ACTIVITY Fachrurrazi, Fachrurrazi; Mahmuddin, Mahmuddin; Anas, Cut Yuniati
JURNAL TEKNIK SIPIL Vol 7, No 1 (2018): Volume 7, Nomor 1, Mei 2018
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Sipil, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (699.289 KB) | DOI: 10.24815/jts.v7i1.9163

Abstract

Abstract: Crashing  project duration is conducted when the project experience schedule delay. The consequence of this crashing is needed the additional cost to anticipate the delay. Choosing the right activity for the reduction will provide additional cost efficiency. The purpose of this research is to develop time-cost trade-off (TCTO) model for tie beam activity. The model was developed based on the respondent's perception through the questionnaire, and collecting the Budget Plan Report. Respondents in this study are director, estimator, and project manager at contractor who is domiciled in West Aceh District. The results showed that the tie beam can be broken down into sub activities such formwork, rebar and concrete that have different characteristics in tie beam activities based on TCTO model. Based on these conditions, the sub activities activities can be accelerated from the normal duration of the project are 60%, 50% and 60% respectively and the required additional cost is 2.88% per day, 2.93% per day, and 3.88% per day.Keywords : Project Crashing, Crash Duration, Additional cost, Model TCTO, Tie beam, West of Aceh, Formwork, Rebar work, Concrete workAbstrak: Percepatan schedule sering dilakukan ketika kemajuan proyek dinilai mengalami keterlambatan terhadap rencana awal. Konsekuensi dari percepatan schedule tersebut dapat memberikan peningkatan biaya proyek. Pemilihan aktifitas yang tepat akan memberikan efisiensi biaya tambahan. Penelitian mengkaji hanya pada aktifitas sloof sebagai aktifitas yang dipilih untuk di percepat sebagai obyek tinjauan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengembangkan model Time-cost trade-off (TCTO) aktifitas pekerjaan sloof dalam sebuah proyek. Model tersebut dikembangkan berdasarkan persepsi responden melalui pengisian kuesioner dan data RAB. Responden dalam penelitian ini yaitu direktur, estimator, dan manajer proyek pada badan usaha kontraktor yang berdomisili di Kabupaten Aceh Barat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pekerjaan sloof dapat dipecah kedalam sub aktifitas seperti sub aktifitas bekisting sloof, pembesian sloof dan beton sloof memiliki karakteristik yang berbeda dalam pekerjaan sloof berdasarkan TCTO model. Berdasarkan kondisi ini, sub-aktifitas pekerjaan sloof tersebut dapat dipecepat dari durasi normal proyek secara berturut-turut adalah 60%, 50% dan 60% dan biaya tambahan yang diperlukan adalah 2.88% per hari, 2.93% per hari, dan 3.88% per hari.Kata kunci : Percepatan schedule, Durasi crash, Biaya tambahan , Model TCTO, Pekerjaan sloof, Aceh Barat, Pekerjaan bekisting, Pekerjaan pembesian, Pekerjaan pengecoran
The Existence of Gampong in the Middle of Changing Community Mahmuddin, Mahmuddin; Kolopaking, Laura M; Kinseng, Rilus A; Wasistiono, Sadu; Saharuddin, Saharuddin
KOMUNITAS: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF INDONESIAN SOCIETY AND CULTURE Vol 8, No 1 (2016): Komunitas, March 2016
Publisher : Universitas Negeri Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/komunitas.v8i1.4967

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The passage of Act No. 18, 2001 on regional autonomy and followed up with the issuance of Qanun No. 4, 2003 on mukim, and Qanun No. 5, 2003 on gampong and reinforced by UUPA No. 11, 2006 on Acehnese government is a history of social identity of Acehnese society, which has been neglected during the conflict. The regional government has made some breakthroughs and one of the breakthroughs was gampong revitalization through a program called “back to gampong”. The study aims to answer the dynamic of revitalization of gampong institution in the middle of special autonomy implementation and the implementation of Qanun gampong in the administration of gampong institution. The study shows that the implementation of program “back to gampong” encourages the strengthening process of gampong institution as well as weakens the institution itself. The development of gampong that focuses on physical aspect has created coordination gap among officials of gampong institution in planning system and financial management.  The tug in the mechanism of financial development and management at gampong has created a space for the involvement and influence from gampong elite in gampong governance. Non-uniform honorary allocation for gampong governmental apparatus is one of indicators of weak role and function of gampong cultural institution because the previous inherent communal values have been calculated economically.
FORMALISME AGAMA DALAM PERSFEKTIF GERAKAN SOSIAL: Prospek dan Tantangan di Masa Depan Mahmuddin, Mahmuddin
Jurnal Diskursus Islam Vol 3, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : Pascasarjana UIN Alauddin Makassar

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Abstract

  Gejala formalisme agama di Indonesia lebih sering diidentikkan dengan formalisasi syariat. Formalisasi syariat Islam yang dilakukan oleh beberapa kalangan umat Islam tidak hanya dipandang dalam satu sisi yaitu sebagai perwujudan pelaksanaan kewajiban-kewajiban agama. Kemunculan kembali ide penerapan syariat Islam merupakan reaksi terhadap kelemahan yang menimpa umat Islam saat ini. Sebagian kalangan meyakini bahwa jika umat Islam kembali ke ajaran agamanya, maka akan dapat keluar dari masalah yang dihadapi dan kembali menjadi pemimpin dunia. Munculnya berbagai gerakan keagamaan dalam konteks sosial maupun aliran keagamaan, tentu saja bukan disebabkan pemahaman yang keliru terhadap ajaran Islam melulu, tetapi juga sebagian besar karena didorong oleh faktor kemiskinan dan ketidak-berdayaan umat Islam. Peran kaum terdidik dari umat Islam adalah salah satunya memberi pencerahan (al-Tanwir) bukan pemalsuan (al-Tazwir) dengan mengedepankan politik yang santun dan jujur, serta ajaran Islam yang benar dan damai (rahmat lil Alamin), sehingga dapat menciptakan masyarakat muslim yang berkualitas di masa depan.
PENCATATAN KELAHIRAN ONLINE: MODEL PELAYANAN DALAM RANGKA MEWUJUDKAN GOOD GOVERNANCE Mansari, Mansari; Mahmuddin, Mahmuddin; Rizkal, Rizkal
Al-Ijtima`i: International Journal of Government and Social Science Vol 3 No 2 (2018): Al-Ijtima`i: International Journal of Government and Social Science
Publisher : LP2M UIN Ar-Raniry Banda Aceh

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Abstract

The Population and Civil Registration Service of Banda Aceh city continues to make various efforts in providing population administration services to the community. One of the innovations that developed was an online birth registration, where the community utilizes modern technology. The recording model has become stimulation for other regions in Aceh who want to apply the same thing. Even, there were other areas that have learned good practices that had been implemented in Banda Aceh. This study aims to determine the background that led to the initiation of online birth registration and the impact of online birth registration on the expansion of birth ownership. The research method used was qualitative research and the data were analyzed descriptively. Data were obtained through in-depth interviews with relevant stakeholders. The results showed that the background that led to the creation of online birth certificates were: to utilize modern technology; to facilitate the community; to implement the inspiration that came when was doing a comparative study to Pasuruan with the Education and Community Study Center (PKPM) team and the presence of community that had no time to conduct the birth certificate. The existence of online birth registration has a very big impact on the community, which increasing the scope of birth certificates and speeding up the management process which can be handled at any time and at any moment.
KARAKTERISTIK PERPINDAHAN PANAS PADA PIPA PENUKAR KALOR SELONGSONG ALIRAN SEARAH VERTIKAL Mahmuddin, Mahmuddin
Journal of Chemical Process Engineering Vol 1, No 2 (2016): November
Publisher : Universitas Muslim Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (422.571 KB) | DOI: 10.33536/jcpe.v1i2.68

Abstract

Telah melakukan penelitian tentang karakteristik Alat Penukar Kalor (APK) tipe selongsong dan tabung aliran searah vertikal dengan penambahan udara ke dalam aliran air panas. Pipa yang digunakan adalah pipa tembaga dengan panjang 0,75 m dan diameter dalm 0,0153 m. Sedangkan selongsong dari pipa transparan (fiberglass) dengan diameter 0,941 m. Untuk mengetahui karakteristik perpindahan panas dengan cara memvariasikan debit air panas dan debit udara sehingga diperoleh perubahan temperatur masuk dan keluar. Pengukuran temperatur dengan termokopel digital yang dipasang pada sisi masuk dan keluar APK.Data pengukuran menunjukkan bahwa menambahan udara ke dalam aliran air panas mencapai 0,50 kg/s teridentifikasi panas yang dilepaskan APK fluktuatif dan kecenderungan konstan. Tetapi, dengan penambahan debit udara hingga mengakibatkan terbentuk lapisan film pada permukaan pipa dan menambah tahanan termal konduksi. Sehingga laju perpindahan panas ke air pendingin menurun drastis. Fenomena tersebut menunjukkan efektivitas APK menurun.