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Hubungan Antara Umur, Gravida, Dan Status Bekerja Terhadap Resiko Kurang Energi Kronis (KEK) Dan Anemia Pada Ibu Hamil Rizkah, Zahidatul; Mahmudiono, Trias
Amerta Nutrition Vol 1, No 2 (2017): AMERTA NUTRITION
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (736.241 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/amnt.v1i2.2017.72-79

Abstract

 Background: Chronic Energy  Deficiency, and Anemia in pregnancy have become two the indirect and major causes of maternal and infant mortality cases in Indonesia. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of age, gestational age, gravida on Chronic Energy Deficiency occurrence and anemia. Methods: . The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of age, gravida, and work status on Chronic Energy Deficiency occurrence and Anemia.Results: The results showed that unemployed mothers had a probability of 0.824 times for Chronic Energy Deficiency compared with working mothers, multigravidal mothers had a probability of 1.021 times for Chronic Energy Deficiency compared with primigravida mothers, and 3,200 times for Chronic Energy Deficiency compared with primigravida mothers. Pregnant women <20 years of age have an anemia risk of 2.250 times compared with age 20-35 years, and age> 35 years have anemia risk 5.885 times greater than the age of 20-35 years. Unhealthy mothers and mothers who have risk of Anemia 1.990 greater than pregnant women who work.Conclusion: The conclusion of this research is that there is influence of work status, primigravida to Chronic Energy Deficiency occurrence, and there is influence of age, working status, and gravida on occurrence Anemia in pregnant mother. Advice for pregnant women is to conduct counseling to health workers on a regular basis and meet the nutritional needs during pregnancy according to the advice of health workers to prevent the occurrence of Chronic Energy Deficiency and anemia during pregnancy.ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Proporsi ibu hamil dengan KEK di Indonesia berdasarkan Riset Kesehatan Dasar mengalami peningkatan yaitu pada tahun 2010 sebesar 33,5% meningkat menjadi 38,5% pada tahun 2013.  Tujuan: Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh umur, gravida, dan status  bekerja  terhadap kejadian KEK dan Anemia pada ibu hamil.  Metode: Penelitian cross-sectional ini melibatkan 153 ibu hamil yang periksa selama bulan Januari-Desember 2014 sebagai sampel. Sampel ini dipilih secara acak dengan menggunakan teknik simple random sampling. Pengaruh antar variabel dianalisis menggunakan uji Logistic Regression (α = 0,05).  Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ibu yang tidak bekerja memiliki kemungkinan 0,824 kali untuk mengalami KEK dibandingkan dengan ibu yang bekerja, ibu multigravida memiliki kemungkinan 1,021 kali untuk mengalami KEK dibandingkan dengan ibu primigravida, dan 3,200 kali untuk mengalami KEK dibandingkan dengan ibu primigravida, . Ibu hamil yang berumur < 20 tahun memiliki resiko mengalami Anemia 2,250 kali dibandingkan dengan umur 20-35 tahun, dan usia > 35 tahun memiliki resiko mengalami Anemia 5,885 kali lebih besar dibandingkan dengan usia 20-35 tahun. Ibu yang tidak bekerja memiliki resiko mengalami Anemia 1,990 lebih besar dibandingkan dengan ibu hamil yang bekerja.Kesimpulan: Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah terdapat pengaruh status bekerja, primigravida terhadap kejadian KEK, dan terdapat pengaruh umur, status bekerja, dan gravida  terhadap kejadian Anemia pada ibu hamil. Saran untuk ibu hamil adalah untuk melakukan konseling kepada petugas kesehatan secara teratur dan memenuhi kebutuhan nutrisinya selama hamil sesuai saran petugas kesehatan untuk mencegah terjadinya KEK dan anemia pada masa kehamilan.
Pola Konsumsi Makanan Sumber Yodium dan Goitrogenik dengan GAKY pada Anak Usia Sekolah di Ponorogo Izati, Imaniar Mahdiya; Mahmudiono, Trias
Amerta Nutrition Vol 1, No 2 (2017): AMERTA NUTRITION
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (880.254 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/amnt.v1i2.2017.88-97

Abstract

 Background: Iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) is one of nutritional problem in Indonesia. Inadequate intake of iodine and excessive goitrogenic intake is are main cause of IDD. Objectives: This study aimed to determine factors associated with IDD among schoolchildren. Methods: This study was an observational analytic with case control design in Sidoharjo Village, Jambon Sub District, Ponorogo on May 2017. The sample was 62 students from the first – sixth grade of SDN IV Krebet. They are consist of 31 students suffer IDD and 31 students with non IDD measured from goiter palpation. The data was collected by interview using questionnaire, iodine and goitrogenic consumption using FFQ. Data were analyzed by using chi square, fisher exact, spearman correlation and logistic regression. Results: Dietary iodine source that are rarely consumed is seafood (79,03%). Dietary goitrogenic source that are often consumed is tiwul (48,39%). Logistic regression analysis showed that seafood intake is the most influence factor of IDD (p= 0,011). Conclusion: There was a relation between iodine intake and goitrogenic intake with IDD among school children. Meanwhile, there is no association between characteristic of family with IDD among school children.ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Gangguan Akibat Kekurangan Yodium (GAKY) merupakan salah satu masalah yang ada di Indonesia hingga saat ini. Rendahnya asupan yodium dan tingginya konsumsi sumber goitrogenik adalah penyebab terjadinya GAKY.Tujuan: Untuk mengetahui faktor yang berhubungan terhadap kejadian GAKY pada anak usia sekolah.Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional analitik dengan desain case control dan dilakukan di Desa Sidoharjo, Kecamatan Jambon, Kabupaten Ponorogo pada bulan Mei 2017. Sampel penelitian ini yaitu siswa SDN IV Krebet dari kelas I-VI yang terdiri dari 62 siswa dimana 31 siswa menderita GAKY dan 31 siswa tidak menderita GAKY yang didapatkan dari hasil pemerikasaan palpasi. Pengumpulan data dilakukan menggunakan metode wawancara dengan kuesioner dan FFQ untuk mengetahui pola konsumsi makanan sumber yodium serta goitrogenik. Data dianalisis menggunakan chi square, fisher exact, korelasi spearman dan regresi logistik.Hasil: Makanan sumber yodium yang jarang dikonsumsi oleh responden adalah ikan laut (79,03%). Sedangkan makanan sumber goitrogenik yang sering dikonsumsi oleh responden adalah tiwul (48,39%). Hasil uji regresi logistik menunjukkan bahwa faktor yang paling berpengaruh terhadap kejadian GAKY yaitu pola konsumsi ikan laut (p= 0,011).Kesimpulan: Terdapat hubungan antara pola konsumsi ikan laut, pola konsumsi telur dan pola konsumsi tiwul dengan kejadian GAKY. Sebaliknya tidak terdapat hubungan antara karakteristik keluarga dengan kejadian GAKY.  
Hubungan ASI Eksklusif dengan Kejadian Underweight di Jawa Timur Tahun 2016 Sugito, Mahmudah Wati; Wardoyo, Agus Sri; Mahmudiono, Trias
Amerta Nutrition Vol 1, No 3 (2017): AMERTA NUTRITION
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (870.586 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/amnt.v1i3.2017.180-188

Abstract

Background: Underweight is a public health problem caused by many factors. The prevalence of underweight in East Java in 2016 was 17.3%, wich was higher than the program’s targetted (12.9%). Breast milk is the best food to support the growth and development of the baby. Coverage of Exclusive Breast Milk in East Java in 2015 decreased (68.8%), compared to 2014 (72.89%). Early supplementary feeding in infants under 6 months may affect nutritional status. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship of Exclusive Breast milk with the incidence of underweight in infants aged 0-23 months in East Java Province in 2016. Method: This study is a secondary data analysis of Nutrition Status Monitoring in East Java Province. The study population was all babies in East Java. Total sample is 4738. The data were analyzed using Chi-square test and Logistic Regression, with 95% CI (α = 0.05). Results: The results showed there was a significant relationship between exclusive breastfeeding only from birth until before the last 24 hours in infants aged 0-23 months with the incidence of underweight, with (p=0.000010;OR=1.654;95%CI=1.319–2.052), there was a significant  relationship of first to provide a food other than breast milk in infants aged 0-23 months  with the occurrence of underweight, (p = 0.000;OR=0.272; 95%CI=0.217–0.341).Conclusion: In conclusion, breastfeeding only in infants from birth until before the last 24 hours and first provide food other than breast milk in infants aged 0-23 months associated with underweight. Because breast milk is sufficient nutritional needs of infants aged 0-6 months.ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Masalah gizi kurang merupakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat yang disebabkan oleh banyak faktor. Prevalensi underweight di Jawa Timur tahun 2016 sebesar 17,3%, lebih tinggi dari target program Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Timur sebesar 12,9%. ASI merupakan makanan terbaik untuk mendukung pertumbuhan dan perkembangan bayi. Cakupan ASI Eksklusif di Jawa Timur tahun 2015 menurun (68,8%), dibandingkan tahun 2014 (72,89%). Pemberian makanan pendamping ASI dini pada bayi di bawah 6 bulan dapat mempengaruhi status gizi. Tajuan: Tujuan penelitian untuk menganalisis hubungan ASI Ekslusif dengan kejadian underweight pada bayi usia 0-23 bulan di Provinsi Jawa Timur tahun 2016.Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan analisis data sekunder survei Pemantauan Status Gizi Provinsi Jawa Timur. Populasi penelitian adalah semua bayi berusia 0-59 bulan yang ada di Jawa Timur. Total sampel sebanyak 4738 bayi.  Analisis data dilakukan dengan menggunakan uji Chi-square dan Regresi Logistik.Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada hubungan antara pemberian ASI saja sejak lahir sampai sebelum 24 jam terakhir pada bayi usia 0-23 bulan dengan kejadian underweight (p=0,000010;OR=1,654;95%CI=1,319–2,052), ada hubungan pertama kali memberikan makanan selain ASI pada bayi usia 0-23 bulan dengan kejadian underweight,  (p = 0,000;OR=0,272; 95%CI=0,217–0,341).Kesimpulan: Simpulan yaitu pemberian ASI saja pada bayi sejak lahir sampai sebelum 24 jam terakhir dan pertama kali memberikan makanan selain ASI pada bayi usia 0-23 bulan berhubungan dengan kejadian underweight. Pemberian ASI saja sudah mencukupi kebutuhan nutrisi bayi usia 0-6 bulan.
KURANGNYA ASUPAN ENERGI DAN LEMAK YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN STATUS GIZI KURANG PADA BALITA USIA 25-60 BULAN Firman, Ardian Nurdianto; Mahmudiono, Trias
The Indonesian Journal of Public Health Vol 13, No 1 (2018): The Indonesian Journal of Public Health
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1237.525 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/ijph.v13i1.2018.50-60

Abstract

The prevalence of underweight in 2010 to 2013 has increased percentage by 17.9% to 19.6%. Household food security and food intake were factors that can affect nutritional status of children.The aim of the study was to analize the relationship between status of household food security, energy and fat intake with nutrititional status of children. This was a cross sectional study with 40 samples selected using simple random sampling technique. Subject in this study was the fisherman family whose toddlers age 25-60 months. The data were collected by interview using questionaires, and were analyzed using linier regression and spearmen test. The result showed that 55% of households were facing food insecurity and 45% households were food insecure with severe hunger. Nutritional status of children (72,5%) were normal and (27,50%) wereunderweight. Energy intake has a significant relationship with nutritional status of children (p = 0,007) and fat (p=0,03).
RASA, PENAMPILAN, DAN SISA SAYURAN PASIEN ANAK DI RUMKITAL DR. RAMELAN SURABAYA [Vegetables Taste, Appearance, and Waste in Pediatric Patients at Dr. Ramelan Naval Hospital Surabaya] Armadita, Padella Dian Julia; Primadona, Suzanna; Mahmudiono, Trias
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 14, No 1 (2019): JURNAL MEDIA GIZI INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (213.869 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v14i1.66-74

Abstract

Food waste should get the attention because it will contribute to recovery time during illness as fulfilling the energy and nutrients need. Meanwhile, many hospitals are having leftover food more than 20 percent. Internal and external factor have correlation with it. This study aimed to analyze the relation between vegetables taste, appearance and waste vegetables among pediatric patients in Dr Ramelan Naval Hospital, Surabaya. This research was a cross sectional study. The samples were 32 children aged 2-12 years old whom hospitalized in class II and III patient rooms. The primary data was collected by interview and observation. Vegetables waste measured by Comstock form. Chi square test was used to analyze the relation between the taste, appearance and waste of vegetables. The result showed that there was no correlation between vegetables waste with four aspects of taste and five aspect of appearance (p value>0.05). Nonetheless, taste, consistency, platting method, and portion tend to have a big difference on vegetables waste.
HUBUNGAN FREKUENSI PENIMBANGAN, PENGGUNAAN GARAM BERYODIUM, DAN PEMBERIAN VITAMIN A DENGAN KEJADIAN UNDERWEIGHT PADA BALITA DI PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR Muliah, Nafijah; Wardoyo, Agus Sri; Mahmudiono, Trias
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 12, No 1 (2017): JURNAL MEDIA GIZI INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (206.703 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v12i1.40-46

Abstract

The are many causes of nutritional problems, including lack of food intake, illness, caring pattern and many other causes, one of the problems that often happen is the children had not weighed regularly. Iodine is one of the nutrients associated with the growth of children. On the other hand, children who are suffering from malnutrition usually also hasVitamin A defi ciency as a result of their lack of nutrient intake. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between the frequency of weighting, the use of iodized salt, and Vitamin A supplementation with underweight among children under fi ve in East Java Province. This study was secondary data analysis from Monitoring of Nutritional Status (MNS) in East Java, 2016. The sample of this study were 10.440 households with children under fi ve. 18.5% children under fi ve in East Java were underweight, 2% overweight, and 79.5% were normal. Distribution of frequency were performed as univariate statistical analysis and the relationship between variables were analyzed by chi-square test. The odd ratio were analyze by logistic regression. There was signifi cant correlation between blue-colored vitamin A supplementation (p < 0.001;OR = 0.638;95%CI:0.580-0.78w2) with underweight. However, there was no correlationbetween weighing frequency (p = 0,729) and the use of iodized salt (p = 0,620) with underweight. The conclusion of this study highlight that there was correlation between Vitamin A supplementation with underweight in East Java.
Relationship Between Knowledge, Physical Activity with Body Mass Index of Woman Employass at the Nutrition Instalation Dr.Soetomo Hospital Jaminah, Jaminah; Mahmudiono, Trias
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 6, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (26.515 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V6I12018.13-24

Abstract

ABSTRAKObesitas merupakan penyakit kronis yang ditandai dengan peningkatan simpanan lemak, serta peningkatan IMT. ≥27. Perempuan usia 40-50 tahun lebih rentan mengalami obesitas karena penurunan kadar hormon estrogen. Prevalensi obesitas di Indonesia meningkat dari tahun 2007 hingga tahun 2013. Pengetahuan gizi menjadi salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi kejadian obesitas. Berdasarkan hasil baseline data pada bulan Mei 2016, dari 102 orang karyawan perempuan di Instalasi Gizi RSUD Dr. Soetomo menunjukkan bahwa persentase overweight/obesitas sebesar 65%. Tujuan penelitian yaitu untuk menganalisis hubungan pengetahuan gizi dan aktivitas fisik dengan IMT pada karyawan perempuan di Instalasi Gizi RSUD Dr. Soetomo Surabaya. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian deskriptif analitik dengan rancang bangun cross sectional. Besar sampel 57 responden. Pemilihan sampel menggunakan teknik simple random sampling. Pengumpulan data dengan kuesioner, pengukuran antropometri, dan food recall. Hasil penelitian diperoleh status gizi  obesitas sebesar 75,4%. Pengetahuan gizi terbanyak kategori kurang 90%, aktivitas fisik terbanyak kategori sedang 76%. Ada hubungan antara pengetahuan gizi (p = 0,027) dan aktivitas fisik (p = 0,033) dengan IMT, sedangkan asupan energi, protein, lemak, karbohidrat (p > 0,372) yang berarti tidak ada hubungan dengan IMT. Kesimpulan penelitian, ada hubungan antara pengetahuan dan aktivitas fisik pada karyawan perempuan di Instalasi Gizi RSUD Dr. Soetomo terdapat IMT. Saran penelitian, perlu adanya edukasi gizi dan penambahan intensitas aktivitas fisik.Kata Kunci: aktivitas fisik, asupan zat gizi makro, indeks massa tubuh, pengetahuan gizi ABSTRACTObesity is a chronic disease that indicated by increasing fat store and Body Mass Index is more than or equal to 30. Women in the age of 40-50 years old are more susceptible to obesity due to decreased of estrogen hormone. The prevalence of obesity in Indonesia increased from 2007 to 2013. Nutrition knowledge is one of factors that can influence the obesity incidence. Preliminary data in May 2016 showed that among 102 female employees at the instalation of Nutrition Dr.Soetomo Regional Public Hospital, 65% were overweight/obese. The purpose of this study was to analyze the correlation between nutritional knowledge and physical activity with BMI on female employees at Installation of Nutrition Dr.Soetomo Regional Public Hospital Surabaya. This research was a cross sectional design with descriptive analytical method. Fifty seven respondents involved in this research and selected using simple random sampling technique were data collected using questionnaire, anthropometric measurements and food recall. The results showed that 75,4% respondents were obese. Most nutrition knowledge catagories less is 90%, physical activity of the most moderate activity categories is 76%. In conclution, it showed that a significant correlation between nutritional knowledge (p = 0,027) and physical activity (p = 0.033) to BMI. There was no significant correlation between energy, protein, fat, and carbohydrate intake (p >0,372).  It is suggested to conduct regular nutritional education and physical exercise in the hospital.Keywords: physical activity, macro nutrient intake, body mass index, nutritional knowledge
Snacking At School Increased The Risk Of Overweight/Obesity In Children Nisak, Aulia Jauharun; Mahmudiono, Trias
Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi Vol 5, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Berkala Epidemiologi
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (536.588 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/jbe.V5I32017.311-324

Abstract

ABSTRACTChildhood obesity is one of the most serious public health problems in the 21st century. Unhealthy eating habits are believed to be the cause of overweight/obesity in children. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between the consumption patterns of snack foods and the incidence of overweight/obesity. This research was conducted at the SDN Ploso I-172, Tambaksari Surabaya in May-July 2017 with a case control study design. Data were obtained from interview and anthropometric measurement. The samples size was 112 respondents with 56 case samples, and 56 control samples. Data were analyzed using linear regression test and logistic regression. The results showed that snack foods consumed by schoolchildren were fruit syrup, perisa beverage, chocolate, papeda, fried foods, fishcake and sausages, pentol, syrup, sauce, and toppings. There was a significant correlation between daily consumption of food snack, including fruit syrup (p = 0.004; OR = 8.000), perisa beverage (p = 0.02; OR = 13.412), chocolate (p = 0.013; OR = 6.333), fried food (p = 0.015; OR = 14.786), fishcake and sausages (p = 0.004; OR = 8.750), pentol (p = 0.039; OR = 4.044), syrup, sauce, and topping (p = 0.023; OR = 4.643) with overweight/obesity incidence. In conclusion this research revealed correlation between the pattern of snacking and overweight/obesity incidence among school children. It is suggested to the parents and schools to be more vigilant ensuring the healthy snack consumption to prevent overweight dan obesity among school children. Keywords: overweight, snack food, obesity, consumption pattern
Aktivitas Fisik Saat Istirahat, Intensitas Penggunaan Smartphone, dan Kejadian Obesitas Pada Anak SD Full day School (Studi di SD Al Muslim Sidoarjo) Ramadhani, Sakinah; Mundiastuti, Luki; Mahmudiono, Trias
Amerta Nutrition Vol 2, No 4 (2018): AMERTA NUTRITION
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (161.608 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/amnt.v2i4.2018.325-331

Abstract

Background: obesity prevalence in elementary school student increased due to low physical activity rate also excessive food intake. The habit of watching tv, using computer and smartphone is also related to this obesity prevalence.Objective: Analyze physical activity at recess, intensity of smartphone use, and incidence of obesity among students at Full Day Elementary SchoolMethod: Using a case control with 110 elementary school children consisting of two groups, namely the normal nutritional status group of 55 respondents and the obesity status group of 55 respondents.Sampling was done by propotional random sampling. This study will compare physical activity at rest, and the intensity of smartphone use on obesity status and normal nutritional status. Analysis of this study data using chi-square test and logistic regression.Results : The results showed that there was a relationship between physical activity during the first break with obesity (p=0.010) and an OR value of 0.059 with a 95% CI (0.011-0.509) which meant that students who did physical activity first break by sitting at risk 0.059 times less to be obese. As for physical activity at the second rest (p=0.748), intensity of smartphone usage during weekdays (p=0.225), and intensity of smartphone use when there was no correlation with the incidence of obesity.Conclusion: Physical activity at the first break was related to the incidence of obesity in elementary school children Full Day School. As for the second resting activity, the intensity of smartphone usage during weekdays and weekends is not related to the incidence of obesity in elementary school children Full Day School.ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Peningkatan obesitas disebabkan kurang melakukan aktivitas fisik dan kelebihan asupan makanan. Kebiasaan menonton tv, bermain komputer, dan smartphone yang dikaitkan dengan prevalensi obesitas saat ini.Tujuan:  Menganalisis hubungan aktivitas fisik saat istirahat dan intensitas penggunaan smartphone, pada anak dengan status obesitas dan status gizi normal di SD Full Day School.Metode: Mengunakan case control dengan 110 anak Sekolah Dasar yang terdiri dari dua kelompok yaitu kelompok status gizi normal sebanyak 55 responden dan kelompok status obesitas sebanyak 55 responden. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan propotional random sampling. Penelitian ini akan membandingkan aktivitas fisik saat istirahat, dan intensitas penggunaan smartphone pada status obesitas dan status gizi normal. Analisis data penelitian ini menggunakan uji chi-square dan regresi logistik.Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan antara aktivitas fisik saat istirahat pertama dengan obesitas (p=0,010) dan didapatkan nilai OR sebesar 0,059 dengan CI 95% (0,011-0,509) yang berarti bahwa siswa yang melakukan aktivitas fisik istirahat pertama berisiko 0,059 kali lebih kecil untuk mengalami obesitas. Sedangkan untuk aktivitas fisik saat istirahat kedua (p=0,748), intensitas penggunaan smartphone saat weekdays (p=0,225), dan intensitas penggunaan smartphone saat weekend (p=0,246) tidak terdapat hubungan dengan kejadian obesitas.Kesimpulan: Aktivitas fisik saat istirahat pertama berhubungan dengan kejadian obesitas pada anak SD Full Day School. Sedangkan untuk aktivitas istirahat kedua, intensitas penggunaan smartphone saat weekdays dan weekend tidak berhubungan dengan kejadian obesitas pada anak SD Full Day School.
Effect of Probiotic Milk Containing L. Casei Shirota on Immunoglobulin-G Levels Among Anemic Adolescent Girls Sugianti, Elya; Adi, Annis Catur; Ekayanti, Ikeu; Mahmudiono, Trias; Fatmaningrum, Widati; Yusmiati, Siti Nur Husnul
Health Notions Vol 2 No 2 (2018): February 2018
Publisher : Humanistic Network for Science and Technology (Address: Cemara street 25, Ds/Kec Sukorejo, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia 63453)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Probiotic play important role on immune systems. This study was to investigate effect of probiotic milk containing L. casei Shirota on immunoglobulin G levels among anemic adolescent girls. A total of 22 adolescent girls aged 13-18 years with anemia were included on this study. The subjects were separated into 2 groups i.e. a probiotic group and a control group by simple random sampling. During 4 weeks, a probiotic group received 1 tablet of 60 Fe elemental + 250 µg folate acid once a week and probiotic milk once daily. While a control group received 1 tablet of 60 Fe elemental + 250 µg folate acid once a week. Blood samples were collected at 0 and 4 weeks and assayed for immunoglobulin G levels by ELISA. Immunoglobulin G levels were not significantly increase after intervention. Compared with control group, probiotic milk administration in probiotic group did not significantly increased immunoglobulin G levels (p&gt;0.05). The probiotic milk containing L. casei Shirota did not improve immunoglobulin G levels on anemic adolescent girls. &nbsp;Keywords: Probiotic, Immunoglobulin G levels, Anemia, Adolescent girls